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leaps in the character of Harlequin; tainly, under the circumstances, neither should we be inclined to there was no call upon them whatgive the odds in his favour if he ever to treat him as if he had been a were to enter himself as a competitor jockey under articles to ride a race at forthe long race at a Highland meet- Newmarket, whose success or failing. But gentlemen in the position ure might depend upon the exact of Mr Banting, who, we believe, has number of pounds which he should retired into private life after a weigh when getting into the saddle. successful business career, are not Excessive corpulence, we freely expected to rival Leotard, or to pit admit, may have its inconveniences. themselves in athletic contests It is, as Mr Banting justly remarks, against hairy-houghed Donald of rather a serious state of matters the Isles. As a deer-stalker, it may when a man, by reason of fatness, be that he would not win distinction cannot stoop to tie his shoe, “nor -for it is hard work even for light- attend to the little offices which weights to scramble up corries, or humanity requires, without concrawl on their bellies through moss- siderable pain and difficulty." To hags and water-channels for hours, be “compelled to go down-stairs before they can get the glimpse of slowly backwards” is an acrobatic an antler—but many a country gen- feat which no one save an expectant tleman, compared with whom Mr Lord Chamberlain would care to Banting at his biggest would have practise; and it is not seemly, and been but as a fatted calf to a full- must be a disagreeable thing, “to grown bull, can take, with the puff and blow with every exertion," utmost ease, a long day's exercise like a porpoise in a gale of wind. through stubble and turnips, and But, as we gather from the pamphbring home his twenty brace of let, these distressing symptoms did partridges, with a due complement not exhibit themselves until very of hares, without a symptom of recently, whereas Mr Banting says bodily fatigue. Mr Banting seems to that he has been soliciting a remedy labour under the hallucination that from the Faculty anytime during the he was at least as heavy as Falstaff last thirty years. He also makes -we, on the contrary, have a constant reference to his increasshrewd suspicion that Hamlet would ing obesity throughout that period; have beaten him in the scales. therefore we are entitled to con

It is, of course, in the option of clude that with advancing years he all who are dissatisfied with their acquired additional weight, and did present condition to essay to alter not arrive at the climax until 26th it. Lean men may wish to become August 1862, when, as he informs fatter, and fat men may wish to us, his weight was 202 lb., or fourbecome leaner; but so long as their teen stone six. That is not, after health remains unimpaired, they are all, a very formidable weight for not fit subjects for the doctor. We an elderly gentleman of sedentary have no doubt that the eminent habits. Tom Johnson, the pugilist, professional gentlemen whom Mr weighed fourteen stone when he Banting consulted took that view of entered the ring against and conthe matter; and having ascertained quered Isaac Perrins of Birmingthat there was in reality no disease ham,supposed to be the most powerto be cured, gave him, by way of ful man in England, and weighing humouring a slight hypochondriac seventeen stone. Neat weighed affection, a few simple precepts for fourteen stone after training ; and, the maintenance of a health which according to the best of our recolin reality required no improvement. lection (for we have mislaid our Probably they opined that the bur- copy of Boxiana'), Josh Hudson den of his flesh was no greater than was considerably heavier. Tom he could bear with ease; and cer- Cribb, the champion of England, weighed sixteen stone before he really cannot continue the metaphor went into training for his great without making a botch of it, so let

fight with Molineaux, and reduced us have recourse to simpler lan: himself in five weeks, through guage, and give Mr Banting's ac: physic and exercise, to fourteen count of the dietary which he was

stone nine. By dint of sweating advised to follow, and the reasons and severe work, he came to thir- assigned therefor. teen stone five, which was ascertained to be the pitch of his condi- “For the sake of argument and illustion, as he could not reduce fur- tration, I will presume that certain arther without weakening. Such in- ticles of ordinary diet, however benestances go far to prove that, even

ficial in youth, are prejudicial in adwhen his circumference was the

vanced life, like beans to a horse whose

common ordinary food is hay and corn. widest, Mr Banting had no reason

It may be useful food occasionally, to complain of excessive corpu- under peculiar circumstances, but detrilency. But even if he had, the en- mental as a constancy. I will therelarging process was a gradual one- fore adopt the analogy, and call such be had been complaining of obesity food human beans. The items from for thirty years ; and if we sup

which I was advised to abstain as much pose that be gained only a pound sugar, beer, and potatoes, which had

as possible were, - bread, butter, milk, and a half per annum-which is a

been the main (and, I thought, inno- very low rate of increase—he must cent) elements of my existence, or at all

have been applying to the doctors events they had for many years been for remedies against corpulence adopted freely. These, said my excelwhen he weighed only eleven stone lent adviser, contain starch and sacchathree—a weight which most men

rine matter tending to create fat, and

should be avoided altogether. At the of thirty-five years of age would first blush it seemed to me that I had regard as natural and appropriate. little left to live upon, but my kind

We have thought it right to make friend soon showed me that there was these observations, because Mr Ban- ample, and I was only too happy to give ting has chosen to insinuate that the plan a fair trial, and, within a very medical men generally are so ig- few days, found immense benefit from

it. It may better elucidate the dietary norant of their calling, that they do not understand the evils of obesity, sanction to take; and that man must be

plan if I describe generally what I have or cannot conquer it by prescribing an extraordinary person who would dethe proper diet.

sire a better table :

For breakfast, I take four or five “The remedy," says Mr Banting, ounces of beef, mutton, kidneys, may be as old as the hills, as I have

broiled fish, bacon, or cold meat of since been told, but its application is of any kind except pork; a large cup very recent date; and it astonishes me of tea (without milk or sugar), a that such a light should have remained little biscuit, or one ounce of dry so long unnoticed and hidden, as not to toast.

afford a glimmer to my anxious mind For dinner, Five or six ounces of any i in a search for it during the last twenty fish except salmon, any meat ex.

years, even in directions where it might cept pork, any vegetable except have been expected to be known. I

potato, one ounce of dry toast, fruit would rather presume it is a new light, out of a pudding, any kind of poulthan that it was purposely hidden,

try or game, and two or three merely because the disease of obesity glasses of good claret, sherry, or was not immediately dangerous to ex. madeira – champagne, port, and istence, nor thought to be worthy of beer forbidden. serious consideration."

For tea, Two or three ounces of fruit, Now, let us steadfastly survey

a rusk or two, and a cup of tea

without milk or sugar. this new light, which was flashed

For supper, Three or four ounces of on the astonished eyes of Mr Ban

meat or fish, similar to dinner, with ting by the last practitioner whom a glass or two of claret. he consulted. That light but we For nightcap, if required, A tumbler

of grog-(gin, whisky, or brandy, generally hurtful to adults-heaven without sugar)--or a glass or two help not only the working-classes,

of claret or sherry. “ This plan leads to an excellent

but the greater proportion of the night's rest, with from six to eight afford to begin the day as Mr Bant

middle order, who certainly cannot hours' sound sleep. The dry toast or rusk may have a tablespoonful of spirit ing does, with a meat breakfast of to soften it, which will prove ac- kidneys, broiled fish, or bacon, such ceptable. Perhaps I did not wholly as might make a Frenchman stare, . escape starchy or saccharine matter, but to repeat the diet, with the addiscrupulously avoided those beans, such tions of poultry or game, both for as milk, sugar, beer, butter, &c., which were known to contain them.”

dinner and supper, to interject a

fruity tea, and to wash down each Mr Banting subsequently specifies meal with a few glasses of claret, veal, pork, herrings, eels, parsnips, sherry, or madeira ! beetroot, turnips, and carrots as im- In fact, Mr Banting has fallen proper articles of food.

into the egregious error of supposNow, before inquiring whether ing that the food which

agrees

with this dietary scheme be a new dis- him must agree with every other covery or not, we beg to observe human being, and that articles which that Mr Banting has fallen into a have been, perhaps judiciously, demonstrous error in asserting that nied to him, must necessarily be every substance tending to promote hurtful to the rest of mankind. His fatness or increase the bulk of the logical position is thishuman body is necessarily deleteri- Banting is a mortal;

His analogy, as he calls it, Bread, potatoes, &c., are bad for of the beans, is purely fanciful and Banting-therefore absurd. Farinaceous food, which, No mortal should eat bread or with extraordinary presumption, be potatoes. denounces as unwholesome, forms But the falsity of the syllogism is the main subsistence of the pea- apparent. We are not all afflicted by santry, not only of the British Is- Mr Banting's tendency towards obelands, but of the whole of Europe ; sity, and therefore we need not and are we now to be told, forsooth, regard“ beans” with his more than that bread, meal, and potatoes aré Pythagorean horror. There is a "prejudicial in advanced life”-that deep truth in the old adage, that they may be “useful food occasion- "what is one man's meat is another ally, under peculiar circumstances, man's poison ;” and Mr Banting but detrimental as a constancy" į might have escaped no small amount Are we to conclude, because Mr of ridicule had he carefully laid it Banting's medical adviser prohibited to heart, before promulgating the them, that milk and butter, beer doctrine that kidneys are and sugar, are little short of abso- wholesome than potatoes, and that lute poison? It would be easy to bread should be generally tabooed. show, from the recorded tables of We fully appreciate the excellongevity, that the persons who bave lence of the motive which has inattained the most advanced ages, duced Mr Banting to offer his obfar beyond the ordinary span of servations upon corpulence to the human existence, have never used public; but we can inform him any other kind of diet save that that there is no kind of novelty in which Mr Banting's adviser has the system which was recommended proscribed ; but the idea is so by his last medical adviser, and manifestly preposterous, that it which has led to such fortunate recarries with it its own refutation. sults. Training has long ago been If Banting's bill of fare be the reduced to a science, and the diet right one, and if the articles which to be observed during training has he has been advised to avoid are received the most careful attention.

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The following were some of the a work which has the merit of being rules of diet approved of by the extremely popularand amusing, and late John Jackson, the celebrated we shall presently see that no new teacher of pugilism, with whom light was flashed from the scientific Lord Byron used to spar. They lantern of Mr Banting's medical are given at full length in Sir John adviser. A translation, or rather Sinclair's work upon health and abridgment, of that treatise, was longevity :

published by Longman & Co., in The diet is simple ; animal food 1859, under the title of · The Handalone : and it is recommended to take

book of Dining;' and from it we very little salt and some vinegar with extract the following remarks on the food, which prevents thirst, and is

“OBESITY OR EMBONPOINT. good to promote leanness. Vegetables are never given, as turnips or carrots,

The primary cause of embonpoint which are difficult to digest; nor potatoes,

is the natural disposition of the indiviwhich are watery. But bread is allow

dual. Most men are born with cered, only it must be stale. Veal and

tain predispositions, which are stamped lamb are never given, nor is pork,

upon their features. Out of one hunwhich has tendency to purge some

dred persons who die of consumption, people. Beefsteaks are reckoned very

ninety have brown hair, a long face, and good, and rather under-done than other

a sharp nose. Out of one hundred fat wise, as all meat in general is; and it is

ones, ninety have short faces, round better to have the meat broiled than eyes,

and a short nose. roasted or boiled, by which nutriment

Consequently, there are persons

This is lost. No fish whatever is allowed,

whose destiny it is to be fat. because it is reckoned watery, and not physical truth has often given me anto be compared with meat in point of noyance. I have at times met in society nutriment. The fat of meat is never

some dear little creature with rounded given, but the lean of the best meat.

arms, dimpled cheeks and hands, and No butter nor cheese on any account.

pert little nose, fresh and blooming, the Pies and puddings are never given, nor

admiration of every one, when, taught any kind of pastry.”

by experience, I cast á rapid mental

glance through the next ten years of her The like diet is prescribed for life, and I behold these charms in anjockeys, pedestrians, and all others other light, and I sigh internally. This whose weight is to be materially

anticipated compassion is a painful feel

ing, and gives one more proof that man reduced ; but in such cases recourse

would be very unhappy if he could foreis likewise had to sweatings, hard see the future. exercise, and preparatory doses of " The second and chief cause of obemedicine. Mr Jackson, however, sity is to be found in the mealy or floury says with regard to training

substances of which man makes his food.

All animals that live on farinaceous “A person in high life cannot be food grow fat; man follows the common treated in exactly the same manner at law. Mixed with sugar, the fattening first, from the indulgences to which he qualities increase. Beer is very fattenhas been accustomed; nor is his frame ing. Too much sleep and little exercise in general so strong. They eat too will promote corpulency. Another cause much made dishes and other improper of obesity is in eating and drinking too food, and sit too long at table, and eat much." too great a variety of articles; also

Here the whole philosophy of the drink too much wine. No man should drink more than half a pint of wine."

matter is set forth in a few simple He says moreover : “A course of train- terms. Certain people have a naing would be an effectual remedy for tural tendency towards fat, and that bilious complaints. Corpulent people, tendency will be materially assisted by the same system, could be brought by a farinaceous and saccharine diet. into a proper condition.”

But so far from regarding such subBut, not to multiply authorities, stances as unwholesome, which view which would be rather tedious, let Mr Banting, in his pure ignorance, us refer at once to the ‘Physiologie has adopted, Brillat-Savarin condu Goût' of Mons. Brillat-Savarin, siders them as eminently nutritious; VOL. XCVI.NO. DLXXXIX.

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he would only regulate their use in ton. Only eat the crust of your bread; cases where the tendency has been you will be all the lighter and younger

for it." clearly ascertained.

“ Of all medical powers, diet is the The system recommended by Samost efficient, because it acts incessantly, day and night, sleeping or waking: varin is, as our readers will observe,

in essentials the

as that it ends by subjugating the individual. Now the diet against corpulency is in which Mr Banting has proclaimed, dicated by the most common and active with so much pomposity, to be an cause of obesity; and as it has been original discovery ; but how infinproved that farinaceous food produces itely more elegant and refined is fat, in man as well as in animals, it the carte sketched by the Parisian may be concluded that abstinence from farinaceous substances tends to diminish gastronome, than the gross fleshembonpoint.

market bill of fare propounded by “ I hear my fair friends exclaim that the English epicure ! It will be I am a monster, who wishes to deprive observed that veal, which is expressthem of everything they like. Let them ly forbidden by Banting, is recomnot be alarmed.

mended by Savarin. We side in “ If they must eat bread, let it be opinion with the Frenchman. Beef, brown bread ; it is very good, but not so nutritious as white bread.

as a constant article of food, is too “ If you are fond of soup, have it à nutritious for persons with a corpula julienne, or with vegetables, but no lent tendency. Roger Bacon, in his paste, no macaroni.

treatise, ' De retardandis SenectuAt the first course eat anything you tis Malis,' expressly forbids it to like, except the rice with fowls, or the old men, warning them that, if they crust of pâtés. “ The second course requires more

accustom themselves to such meat, philosophy. Avoid everything farina dropsies will be engendered, stop

You can eat roast, salad, and pages in the liver, and in like manvegetables. And if you must needs have ner obstructions in the spleen, and some sweets, take chocolate, creams, stones in the kidneys and bladder. and jellies, and punch in preference to Veal and chickens, he th ks, ought orange or others. “ Now comes dessert. New danger. And the following instance is

decidedly to have the preference. But if you have been prudent so far, you will continue to be so. Avoid bis- strongly confirmatory of that view. cuits and macaroons; eat as much fruit Humphries, the pugilist, was trainas you like.

ed by Ripsham, the keeper of the * After dinner take a cup of coffee jail at Ipswich. He was sweated and a glass of liqueur. Tea and punch in bed, and afterwards twice phywill not hurt you.

sicked. He was weighed once a" At breakfast brown bread and cho. colate in preference to coffee. No eggs.

day, and at first fed on beef ; but Anything else you like. You cannot as on that food he got too much breakfast too early. If you breakfast flesh, they were obliged to change late, the dinner hour comes before you it to mutton. have properly digested; you do not eat As there are many persons whose the less; and this eating without an health and appearance would be appetite is a prime cause of obesity, be- materially improved by putting on cause it often occurs. “ The above regulations are to pre- which has proved such an intoler

a little more of that garb of flesh vent embonpoint. The following are for those who are already victims : able burden to Mr Banting, we

"Drink, every summer, thirty bottles confidently recommend to their of Seltzer water-a large tumblerful study the treatise of M. Savarin, every morning, two hours before break wherein the means of attaining a befast, and the same before you go to bed. coming degree of pinguitude are Drink white wines, and rather acid. Avoid beer like the plague. Eat ra

elaborately explained.

Leanness, dishes, artichokes, celery ; eat veal and says this wise philosopher, though chicken in preference to beef and mut- it may be no absolute disadvantage

ceous.

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