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them? or shall all the fishes of the sea be gathered together for them to suffice them.
* And Jehovah said unto Moses, Is Jehovah's hand waxed short? thou shalt see now, whether my word shall come to pass unto thee, or not. 24 And Moses went out, and spake unto the people the words of Jehovah; and he gathered the seventy men of the elders of the people, and made them stand round about the tent. Jehovah came down in a cloud, and spake unto him, and took of the spirit that was upon him; and gave it unto the seventy men the elders ; and it was when the spirit rested upon them, they proplesied, and did not add. 2* And there remained two of the men in the
camp; the name of the one was Eldad; and the name of the second, Medad ; and the spirit rested upon them; and they were of them that were written, but went not out unto the tent, and they prophesied in the camp. in Josh. xvii. 16; Judg. xxi. 14. Here people ; see Exod. vii. 1; Gen xx. 7. And Moses showeth that the thing promised was thus Paul saith,' He that prophesieth, speak. impossible in man's judgment; both in re- eth unto men to edification, and exhortation, spect of the multitude of men, and length of and comfort,' 1 Cor. xiv, 3. Sometimes it time: and therefore he mentioneth beasts was a singing of praise unto God; as they and fishes which also are flesh, 1 Cor. xv. that prophesied 'with barps, with psalteries 39, but speaketh not of fowls, as thinking and with cymbals; to confess and to praise least of all that they should be filled with the Lord,' 1 Chron. xxv. 1, 3. DID NOT them: yet God sufficed them with such, ver. ADD, ] That is, prophesied 110 more but that 31. So Philip said unto Christ, 'Two hun- day, as God spake the ten commandinents, dred pennyworth of bread is not sufficient for and 'added not,' that is, spake no more, or (this multitude) that every one may have a after such a manner to the people, Deut. lii. little,' John vi. 7, 9.
2. Thus the Gr. here translateth, and they VER. 23.-HAND WAXED SHORT,] That added no more: and Sol. Jarchi saith, “they is, power abated; the Gr. expoundeth it, did not add, i. e. they prophesied not save Shall not the Lord's hand be sufficient ? the that day only; so it is expounded in Siphre." Chald. thus, Shall the word of the Lord be Howbeit the Chald. translateth it, ceased not; hindered ? 'Hand is often used for power,' in a contrary signification, which sometimes as being the instrument wherewith power is is in the Heb. words. But seeing the Chald. shewed, Deut. xxxii. 36; Josh. iv. 24; viii. so expoundeth that also in Deut. v. 22, that 20, 'shortness’ signifieth lessening; and is the Lord "ceased not,' which seemeth to applied sometimes to the Lord's Spirit, as in mean a continuance till all those ten words Mic. ii. 7, “is the Spirit of Jehovah short- were finished; we may likewise understand tened?' Sometimes to his hand, as here, him here to mean a continuance for that day; and in Is. lix. 1, · Behold Jehovah's hand is (as Saul io Naioth prophesied all that day not shortened, that it cannot save:' and in Is. and all that night,' 1 Sam. xix. 24,) and not 1. 2. 'Is my hand shortened at all, that it a continuance always; for this seemeth to be cannot redeem ? or have I no power to deli- a temporary gift and miracle for confirmation ver?' where the latter sentence explaineth the of their office; as in 1 Sam. x, 6, 11.
VER. 26.-_MEDAD,] In Gr. Modad. The VER. 25.-THEY PROPHESIED,] This was SPIRIT,) In Chald. the spirit of prophecy. a gift and effect of God's Spirit upon them: THAT WERE WRITTEN,] By Moses in a and is elsewhere so explained ; as, ' upon the
book; or in papers (as the Hebs. think) and handmaids in those days, I will pour out my so were appointed among the rest to come to Spirit,' Joel ii. 29, that is, 'I will pour out the tabernacle, ver. 16, 24. BUT WENT NOT of my Spirit, and they shall prophecy,' Acts out,] For what cause, the scripture sheweth ii. 18. So in Acts xix. 2, 6. And when not: but by comparing this their fact with Saul was anointed to be king, the Spirit of others, it is probable, that as Saul when he God came upon him, and he prophesied,' I should have been made king, withdrew and Sam. x. 6, 10. Prophesying was not only a hid • himself among the stuff,' I Sam. x. 22, foretelling of things to come, but sometimes so these two, unwilling to take the charge a declaring of the word of God unto the upon them, withdrew their shoulders, and
27 And there ran a young man, and told Moses, and said, Eldad and Medad do prophesy in the camp.
28 And Joshua the son of Nun, the minister of Moses, one of his choice young men, answered and said, My lord Moses, forbid thou them. And Moses said unto him, Enviest thou for me? but O who shall give that all the people of Jehovah were prophets; that Jehovah would give his Spirit upon them. 30 And Moses gathered himself into the camp; he, and the elders of Israel. 31 And there went forth a wind from Jehovah, and brought quails from the sea, and let them fall by the camp, as it were a day's journey on this side, and as it were a day's came not to the tabernacle: yet the Lord by earnestness of his passion, as Acts xxiii. 3 ; his Spirit found them out: for whither shall Ps. ii. 6. His spirit,] That is, the gifts of men go from his spirit ? or whither shall his spirit; as the Chald, saith, ' his spirit of they flee from his presence ? Ps. cxxxix. 7. prophesy.' So Paul wisheth that all the church The Hebs. have here their uncertain conjec- could prophesy, and saith, follow after love, tures : Sol. Jarchi saith, “ They were all and zealously desire spiritual gifts, but rawritten expressly by their names, and should ther that ye may prophesy, 1 Cor. xiv. 1. have been taken by lots. For the count was Ver. 30.-GATHERED,] That is, got him. made for the twelve tribes, out of every tribe self, or as the Gr. saith, departed. THE six, except two tribes, of which were but ELDERS,] Who were authorised of God to be five.
Moses took seventy-two papers (or of the high counsel or synedrion with Moses scrolls) and on seventy of them he wrote an and his assistants: and thus they differed elder, and on two, a part : and he chose six from those inferior magistrates which had out of every tribe, so there were seventy and been appointed before by Jethro's advice, two. Then he said unto them, Take up your Exod. xviii. 21, 25. And as then all hard papers out of the basket.
Whoso took up causes were brought unto Moses, Exod. xviii. with his hand (a paper on which was written) 26; so after this, such causes were brought an elder, he was sanctified (to that office:) to the high court or synedrion first ordained but he in whose hand came up a part, unto here. This is showed by the Heb. canons him he said, the Lord will not have thee." in Talmud Bab. Sanhedrin, chap. l; and
VER. 28.-Of his CHOICE YOUNG MEN,] Maim. in Sanhedrin, chap. v. thus : “ they In Gr. his chosen one : the Chald. saith, of set up no king but by the mouth of the senate his young men. The original word signifieth of seventy-one (elders:) neither make they also youth: whereupon some translate it, the any lesser synedrion for every tribe and for minister of Moses from his youth: but this every city, but by the senate of seventy-one. seemeth not fit, for Moses's shepherd's life in Neither judge they a whole tribe revolted, (to Midian, from which he came but a little idolatry,) nor a false prophet, nor the high before this, argueth the contrary. FORBID priest in judgment of life and death, but by THOU THEM,] This he spake of envious zeal the great synedrion. But money matters for his master Moses' sake, (as the ver. fol- are judged by the court of three judges. lowing showeth ;) that he would not have Likewise, they make (or judge) no elder rethe use of the gift of prophecy common; or, ellious, (Deut. xvii.) nor any city drawn to because they obeyed not Moses to come out idolatry, (Deut. xiji.;) neither cause they as he commanded. So the disciples forbade the suspected woman to drink the bitter one that cast out devils in Christ's name, water, (Num. v.) but in the great synedrion. because he followed not with them, Luke ix. Neither do they add unto (or enlarge) the 49, 50, Mark ix. 38. Thargum Jonathan city or the court-yard, neither go they forth explaineth it, ‘my lord Moses, request mercy to permitted war,” &c. (whereof see the from before the Lord, and forbid them the notes on Deut. xx. 1,] but by the great syne. spirit of prophecy.'
drion; as it is said, in Exod. xviii. 22,) Ver. 29. — ENVIEST THOU,] Or, hast thou every great matter they shall bring unto envious zeal or jealousy for my sake ? which thee.' is a prohibition, have it not: as “think ye that VER. 31.-A WIND,] God 'made an east I am come to give peace on earth ?' Luke xii. wind to pass forth in heaven; and brought on 51; that is, think it not,' Matt. x. 34. a south wind by his strength,' Ps. lxxviii. But O who SHALL GIVE,] Or, and ( who, 26. BROUGHT Quails,] Such fowls as he &c.; this is an earnest wish, as would God, had fed them with before, in Exod. xvi. 13; or the like: the word and, setteth forth the them now God again brought swiftly, and as
journey on that side, round about the camp: and as it were two cubits above the face of the earth." And the people stood up all that day, and all the night, and all the next day, and they gathered the quails; he that gathered least, gathered ten homers : and spreading they spread them for themselves round about the camp. 33 The flesh was yet between their teeth; it was not yet cut off, when the anger of Jehovah was kindled against the people, and Jehovah smote the people with a very great plague. ** And he called the name of that place Kibroth-hattaavah, because there they buried the people that lusted. 35 From Kibroth-hattaavah, the people journeyed unto Hazeroth: and they were in Hazeroth.
with violence ; which the Chald. translateth the meat was yet in their mouth when the made to fly. LET THEM FALL,] Or, spread anger of God came up against them,' &c. Ps. them abroad, so this word is Englished in lxxviii. 30, 31. And here Chazkuni observ1 Sam. xxx. 16. Two CUBITS,] Sol. Jarchi eth how they were plagued of God, “after saith, "they flew so high as against a man's that he had sufficed all of them with flesh; heart, that he was not toiled in getting them, that men should not say he had not plagued either by reaching high or by stooping low. them, but because he was not able to suffice
VER. 32.–TEN HOMERS,] Or, ten heaps, them all with flesh. A VERY GREAT PLAGUE,] as the Chald. translateth: for the Heb. homer Or, vehement great smiting : Abr. Ezra writsometimes signifieth an heap, as in Exod. eth, that it was the pestilence: God gave viii. 3 ; sometimes a kind of measure con- them their request when they lusted for flesh; taining ten epbahs or bushels, Ezek. xly. 11; but sent leanness into their soul,' Ps. cvi. 14, the which measure is called also a cor, Ezek. 15. •The anger of God came up against them, alr. 14; and so Thargum Jerusalem inter- and slew of the fat of them; and smote down preteth it here. Tbus also the Gr. translat- the choice young men of Israel,' Ps. lxxviii. eth it ten cors; (for of the Heb. cor, the Gr. 31. coros, in Luke xvi. 7; and Lat. corus are VER. 34.-HE CALLED,] meaning, Moses derived.) And Chazkuni here explaineth it, called, and by the name of the place, left a " ten homers ; there are in an homer thirty memorial of their sin and punishment, for a seahs (or pecks,) so ten homers contain three warning to them after, Deut. ix. 22; and to bundred seahs: lo he that gathered least, had us, that we should not lust after evil things every day ten seahs.” Of the seah or peck, as they lusted,' i Cor. x. 6. Or, as the Gr. See the notes on Gen. xviii. 6. This abun- translateth it, the name of the place was dance of fowls was miraculous, whereupon it called ;' see ver. 3. KIBROTH-HATTAAVAH,] is said, God rained flesh upon them as That is, as the Gr, expoundeth it, graves (or dust ; and feathered fowls as the sand of the monuments) of lust. Where lust may be sea,' Ps. lxxviii. 27. And with these they used for the men that lusted; as circumcision, filled their greedy lust ; (' feeding themselves in Rom. ii. 26, is for men circumcised ; without fear,' as Jude ver. 12;) though the pride, for the proud man, Jer. I. 31, 32 ; Ps. Lord had threatened to punish them, ver. 20. xxxvi. 12; and many the like. See the
VER. 33.-NOT YET CUT off,] To wit, notes on Gen. xlv. 7. from their mouth, that is, not taken from VER. 35.–WERE IN HAZEROTH,] Or, them, which the Gr. translateth before it Chatseroth, in Gr. Aseiroth; here they were (that is, the flesh) failed. Thus the phrase that is, abode or continued, (as Daniel was, is opened in Joel i. 5, the new wine is cut that is, continued, Dan. i. 21; and they were, off from your mouth; that is, taken away that is, continued there, Ruth i. 2.) The from you. Or, by cutting may be meant cause of which abode, was a new trouble which chewing. The psalmist alleging this, saith, Moses' sister and brother raised against him, they were not estranged from their desire ; Num. xii.
1. Mary and Aaron speak against Moses about his wife and office. 4. The Lord calleth them all before him, justifieth Moses, magnifieth his office, rebuketh the murmurers, and departeth in anger. 10. Mary is made a leper, Aaron confesseth sin, Moses prayeth God to heal her. 14. The Îord commandeih her to be shut out of the camp seven days. 15. The people's journey is stayed till she was brought in again ; then they go on into Pharan.
· AND Mary and Aaron spake against Moses, because of the Ethiopian woman whom he had taken: for he had taken an Ethiopian woman. * And they said, Hath Jehovah spoken only indeed hy Moses ? hath he not spoken also by us ? And Jehovah heard
Ver. 1.-Mary,] In Heb. Mirjam; in with his wife, to be the occasion: for that he Gr. Miriam ; she was a prophetess, sister of being a prophet, daily conversant with the Moses and Aaron, Exod. xv. 20; and she Lord, and frequenting his tabernacle, ab. it was that began the quarrel, as in the ori. stained from her lest he should have legal ginal it appeareth, Mary she spake ;' there- pollution, which would have kept him from fore she, not Aaron, was plagued with le- the sanctuary, Lev. xv. 16-31. Compare prosy, v. 10. As Satan prevailed first with also Exod. xix. 15. Thus the Chald. ex. Eve, then by her with Adam, Gen, i. 3; so poundeth it, “ for he had put away (or abhere first with Mary, and then by her, with stained from) the fair wise which he had Aaron the high priest. And as the former taken." And Sol. Jarchi thus, “ for he had sin of lust for flesh began among the baser taken a Cushite woman, and had now put her sort, Num. xi. 4; so this sin of ambition and
away." vain glory began among the chiefest of the VER. 2.—By Moses, ] Or in Moses ; as church: for these three, Moses, Aaron, and speaking of inward revelation by the Spirit: Mary, were the chief guides whom God sent the Thargum called Jonathan's, paraphraseth before his people, Micah vi. 4. Because,] thus ; " hath the Lord spoken only indeed Or, upon occasion, for the sake. Етно- with Moses, who is separated from copulation PIAN,] Heb. Cushite ; which the Gr. trans- of the bed,” meaning with his wife. ALSO BY lateth Ethiopian. This seemeth to be no us,] Or, in us : as David said the Spirit of other than Zipporah the Midianitess, whom Jehovah spake in me,' 2 Sam. xxiii. 2. Moses had married, Exod. ii. 16, 21; and Here Sol. Jarcbi addeth for explanation, because the Midianites dwelt in Cush his “ hath he not spoken also by us, and yet we land, they were called Cushites (or Ethio. have not separated ourselves from the way of pians ;) and it may be also because they were the earth;' meaning, from mutual society, such tawny coloured like them. For otherwise as is between man and wife ; a phrase taken Cush was the son of Cham, Gen. x. 6; from Gen. xix. 31. But it may be underwhereas Midian was the son of Abraham, the stood, as before is noted, that they would not son of Shem, Gen. xxv. 1, 2. The Chald. have Moses esteemed the only prophet, who instead of Cushith, saith Fair, which may be had so stained himself by marriage with a spoken by the contrary. Josephus, Philo, strange woman. Their drift was by disgrac. and some others take this wife not to be ing Moses for his infirmity, to grace and adZipporah, but another Ethiopian. TAKEN,] vance themselves; against which it is said, To wit, to wife, that is, married : so in I • let us not be desirous of vain-glory, provokChron. ii. 19, 21; 2 Chron. xi. 20; Neh.. ing one another, envying one another,' Gal. vi. 18; x. 30. By this it secmeth, the mar- v. 26. HEARD IT,] That is, took notice of rying of that woman (who was not of the this their speech, to reprove and punish it. stock of Israel, and who hindered him from So of Reuben's sin, it is said, Israel heard circumcising his son, Exod. iv. 24 ---26,) was it,' Gen. xxxv. 22. Or, God is said to hear the occasion of their murmuring. Howbeit, it, as a witness of that which it may be they the Heb. doctors make his not companying murmured in secret: as in Ps. lix. 8, swords
il. 3 Now the man Moses was very meek, above all the men which were upon the face of the earth.
* And Jehovah said suddenly unto Moses, and unto Aaron, and unto Mary, Come out ye three unto the tent of the congregation, and they three went out. • And Jehovah came down in the pillar of the cloud, and stood in the door of the tent, and called Aaron and Mary: and they two came forth. And he said, Hear now my words: if there shall be a prophet among you, I Jehovah will make myself known unto him in a vision, I will speak unto him in a dream. My servant Moses is not so, he is faithful in all mine are in their lips, for who (say they) doth prophet meaneth, see in the notes on Gen. hear ? and in Ps. lv. 20, God will hear xx. 7; Exod. vii. 1. I JEHOVAH,] So the and afilict them.' See also Ps. xciv. 7, 8, 9. Chald. also explaineth it: or it may be inter
VER. 3.-MEEK,] The original word hath preted, of Jehovah ; that is, & prophet of the affinity with affliction and lowliness, for by Lord : so the Gr. translateth, a prophet of you affliction, this virtue is furthered, Lam. ji. to the Lord. IN A VISION,] Or, by a vision 27-30; and is seated in the heart and spi. or sight; that is, as the Chald. saith, in virit, as the apostle mentioneth' a meek and sions ; su God appeared to Abraham the quiet spirit,' 1 Pet. iii. 4. As Moses, so prophet in a vision, Gen. xx. 7; xv. 1; aud Christ is set forth for an example of meek- to Jacob, Gen. xlvi. 2; to Ezekiel, Ezek. i. ness, Matt. xxi. 5; xi. 29. It is a virtue l; to Daniel, Dan. viii, 2; and others, Job which keepeth a mean in anger, and avenging iv. 13; 2 Cor. xii. 1 ; Acts ii, 17 ; whereof ourselves when we are offended, wronged, upon a prophesy is called a vision, Is. i. 1; and contemned. ABOVE ALL THE MEN,] Or, Obad. i. 1 ; Nahum i. 1. IN A DREAM,] more than any man. This commendation Chald. in dreams : another way by which the Spirit of God giveth of Moses, though by God revealed his word to the prophets, Gen. Moses' own pen (as the apostle also writeth xxxi. 11; Deut. xiii. 1; 1 Kings iii. 5; in his own behalf, 2 Cor. xi. 5, 6, 10, 22, Jer. xxiii. 25, 28, 32. Dreams are in the &c.; xii. 11, 12;) although Moses is noted night, and then as it were in darkness God to have been very angry sundry times, Exod. spake with the other prophets; but as R. si. 8; xvi. 20; xxxii, 19; Lev. x, 16; Menachem here noteth, “it was not so with Num. xvi, 15 ; xxxi. 14; xx. 10, 11; com. Moses, for God spake not with him but by pared with Ps. cvi. 32, 33.
day.” Moreover, dreams and visions do soon VER. 4.-SAID SUDDENLY,] So showing vanish and fly away, Job xx. 8. the greatness of his displeasure against them, VER. 7.-Not so,] Is not such a prophet which suffered no delay, Ps. lxiv. 7; Prov. that I should speak to him by dreams and vi. 15; Is. xxx. 13; and preventing any visions. FaithFUL IN ALL MINE HOUSE,] that might think Moses complained to God That is, in all my church ; for the house of and sought revenge. Thus God who will be God is expounded the church of the living å swist witness against evil doers, Mal. iji. God,' 1 Tim. iji. 15; and so the Chald, here 5 ; suddenly rose to plead the cause of his translateth it“ in all my people ;” and Jonameekest servant. Compare Ps. 1. 19, 20, than, “ in all the house of Israel my people:” 21. YE THREE,] Both parties are judicially and Chazkuni explaineth it thus, “ all the summoned to appear before the Lord in the men of my house hold him for faithful.” tent of his habitation; as he riseth up to This is further opened by the apostle, saying, judgment, . to save all the meek of the earth,' 'consider the apostle and high priest of our Ps. lxxvi. 9. So in Num. xvi. 16.
profession, Christ Jesus, who was faithful to VER. 5.—CAME Down, ] In Chald. reveal- him that made him, as also Moses was in all ed himself: see Gen. xi. 5. OF THE CLOUD,] his house, &c. And Moses verily was faithAs the throne of his glory, out of which he sul in all his house, as a servant, for a testiused to appear and speak unto them, Ps. xcix. mony of those things which were to be spoken 7; Num. xvi. 42. Unto these appearances
after, but Christ as the Son over his own those visions of Joho hath reference, Rev. X. house; whose house we are, if we hold 1, 2, 3; xiv. 14, &
fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the VER, 6.-A PROPHET A MONG YOU,] Or, hope firm unto the end,' Heb. iii, 1–6. of you ; Heb. your prophet : which the Touching Moses' faithfulness, and the confi. Chald. expoundeth, " if there shall be pro- dence that Israel reposed in him, see the phed to (or among) you." What this word notes on Exod. xix. 9.