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OF

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SPAIN & PORTUGAL

100 By
Von-Thomas Tipos

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TO H1 'ATHOLIC MAJESTY.

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13 Longitudi East

ANNUAL REGISTER,

OR GENERAL REPOSITORY OF

HISTORY,

POLITICS,

AND

LI T E R A T U RE,

For the YEAR 1808.

TO W PICU 13. PREPIXED

The HISTORY of KNOWLEDGE, LEARNING, and TASTE,

in GREAT BRITAIN; diving the Reign of Queen Anne, -Part II.

WITH A NEW MAP OF SPAIN,

BY DON THOMAS LOPEZ,
TALPROVED FROM MENTELLE's NINE-SHEET MAP.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR JOHN STOCKDALE,

PICCADILLY.

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152027

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K TAYLOR & Co., Shoe Lane ; T, GILLET, Crown Court, Fleet Street ;

& T. Davison, Lombard Street, Whitefriars; Printers.

PREFACE.

In presenting our Annual Volume to the public we feel satisfied that no preface, either for specific detail or studied eulogium, can be necessary. The plan of the work is sufficiently known ; but of the general performance we may be permitted to remark, that if favourable acceptance be deemed a just criterion of literary execution, we shall be justified in reviewing our labours with no inconsiderable feelings of satisfaction. Gratitude for favours received, has operated as a stimulus to increased exertions, and we offer the present Volume to the public, in the confidence that it is entitled to, and will experience, similar approbation with

those which have preceded it.

We

may, perhaps, be excused again adverting to those efforts by which we have beeit enabled to procure so early a publication of the Volume, and to give it in this respect a superiority over every other work of a similar description ;—a superiority which few will estimate lightly, and which those particularly, 'who are eager to convey to their friends in remote settlements the earliest arranged intelligence of the events transacted on the theatre of Europe in the preceding year, will know how to appreciate.

It is with regret that we find ourselves, in the Historical Department of our Labours, compelled still to detail the atrocities and ravages of war; and that we see year after year pass away, marked by all the crimes of ambition and all the virulence of hostility. To observe and narrate the a 2

progress

progress of science and the arts, of wise legislation, philosophic research and internal-improvement, would to us be in. finitely more pleasing, than to exhibit that moving picture of guilt and bloodshed, of privation and calamity, to which, through theunion of extraordinary talents, ambition, and sućcess in a single individual, the province of historic annals is now almost exclusively confined. During a great part of the preceding year, the patriotic and benevolent were animated by the hope that a barrier was about to be raised against the oppression under which the civilised world has so long groaned. The flame of opposition kindled in Spain, by the succession of frauds and violences which the despot of the Continent employed against its independence, excited an enthusiasm which the wise were unwilling to repress by calculation, and which in the sanguine was connected with the certainty of success.

To aid in its accomplishment the blood and treasure of this country have been employed with án: ahjose usparing: land. But the result, hitherto, it must be acknowledged, has little tended to verify the fond expectaticis nihich were excited ; and which, it will be seen ir antitler: part of the Volume, we cherished with the warmest emotions of our hearts. Still we cannot, we will not, despair : we will not abandon as lost the cause, which is not only the cause of every European nation, but that for which it is the bounden duty of them all to contend with the best energies that they possess. We trust, and, from the papers contained in the present Volume, we know, that the patriots of Spain did not un. dertake a defence of their rights without counting the costs; without calculating upon much suffering, and many

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