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THE

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE,

AND

LITERARY MISCELLANY.

SEPTEMBER 1821.

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A BIBLIOGRAPHICAL, ANTIQUARIAN, the spot where Gutenberg is supposed AND PICTURESQUE TOUR IN FRANCE

to have made his first experiments in AND GERMANY.

the art of printing. (Concluded from p. 108.)

“On returning from this agreeable

evening stroll, (says Mr Dibdin,) while we At length we reach the third vo

were discoursing upon different topics, lume, and fancy ourselves giddy as

chiefly political, one of my companions, we gaze from the height of the match- Professor ", stopped for some less cathedral of Strasbourg. But two or three seconds, and with rather a here again we must remonstrate with decided gripe of the arm, and with great the author; for Strasbourg should emphasis and sincerity of manner, exhave been packed up with the preced

claimed,— My friend, it is in YOUR ing volume-thus rendering the ac

COUNTRY where liberty is to be found; count of France complete in the two

PRESERVE it, therefore, I entreat you.' first. Mr Dibdin seems to have been The copperplates scattered about delighted with his stay at this cele- the account of Strasbourg are equal brated city and university, notwith- to their precursors. But the portrait standing the thermometer was some- of the Elder Schweighauser, given in times at 93°, and he was obliged to the author's description of Baden, walk uncovered in the streets, “ with strikes us as incomparably characteran umbrella over his head," to pro- istic and faithful; while the author's tect him from the positive heat, and account of the ORIGINAL is not less his hat before his face

to protect pleasing and interesting. Baden dehim from reflected heat !” "Mor- lights us much ; it seems to be full talibus nihil arduum est.” In his of beauties, natural and acquired. visits to old libraries and cathedrals, When we next visit it, we hope we Mr Dibdin met with the most un- shall fall in with the vencrable bounded confidence. At one time he “ Master-singer and his niece." See is alone in the public library, listen- p. 109. ing to the charity children rehearsing But it is at Stuttgart that our authe hymn of Martin Luther, while thor cuts the most conspicuous figure, the cooling zephyrs steal in at the and performs his first, and his greatopened latticed windows, and his very est act of Bibliographical diplomacy. memoranda papers are tinted with the Here it was that two editions of Virvaried colours of the stained glass ! gil, for the possession of which Lord At another time, he is regaling at the Spencer had been sighing for the last well replenished table of Madame twenty years, were borne off in triFrancs, who closes her shutters to umph by the reverend tourist,-not, keepout the solstitial

and sprinkles however, without a good deal of cauher floor with rose-water, to refresh tious, and sometimes almost hopeless, the wearied Bibliographer. After renewal of projets and contre-projets. dinner, the whole party stroll toward Mr Dibdin borrows point lace, and

ray,

goes to court unfrocked upon the evening of the Sabbath. He sees the queen, converses with her, and then with her husband, his majesty of Wirtemberg. The conversation between the king and our author is a good specimen of plain dealing on both sides. The affair is thus told in the author's own words.

"When it came to my turn to be addressed, the king at once asked, If I had not been much gratified with the books in the public library, and particularly with the two ancient editions of Virgil ?' I merely indicated an assent to the truth of this remark, waiting for the conclusion to be drawn from the premises. There has been some mention made to me (resumed his majesty) about a proposed exchange on the part of Lord S, for these two an cient editions, which appear to be wanting in his lordship's own magnificent collection. For my part, I see no objection to the final arrangement of this business, if it can be settled upon terms satisfactory to all parties. This was the very point to which I was so anxious to bring the conference. I replied coolly and unhesitatingly, That it was precisely as his majesty had observed, that his own collection was strong in Bibles, but comparatively weak in ancient classics, and that a diminution of the latter would not be of material consequence, if, in lieu of it, there could an increase the former, so as to carry it well nigh towards perfection; that, in whatever way the exchange was effected, whether by money or by books, in the first instance, it would doubtless be his majesty's desire to direct the application of the one or the other to the completion of his Theological Collection.'

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"The king replied, He saw no objection whatever to the proposed exchange, and left the forms of carrying it into execution with his head librarian, Mr Le Bret. Having gained my point, it only remained to make my bow. The king then passed on to the remainder of the circle, and was quickly followed by the queen. I heard her majesty distinctly tell General Allan, in the English language, 'that she could never forget her reception in England; that the days spent there were among the happiest of her life, and that she hoped, before she died, again to visit our country.' She even expressed gratitude for the cordial manner in which she had been received and entertained in it.'

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"The heat had now become almost unsupportable, as, for the reason before assigned, every window and door was shut. However, this inconvenience, if it was severe, was luckily of short duration. A little after nine their majesties retired towards the door by which they had entered,

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which, as it was re-opened, presented, in the back-ground, the attendants waiting to receive them. The king and queen then saluted the circle, and retired. In ten minutes we had all retreated, and were breathing the pure air of heaven. I preferred walking home, and called upon M. Le Bret in my way. It was about half past nine only, but that philosophical Bibliographer was about retiring to rest. He received me, however, with a joyous welcome, re-trimmed his lamp, complimented me upon the success of the negotiation, and told me that I might now depart in peace from Stuttgart, for that the affair might be considered as settled.' pp. 176, 171.

We think the subjoined note is absolutely necessary to " put the colophon" (as Mr D. sometimes phrases it) to the above story.

"For the sake of juxta-position, I will here mention the SEQUEI., as briefly as may be. The affair' was far from being at that time settled.' But, on reaching Manheim, about to cross the Rhine, on my return to Paris, I found a long and circumstantial letter from my bibliographical correspondent at Stuttgart, which seemed to bring the matter to a final and desirable issue. So many thousand francs had been agreed upon; there only wanted a well bound copy of the Bibliographical Decameron to boot;-and the Virgils were to be considered as his Lordship's property!' Mr Hamilton, our Charge d'Affaires, had authority to pay the money, and I walked instantly to Artaria's, purchased a copy of the work in question, (which happened to be there, in blue Morocco binding,) and desired my valet to get ready to start the next morning, by three or four o'clock, to travel post to Stutt gart; from whence he was not to return without bringing the VIRGILS, in the same carriage which would convey him and the Decameronic volumes. Charles Rohfritsch immediately prepared to set out on his journey. He left Manheim at three in the morning; travelled without intermission to Stuttgart,-perhaps fourscore or ninety miles from thence-put up at his old quarters, Zum Waldhorn, (see p. 13, antè,) waited upon M. Le Bret with a letter, and the Morocco tomes-RECEIVED THE VIR GILS and prepared for his return to Manheim-which place he reached by two on the following morning. I had told him, (as Louvois told Chamillo, see p. 8, antè,) that, at whatever hour he arrived, he was to make his way into my chamber. He did as he was desired. LES VOILA,”. exclaimed he, on placing the two volumes hastily upon the table, Ma foi, Mon. sieur, c'est ceci une drôle d'affaire ; il y a je ne sçai pas combien de lieues que j'ai tra versé pour deux anciens livres qui ne va.

lent pas à mes yeux le tiers d'un Napoleon! I readily forgave him all this saucy heresy, and almost hugged the volumes, on finding them upon my table. They were

my constant travelling companions through

France to Calais; and when I shewed the Adam Virgil to M. Van Praet, at Paris, Enfin, (remarked he, as he turned over the broad-margined and loud-crackling leaves,) voilà un livre dont j'ai beaucoup entendu parler, mais que je n'ai jamais vu! These words sounded as sweet me

lody to my ears! But I will unfeignedly declare, that the joy which crowned the whole was, when I delivered both the books into the hands of their present NOBLE OWNER, with whom they will doubtless

find their FINAL RESTING PLACE."

Boiteux, which our author bought on a stall on a market day.

"Depuis longtems la substance et l'ex

istence de cet empire est un probléme pour bien des hommes instruits. Après plus de vingt ans d'une guerre gigantesque et continuelle, elle a viancu la France sa rivale; d'autres potentats de l'Europe, pour comsoutenu, avec rcconnaissance, par son or, battre avec elle, et laisse à peine appercevoir une indice de son propre épuissement, tandis que d'autres états du continent se reposent exténués.

Elle entretient une

But we must hasten on, as we have but just crossed the Rhine,-and it is yet five or six hundred miles to Vienna. We cannot, however, quit Stuttgart, dull and dreary as it seems to be,

armée de terre excellente et éprouvée, égale à la meilleure qui existe dans tout autre empire de l'Europe, et en outre une immense marine, contre laquelle toutes les flottes réunies du monde ne pourraient lutter, ni par la force, ni par la manœuvre ; et cependant il a été prédit dès longtems, que ces énormes efforts précipiteraient la Grande-Bretagne dans l'abîme. Elle repose sur la large fondation de sa dette pub

without noticing the series of beauti-lique, aussi ferme, aussi fière, aussi sûre, ful wood-cuts from the Faustus of que peuvent l'être d'autres états sur leurs riches trésors." Sign. D. 3. Goethe, infinitely preferable, in our estimation, to the horrible "drolleries" (as they are called) which encircle a part of Strasbourg cathedral,and to obtain correct drawings of which, our author was obliged to negotiate, through his friend the younger Schweighæuser, with the mayor and corporation of Strasbourg. He rejoices, however, that they are more numerous and more faithful than what Cicognara has given of the same subject, in his splendid folio volumes of Continental Antiquities. Of other embellishments at Stuttgart, the Crucifix, and the Representation of the Trinity from a Psalter of the 12th century, are the most deserving of attention. At Ulm, we have a view of the famous Minster-and a very amusing account of a certain Professor Veesenmeyer, whose pipe was as long as himself, somewhere about five feet, and whose hard-hearted love of his own library would not allow of Mr Dibdin's making any impression, even upon either of his Patient Gri sels, that is to say, upon two rare and old editions which he possessed of that popular tale. We think all the Professor's Latin notes to our author might have been spared, and really wish Mr Dibdin had stopped a day or two longer at Ulm. We beg leave to submit to our learned political readers the following extract from a misera bly printed chap-book, called Almanach Historique nommé Le Messager

On the summit of the tower of Ulm cathedral, our author saw, for the first time, the Danube flowing rapidly in a narrow bed; but he does not appear to have paid it so much homage as he did to the Rhine, seen for the first time from the summit of Strasbourg cathedral; consult p. 20. From Ülm Mr Dibdin went direct to Augsbourg, and took up his quarters (according to his own account) at one of the most magnificent hotels in Europe!

called The Three Negroes. At Augsbourg our author runs riot in the Picture Gallery, as well as in the Public Library. The number of paintings by the old German masters quite amaze and delight him,—apparently with good reason; for we are among those who profess our veneration for early and great masters of the German school,-Burgmair, Amberger, the two Holbeins, Cranach, and, above all, ALBERT DURER. The engraved portrait of Melancthon, from Burgmair, is equally new and estimable in the graphic world; but surely the eyes are too much distended? At Augsbourg our author completes his next great piece of bibliographical diplomacy,-carrying away from the public library some exceedingly valuable books,—and quitting the town with the Polish Bible of Prince Radzivil, and the first Horace, in his travelling carriage. We love Professors Beysilag and May exceedingly; and

consider them very faithful guardians of almost every description, which of the public property committed to are crowded into the pages relating to their charge! Doubtless, however, this city, we never before had the they applied the monies received from good fortune to cast our eyes upon! our author to the honourable uses for Such bizarrerie, in the way of art, is which such sums were intended. Mr quite unprecedented ; and we think Dibdin found unquestionable traces the reverend author may bet and back of stereotype printing at Augsbourg as these monsters against any thing in early as the middle of the sixteenth the pages of his own previous public century, and purchased an original cations, or in those of Messrs Heine block, (supposed to be of pear-tree,) ken and Ottley. A beautiful contrast which measured a foot and a half in to these frightful subjects appears at length, by one foot in breadth. The p. 255, in the group of market-people block he considers to be 300 years old; at Munich. of a portion of this he has given us The lists of MSS. and printed books an impression ; beauties it no doubt here are extensive and valuable. The possesses in his eyes, but to us they account of the original prayer books are imperceptible.

of Albert Durer and Lucas Cranach, At Munich, Mr Dibdin appears to that is, books of devotion, with marhave staid as long as he did at Rouen. gins adorned by the drawings of those Indeed, what Rouen is in old houses eminent masters, will be read with no and churches, Munich seems to be in common interest; but more to our old books and pictures. Such a mé- taste are the four folio volumes, conlange of wood-cuts and copperplates,* taining the seven penitential psalms,

of which one Gaspar Ritter, of the • One of the “ hebdomadlal journals," author's account of the curators of the

16th century, was the binder. Our before alluded to, in criticising an engraving of a Dead Christ, in the lap of the Fa. library, and of two booksellers of the ther, in the public library at Munich, up

names of Stoeger and Von Fischeim, on which there had been a MS. coeval is very amusing. We think the wordate of 1462, thought that Mr Dibdin was thy Baron Von Moll a very droll sort an utter ignoramus in the antiquity of sub- of gentleman, although we do not jects of this kind, and recommended him mean to doubt the authenticity of his (whom he knew, and not believed, to live story about Bonaparte and Marshal at Kensington) to look at a similar subject Lasnes; see p. 308. The letter of painted upon an old oaken pannel, in Ken. Professor Hesse is quite an unique. Mr sington palace, which had belonged to Mar- Dibdin performed a third act of his garet, the wife of James IV. of Scotland. Now, in the first place, the reverend author Bibliographical drama at Munich. He was not talking of puintings of this na.

secured the Greek Hours, printed by ture, but he noticed the above, as an early Aldus in 1497, in very small 32mo, engraving, probably the first of its kind, and the folio Mentetin German Bible, upon copper, which had escaped the re- each for the " noble cabinet in St searches of Zani, Strutt, and the eminently James's Place." learned Ottley. In the second place, the Our author at length quits

Munich, reviewer, or critic, or journalist, (or what and makes a digression, for Freysing, ever name delight himn best,) might have Landshut, and Salzburg, in his route been satisfied, on the ground of antiquity,

to the capital of Austria. The forwith the illumination at Stuttgart, from a

mer of these places contains a crypt, psalter of the 12th century, unless lie fancied oil painting upon pannel to be ante

so tempting on the score of its antirior to body-colour painting upon vellum. quity and ugliness, that we are faWe make no doubt, that the subject in voured with two very singular and question may be seen, of the earliest pe- very beautifully executed copperriods, both in oil and in water colours, in plutes of the pillars of this crypt. In half the monastic libraries of Germany. his way to Freysing, Mr Dibdin thus There is nothing more disgusting to us indulges a feeling, in which we go than this “ bow-wow” sort of criticism; along with him toto corde. this swaggering tone, under the affectation of superior knowledge, and a more widely

“ The morning was grey and chill, extended research. This

when we left the Schreartzen Adlen ; but as Πείθού λεγούση χρηστά

we approached Garching, the first stage, κάπ' εμού κλήση χάριν. . the clouds broke, the sun shone forth, and Trachinia, v. 477-8. we saw Freysirg, (the second stage,) si.

tuated upon a commanding eminence, at a considerable distance. In our way to Garching, the river Iser and the plains of Hohenlinden lay to the right; upon each of which, as I gazed, I could not but think alternately of MOREAU and CAMPBELL. You will readily guess wherefore. The former won the memorable battle of Hohenlinden,-fought in the depth of winter, by which the Austrians were completely defeated, and which led to the treaty of Luneville; and the latter, (that is, our Thomas Campbell,) celebrated that battle in an Ode, of which I never knew how to speak in sufficient terms of admiration; an ode, which seems to unite all the fire of Pindar, with all the elegance of Horace; of which parts equal Gray in sublimity, and Collins in pathos." p. 325.

We wish Mr Dibdin had staid longer at Freysing, not for the sake of getting fusty old books from one Mr Mozler, but of pursuing his inquiries respecting the old church and the antiquities of the place. Mr Dibdin reached Landshut by moonlight. The Ingoldstadt University, and its library, have been transferred to this place. Here some very curious books are described, especially a complete collection, which belonged to Eckius and Luther, and a copy of the Complutensian Polyglott, which had been the property of Demetrius Chalcondylas, and had been purchased by him for xiiij ducats. Here, too, Mr Siebenkees, the librarian, showed our author a unique copy of Der Veis Ritter, or the White Knight. We have long thought that there is no such thing as uniquity,-and we think so still.

We are now full half way to Vienna. On leaving Landshut, Mr Dibdin darted across a country, fertile in its cultivation, and graced in its background by a chain of magnificent mountains, many of which were capt with snow. At Altöting, a most curious story is told of a church dedicated to the Black Virgin, and we shall take care, when we visit that spot, never to enter or quit it with a crowded congregation. The account of Salzburg is very interesting. This fine old, but now half deserted town, is situated at the northern extremity of the Tyrol, “in one of the most marvellous and romantic spots in Europe,-in the vicinity of lakes, monntains, torrents, trout-streams, and saltmines," as it is described by our enthusiastic tourist. But there was "metal more attractive" for Mr Dib

VOL. IX.

din in the library of St Peter's Monastery, the oldest in Austria. We next get into a circle of monastic visits from Salzburg to Chremsminster, and from thence to St Florian, Mölk, and Göttwic. The whole of this por tion of our author's work, together. with its fascinating embellishments, is quite new to British readers. We hardly know more amiable men, in their way, than Mr Hartenschneider, at Chremsminster, and the Abbot Altmann at Göttwic. The visit to the latter place assumes almost a romantic air. ford has no building equal to Mölk, In our opinion, Oxif the plate do not flatter; and we would defy the head of Christ Church, or of Magdalen, or of Brazen Nose, or of Oriel, to enact the part of a hospitable host and well-bred gentleman more thoroughly than did the superior of Göttwic monastery. We also doubt if their united gardens and cellars would produce peaches and wine of a more exquisite flavour, than what was placed before our traveller, at the high table in the hall of this monastery.

At last we reach VIENNA, and, a though the pages which relate to this capital are full of varied, minute, interesting, and valuable informationalthough the account of the illuminated MSS. and early printed books be copious, and, of course, of the highest interest to Bibliographers and Collectors; yet we must be comparatively brief in our review of this portion of Mr Dibdin's labours. The copperplates are numerous, almost to redundancy. We like and love Messrs Bartsch and Kopitar, who showed a more than ordinary attention to our author, by devoting the first week of their vacation to the furtherance of his researches in the library. The account of the Prater is evidently an elaborated performance, and parts of it glow with nature, and sparkle with art. The Great and Little Belvidere are but cursorily described; the former seems to contain a countless collection of pictures, and the latter a very extraordinary collection of ancient armour. The Cathedral, of course, is not forgotten, and a plate of it is added, (being a reduction from a larger one,) brilliantly executed. The description of, and criticism upon, Canova's famous tomb, to the memory of the Grand Duchess Albert, merit quo

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