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sentiment; it has its root in the truth of things; The

. -m* Tt- ir • Church of

it is an effluence from Him, Who Himself is Christ, revealed as Love, in the person of Jesus Christ, the the fact express Image of Divine Holiness, the Channel of misePoT Divine Grace, the Author and Example of all true dwelling self-sacrifice. "They who would deprive mankind necessarily of Him, would tear out the corner-stone of theEterna1' noblest edifice of humanity."1 But this they can never do. And in the darkest hour of human degradation and depression, the word of promise standeth sure, having this seal: "It is I, be not afraid:" "Lo! I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world."8 Amen.

1 Luthardt, Apolog., p. 297: "As little as mankind will ever be without religion, so little will they ever be without Christ—an historical, not a mythical Christ—an individual, not a mere symbol. Christ remains to us, as the highest we know and are capable of imagining within the sphere of religion—as He without whose presence in the mind perfect piety is impossible."—Strauss, Soliloquies, 67 (quoted by Dean Stanley, Sermons, p. 111). See Mr. Hutton, Essays, I. 278.

2 Matt. xiv. 27, xxviii. 20. So Luther had good reason to liken the Church of Christ to the amaranth, which neither withers nor decays. "Sprinkled," he said, " with water, it becomes fresh and green once more, as if raised and wakened from the dead. Even so is the Church by God raised and wakened as out of the grave. For though temporal empires, principalities, and kingdoms have their changings—and, like flowers, soon fall and fade away—this Kingdom, so deeply rooted, by no power can be destroyed or wasted, but remains eternally."— Table-Talk, 172, ed. Bohn. "Wherefore, being Christ doth promise His Presence unto the Church even unto the end of the world; He doth thereby assure us of the existence of the Church until that time, of which His Presence is the cause."—Pearson, on the Creed, Art. ix.

INDEX

A.

Administbation, Divine, harmony
of, 127.

Admiration has a personal basis,
232.

Altruism not incompatible with
Christianity, 82, 377.

Anabaptists, their fanaticism not
due to the principles of the Re-
formation, 329.

Analogy of Nature, a theological
ground of argument, 212.

Antiquity no actual test of truth,
28.

Arabians, their services to physical

science, 350.
Aristotle, his medieval reputation,

247.

Art, its early relation to Christi-
anity, 280; its present position,
348.

Asceticism not essential to the theo-
logical spirit, 299.

Asylum, privilege of, 289.

Augsburg, Confession of, its con-
cluding declaration, 332.

Augustine, S., his view of miracles
as evidential, 139.

B.

Bacon, Lord, on religious contro-
versy, 11; his view of missions,
356.

Barbarians readily admitted by the
Church, 281; mode of conversion,
286; its true causes, 288.

Barbaric Codes, show the influence
of Christianity, 284.

Becket habitually performed harvest

work, 300.
Belief, Christian, standard of, in

Scripture and Creeds, 31.
Biography, Religious, importance of,

228.

Bishops, popular election of, 280;
by royal mandate, 285; their
beneficial influence, 283, 288.

Bossuet, his argument against Pro-
testantism lies equally against
Christianity, 11.

■Brahmanism, stationary, 26,27, 29;
its doctrine of Absorption, 30.

Buckle, Henry T., his obligations to
Condorcet, 71; his views on civi-
lization, 146; on theology, 208;
confounds asceticism with self-
restraint, 299.

Buddhism, 26, 27; once a mis-
sionary religion, 29, 363; extin-
guished caste, 30; favours Mou-
asticism, 297, 298.

Butler, Archer, on doctrinal develop-
ment, 45.

Butler, Bishop, 14, 20, 188, 212,
219.

0.

Calvin, his doctrine of personal
assurance, 331.

Casuistry, its moral value, 166.

Catholicism, Medieval, its declen-
sion, 326.

Causes distinguished from occasions
of events, 134.

Chance equivalent to ignorance of
design, 77.

Chivalry, its relation to Medieval
Christianity, 311; its origin, tb.

Christ, Jesus, perennial influence of
His example, 35, 334.

Christianity, most vigorous in the
most civilized regions, 3 ; a factor
in civilization; 8, 152, 308; a
fact of long standing, 9; its dura-
bility ascertainable, 23; its anti-
quity, 28; an historical and docu-
mentary religion, 34, 64, 212;
the religion of progress, 51, 220;
its perpetuity a doctrinal tenet,
52, 56, 57, 264, 379; its assumed
failure, 58; as being a phase of
religion, 60; not a necessary
result only of antecedents, 144,
180; its progress, how far super-
natural, 145, 265; natural, 162;
limited, 169,171; in advance of,
yet co-existent with, civilization,
172, 242; importance of its ideal
standard, 173; did not originate
in a moral protest, 169; not
eclectic, 177; is not a new code of
morals, 257; has not declined in
moral effect, 175; its part in ad-
vancing morals, 170, 176; its
slow progress not due to feeble-
ness, 188, 373; has survived
changes of opinion, 203; theories
of its origin, 261, 275; true
causes of its success, 262, 266,
268, 273; its moral power, 269,
272, 276; its services wrongly
attributed to positive institutions,
274; founded on a sense of sin,
276; its early influence on litera-
ture, 281; intellectual services in
Middle Ages, 193; its politi-
cal affinities, 359; whether demo-
cratic, 360; internal evidence of
its permanence, 375, 376; its
benevolence, 378.
Christians, moral excellence of the

first, 263.
Church, The, temporal supremacy
of, 185.

Circumstances, their coincidence ad-
mits of no law, 129.

Civilization, multiform, not a mere
intellectual advance, 146, 147;

answers to the whole nature of
man, 149; difference of Ancient
and Modern, 148.

Classicism, its effects on Christianity,
346, 348.

Communism, early view of, in the
Church, 187.

Confucius, his view of Providence,
125; of religion, 178, 257.

Consciousness, testimony of, analo-
gous to perception, 106.

G Histamine established Christianity,
277; its consequences, 278.

Controversy a sign of religious acti-
vity, 11.

Conversion, power of, an element
in religious vitality, 26, 253,
362; essential to Christianity,
363.

Creeds, how connected with Scrip-
ture, 37, 38; independent form
of, 358.

Cromwell, Oliver, cause of his death,
131.

Crusades, The, criticisms of, 304;
really defensive, ib.; their services
to civilization, 305; their spiritual
import, 306; exhibit the heroic
type of Christianity, 307; later
Crusades, 315.

Cycles, theory of, in history, 131.

D.

Deduction, its character as an in-
strument of proof, 215, 216.

Design, Argument from,not identical
with order, 22.

Development, Theory of, its influ-
ence on the perpetuity of Christian
doctrine, 42; dubiously admitted,
ib.; rests on authority, 43; really
an historical process, 44; Rational-
istic theory of, 46.

Discovery in Natural Science a
species of Revelation, 217.

Distance of time necessary to clear
judgment, 9.

Dominicans, their humane efforts,
366.

Durability, test of, in religions, 26.
Duration a relative idea, 23.

E.

Eastern Church, its failings, 170;

its subordination to the Greek

Emperors, 285; its Monachism,

298; its future, 372.
Effectual Call, sense of, in theology,

101.

Epicureanism, modern, traceable in
the view of Laws of Nature,
115.

Erasmus, his complaints, 346.
Error, slow extension of, 15.
Establishments, Church, usefulness

of, 357, 358.
Evangelical Preparation, truth and

importance of, 144.
Evil, existence of, explained by

partial knowledge, 20; nature

of moral and physical, 245; mode

of its extinction, 246.

F.

Faith the basis of all scientific
acquirement, 240.

Fatalism contradicted by conscious-
ness, 102.

Feudalism, its relation to Medieval
Christianity, 309; its origin, 310.

Final Causes, fallacy of assuming,
19, 21.

Free Will, in what respects a theo-
logical tenet, 79; compatible with
physical uniformity, 80.

French Revolution, its intolerance,
344.

Froude, J. A., his view of Calvinism,
80; of General Laws, 136.

G.

General Laws, personification of,
by recent writers, 136

Gibbon, his view of the success of
Christianity, 261; inadequate, 262.

Gladiatorial shows, extinguished by
Christianity, 271.

Greek nature controversial, 169.

Gregory the Great, synchronizes
with the final Christianization of
Europe, 284; his view of Purga-
tory, 319.

H.

Heqeijanism, its essence, 353.
History sometimes confounded with

biography, 135.
Hospitals, a Christian institution,

271.

Humanists at the Reformation, 347;
their servility, 354.

L

Ideas gain credence from repetition,
61.

Induction not excluded by theo-
logy, 208; unknown to antiquity,
351.

Infanticide, a.Pagan custom, 271.
Inquisition, The, how a means to

toleration of opinion, 139.
Instincts, existence and testimony

of, 82, 85; imply design, 84.
Investiture, Right of, 315.

J.

Justification by Faith only, Lu-
ther's view of, 327; its relation
to the Reformation, 328.

K.

Kant, on design in Nature, 23.
Kepler, his view of planetary spirits,
136.

Knowledge being positive, finite in
character, 249.

L.

Las Casab, his devoted life, 366.
Laws of Nature, wrongly identified

with a theory of Existence, 103;

meaning of General Laws, 115;

views as to their nature, 118; not

yet proved to be universal, 120;

by some held to be the term of

knowledge, 122.
Leibnitz, his theory of Parallelism,

93.

Love to God, an essentially Christian
precept, 165.

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