sent purpose, it will suffice to give Newmanian lash cut deep ; Mr the substance of the discussion. In Kingsley smarted under it, and his letter replying to Mr Kingsley's forthwith set himself to pay back reference, Dr Newman states that with interest the mortification he had gone through the sermon which he had himself endured. "A in question with great care; that Reply to a Pamphlet lately published he could discover nothing therein by Dr Newman,' came out in due which, either directly or indirectly, time, under the searching title, teaches as Mr Kingsley had affirm- What, then, does Dr Newman ed; that Mr Kingsley would do well mean?' It is a very remarkable to adopt a similar course ; and that production in its way. The writer, he (Dr Newman) is open to correc- affecting to be bound over by the tion should the result, after this admission which, he more than second investigation, be in any re- insinuates, had been filched out of spect different from that at which him, proceeds not only to reiterate he had himself arrived. Dr New- but to justify, by reference to the man then goes on to explain, that ethical teaching of Roman Catholics whatever may be the moral ob- in general, all, and more than all, liquity of the teaching in that that he had previously asserted :sermon, if moral obliquity there be, the fault must not be laid to

“My object,” he says, alluding to the door of the Romish Church, throughout to avoid war, because I

his previous correspondence, “had been because the preacher was not a thought Dr Newman wished for peace. Romanist but an Anglican at the I therefore dropped the question of time when the sermon was deliver- 'many passages of his writings,' and ed; and that the sermon itself is

confined myself to the sermon entitled therefore a Protestant, not a Romish

• Wisdom and Innocence, simply to sermon. Unable to withstand this

give him an opportunity of settling the reasoning, Mr Kingsley accepted Dr Newman lost

his tem dispute on that ground. But whether

Dr Newman lost his temper, or whether as true his correspondent's affirma- he thought that he had gained an adtion. He acknowledged that the ntag over me, or whether he wanted sermon was not beside him when a more complete apology than I chose he wrote the offensive passage in

to give,—whatever, I say, may have his essay, and professed his readi- his tone of courtesy and dignity for one

been his reasons, he suddenly changed ness to believe Dr Newman's ac

of which I shall only say, that it shows count of the mode and object of its sadly how the atmosphere of the Romish teaching

priesthood has degraded his notions of As the offence had been given what is due to himself; and when he publicly, Dr Newman considered published (as I am much obliged to him himself 'justified in making public he appended to it certain reflections, in

for doing) the whole correspondence, likewise the issues to which it

which he attempted to convict me of led. He therefore printed and put not having believed the accusation forth the whole correspondence in which I had made. the shape of a pamphlet, to which “There remains for me, then, nohe added, as was not unnatural, a thing but to justify my mistake as far few “reflections" and a title-page.

as I can. It would have been well had Mr

I am, of course, precluded from

using the sermon entitled • Wisdom Kingsley submitted quietly to this

and Innocence' to prove my words. I mortification. He had done a fool

have accepted Dr Newman's denial that ish thing, and the punishment, as it it means what I thought it did ; and could have in no degree injured him heaven forbid that I should withdraw in the good opinion of his friends my word once given, at whatever dis(for it is the offence and not the pun

advantage to myself! But more; I am ishment which brings shame on the

informed by those from whose judgment

on such points there is no appeal, that, culprit), so it might have been borne

en hault courage and strict honour, I patiently. But patience is not one am also excluded, by the terms of my of Mr Kingsley's virtues. The explanation, from using any other of Dr


Newman's past writings to prove my excluded, by the terms of my exassertion. I have declared Dr Newman planation, from using any other to have been an honest man up to the

of Dr Newman's past writings to 1st of February 1864 ; it was, as I shall show, only Dr Newman's fault prove my assertion.” Ordinary morthat I ever thought him to be anything tals, thus hampered, would have else. It depends entirely on Dr New- done nothing. They might have man whether he shall sustain his re- fretted a little over the unpleasant putation so recently acquired. If I give nature of the scrape in which they him thereby a fresh advantage in this found themselves, but the sermon argument, he is most welcome to it. He needs, it seems to me, as many ad

and the past writings of their torvantages as possible. But I have a right,

mentor being sealed books to them, in self-justification, to put before the they would have bent to the blast, public so much of that sermon, and of and thereby saved their own credit the rest of Dr Newman's writings, as as men of honour. Not so Mr will show why I formed so harsh an Kingsley. “I have a right,” he opinion of them and of him, and why I still consider that sermon (whatever before the public so much of that

says, “in self-justification, to put

, may be its meaning) as most dangerous and misleading. And I have a full sermon, and of the rest of Dr Newright to do the same by those ‘many man's writings, as will show why I passages of Dr Newman's writings formed so harsh an opinion of them which I left alone at first, simply be- and of him." It is very well to talk cause I thought that Dr Newman of hault courageand “strict honwished for peace.”

our" in the abstract. They would, of

course, deter me, if I paid attention We beg that our readers will give to them, from following a certain to this curious passage a second line, and I assure the public that no perusal, and observe what it states, man holds them, abstractly speakwhat it promises, and what it shows ing, in more profound respect than that the writer is prepared to do. I; but there is a matter which I hold First of all, we have the acknow- in more profound respect still, and ledgment-implied, indeed, rather that is, that I should stand well than expressed that Mr Kingsley's with the world. Therefore, the

— opinion regarding the untruthfulness exclusion of which I speak, and the of his adversary never, from first to fine flourish of chivalrous sentilast, underwent the slightest change. ment which follows, are to be takHe had, indeed,“ declared Dr New- en for no more than they are worth. man to be an honest man up to the Dr Newman's sermon, and, indeed, 1st of February 1864;" but between all his writings, are fair game to me, making a statement of this sort, and as such I mean to hunt them and believing what is stated, there down. Accordingly, the pamphlet is all the difference in the world. is neither more nor less than a In spite of this declaration, Mr series of quotations from Dr NewKingsley feels that his original man's works, interspersed with comcharge is capable of justification; mentaries from the pen of the and being goaded to the attempt by pamphleteer—of the pamphleteer Dr Newman's ungenerous mode of who sets out with the uncalledaccepting the amende which had for and ostentatious announcement been tendered, he resolves to go that he cannot, except at the cost through with it. But difficulties at of self-respect, make any use of once arise. “I am of course pre- them at all!!! cluded from using the sermon en- We are afraid that this disposition titled “Wisdom and Innocence’ to to play fast and loose with hault couprove my words; and, harder rage and “strict honour” is a princase still, “I am informed by those ciple scarcely of yesterday's growth from whose judgment on such points with Mr Kingsley. Not that we there is no appeal, that, en hault charge him, as he charges Dr Newcourage and strict honour, I am also man, with writing and teaching that

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“truth, for its own sake, need not, fluence for good over youths whom and, on the whole, ought not, to he had so deeply offended. He be regarded as a virtue.” But could not, assuming that he had truth, like the chameleon, can told the truth, unsay what had change its colour, or appear to do been said. Mr Kingsley, however, so, when a clever man has an ob- is not to be arrested by common ject to serve and is bent on serving obstacles. As he has recently dealt it. A good many years ago Mr with Dr Newman, so in 1863 he Kingsley published a novel which, handled both 'Alton Locke' and with much in it that was noxious, the undergraduates of Cambridge. and still more that was absurd, at He prepared a new edition of the tained, as it deserved to do, a large book, re-wrote the objectionable share of public favour. Alton passages, and brought them out, in Locke, the tailor and poet, ran, in- their altered form, with a preface deed, such rigs as the tailor or poet explanatory of his reasons for so in real life never did or could run. doing. The reasons are charming. But he served well enough the pur- Under the sunshine of a continupose which the author appeared to ous Whig Government, society has have in view ; he was an appro- everywhere ripened in the interpriate hero in a tale which aimed val between 1849 and 1863. The at the inculcation of Christian com- Church, the army, the manufacturmunism. It happened that, among ing population, undergraduate life other vivid scenes, undergraduate in Cambridge itself, all acknowlife was described in this novel ; ledge this power.

There was a and the description gave, as indeed time when society seemed to be it well might, decided offence to composed of elements everywhere all classes in the University of discordant—when the rich oppressCambridge. * Alton Locke' pro- ed the poor, and the poor hated the fessed to paint the Cambridge men

rich. There were days, not very of 1849. We are not aware that the long ago, when the very sports of habits of Cambridge men were very young aristocrats insulted and ofdifferent in 1849 from what they fended plebeians. are now; and Mr Kingsley's account of them, if it was a just account

How changed, thank God, is all this

now! Before the influence of religion, then, may probably be taken as a

both Evangelical and Anglican-before just account still. But, just or un- the spread of those liberal principles just, it made the writer extremely founded on common humanity and unpopular. That was a circum- justice, the triumph of which we owe stance of very little moment so to the courage and practical sense of long as the writer rested in the ob- the Whig party—before the example of scurity of a country curacy; but

a Court virtuous, humane, and benefi

cent, the attitude of the British upper from the obscurity of a country classes has undergone a noble change. curacy, his own merits, and the

There is no aristocracy in the world, favour of a Liberal Ministry, gra- and there never has been one, as far as dually withdrew him. Mr Kings- I know, which has so honourably reley became rector of Eversley. A pented and brought forth fruits meet canonry was next conferred upon

for repentance—which has so cheerfully him ; by-and-by, the honourable do it. It is not merely enlightened

asked what its duty was, that it might office of Chaplain to the Queen; statesmen, philanthropists, devotees, and, last of all, the Regius Professor- or the working clergy, hard and heart ship of History in the University ily as they are working, who have of Cambridge. Here, then, was a set themselves to do good as a duty dilemma out of which it would specially required of them by creed or have been difficult for almost any laymen, as far as I can see, a humanity

by station; in the generality of younger other Christian communist than

in the highest sense of the term has been Mr Kingsley to find a way. He awakened, which bids fair, in another could not hope to exercise an in- generation, to abolish the last remnants

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of class prejudices and class grudges. that they will scarcely thank him The whole creed of our young gentle. for a compliment of which they best men is becoming more liberal, their de

understand the value. They know meanour more courteous, their language more temperate. They inquire after

--he evidently does not—that of all the welfare, or at least mingle in the

the officers in the Queen's service, sports, of the working man with a simple none see so little or know so little cordiality which was unknown thirty as the Guards about their men. years ago. They are prompt, the more This is not their fault, but the fault earnest of them, to make themselves of

of a system which, denying to these use to him, on the ground of a common manhood, if any means of doing good

gentlemen rooms in barracks, cuts are pointed out to them; and that it is

them off from the opportunity of in any wise degrading to associate with cultivating those friendly relations 'low fellows,' is an opinion utterly obso. with their men into which, as the lete, save, perhaps, among a few sons rest of the army is well aware, they of squireens in remote provinces, or of have, from time out of mind, been parvenus who cannot afford to recognise

ready to enter as often as circumthe class from whence they themselves have risen.

stances threw them together. But In the army, thanks to the purifying effects of the Crimean and

this is not the only mistake into Indian wars, the same altered line is which Mr Kingsley falls. “ If I patent. Officers feel for and with their wish,” he says, “ for one absolute men, talk to them, strive to instruct

proof of the changed relation beand amuse them, more and more year by

tween the upper and the lower classyear. And as a proof that the reform has not been forced upon the officers by

es, I have only to point to the Vol

unteer movement. public opinion from without, but is

In 1803, in the spontaneous and from within, another face of the most real and fatal daninstance of the altered mind of the aris- ger, the Addington Ministry was tocracy, the improvement is greatest afraid of allowing volunteer regiin those regiments which are officered ments, and Lord Eldon, while pressby men of the best blood; and in care

ing the necessity, could use as an for and sympathy for their men, her Majesty's Foot Guards stand first of all.”

argument that if the people did not

volunteer for the Government they If there be not in all this the very would against it. So broad was essence of what Carlyle calls “flun- even then the gulf between the keyism," and vulgar flunkeyism too, governed and the governors.” The we really do not know what the ex- Addington Ministry, afraid of alpression means. Can Mr Kingsley lowing (the formation of) volunteer be ignorant that the Young Eng- regiments! A gulf between the land party to whom much of this governors and the governed in 1803 ! renewed intercourse of class with Why, it was in the early summer of class may

be attributed is not, nor that very year that a movement beever was, composed of Whigs ? Has gan, which, before the autumn closhe never heard of such men as Ben- ed, assembled upwards of 300,000 jamin Disraeli, Lord John Manners, volunteers under arms. Has Mr and Lord Robert Cecil ? And must Kingsley never looked into the Anhe be told that it enters, and al- nual Register, nor read Lockhart's ways did enter, into the spirit of 'Life of Scott,' or even Lord StanToryism to acknowledge the influ- hope's 'Life of Pitt?' This is ence of that common humanity about really too bad ; but it is of a piece which he prattles? Or is it an at- with the wisdom which, while it tempt to ingratiate himself still bids the undergraduates beware more with the powers that be ?—a of a Conservative reaction, and depalpable exhibition of that kind of precates a crusade against trades

atitude which the great Whig unions, goes out of its way to flatMinister so well understood, and so ter royalty by proclaiming that the aptly defined in the days of the first “ House of Lords will be conserved, Georges ? As to her Majesty's Foot just in proportion as the upper Guards, we are inclined to believe classes shall copy the virtues of

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royalty, both of him who is taken that living intelligence by which I write, from us and of her who is left." and argue, and act.

He asks about my If Mr Kingsley expected to ride mind and its beliefs and its sentiments,

and he shall be answered. Not for his away triumphantly upon his pamphlet he grossly deceived himself. the religion which I profess, and of the

own sake, but for mine ; for the sake of Nothing could have occurred more priesthood in which I am unworthily satisfactory to Dr Newman than included, and of my friends, and of my the appearance of such a publica- foes, and of that general public which tion under such a name-What, consists of neither the one nor the other, then, does Dr Newman mean ?'

but of well-wishers, lovers of fair play, It was the question above all ques- quirers, curious lookers-on, and simple

sceptical cross-questioners, interested in. tions which he most desired to strangers, unconcerned, yet not careless have put to him; and to have it about the issue.' put under circumstances so propitious gladdened the old man's heart. sion, Dr Newman is content, in a

Having arrived at this concluwe understand, admitted

that his brief introduction, to extinguish Mr

— past career, looked at as a whole, he addresses himself to his more

Kingsley as a logician. This done, stood in need of explanation. Not that he cared for the eloquence of important task; and how grave and Exeter Hall, or the weekly abuse solemn he feels it to be, may be of religious newpapers ; but he was

gathered from the tone almost

more than from the matter of the sensitively alive to what might be thought of him by friends from short sentences with which the whom, not without a pang, he had narrative opens :withdrawn himself. No decent It may easily be conceived how opportunity had, however, as yet great a trial it is to me to write the presented itself of pleading his own following history of myself, but I must

not shrink from the task. The words cause fully and fairly before the

Secretum meum mihi keep ringing in my world. Now it came, and it was a

ears; but as men draw nearer towards satisfaction to him to think that their end they care less about disthe bitterest of all his revilers had closures. Nor is it the least part of supplied it.

my trial to anticipate that my friends “He,” writes Dr Newman in reply written, consider much in it irrelevant

may, upon first reading what I have to Mr Kingsley's last attack, “had a positive idea to illuminate his whole thinking that, viewed as a whole, it

to. my purpose;. yet I cannot help matter, and to stamp it with a form,

will effect what I wish it to do." and to quicken it with an interpretation. He called me a liara simple, a We cannot tell what Dr Newbroad, an intelligible, and, to the Eng. man's anticipations may have been, lish public, a plausible arraignment; but

but we have no hesitation in statfor me to answer in detail charge one, by reason one, and charge two by rea

ing the effect which his remarkable son two, and charge three by reason

history has produced upon ourthree, and so to proceed through the selves. We believe him to be whole string both of accusations and re- now, and always to have been, a plies, each of which was to be indepen. thoroughly honest man.

We do dent of the rest, this would be certainly not distrust one word of all that labour lost, as regards any effective result. What I needed was a correspond he has written about himself. His ing antagonist writing in my defence, confessions may appear to some and where was that to be found ? .

childish-to others forced and unYes, I said to myself, his very question natural ; in our eyes they take at is about my meaning, — What does Dr once the character of absolute Newman mean?' It points in the very simplicity and candour. He has same direction into which my musings had turned me already. He asks what painted a mind in great distress I mean. Not about my words, not

about great things; bent upon about my arguments, not about my ac

discovering the right way, not for tions as his ultimate point, but about itself only, but for others-pausing,

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