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If the new system cannot be made to supersede | whom, therefore, we may compare to the Carthe old, it may at least be grafied upon it, as dinals. The present Dalé-Lama is only nine years experience has already proved at our own colony of age, and his three predecessors had none of them of Ceylon ; for Romanism has sometimes been reached their majority; a circumstance which satisfied with a part, where the whole was unat- seems to indicate foul play, and which was, in fact, tainable. In a recent work by Sir Emerson Ten- expressly attributed to treachery on the part of the nent, he observes of the early converts in that administration of Thibet, vesied chiefly in the island to the Romish Church, " There is no reason hands of a functionary styled Nomekhan, during to doubt that, along with the profession of the new the Grand Lama's minority. faith, the majority of them, like the Singalese of A party at Lhassa opposed to this Nomekhan the present day, cherished, with still closer attach- applied secretly, in the year 1844, for the interment, the superstitions of Buddhism ;" and he ference of the Emperor of China, who is sufficiently attributes the ease of their external conversion 10 ready to extend his influence, on all occasions, in “ the attractions of a religion which, in point of Thibet and elsewhere. The person selected to pomp and magnificence, särpassed, without materi- proceed as ambassador to Thibei, and overturn the ally differing from, the pageantry and processions ill-acquired power of the Nomekhan was Ke-shen, with which they were accustomed to celebrate the who only about four years before had been ruined festivals of their own national worship.” We by the result of his negotiations at Canton ; but may, however, charitably and reasonably suppose whose energy and talents appear still to have been that the present emissaries of Rome would stop appreciated by the emperor's government, and short of the complaisant conformity of their Jesuit whose failure might possibly have met with palliapredecessors, who, according to the Abbé Dubois, tion and excuse in the still worse failures of his to conducted the images of the Virgin and Saviour successors in the south. On reaching Lhassa, on triumphal cars, imitated from the orgies of Jag- Ke-shen took his measures in concert with those gernath, and introduced the dancers of the Brah- opposed to the Nomekhan. That high functionary minical rites into the ceremonial of the church. was arrested ; when, lo avoid torture, he al length
After eighteen months of mingled residence and confessed to the guilt of having taken three lives journeyings through the immense tract which from the Grand Lama, or, in other words, having intervenes between the neighborhood of Peking and caused his transmigration three times by violence. Lhassa, MM. Huc and Gabet reached the capital To this confession the seals of Ke-shen and the of Thibet in a very weary and exhausted state. other parties were affixed, and it was transmitted The snowy range of mountains which formed the by a special courier to Peking. falter portion of their route was passed with a caravan, which is periodically collected as a protection frightfully agitated ; at the door of the palace of
Three months afterwards the capital of Thibet was against rubbers; and the miseries and privations Nomekhan, and in the principal streets of the city, which they endured had well-nigh proved fatal to
was placarded an imperial edict, in three languages, M. Gabet, though both travellers were in the prime on yellow paper, and with borders representing winged of life-one thirty-two, and the other only thirty- dragons. “ After lofty reflections upon the duties of seven. Scarcely settled in the lodging where they kings, and of sovereigns great or small ;-after had installed themselves, when troubles not less exhortations to potentates, monarchs, princes, magis, barassing, though of another kind, were to be trates, and the people of the four seas to walk in the encountered. " Après les peines physiques, c'était paths of justice and virtue, under pain of incurring le tour des souffrances morales." "As far as rested the wrath of Heaven, and the anger of the great Khan with the native government of the country, they —the emperor recalled the crimes of Nomekhan, and might long have remained unmolested to exercise condemned him to perpetual banishment to the shores their zeal at the head-quarters of Buddhism ; but of Sakhalien-oula, at the extremity of Manchouria.obstacles arose in a direction which they were
At the end, was the usual form-tremble and obey. hardly prepared to anticipate. The ininister of the Such an unusual sight as this Imperial Edict on Emperor of China resides at the Court of the the gates of their governor excited a general insurSupreme Lama, something like the Austrian rection among the Thibetians of Lhassa. At half ambassador at Rome, but with a vasily greater and a league's distance is a College of Lamas, composed more undivided influence. His spies were the first of some thousands. These armed themselves at to detect the intruders; and he succeeded, at j random, and came down like an avalanche, delength, notwithstanding the favor and kindness nouncing death to Ke-shen and the Chinese. They shown to them by the temporal Regent of Thibet, carried by assault the residence of the ambassador, in effecting their expulsion from the country. The who, however, was not to be found. They next whole narrative is extremely curious, and, in fact, attacked those who had acted with him, and sacrigives a better insight into the real relations existing ficed more than one to their fury. They released between Peking and Lhassa than any other source the condemned Nomekhan, who, however, had not within our reach.
the spirit to avail himself of the occasion. " He In addition to the numerous and striking analo- had," says M. Hun, " the cowardly energy of an gies which have been traced between the rites of assassin, and not the boldness of a conspirator." Lamanism and the Roman worship, M. Huc The next morning, the Lamas were again agiobserves that “ Rome and Lhassa, the Pope and tated like a hive of bees, and again swarmed down the Supreme Lama, might also furnish points of upon Lhassa. But Ke-shen had profited by the resemblance full of interest." The Thiberian gov- interval, and his measures were taken. A formiernment is altogether ecclesiastical. The Tale or dable array of Chinese and Thibetian troops barred Dalé-Lama is its political and religious head. their passage ; and the Lamas, whose trade was When he dies, or, as the Buddhists say, trans- not fighting, betook themselves to their cells and migrates, his indestructible personification is con- their books, and were glad to avoid the consetinued in a child, chosen by ihe great Lamas, dis- quences of their temerity in an inmediate resumplinguished as Houtouklou, whose sacerdotal rank is lion of their clerical character. In a few days, the inferior only to that of the Grand Lama, and / Nomekhan, who had thrown away his only chance,
was on his way comme un mouton" to Tartary | low.”—“Do the rest of you,” said he, turning to -while Ke-shen, elated with his triumph, showed those standing round him, “understand this lana disposition to extend the penalties to his reputed guage?” They bowed all together, and said they did accomplices in guilt. The ministers of the local not understand it. “You see, nobody here undergovernment, however, thought the Chinese influ- stands your language ; translate your words into that ence had done enough, and the ambassador had of Thibet.”—“We said that in the physiognomy of the prudence to forbear.
the chief kalon there is much goodness.”—“Ah, yes ;
The new Nomek han was selected from the Lamas of the greatest emi- you find me very good? Nevertheless, I am very
wicked. Am I not very wicked ?” he asked his peonence in the country; but as the choice fell on a ple. They smiled, and did not speak. “You are youth of only eighteen, a regent was appointed in right,” continued the regent ; "I am good, for goodthe person of the chief kalon, or minister. This ness is the duty of a kalon.' I ought to be good to individual soon showed that his first care was to my own people, and also to foreigners.” provide barriers against the ambition and encroachments of the Chinese ambassador, who had so
The good-natured functionary assured the misboldly taken advantage of the weakness of the sionaries that he had sent for them merely in conThibetian government, to usurp its powers, and sequence of the contradictory reports in circulation, extend the pretensions of his master,
and without the least wish to molest them. After Things were in this state on the arrival of our two having found, to his surprise, that they could exmissionaries, who, after some weeks of unmolested press themselves in the written characters of China, residence, began to flatter themselves that they Tartary, and Thibet, and having satisfied himself might pass unobserved. They were one day seated as to the nature of their pursuits, he informed them at their lodging in conversation with a Lama well that the Chinese resident vas himself going to versed in Buddhistic learning, when a well-dressed question them. He advised that they should Chinese suddenly made his appearance, and ex
frankly state their history, and added, that they pressed a strong desire to inspect any merchandise might depend upon his protection, for it was himthey might have to dispose of. They in vain de- self who governed the country. As he took his clared they were not merchants; he was not satis-departure, the noise of the gong announced the fied, and in the midst of the discussion arrived a
approach of Ke-shen. The experience of our second Chinese, and then a third ; after which, travellers made them anticipate a less agreeable the number of visitors was soon swelled to five, by interview in this quarter ; but they screwed their the appearance of two Lamas in rich silk scarfs. courage up to the sticking place, determined that They all joined in a multitude of questions, ad. as Christians, as missionaries, and as Frenchmen, dressed to MM. Gabet and Huc, and their looks they would not kneel to anybody; and they badé were directed on all sides, in a minute examination their squire and neophyte, Samdadchiemba, confess of the contents of the dwelling. They at length his faith, if the occasion should require. The took their leave, promising to return, and left our
portrait of the celebrated mandarin must be given missionaries in an uncomfortable state, justly
at full length. thinking that the pretended chance visit looked Ke-shen, although sixty years of age, seemed to us like a concerted measure, and that their new full of strength and vigor. His face is undoubtedly friends had very much the appearance of either the noblest, most gracious, and most intellectual, that spies or swindlers.
we had ever seen among the Chinese. As soon as we When dinner was over, two out of the late five had taken off our hat to him, making a bow to him in reäppeared, and at once announced that the regent our best possible fashion, " That's right,” said he, desired to see the missionaries ;—"and that young
“ follow your own customs.
I have heard that you man,” said they, pointing to their faithful Tartar speak the language of Pekin correctly. I wish to attendant, Samdadchiemba, who eyed them with no mistakes in speaking, but your wonderful intelligence
converse with you for a moment."-"We make many very friendly looks—" he must come too.” The will be able to make up for the obscurity of our authorities must be obeyed, and they set out together towards the palace of the regent. On their French have a great facility for all sciences. You are
words.”—“Why, this is pure Pekin indeed! You arrival, they were conducted through a court and French, are you not?” _• Yes, we are French.”. passages, crowded with Thibetians and Chinese, to “Oh! I know the French ; formerly there were many a large room, at the end of which was seated the of them at Pekin. I saw some of them.”—“You regent, with his legs crossed upon a thick cushion should have known some of them also at Canton, covered with a tiger's skin. He was a man of when you were imperial commissioner.” This souve about fifty, stout, and remarkably fair, with a nir made our judge knit his brow; he drew out of his most intelligent and benevolent countenance. The repository a large pinch of snuff,* and snuffed it up in strangers were invited to seat themselves on a very bad humor. ** Yes, it's true. I have seen bench covered with red carpet to their right.
many Europeans at Canton. You are of the religion
of the Lord of heaven, are you not?”—“Certainly ; As soon as we were seated, the regent considered we are even preachers of that religion.”—“I know it, us a long time in silence, and with minute attention. I know it. No doubt you have come here to preach He leaned his head sometimes to the right and some that religion?”—“For that very purpose.”_" Have times to the left, and examined us in a manner half you already gone over many countries?” _“ We have mocking and half good-natured. This sort of panto- gone through all China, all Tartary, and now you see mime seemed to us at last so droll, that we could not us in the capital of Thibet.”—"With whom did you help laughing. “Well,” said we in French, in a lodge when you were in China ?”—“We do not anlow tone, “ this gentleman seems a pretty good fellow; swer questions of that nature.”—“But if I command our business will go well.”—“Ah !" said the regent, you?”—“We could not obey.” (Here the displeased: with a voice full of affability, “what language do you speak? I did not understand what you said.”—“We * The Chinese generally take snuff out of a small speak the language of our country.”—“We shall see. bottle, but Ke-shen probably required larger supplies, Repeat aloud what you just said in a low voice.”. and had a silver box or vessel at his side-" vase ca • We said, This gentleman seems a pretty good fel- | argent.”
judge struck his fist hard on the table.) “You know,” useless to protest that nothing but the safety of our we said to him," that Christians are not afraid ; why, traders was in view ; that the commercial treaty then, try to intimidate us?”—"Where did you learn was altogether futile without the safe navigation Chinese?”—“ In China.”—“In what part?”—“ A of the seas by our merchant vessels ; and it became little everywhere.”—“ And the Tartar language, do necessary at once to cut the matter short by saying you know that?
Where did you learn it?”—“In that the commanders of H. M. ships must obey Mongolia, the land of herbs.”
any orders they received from their governinent in The firm bearing of MM. Huc and Gabet was
the prosecution of their lawful business. properly respected by Ke-shen, who, however,
Maps of the country our missionaries had, but did not treat with the same ceremony their Tartar they were not autograph, por even manuscript. attendant, Samdadchiemba, on finding he was a sub- A grand scrutiny took place before Ke-shen. ject of China. He ordered him peremptorily to “ We are fortunate," said the travellers to the kneel, and in that attitude obtained from him his Chinese minister, “ to find you here. In your abhistory, which might have gone far to compromise sence it might have been impossible to convince the the unfortunate squire, but for his connection with authorities of Thibet that we did not construct these the two missionaries. Ke-shen's character appears maps ourselves ; but to a person of your information to considerable advantage throughout this narrative.
-to one so well acquainted with European matters Encroaching and overbearing iowards the Thibe- it is easy to perceive that these maps are not our tian government, according to his supposed duty to compliment. “It is evident at once,” said he, that
work.” Ke-shen appeared greatly flattered by the his sovereign, his personal demeanor to the two these are printed maps. Look," he added to the travellers proved his due appreciation of the Eu- regent, “ the maps, instead of being made by these ropean character, no doubt the result of his expe- persons, were printed in the country of France. You rience at Canton. The lateness of the hour put an could not perceive that ; but I have been long accus end to the audience, and our missionaries had an tomed to distinguish the various objects which come immediate interview, followed by a supper, with from the West.” their kind friend, the regent, whose solicitude may fairly be attributed as much to his jealousy of the
Solvuntur risu tabulæ.-This incident was of Chinese resident, as his sympathy for the strangers.
more use to the missionaries, and relieved them At this interview appeared as interpreter, on account more completely from the cloud which had hung of his knowledge of the Chinese language, (the over them, than anything else that could have ocmedium most familiar to the missionaries,) a cer- curred. The only fear and anxiety of the regent tain Mahomedan chief of the Mussulmans of himself was effectually removed, and from bein Cashmere, resident at Lhassa. This little incident virtually prisoners, and their baggage under seal, shows our increased vicinity to the Chinese em
they returned in a sort of ovation to their lodging. pire, since Gholab Singh, ruler of Cashmere, be- It did not seem unreasonable for them, under all came our tributary, and bound himself in the the circumstances, to hope that they might remain treaty with Lord Hardinge, to transmit annually a
unmolested in the country. This appeared still dozen fine shawls, and a certain number of shawi more probable after their friend, the regent, had algoats, in acknowledgment of British supremacy.
lowed them to take up their quarters in a house The greatest cause of anxiety to the regent, and belonging to the government, where they estabthe circumstance most likely to compromise the lished a chapel, and where they were visited by missionaries, proved to be the supposed possession both Thibetians and Chinese, some of whom maniof maps of the country, constructed by themselves. fested no disinclination towards the Romish worIt would seem, according to our author, that this ship. E
has been shown to prove that, in fear originated since the visit of our countryman and there are, besides, certain circumstances which
external rites, there is not a great deal of difference, Moorcroft,* who, according to the Thibetians, introduced himself at Lhassa as a native of Cashmere. give the Papal emissaries great practical advanThey stated that, after a residence of some years,
tages over Protestant missionaries. Whatever he took his departure, but was murdered on his may be the evils or scandals attending celibacy in way to Ladak. Among his effects were a number the Romish Church, (and Dr. Dens' miscalled of
maps and designs, which he had executed during al,) it has been very vseful io them in the case of his stay in this country; and hence the fear of mapmakers. The truth, however, is that this fear has foreign missions, and in the exploration of untried been of long standing, in China at least, where the regions or new fields of action. The very undercommon notion of an Englishman is that of taking we are considering could never have been a bipes implumis who goes about making maps of accomplished by Protestant clergymen encumbered the country, with an express view to future con- When a missionary is nominated from England,
with the “impedimenta” of wives and families. quest. Keying, the most liberal Chinese we have ever had to deal with, was in a perpetual fidget the prospect of a provision, supposing him to be about the coast survey, carried on, since the peace, fixes himself down, say at one of the five ports of
single, generally induces him to marry, and he by that able officer Captain Collinson, between Hong-Kong and Shanghae, and plagued H. M. China, for perhaps his life, with the very moderato plenipotentiary incessantly on the subject. It was prospect of converting the empire from a place
corresponding to one of our seaports. If he dies * The time and place of Moorcroft's death near prematurely, which is often the case, the funds Balkh, as related by Professor Wilson, have been which sent him out become charged with the main-confirmed through repeated notices gathered by tenance of those whom he leaves behind, and we
Barnes and others during our occupation of Cabuland need only look over the accounts of the Propagathe adjacent countries, and there is no doubt of the tion Society to see that a very considerable amount fact. Moorcroft's residence for twelve years, froin of their funds (most justly and unavoidably we ad1826 to 1838, at Lhassa, without being heard of, directly or indirectly, by any European, whether in mit) are swallowed up annually in this way. India, Nepaul, China, or Russia, is incredible on the
The interval of prosperity now enjoyed by our face of it.
travellers, but destined io be too soon interrupted,
was varied by some interesting and unreserved | China has long exercised the same sort of power conversations with Ke-shen. His Canton recol- or influence in countries very far west of Lhassa, lections seemed to haunt him. Ke-shen asked us and therefore more distant from Peking. for news of Palmerston ; if he was still minister It was certainly a stipulation in 1845, between of foreign affairs. He gave them a graphic and M. de Lagrené, the French minister, and Keying, perfecıly true description of the absolute power of that the Romish religion should no longer be subihe Chinese sovereign :
ject to persecution in China ; and Sir John Davis
lost no time in obtaining for Protestants whatever Our emperor says to us, “ You see that is white.'' privileges were to be accorded to Romanists. In We prostrate ourselves, and answer, “Yes, it is 1847, however, two Romish bishops, in partibus, white."
Then he shows us the same thing, and says, were found in the interior, and immediately sent " You see that is black." We prostrate ourselves
off to the coast, whence they found their way to again, and say, “ Yes, it is black." But if you were to say that a thing could not at the same time be both Hong-Kong, indignant at whái seemed to them so black and white, the emperor would say perhaps to direct a violation of treaties. The Chinese govhim who had that boldness, “ You are right”-but ernment declared that the privileges in question at the same time he would cause him to be strangled were only intended for the Five Ports where Euor beheaded.
ropeans were permitted to reside, and that they did
not extend to admitting the teachers of Christianity Ke-shen was a high authority on this subject, into the interior. for he had been one of the emperor's privy coun We altogether concur with M. Huc on one point. cillors.
If the two missionaries were to quit Lhassa, they M. Huc persuades himself, naturally enough might at least have been allowed to leave it in the perhaps, thai the Chinese resident at Lhassa be- readiest and easiest way. Within three weeks' came jealous of the progress made by himself and journey was the frontier of Bengal, whence it was M. Gabet anong the Thibelians, and therefore de- iheir wish to proceed to Calcutta. But no; Chitermined on bringing about their departure from nese fears and jealousies had decreed otherwise. the country; but any Chinese functionary in his The same absurd precaution which had caused cerposition would have deemed such a measure neces- lain emissaries from Russia to be conducted by a sary, and a mere act of prudence as concerned him- roundabout course from Kiachta to Peking, doomed self, considering he served a master who, as we our poor missionaries to trarail from Lhassa have just seen, treats his servants in so truculent a through alpine passes to the frontier of China, and style, even when they have reason on their side. from ihence to Canton—a weary course of about Ke-shen had already been once condemned to death eight months. They protested in vain, and dehimself.
clared they would denounce this cruel measure to One day the ambassador, Ke-shen, had us called,
the French government. Ke-shen was inflexible, and, after much cajolery, he ended by telling us that observing that he must remember what was expected Thibet was a cold country, too poor for us, and that from him by the emperor, and take care of his own
head. we must think about going back to France. He said this with a kind of careless frankness, as if he had
A good escort, however, was provided, and every supposed that no objection could be made to it. We care taken for the welfare of our travellers. Á asked him whether in thus speaking he intended to mandarin of respectable military rank, and fifteen give us advice or commands ? — Both,” said he coldly. Chinese soldiers, were charged with their safe con
duct by Ke-shen in person, who, moreover, in a They in vain urged that they were not Chinese most edifying oration, recorded by M. Huc, pointed subjects, and therefore disclaimed his assumed au- out their respective duties; and truly the undertakthority over them in Thibet. The conference was ing before them was not a light one, as the descripabrupily terminated by their being informed that tion of the journey to the Chinese frontier (where they must prepare themselves to quit the country. the present work concludes) will easily show. In They went at once to their friend, the regent, who, this almost impassable tract of country we may in words at least, seemed to impress them with the discover the real cause of the separation, for so notion that he did not consider their departure ab- many ages, of China from the Western world; for solutely depended on the will of the Chinese Resi- mountains of nearly the same alpine character exdent. The habitual insincerity of Asiatics renders tend all the way from Tartary southwards to Yunthem very ready to say anything that may be nan and the frontiers of the Burmese empire. The agreeable to their hearers, and their love of ease hardships of the present journey, undertaken under makes them willing to avoid unpleasant discussions. all possible advantages, killed no less than threo It is very probable that the regent was jealous of mandarins, that is, their conductor and two others Ke-shen; but we cannot go quite the length of who joined them on the route. We must observe, imagining, with M. Huc, that a ready compliance however, that the former had been invalided from with the determination of Ke-shen on the part of his duties on account of swelled legs and other, himself and M. Gabet became necessary, “ de peur probably dropsical, symptoms, brought on by the de compromettre le regent, et de devenir, peut-être, abuse of stimulating liquors. We must give our la cause de fâcheuses dissensions entre la Chine et author's description of this mandarin's separation le Thibet.” We are persuaded that, whatever from his Thibelian wife, as it is a specimen of M. circumstances may occur to occasion a war between Huc's style :Thibet and China, it will not be for such a cause as this. M. Huc inust before now have become sensi
Avant de monter à cheval, une Thibétaine vigourble that he equally miscalculated in another quar- senta ; c'était la femme de Ly-kouo-ngan. Il l'avait
eusement membrée et assez proprement vêtue se pre“ Dans notre candeur, nous nous iinaginions épousée depuis six ans, et il allait l'abandonner pour que le gouvernement français ne verrait pas avec toujours. Ces deux conjugales moitiés ne devant plus indifférence cette prétension inouie de la Chine, se revoir, il était bien juste qu'au moment d'une si qui ose poursuivre de ses outrages le Christianisme déchirante séparation, il y eut quelques mots d'adieu. et le nom français jusque chez les peuples étran- La chose se fit en publique, et de la manière suivante. gers, et à plus de mille lieues loin de Peking."|- Voilà que nous partons, dit le mari ; toi, demeure
ici, assise en paix dans ta chambre.—Va-t-en tout reported that they found in his house, or at least his doucement, répondit l'épouse ; va-t-en tout douce- possession, 682 Chinese pounds of gold, being ment, et prends bien garde aux enflures de tes jambes. about 14,560 English ounces; but of silver the Elle mit ensuite une main devant ses yeux, comme
enormous amount was 17,940,000 taels, which is pour faire croire qu'elle pleurait.— Tiens, dit le Pacif- more than six millions sterling, or as nearly as icateur des royaumes* en se tournant vers nous ; elles possible the whole amount of indemnity paid to Engsont drôles ces femmes Thibétaines ; je lui laisse une land on account of the war, including the ransom maison solidement bâtie, et puis une foule de meubles of Canton. Ke-shen might thus truly be said to presque tout neufs, et voilà qu'elle s'avise de pleurer !
But, as if this were not Est-ce qu'elle n'est pas contente comme cela.- Après have paid for the war. ces adieux si pleins d'onction et de tendresse, tout le enough, his women were sold by auction (Mr. monde monta à cheval.
Robins never had such an opportunity), and when he
reached the capital from Canton, he was without [Before getting on horseback, a stout, well-made the necessaries of life, though the emperor soon Thibetian woman, well dressed, made her appearance. packed him off to Elee, the Celestial Siberia.* It was the wife of Ly-kouo-ngan. They had been After all this, it was rather cool, when his services married six years, and he was going to leave her forever. These conjugal halves, not being to see each were wanted, to appoint him resident at Lhassa ; other again, it was proper that at such an excruciat- where, however, he soon contrived to do something ing separation, they should have some words of fare towards repairing his broken fortunes, by helping well. The affair came off in public, and in this man himself to the gold and precious stones in which ner. “We are going to set off," said the husband ;
Thibet abounds. The two chests in charge of the “ do thou remain here, and sit quietly in thy cham- missionaries were, no doubt, an instalment of his ber.”—“Go carefully," answered the wife, “and remittances to China ; and he is now viceroy of take care of the swellings of your legs.” She then the province of Sse-chuen, (whither he sent the put one hand before her eyes, as if to pretend that she chesis,) one of the largest of the empire, being wept. “Just see,” said the husband, turning to us, equal in area to all France. This strange history “how queer these Thibetian women are ! I leave her is not unlike that of many a minister of the Celestial a well-built house, besides a quantity of furniture Empire. nearly new—and yet she is going to cry! Is she not Our missionaries make no pretension to learning ; satisfied with that?” After these adieux, so full of land are credulous in proportion. But their notices soul and tenderness, we all mounted our horses.]
of the life before them are curious, and, we believe, One word more about Ke-shen. A most striking truthful. We will conclude with two very extrait of Chinese character is recorded by M. Huc, traordinary Thibetian customs, which we do not just as he is on the point of departure. We have remember in Turner; though it must be observed seen the circumstances under which our missionaries that, while they did not reach Ladak or the Indian took leave of the imperial representative at Lhassa. frontier, neither did Turner reach Lhassa or the Whatever he might think or say on the occasion, Chinese. they, at least, had just cause to consider themselves
The Thibetian women at their toilette submit to a treated by him with unnecessary harshness; if not custom, or rather to a regulation, almost incredible. for their removal from Thibei, at least for their Before going out of their houses they anoint their removal by the way of China, instead of Bengal. faces with a black and sticky varnish, a good deal like Notwithstanding all this, he drew them aside at preserved raisins. As their object is to make themtheir last interview, and said confidentially : “I selves ugly and hideous, they spread this nasty paint shall soon be on my way to China myself; that I over their faces every way, and daub themselves so as may not be overcharged with effects on my depart- no longer to look like human beings. ure, I send two large chests by this opportunity ;
It is certainly something altogether new to find they are covered with Thibert cow skins (showing any race of women with the ambition “ de se rendre us at the same time how they were lettered) ; I laides et hideuses,” but it must be an amazing simrecommend these two cases to your special care. plification of the business of the toilet. The only When you reach the relays at night, let them be wonder is that such a custoin was ever submitted deposited in your sleeping apartment; and when to, when, as M. Huc states, a certain Nomekhan, you arrive at the capital of Sse-chuen province,
or Lama-king of the country, imposed it on the deliver them to the care of the viceroy. Thus, female part of the community, as a corrective of when a Chinese officer, a countryman and nominee their morals and a protection to their virtue. of his own, was going the same journey, he preferred entrusting this treasure (for such no doubt it
In order to put a stop to a licentiousness which was was) to two poor European missionaries, whom he becoming almost general, Nomekhan published an had injured, rather than to a Chinese mandarin of edict, by which women were prohibited from appearrespectable station, who was, in a great measure, ner we have described. High moral and religious
ing in public without daubing their faces in the manhis own dependant. He had often said that he considerations caused this strange law, and threatened admired and respected the European probity, and the disobedient with severe punishments, and, above this was a practical proof of it. M. Huc very all, with the wrath of Buddha. justly adds :
" This mark of confidence gave us pleasure: it was a compliment to the honesty of
Nothing but a hierarchy, or rather, a nation of Christians, and at the same time a bitter satire upon priests, could ever have succeeded in so monstrous the Chinese character."
a scheme of moral or religious discipline, more unSome time after Ke-shen's disgrace, there ap- need not sure look frightful, though one 's dead.”
natural than the nunneries of Romanism.
“ One peared at Hong-Kong the copy of a Peking gazeite, which detailed the circumstances of his sentence, * M. Huc has the true version of the story. and gave the amount of his registered property. “The emperor, in his paternal tenderness, gave hiin The two ministers commissioned on the occasion his life, and contented himself with degrading him
from all his titles, taking all his decorations from hin, * A play on his Chinese name.
confiscaling his goods, razing his house, selling his + The Yak of Thibet, bæuf à long poil, figured in wives at auction, and sending him to banishment at Turner's embassy.
the extremity of Tartary."