While the earthquake however was overthrowing the tenth part of the city, and slaying the seven thousand

added the observation that precisely seven such names were slain in the earthquake of the French revolution. It is almost superfluous to observe, that archbishops and bishops are in effect the same title. The name of king was abolished by the fall of the tenth part of the city, or the French monarchy itself : and in the same earthquake were slain the seven orders of nobility, temporal and spiritual. Bishops were afterwards restored by the republican rulers, but not in their former capacity of ecclesiastical peers (Bicheno's Signs of the times. Part i. p. 38-42. Ibid. Part. ii. p. 95, 96, 97.). Mr. Bicheno cites the following curious passage from a discourse of Dr. J. Mather, who wrote in the year 1710. "We are assured, that, "when the sixth trumpet, called also the second woe, has done "its work, the seventh trumpet, called the third woe, will come "quickly. Now there is reason to hope that the second woe "is past, that is, that the Turk shall be no more such a plague "to the apostate Christian world, as for ages past he has been. "At the time when the second woe passeth away there is to be a great earthquake. In that earthquake one of the ten king"doms over which Antichrist has reigned, will fall. "at this day a great earthquake among the nations.


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kingdom of France be that tenth part of the city which shall "fall! May we hear of a mighty revolution there; we shall "then know that the kingdom of Christ is at hand." (Signs of the Times, Part ii. p. 85.). The speculations of Jurieu, whose work was published in England in the year 1687, are equally curious. "It is a truth, which must be held as cer*tain (being one of the keys of the Revelation), that the city, "the great city, signifies, in this book, not Rome alone, but "Rome in conjunction with its empire-This being supposed "and proved that the city is the whole Babylonish and Anti

christian empire, it must be remembered that this empire of “Antichrist is made up of ten kingdoms and of ten kings, who


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thousand names of men,

"the remnant were af

"frighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven." Those, who had not suffered themselves to be deceived by the specious promises of Antichrist, readily saw through the flimsy veil of pretended liberty,

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"must give their power to the beast. A tenth part of the city fell that is, one of these ten kingdoms which make up the great city, the Babylonal empire, shall forsake it. Now what "is this tenth part of the city which shall fall? In my opinion "we cannot doubt that it is-France-And in the earthquake slain seven thousand, in the Greek it is, seven thousand names of men. I confess that this seems somewhat myste"rious-I am inclined to say, that these words, names of men, "must be taken in their natural signification, and do intimate "that the total reformation of France shall not be made with "bloodshed: nothing shall be destroyed but names, such as "the names of Monks, of Carmelites of Augustines, of Domi"nicans, of Jacobines, Franciscans, Capucines, Jesuits, Minimes, ❝ and an infinite company of others, whose number it is not easy to define, and which the Holy Ghost denotes by the "number seven which is the number of perfection, to signify "that the order of Monks and Nuns shall perish for ever" (Cited by Bicheno. Signs of the Times Part i. p. 39, 40.). Dr. Goodwin, who wrote 150 years since, had formed a very just conception of what was meant by slaying names of men.

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By the earthquake here is meant a great concussion or shaking "of states, political or ecclesiastical-The effects of this earth“quake, and fall of this tenth part of the city, is killing seven "thousand of the names of men-Now by men of name, in Scrip"ture, is meant men of title, office, and dignity-As in the case "of Corah's conspiracy, so here a civil punishment falls upon "these For having killed these witnesses, themselves are to "be killed (haply) by being bereft of their names and titles, ""which are to be rooted out for ever, and condemned to perpetual forgetfulness." Cited by Bicheno, Ibid. p. 41.

liberty, philanthropy, and toleration, which but ill concealed the distorted features of the atheistical revolution. They acknowledged their fears; and were stigmatized as alarmists: they protested against the strumpet claims of democratic licen tiousness to the venerable title of rational liberty; and were branded as the slavish enemies of the freedom of mankind: they gave glory to the God of heaven, by maintaining that religion is the only solid basis of sound government; and were ridiculed as bigots or enthusiasts.

The earthquake had now overthrown the tenth part of the city: the second woe therefore was past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly. The year 1789 was styled the first year of liberty: but Antichrist had not yet attained his full purpose. He panted to soar with a bolder flight than any of his predecessors in iniquity; and he rested not till he had established the reign of demoniac equality and frantic atheism,

"At an early period of the Revolution in "France, the fraternity of illuminated Free-Ma"sons took the Name of Jacobins from the name

of a convent where they held their meetings, "They then counted three hundred thousand "adepts, and were supported by two millions of "men scattered through France, armed with "torches and pikes, and all the necessary imple"ments of revolution. Till the 12th of August 1792, the French Jacobins had only dated the * annals of the revolution by the years of their " pretended

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pretended liberty. On that day, when the king "was carried prisoner to the temple, after having "been declared to have forfeited his right to the ❝ crown, the rebel assembly decreed, that to the "date of liberty the date of equality should be "added in future in all public acts; and the de"cree itself was dated the fourth year of liberty, "the first year and day of equality."

On this memorable day then, about three years after the commencement of the earthquake which threw down the French tenth part of the great Roman city, and only two days after the last dreadful shock of that earthquake,. I conceive the third woe-trumpet to have begun its tremendous blast. "The second woe was past; and behold the third

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woe came quickly." Antichrist now stood revealed in all his horrors; and the long continued efforts of Popery and Mohammedism were constrained to hide their diminished heads in the presence of a gigantic monster, who alike trampled upon the laws of man, and defied the majesty of heaven.

On the 12th of August 1792, the infidel king exalted himself above all law: on the 26th of the very same month he exalted himself above all religion. As the first of these days witnessed the abolition of all the distinctions of civil society, so the second beheld the establishment of atheism by law. A decree was then past, ordering the clergy to leave the kingdom within a fortnight after its date: but, instead of allowing them the time spe

cified even by their own decree, the Jacobin tyrants of France employed the whole of that period in seizing, imprisoning, and putting them to the most cruel deaths. The' conduct of these unfor. tunate men, during this dreadful season of trial, certainly deserves the commendation of the Christian world. In spite of the various corruptions, with which they had debased the purity of the Gospel, they still shewed (to use an apostolical phrase) that they "had a little strength:" and I doubt not that many of them "slept in the Lord," though I cannot concede to Mr. Galloway and Mr. Kett, that they are the saints whom the little horn of the fourth beast was destined to wear out. The ministers of religion were now no more; and no traces of Christianity could be found in the reprobate Metropolis of the atheistical republic. One of the churches was converted into a heathen temple, the den of the foreign god and his kindred Mahuzzim: and the rest were used as places of public festivity and amusement. There the abandoned citizens of Paris flocked in crowds, no longer as formerly to worship their Maker; but to hear his name blasphemed, his existence denied, and his eternal Son ridiculed as an impostor*.


* On the 6th of November 1792, a discourse upon atheism was pronounced by Dupont, and applauded by the convention : and, in November 1793, the hopeful pupils of the new republican school appeared at its bar, when one of them set forth,


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