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A transient calm the happy scenes bestow, To pluck a titled poet's borrow'd wing; And for a moment lull the sense of woe.
A statesman's logic unconvinc'd can bear, At length awaking, with contemptuous frown, And dare to slumber o'er the Gazetteer's; Indignant Thales eyes the neighb'ring town. Despise. a fool in half his pension dressid, Since worth, he cries, in these degenerate and strive in vain to laugh at Clodio's jest. days
13 Others with so ter smiles, and subtle art, Wants ev'n the cheap reward of empty praise; Can sap the principles, or taint the heart; In those curs'd walls, devote to vice and gain, With more address a lover's note conrey, Since unrewarded science toils in vain ;
Or bribe a virgin's innocence away : Since hope but sooths to double my distress, Well may they rise, while I, whose rustic tongue Andevery moment leaves my little less; Ne'er knew to puzzle right, or varnish wrong, While yet my steadly steps no 7 staff sustains, Spurn'd as a beggar, dreaded as a spy, And life still vig'rous revels in my veins;
Live upregarded, unlamented die. Grant me, kind Heaven, to find some happier 14 For what but social guilt the friend en place,
dears? Where honesty and sense are no disgrace; Who shares Orgilio's crimes, his fortune shares Some pleasing bank where verdant osiers play, is But thou, should tempting villany present Some peaceful vale with Nature's paintings gay; all Marlb'rough hoarded, or all Villiers spent, Where once the harass'd Briton found repose, Turn from the glittering bribe thy scornful eye, And safe in poverty defy'd his foes ;
Nor sell for gold, what gold could never bay, Some secret cell, ye pow'rs, indulgent give, The peaceful slumber, self-approving day, * Let - live here, for - bas learn'd to live. Unsullied fame, and conscience ever gay. Here let those reign, whom pensions can incite * The cheated nation's happy fav'rites, see! To vote a patriot black, a courtier white; Mark whom the great caress, who frown on me! Explain their country's dear-bought rights away, London! the needy villain's gen’ral home, And plead for ' pirates in the face of day; The common-sewer of Paris and of Rome; Witli slavish tenets taint our poison'd youth With eager thirst, by folly or by fate, And lend a lie the confidence of truth.
Sucks in the dregs of each corrupted state. 10 Let such raise palaces, and manors buy, Forgive my transports on a theme like this, Collect a tax, or farm a lottery;
17 I cannot bear a French metropolis. With warbling eunuchs fill our" silenc'd stage, 18 Illustrious Edward! from the realms of And lull to servitude a thoughtless age.
day, Heroes, proceed! what bounds your pride The land of heroes and of saints survey ; shall hold ?
[gold? Nor hope the British lineaments to trace, What check restrain your thirst of pow'r and The rustic grandeur, or the sarly grace; Behold rebellious virtųe quite o'erthrown, But, lost in thoughtless ease and empty show Behold our fame, our wealth, our lives your Behold the warrior dwindled to a beau; Own.
Sense, freedom, piety, refin'd away, To such, the plunder of a land is givin, Of France the mimic, and of Spain the prey. When public crimes inflame the wrath of Heaven: All that at home no more can beg or stea!, 12 But what, my friend, what hope remains for Or like a gibbet better than a wheel: me,
Hiss'd from the stage, or hooted from the coart, Who start at theft, and blash at perjury? Their air, their dress, their politics, import; Who scarce forbear, thơ Britain's court he sing, Obsequious, artful, voluble, and gay,
On Britain's fond credulity they prey. 6 Hic tunc Umbritius: quando artibus, inquit, honestis
12 The paper which at that time contained Nullus in urbe locus, nulla emolumenta laborum, apologies for the court. Res hodie minor est, here quam fuit, ac eadem 13 - Ferre ad nuptam qnæ mittit adulter, eras
Quæ mandat norint alii; me nemo ministro Deteret exiguis aliquid: proponimus illue Fur erit, atque ideo nulli comes exeo. Ire, fatigatas ubi Dædalus esuit alas;
14 Quis nunc diligitur nisi conseius? Dum nova canities.
Carus erit Veri, qui Verrem tempure, quo rult, 7 et pedibus me
Accusare potest. Porto meis, nullo dextram subeunte bacillo.
- Tanti tibi non sit opaci 8 Cedamus patriá : vivant Artarius istic Omnis arena Tagi, quodque in mare volvitur Et Catullus: maneant qui nigra in candida ver
Ut sompo careas. 9 The invasions of the Spaniards were defend- 16 Quæ nunc divitibus gens acceptissima nostris, ed in the houses of parliament.
Et quos præcipue fugiam, properabo fateri. io Queis facile est ædem conducere, flumina,
Non possum ferre, Quirites, portus,
Græcam urbem.Siccandam eluviem, portandum ad busta cada- 18 Rusticus ille tuus somit trechedippa, Quiver.
rine, Munera qunc edunt.
Et ceromatico fert niceteria collo. 11 The licensing act was then lately made. 19 Ingenium velox, audacia perdita, serino 13 Quid Romæ faciam? mentiri nescio : li. Promptus.
brum, Si malus est, nequeo laudare & poscere. -
No gainful trade their industry can 'scape, 27 By numbers here from shame or censure 20 They sing, they dance, clean shoes, or cure a
All crimes are safe but hated poverty. All sciences a fasting Monsieur knows,
This, only this, the rigid law pursues, And, bid him go to Hell, to Hell he goes. This, only this, provokes the snarling Muse.
21 Ah! what avails it, that, from slav'ry far, The sober trader at a tatter'd cloak I drew the breath of life in English air ;
Wakes from his dream, and labours for a joke ; Was early taught a Briton's right to prize, With brisker air the silken courtiers gaze, And lisp the tale of Henry's victories ;
And turn the varied taunt a thousand ways. If the gulld conqueror receives the chain, 28 Of all the griefs that harass the distress'd, And Hattery prevails when arms are vain ? Sure the most bitter is a scornful jest ;
22 Studious to please, and ready to submit; Fate never wounds more deep the gen'rous The supple Gaul was born a parasite :
heart, Suill to his int'rest true, where'er he goes, Than when a blockhead's insult points the dart, Wit, brav'ry, worth, his lavish tongue bestows; 29 Has Heaven reserv'd, in pity to the poor, In ev'ry face a thousand graces shine,
No pathless waste, or undiscovered shore? From ev'ry tongue Rows harmony divine. No secret island in the boundless main ? 23 These arts in vain our rugged natives try, No peaceful desert yet unclaim'd 30 by Spain? Strain out with fault'ring diffidence a lie, Quick let us rise, the happy seats explore, And get a kick for awkward flattery.
And bear oppression's insolence no more. Besides, with justice, this discerning age This mournful truth is every where confess'd, Admires their wond'rous talents for the stage: 31 Slow rises worth by poverty depressid :
24 Well may they venture on the mimic's art, But here more slow, where all are slaves to gold, Who play from morn to night a borrow'd part; Where looks are merchandise, and smiles aresold: Practis'd their master's notions to embrace, Where won by bribes, by Hatteries implorid, Repeat his maxims, and reflect his face ; The groom retails the favours of his lord. With ev'ry wild absurdity comply,
But hark! th' affrighted crowd's tumultuous And view each object with another's eye;
cries To shake with laughter ere the jest they hear, Roll through the streets, and thunder to the skies: To pour at will the counterfeited tear ;
Rais'd from some pleasing dream of wealth aud And, as their patron hints the cold or heat,
pow'r, To shake in dog-days, in December sweat. Some pompous palace or some blissful bower,
25 Hout, when competitors like these contend, Aghast you start, and scarce with aching sight Can surly virtue hope to fix a friend;
Sustain th' approaching fire's tremendous light; Slaves that with serious impudence beguile, Swift from pursuing horrours take your way, And lie without a blush, without a smile : And leave your little all lo flames a prey ; Exalt each trifle, ev'ry vice adore,
32 Then thro' the world a wretched vagrant roam, Your taste in snuff, your judgment in a whore; For where can starving merit find a home? Can Balbo's eloquence applaud, and swear In vain your mournful narrative disclose, He gropes bis breeches with a monarch's air. While all neglect, and most insult your woes.
For arts like these preferr'd, admir’d, caress'd, 33 Should Heaven's just bolts Orgilio's wealth They first invade your table, then your breast;
confound, 26 Explore your secrets with insidious art, And spread his flaming palace on the ground, Watch the weak hour, and ransack all the heart; Swift o'er the land the dismal rumour flies, Then soon your ill-plac'd confidence repay, And public mournings pacify the skies; Commence your lords, and govern or betray.
Materiam præbet causasque jo20 Augur, schænobates, medicus, magus: omnia novit,
Omnibus hic idem? si fæda & scissa lacerna, &c. Græculus esuriens, in cælum, jusseris, ibit. 28 Nil habet infelix paupertas durius in se, 21 Usque adeo nihil est, quod nostra infantia quam quod ridiculos homines facit. cælum
Aginine facto, Hausit Aventini?
Debuerant olim tenues migrasse Quirites. 22 Quid? quod adulandi gens prudentissima, 30 The Spaniards at this time were said to laudat
make claim to some of our American provinces. Sermonein indocti faciem deformis amici?
31 Haud facile eniergunt, quorum virtutibus 23 Hæc eadem licet & nobis laudare : sed illis
Res angusta domi, sed Romæ durior illis 24 Natio comæda est. Rides? majore ca- Conatus. chinno
Omnia Roma Concutitur, &c.
Cum pretio. 25 Non sumus ergo pares: melior, qui sem- Cogimur, & cultis angere peculia servis. per & omni
Ultimus autem Nocte dieque potest alienum sumere vultum, Ærumnæ cumulus, quod pudum & frustra roA facie jactare mamus: laudare paratus,
gantem Si bene ructavit, si rectum minxit amicus. Nemo cibo, nemo hospitio, tectoque juvabit. * Scire volunt secreta domus, atque inde 33 Si magna Asturici cecidit domus, horrida timeri.
mater, Pullati proceres.
IN IMITATION OF THE TEXT! SATIRE OF JUTENAL.
The laureat tribe in venal verse relate,
Invades the sacred hour of silent rest, How virtue wars with persecuting fate; [band And leaves, unseen, a dagger in your breast. 31 With well-feign'd gratitude the pension'd "Scarce can our fields, such crowds at Ty. Refund the plunder of the beggar'd land,
burn die, See! while he builds, the gaudy vassals come, With hen,p the gallows and the fleet supply. And crowd with sudden wealth the rising dome; Propose your schemes, ye senatorian band, The price of boroughs and of souls restore; Whose says and means & support the sinking And raise his treasures higher than before:
land, Now bless'd with all the baubles of the great, Lest ropes be wanting in the tempting spring, The polish'd marble and the shining plate, To rig another convoy for the king 43, 35 Orgilio sees the golden pile aspire,
44 A single jail, in Alfred's golden reign, And hopes from angry Heav'n another fire. Could ball the nation's criminals contain ; 36 Could'st thou resign the park and play Fair Justice, then, without constraint ador'd, content,
Held high the steady scale, but sheath'd the For the fair banks of Severn or of Trent;
sword; There might'st thou find some elegant retreat, No spies were paid, no special juries known, Some hireling senator's deserted seat ;
Blest age ! but ah! bow diffrent from our own! And stretch thy prospects o'er the smiling land, 45 Much could I add,—but see the boat at For less than rent the dungeons of the Strand; The tide retiring calls me from the land: (hand, There prune thy walks, support thy drooping 16 Farewell !-When youth, and health, and furflowers,
tune spent, Direct thy rivulets, and twine thy bowers; Thou Ay'st for refuge to the wilds of Kent; And, while thy grounds a cheap repast afford, And, tir'd like me with follies and with crimes, Despise the dainties of a venal lord:
In angry numbers warns't succeeding times; There ev'ry bush with Nature's music rings, Then shall thy friend, nor thou refuse his aid, There ev'ry breeze bears health npon its wings; Still foe to vice, forsake bis Cambrian shade; On all thy hours security shall smile,
In virtue's cause once more exert bis rage, And bless thine evening walk and morning toil. Thy satire point, and animate thy page. 37 Prepare for death it here at night you roam, And sign your will before you sup from home. 38 some fiery fop, with new commission vain, THE PANITY OF HUMAN WISHES, Who sleeps on brambles till he kills his man; Some frolic drunkard, reeling from a feast, Provokes a broil, and stabs you for a jest. 89 Yet ev’n these heroes, nuischievously gay ;
LET'observation with extensive view, Lords of the street and terrours of the way;
Survey mankind from China to Peru; Flush d as they are with folly, youth, and wine,
Remark each anxious toil, each eager strife, Their prudent insults to the poor contine;
And watch the busy scenes of crowded life; Afar they mark the flambeau's bright approach, Then say how hope and fear, desire and hate, And stun the shining train, and golden coach. O'erspread with snares the clouded maze of fate
, 44. In vain, these dangers pasi, your doors you
Where wav'ring man, betray'd by vent'rous pride And hope the balmy blessings of repose ; (close, To chase the dreary paths without a guide
, Cruel with guilt, and daring with despair, As treach'rous phantoms in the mist delude, The midnight murd’rer bursts the faithless bar; i Shuns fancied ills, or chases airy good;
How rarely reason guides the stubboru choice, 34 --- Jam accurrit, qui marmora donet,
Rules the bold hand, or prompts the suppliant Conferat impensas : hic, &c. Hic modiuni argenti.
How nations sink by darling schemes oppressid, 35 Meliora, ac plura reponit
When vengeance listens to the fool's request. Persicus orboruin lautissimus.
Fate wings with ev'ry wish th' afflictive dart
, 36 Si potes avelli Circensibus, optima Soræ,
Each gift of nature and each grace of art; Aut Fabrateriæ domus, aut Fusinune paratur, 4'Maxitpus in vinclis ferri modus; ut timeas, de Quanti nunc tenebras unum conducis in annum. Vomer deficiat, ne macræ & sarcula desint. Hortulus hic.
42 A cant word in the house of commons fur Vive bidentis amans et culti villicus horti,
methods of raising money. Unde epulum possis centum dare Pythagoræis. 43 The nation was discontented at the visits - Possis ignavis haberi,
made by the king to Hanover. Et subiti casus improvidus, ad cænam si
44 Felices prvavorum atavos, felicia dicas Intestatus eas.
Secula, quæ quondam sub regibus atque triban's 38 Ebrius, ac petulans, qui nullum fortecedidit, Viderunt uno contentam carcere Romam. Dat pænas, noctem patitur lugentis amicum
45 His alias poteram, & pluries subnectere Peleidæ.
Sed jumenta vocant.
(causas : -Sed, quamvis improbus annis,
-Ergo vale nostri memor: & quoties te Atqne mero fervens, cavet hunc, quem coccina Roma tuo refici properantem reddet Aquino, Vitari jubet, & comitum longissimus ordo, (læna Me quoque ad Elviuam Cererem, vestrampse Multum præterea flaminarum, atque ænea
(spoliet te Convelle à Cnmis; satirarum ego, ni podet illas, 40 Nec tamen hoc tantum metuas: nam qui Adjutor gelidos reniam calligatus in agros Nou deerit; clausis domibus, &c.
+ Ver. 1-1.
With fatal heat impetuous courage glows, For growing names the weekly scribbler lies, With fatal sweetness elocution flows,
To growing wealth the dedicator flies; Impeachment stops the speaker's pow'rful breath, From ev'ry room descends the painted face, And restless fire precipitates on death.
That hung the bright palladium of the place; 2 But, scarce observ'd, the knowing and the And, smok'd in kitchens, or in auctions sold, Fall in the gen'ral massacre of gold ; [bold To better features yields the frame of gold; Wide wasting pest! that rages unconfin'd, For now no more we trace in ev'ry line And crowds with crimes the records of mankind; Heroic worth, benevolence divine: For gold his sword the hireling ruffian draws, The form distorted justifies the fall, For gold the hireling judge distorts the laws; And detestation rids th' indignant wall. Wealth heap'd on wealth, nor truth nor safety But will not Britain hear the last appeal, The dangers gather as the treasures rise. [buys, Sign her foes' doon, or guard her fav'rites' zeal?
Let hist'ry tell where rival kings command, Thro Freedom's sods no more remonstranco And dubious title shakes the madded land,
rings, When statutes glean the refuse of the sword, Degrading nobles and controling kings ; How much more safe the vassal than the lord ; Our supple tribes repress their patriot throats, Low sculks the hind beneath the rage of power, and ask no questions but the price of votes; And leaves the wealthy traitor in the Tower, With weekly libels and septennial ale, Untouch'd his cottage, and his slumbers sound, Their wish is full to riot and to rail. Tho' confiscation's vultures hover round.
In full-flown dignity, see Wolsey stand, The needy traveller serene and gay,
Law in his voice, and fortune in bis hand : Walks the wild heath and sings his toil away. To him the church, the realm, their pow'rs Does envy seize thee? crush th' upbraiding joy,
consign, Increase his riches, and his peace destroy, 'Through him the rays of regal bounty shine, Now fears in dire vicissitude invade,
Turd'd by his aod the stream of honour flows, The rustling brake alarms, and quiv’ring shade, His sınile alone security bestows: Nor light nor darkness bring his pain relief, Still to new heights his restless wishes tow'r, One sinows the plunder, and one hides the thief. Claim leads to claim, and pow'r advances pow'r;
Yet 3 still one gen’ral cry the skies assails, Till conquest unresisted ceas'd to please, And gain and grandeur load the tainted gales; And rights subinitted left him none to seize: Few know the toiling statesman's fear or care, At length his sov'reign frowns the train of state Th’insidious rival and the gaping heir.
Mark the keen glance, and watch the sign to hate. Once * more, Democritus arise on Earth, Where-e'er he turns, he meets a stranger's eye, With cheerful wisdom and instructive mirth, His suppliants scorn him, and his followers fly; See motley life in modern trappings dress'd, Now drops at once the pride of awful state, And feed with varied fools th' eternal jest : The golden canopy, the glitt'ring plate, Thou who could'st laugh, where want enchain's The regal palace, the luxurious board, caprice,
The liv'ried army, and the menial lord. Toi! crush'd conceit, and man was of a piece; With age, with cares, with maladies oppress'do Where wealth unlov'd without a mourner dy'd; He seeks the refuge of monastic rest. And scarce a sycophant was fed by pride; Grief aids disease, remember'd folly stings, Where ne'er was known the form of mock debate, And his last sighs reproach the faith of kings. Or seen a new-made mayor's unwieldy state; Speak thou whose thoughts at humble peace Where change of fav'rites made no change of laws,
[thine ? And senates heard before they judg'd a cause; Shall Wolsey's wealth with Wolsey's end be How would'st thou shake at Briton's modish tribe, Or liv'st thou now, with safer pride content, Dart the quick taunt, and edge the piercing gibe? | The wisest justice on the banks of Trent ? Altentive truth and nature to descry,
For, why did Wolsey, near the steeps of fate, And pierce each scene with philosopbic eye, On weak foundations raise th' enormous weight? To thee were solemn toys, or empty show, Why but to sink beneath misfortune's blow, The robes of pleasure, and the veils of woe: With louder ruin to the gulphs below? All aid the farce, and all thy mirth maintain, 6 What gave great Villiers to th'assassin's knife, Whose joys are causeless, or whose griefs are vain. And fix'd disease on Harley's closiug life?
Such was the scorn that fill'd the sage's mind, What murder'd Wentworth, and what exil'd Renew'd at ev'ry glance on human kind;
Hyde, How just that scorn ere yet thy voice declare, By kings protected, and to kings ally'd ? Search ev'ry state, and cauvass ev'ry pray'r. What but their wish indulg'd in courts to shine, 5 Unnumber'd suppliants crowd Preferment's And pow'r too great to keep, or to resign? gate,
7 When first the college rolls receive his vame, Athirst for wealth, and burning to be great, The young enthusiast quits his case for fame; Delusive Fortune bears th'incessant call,
Resistless burns the fever of renown, They mount, they shine, evaporate and fall. Caught from the strong contagion of the gown: On ev'ry stage the foes of peace attend,
O’er Bodley's dome bis future labours spread, Hate dogs their flight, and insult mocks their end. And Bacon's mansion 8 trembles o'er his head. Love ends with hope, the sinking statesman's door Are these thy views? Proceed, illustrious youth, Pours in the morning worshipper uo more; And Virtue guard thee to the throue of Truth ! 2 Ver. 12-22. 3 Ver. 23--27. 4 Per. 29-55. 6 Ver. 108–113.
7 Ver. 114-132. S Ver. 56-107.
3 There is a tradition, that the study of friar
Yet should thy soul indulge the gen'rous heat On Moscow's walls till Gothic standards fy,
And Winter barricades the realms of Frost;
To point a moral, or adorn a tale. Bf dreams yet Batter, once again attend,
12 All times their scenes of pompous woes afford, Hear Lydiat's life, and Galileo's end ! . (stows, From Persia's tyrant to Bavaria's lord.
Nor deem, when Learning her last prize be- In gay hostility and barb'rous pride, The glitt'ring eminence exempt from foes ; With half mankind embattled at his side, See, when the vulgar ’scapes, despis'd or aw'd, Great Xerxes comes to seize the certain prey, Rebelliou's vengeful talons seize on Laud. And starres exhausted regions in his way ; From meaner minds, though smaller fines content Attendant Flatt'ry counts his myriads o'er, The plunder'd palace, or sequester'd rent: Till counted myriads sooth his pride no mure ; Mark'd out by dang’rous parts, he meets the sbock, Fresh praise is try'd till madness fires his mind, And fatal Learning leads him to the block: The waves he lashes, and enchains the wind, Around his tomb let Art and Genius weep, New pow'rs are claim'd, new pow'rs are still But hear his death, ye blockheads, hearand sleep.
bestow'd, 10 The festal blazes, the triumphal show, Till rude resistance lops the spreading god; The ravish'd standard, and the captive foe, The daring Greeks deride the martial show, The senate's thanks, the Gazette's pompous tale, ! And heap their valleys with the gaudy foe; With force resistless o'er the brave prevail. Th’insulted sea with humbler tbought he gains, Such bribes the rapid Greck o'er Asia whirld, A single skiff to speed his fight remains; For such the steady Roman shook the world ; Th' encumber'd oar scarce leaves the dreaded For such in distant lands the Britons shine,
coast And stain with blood the Danube or the Rhine ; Through purple billows and a floating host. This pow'r bas praise, that virtue scarce can The bold Bavarian, in a luckless bour,
Tries the dread summits of Cæsarean pow'r, Till fame supplies the universal cbarm. With unexpected legions bursts away, Yet reason frowns ou war's unequal game, And sees detenceless realms receive his sway: Where tasted nations raise a single name;[gret, Short sway! fair Austria spreads her mourofuk And mortgag'd states their grandsires' wreathsre.
charms, From age to age in everlasting debt; (vey The queen, the beauty, sets the world in arms; Wreaths which at last the dear-bought right con- From hill to hill the beacou's rousing blaze To rust on medals, or on stones decay.
Spreads wide the hope of plunder and of praise; 1 on what foundation stands the warrior's The fierce Croatian, and the wild Hussar, pride,
With all the sons of ravage crowd the war; How just his hopes, let Swedish Charles decide; The baffled prince, in honour's flatt’ring bloom A frame of adamant, a soul of tire,
Of hasty greatness, finds the fatal doom ; No dangers fright him, and no labours tire; His foes derision, and his subjects blame, O'er love, o'er fear, extends his wide domain, And steals to death from anguish and from Unconquer'd lord of pleasure and of pain;
shame. No joys to him pacitic sceptres yield,
13 “ Enlarge my life with multitude of days!” War sounds the trump, he rushes to the field; In health, in sickness, thus the suppliant prass : Behold surrounding kings their pow'rs combine, Hides from himself its state, and shuns to know, And one capitulate, and one resign; (iu vain ; That life protracted is protracted woe. Peace couris bis hand, but spreads her charms Time hovers o'er, impatient to destroy, “ 'Shink nothing gain'd,” he cries, “ till wought And shuts up all the passages of joy: remain,
In vain their gifts the bounteous seasons pour,
The fruit autumnal, and the vernal flow'r; Bacon, built on ar. arch over the bridge, will | With listless eyes the dotard views the store, fall when a man greater than Bacon shall pass He views, and wonders that they please no under it. To prevent so slocking an accident
more; it was pulled down many years sivce. 9 See Goul. Mag. rol. Ixviii. p. 951. 1027.
12 Ver. 168-187, 13 Ver. 188-288. do Ver. 133-146. di Ver. 147-167.