« ElőzőTovább »
W A L K E R's,
Compendium of Entertaining Knowledge,
DE CE M B E R,
We present cur Readers this Month with a striking Likeness of
CUSTINE, a General of the French Republic.
ished the earth, and still confound fpeAdurels and Declaration of the Asociation culation, have produced this effect,
of the Friends of the Conftitution, Liber- among many others, on the minds both ty and Peace.
of actors and spectators, both of those
who applaud and thole who execrate XPERIENCE has taught the rea- the feene, that, at this present moment,
foning part of mankind the follow- they have more inflamed enthufiasm and ing, fimple truths:--that, in political resentment, than they have informed or institutions, nothing is stable, that is not regulated the understanding. The magjuft; that gross and increasing abutes nitude of the subject, not yet fully comlead necessarily to violence and revoluti- prehended perhaps by any man, over. on-timelyand effectual reform, to peace, powers and distracts. The yet. dazzled and security ;-that as violence, there- eye, neither accurately diftinguishes fóre, and revolution, are but defperate colours, nor duly estimates proportions. remedies for desperate evils, and as, The mind in ferment may exeri energy, once applied, it is not in human wisdom bnt feldom deliberation or wisdom. to forefee, or prescribe limits to their That the discuflions and speculations course, it is the extreme, either of hu- occafioned by those transactions, should man folly or depravity, in governors to operate with peculiar energy on the peomake such remedies feem generally ne ple of this country, is not to be wonderceffary, or in the people, without evi- ed ai; circumstanced as they are, they dent and palpable neceflity, to resort to must be callous indeed, if they did not them. That truths, which the history feel with ardour, and pursue with veheof paft ages has impresled on the con- mence, cvery sentiment embracing the viction of mankind, and to which the interefts of freedom, and cruihing the experience of the present times adds new insolence of power.-To repreiš this force, should yet be apparntly over- gencrous and natural feeling is not the looked both by the government and the obje 1 of our association. We are not people of this country, we lament, nor wicked enough to wish, or foulith do we less lament, that while obvious enough to exreck, thai we could perand falutary maxims are flighted on the fuade three fourt'is of our countryinen one fide visionary and impracticable to remain contented with total exclufion schemes are indulged on the other. from even the name of a conitiçution,
The extraordinary, and almost mira- or the remainder to be amused with the culous revolutions in government, and mockery of that name, while they are in fentiment, uhich have laic; alion- robbed of its effence. Is ay nani
friend of peace and public order?- not perhaps be surprizing, if the many We call on him, as he values those blef- real bleffings ftill enjoyed by the peosings, to come forward and subdue that ple, and the many more, which the adcorruption of Government which is the mirable principles of the Constitution, bane of both.-Does he revere' that place within their reach, should seem original obligation of fociety, connec- likely to be generally undervalued or ting the husbandman who tills the land, forgotten;-or if lome fpirits inflamable with the sovereign who reigns over it; and inconfiderate, or others, less beby which indufiry is bound to sustain nignant and disinterested, should thence power, and power to protect industry, be tempted to overlook the horrors atthat equal liberty and happiness may tendant on commotion, and to pursue flow from both - Let him correct and theories yet unproved hy experience. humble the profligate adminiftration Against such delusions we warn the which wrings from the labour of the people.-Living under a Constitution, peasant, what may corrupt the virtue of one of whose peculiar excellencies is, the Senator, and which drains the four- that its abuses may be corrected without ces of national wealth that it may pol- violating its effence, or even flighting lute the sources of national honour.- its forms, we can have no rational tempDoes he love that beautiful gradation of tation to encourage or encounter the fociety, which gives to toil, and talents, evils which have flowed from a toal and virtue, their itations and their forms, want of constitution in a neighbouring which kindles them where they were not, country.—It is not necessary for us to and rewards them where they are ?- tear down our constitution and efface its Let him join us, in publicly reproba- antient landmarks and foundations. No: ting and effcctually destroying that dif- need we rush voluntarily and wantorly graceful traffic in which the plunder that into those miseries into which France has been earned by paft infamy is al. has been precipitated by a perhaps inlowed to become the purchase of future evitable neceility. honours, in which men are enriched by the No!-Arms are the last resource of sale of their consciences and ennobled by misery driven to despair.--A reform and the application of their riches.--Does any that a radical and effectual one, there man wish to uphold that deference to pub- will be.-There is no human pover lic sentiment, which preferves a changefor that can lawfully or succesfully refif the reform of abuse, by deterring men this reasonable, constitutional, and riow from avowing its exercise ?-Let him indispensable object, if the people thame and terrify that public delinquen- with an united, folemn, and determincy, which operly boasts of corrupting ed voice, thall pronounce " IVE the people's representatives, with the WILLIT.” money of the people. When the pre We exult to live in a country where terice to virtue is thrown away, as an the voice of the people orice plainly and useless incumbrance, and the foulett decidedly uiterců, is a thunder which no afts, avowed by their fouleft names, are government dares refiit, and before held forth to the people as the regular which all corruption must disperse.-fyftem of government--when wicked The tumult of intemperance may be acts challenge the public vengeance by derided and fubdued by the teebieit miinfolent promulgation--the measure of nifler, but it is not within the limits of vice and folly is full--and the citizen ministerial daring to read the iron and who does noi join in reformation be- temperate demands of the Irith people. comes an accomplice in the guilt of his In order hou cver to runder this deTulers.
mand irrehnable, it is neceilasy 15t But, in pursuing that reform the abu- the public sentiment should be explicit ses of our conftitution should not makc ly unduiitood. A chiguilt at the proflius forget that we have one.--Nor should gacy of purernment may iattiguii sa in our difgust at corrunzion render
men to jedition. An a' borreoci video inter able to the evils of faction. dition may
induce er en gooi men to jupCircumstanced as we are, it would pori a fyltem of government which iniy
cannot approve, or which would be crisis, neither liberty or peace can be es-equally fatal to the well being of the tablished, by the united firmness and mocountry; the suspence arising from the deration of the friends of both. opposite impulses may induce moderate Refolved, That every person on beand timid men
to a state of inaction, coming a member of this society, do and thus leave the nation, unprotected, subscribe the following to groan beneath the oppreslion of the corrupt, and to tremble at the violence DECLARATION: of the feditious. Ar such a moment, to be filent is to be criminal : it becomes I folemnly promise and declare, that the duty of every good citizen, and I will, by all lawful means, promote a honest man, to make his voice heard radical and effectual reform in the reand his sentiments known. We, there- presentation of the people in parliament, fore, “ THE FRIENDS OF THE including perfons of all religious persuaCONSTITUTION, LIBERTY and fions; and that I will unceasingly purPEACE,” thus publicly declare these fue that object until it shall have been our political sentiments.
inequivocally obtained: And, ferioully in. That the principles of the Bri- apprehending the dangerous confequentish conftitution are founded in wisdom ces of certain levelling tenets, and fediand justice, equally providing for the tious principles, which have lately been liberty and happiness of the peo- disseminated, I do further declare, that ple.
I will resist all attempts to introduce 2dly. That an hereditary monarch, any new form of government into this: the sole executive power, an afsembly of country, or in any manner to subvert or nobles, eminating from the crown, and impair" our conítitution, confifting of: a body of representatives, derived from king, lords and commons. thc people by a free and general election, Resolved, that this fociety, conscious are each of them integral, vital and el- of its goud intentions, but diffident of its sential parts of our constitution, info- ability to judge of the belt means of atmuch that the decay or corruption of taining an object of such magnitude and any of them muft taint or destroy the difficulty, as that which it has propul." whole system.
deems it essential to that objeli, visi 3dly.' That the representative part therefore respectfully recommend that's of our legillature is not derived from fimilar associations ihould the people by that free and general elec- every county and principai toundir tion which the fundamental principles out the kingdom.-With such diiduita of our conftitution require, and the ons, and with every indivi'ual trudio state and condition of the nation would the Constitution, liberty aiiPeace in warrant.
these kingdoms, this fuciety".! be bap4thly. That the permanent peace py to comm
amunicatt, and will thankfuiry and welfare of Ireland can only be receive every species of informatio: conestablished by the abolition of all civil cerning facts, or evea bints ----cor. cerand political distinctions arising from ning plans and principles which may difference in religious opinions, and by aflilt in deciding on matters either a radical and effectual reform in the of propriety or expedier.cy. Such commons house of parliament; and that materials, the society will deem it these effential objects once attained, the a duty to arrange and digest-and as people ought to remain content and soon as it Mall be enabled to teledt, or grateful. With such a conftitution, and to form a plan of reprefentation, which not with less will we be satisfied. We may appear worthy the attention of the therefore call upon every man, whether public, it will
, with the vimost deíehe prefers liberty to peace, or peace to rence, lay such plan before the people of liberty, to lupport the honest and avow Ireland, for their confideration and corer principles upon which this fociety is rection, previous to its being submitted founded, as, at the present alarming to the nildom of the legislature.