turn aside ; so that nothing but the powerful impulse of Divine grace can fix it in a right aim."

pp. 78, 79. After spending some months among his relatives and friends in Leicestershire, Mr. Hall fixed his residence for some time at Enderby, a sequestered village near Leicester, where he gradually regained his bodily health and a renewed capacity for public usefulness. He soon began to preach in some of the adjacent villages, and occasionally to a small congregation assembling in Harvey Lane, Leicester, which had, several years before, been under the care of Mr. (now Dr.) Carey, the eminent Missionary of Serampore. He at length received and accepted an invitation to become their stated pastor; and over this church, he presided for nearly twenty years, during which the attendance steadily increased, so that it was twice found necessary to enlarge the place of worship. In the year 1808, his marriage to a prudent and estimable woman, greatly added to his domestic comfort, and had a happy effect upon his spirits, while it contributed materially to promote the regularity of his habits. Altogether, his residence at Leicester, Dr. Gregory considers to have been undoubtedly the period in which Mr. Hall was most happy, active, and useful. His writings also, during this period, though by no means numerous, tended greatly to augment his influence upon society. The first of these, one of the most masterly of his productions, was his critique upon “ Zeal without Innovation ", published in the first series of the Eclectic Review. This article, which he undertook at the earnest entreaty of the late Mr. Robinson of Leicester, was attacked with much bitterness in the Christian Observer, and occasioned the first denunciation of clerical hostility against the journal in which it appeared. It obtained also a wide circulation in the form of a separate pamphlet. The sermon On the Discouragements and Supports of the Christian • Ministry', the Address to Eustace Carey, and the Funeral Oration for the Princess Charlotte, which rank among the Author's most valuable and finished compositions, were also produced during his residence at Leicester; as well as various tracts, biographical sketches, reviews, and his polemical works relating to the Terms of Communion. His engagements for the press were not suffered, however, to draw him aside from his pastoral duties; nor did the almost constant pain which he suffered from his constitutional complaint, throughout the whole time of his residence at Leicester, diminish his mental energy. When it is known that, for more than twenty years, he was unable, through pain, to pass a whole night in bed, it will be thought surprising, Dr. Gregory remarks, that he wrote so much; nay, that he did not sink into premature dotage.

Mr. Hall had attained his sixty-second year, when the death of Dr. Ryland, in 1825, led to his being invited to succeed to

the pastoral charge over the Baptist church at Broadmead, Bristol, -the scene of his first continuous labours, and of his closing ministry. Some few of the friends of his early life survived to welcome his return among them; and every thing but the infirm state of his health, conspired to promote his own comfort there, as well as the prosperity of the society with which he had thus, after so long an interval, renewed a sacred connexion. As the indications of infirm age rapidly exhibited themselves, they were unaccompanied by a decaying mind or a querulous spirit. About six years before his death, he was attacked with a spasmodic affection of the chest, a plethoric habit having been induced by his inability to take regular exercise. This disorder gradually increased, occasioning several alarming attacks, till at length, on the 10th of February, 1831, he was seized with the first of a series of paroxysms which terminated in his dissolution. For ten days, he suffered, with short intervals, great physical torture, without a murmur, without an expression of irritability ; employing the moments of comparative ease to express his thankfulness to God for his unspeakable mercies,-his humble hope and entire submission,-his simple, unshaken reliance upon his Saviour,and his affectionate acknowledgements of the care and assiduities of his family and friends around him. He also exhorted both the members of his family and others occasionally present, to make religion their chief and incessant concern; urging especially upon some of the younger persons, the duty of openly professing their attachment to Christ and his cause.

- When he was a little recovered from one of his severe paroxysms,' says his medical attendant, Mr. Chandler, I asked him, whether he felt much pain. He replied that his sufferings were great : “ but what (he added) are my sufferings to the sufferings of Christ? His sufferings were infinitely greater: his sufferings were complicated. God has been very merciful to me-very merciful: I am a poor creature-an unworthy creature; but God has been


kind—very merciful.” He then alluded to the character of the sufferings of crucifixion, remarking, how intense and insufferable they must have been, and asked many

minute questions on what I might suppose was the process by which crucifixion brought about death. He particularly inquired respecting the effect of pain-the nervous irritation—the thirst-the oppression of breathing--the disturbance of the circulation —and the hurried action of the heart, till the conversation gradually brought him to a consideration of his own distress; when he again reverted to the lightness of his sufferings when contrasted with those of Christ. He spoke of our Lord's “enduring the contradiction of sinners against himself ”—of the ingratitude and unkindness he received from those for whom he went about doing good-of the combination of the mental and corporeal agonies sustained on the crossthe length of time during which our Lord hung—the exhaustion occasioned, &c. He then remarked how differently he had been si

tuated ; that, though he had endured as much or more than fell to the lot of most men, yet all had been in mercy. I here remarked to him, that, with most persons, the days of ease and comfort were far more numerous than those of pain and sorrow. He replied:

“ But I have been a great sufferer in my time: it is, however, generally true: the dispensations of God have been merciful to me." He then observed, that a contemplation of the sufferings of Christ was the best antidote against impatience under any troubles we might experience; and recommended me to reflect much on this subject, when in pain or distress, or in expectation of death.' p.

112. In the last agony, his sufferings extorted the exclamation, 0 the sufferings of this body!’ ‘But are you comfortable in your mind ?' asked Mrs. Hall. Very comfortable, very comfortable, was his reply; adding, ‘Come, Lord Jesus, come-One of his daughters finished the imperfect sentence, by involuntarily supplying the word 'Quickly;' on which her dying father gave her a look expressive of the most complacent delight. To the last moment, there was no failure of his mental vigour or composure ; and almost his last articulate sentence intimated, with his accustomed courteousness, the fear that he should fatigue by his pressure the friend upon whom he leaned for support in wrestling with the last enemy. There was a terrible grandeur in the conflict. What a moment was that which succeeded to the final

pang !*

We have not said a word about Mr. Foster's extremely interesting Observations, because we find we must reserve them as the subject of a distinct article, when we shall notice the sermons contained in the present volume.

Art. II. Sketches of Vesuvius, with Short Accounts of its Principal

Eruptions, from the Commencement of the Christian Era to the present Time. By John Auldjo, Esq., F.G.S., Corr. Member of the Soc. Real Borbon, and of the Soc. Pontaniana, Naples. 8vo.

pp. 93. 17 Plates. Lond. 1833. MR.

R. AULDJO, in 1827, accomplished the escalade of Mont

Blanc; and by means of his pencil, he turned his perilous and otherwise unprofitable adventure to such good account, that his Narrative t, illustrated by a skilfully executed series of lithographic sketches of the scenery, enables the reader to perform the ascent with as much ease as Don Quixote performed his aërial journey on the wooden horse, and with much more advantage. In the present volume, he transports us to the shores

* Mr. Hall expired, Feb. 21, 1831, having not quite completed his sixty-seventh year.

+ See Ecl. Rev. Vol. XXX. p. 146. .

of the Bay of Naples, or, (what is not quite the same thing, we admit,) brings Naples and Vesuvius to us; so that the reader has but to sit still, like a child in a coach, who fancies that the trees and other objects are running past him, and he will find the whole scenery of the route, from Resina to the burning cone, gradually brought before him.

The volume before us will not, however, admit of advantageous comparison with Mr. Auldjo's former publication,-with its lively details and spirited sketches, descriptive of the ascent and scenery of Mont Blanc. He was, then, fortunate in the aid of Harding's exquisite lithography, and in his own vivid recollections of sundry storms and avalanches, and “hair-breadth 'scapes’; but in the present instance, his excursions have all the insipidity of perfect safety; and his illustrations, though they are executed in an artist-like style, have neither the decision of Haghe, nor the expressive gracefulness of Harding's handling. The signature to the plates is ‘F. Wenzel ’; and we mention the name, because we have no doubt of his ultimate success in this branch : his touch is free, and his line bold; he is sometimes defective in precision, but there are indications which induce us to refer this to carelessness, rather than to want of skill. The view of the wall of lava in the Fosso Grande is beautifully drawn.

Mr. Auldjo's repeated visits to the mountain seem to have passed off without a single adventure. Not a singe occurred to give vivacity to the promenade ; and we are almost tempted to wonder that the admitted license of travellers was not exercised, within discreet limits, on so urgent an occasion. A ten-feet leap across a fiery lava-gulf, or an hour's march along a six-inch ledge, midway between sky and abyss, might have had 'a fine effect'; even the repetition of Brydone's sprained ancle would have shewn some small anxiety for the amusement of his readers ; but all is blank. Nor is the simplicity of truth relieved by any very striking elasticity of style. A little further labour, and a more judicious management of the extensive system of illustration, would have made of this slight volume, a work of permanent value. In its present form, it can claim no merit beyond such as belongs to a respectably executed "Guide. The earlier portion describes the ascent, scenery, and general phenomena of the mountain, assisted by a dozen sketches, several of which are on a large scale, exhibiting the characteristic features and the picturesque circumstances of the volcano. This part is followed by a history of eruptions, illustrated by a very interesting map, displaying, by the aid of different tints, the various streams of lava that have been traced on the declivities of Vesuvius. An Appendix, with additional plates, contains interesting details of recent convulsions.

This celebrated mountain has two summits, the present cone VOL. IX.-N.S.


of Vesuvius and the Monte Somma, which are separated by a narrow valley, called the Atrio del Carallo *, on the west, and the Canale dell Arena on the north. The lava which sometimes flows from the north side of the cone, with the scoria and ashes ejected or washed down from it into this valley, has raised the level, and will, probably, some day fill it up; and then that side of the cone, united with the ridge of the Somma, will become part of the flank of the mountain. The cone itself, in appearance a mass of ashes, is truncated from N.E. to s.w., and rests, on the N.w., upon the Atrio del Cavallo; on the N.E., upon the Canale dell Arena; and towards the s., upon the Pedementina, extending its flank down to the bay, and forming an inclined plane from its vertex to its base. The slope, from the Pedementina and the Atrio del Carallo, is regular, and is covered with vineyards and gardens: it is broken only by the Vocoli, (small cones formed during the eruption of 1760,) by the picturesque hill on which the convent of the Camaldoli is built, and by prominences raised on the lava of the eruption of 1794, near the Piano delle Ginestre. This plain, the ascent to which from Resina occupies about an hour, (or an hour and a half by the more convenient route of the Fosso Grande, recommended by Mr. Auldjo,) was once adorned with evergreen shrubs and bushes, and broom, (from which it takes its name,) flowering throughout the year, and wearing the semblance of eternal spring. It now presents only • a desolate expanse, wherein nothing is to be seen but the scorious

surfaces of vast streams of lava, which, in pouring down from the cone, have intersected and covered each other, have been 'heaped up in confused masses and hillocks, or extended in broad ' and irregular masses.' From this plain, the route ascends to the Hermitage, through a winding cleft in the mass of lapillo, of which the ridge of the Canteroni, upon which the Hermitage is built, is principally composed. Before reaching the upper part, a magnificent prospect opens, extending over the richly-wooded plain of the Campo Felice, terminating in the sea in one direction, and, in the other, bounded by the chain of the Apennines behind Caserta. Leaving the Hermitage on the left, the road lies along the highest part of the verdant ridge, at the end of which the ashy cone rears itself aloft, the white smoke rising in

opaque masses from the centre, and curling high into the air.' It then leads down, by a short descent, to the Atrio del Cavallo, and winds among rude, unshapen masses, between two streams of recent lava, towards a spot at the base of the cone, whence it is necessary to climb on foot its steep, sandy side, by a zig-zag


* So called, because, formerly, persons always ascended thus far on horseback. Up to 1631, it produced herbage and trees, but is now a barren plain of lava.

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