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6. MEASURE OF TIME.
DIVISION II-TROY WEight.
These are the denominations of Troy Weight when used for weighing gold, silver, and precious stones (except diamonds). But Troy Weight is also used by Apothecaries in compounding medicines, and by them the ounce is divided into 8 drams, and the dram into 3 scruples, so that the scruple is equal to 20 grains.
For scientific purposes the grain only is used; and sets of weights are constructed in decimal progression, from 10,000 grains downwards to of a grain.
The carat, used for weighing diamonds, is 3 grains. The term, however, when used to express the fineness of gold, has a relative meaning only. Every mass of alloyed gold is supposed to be divided into 24 equal parts; thus the standard for coin is 22 carats fine, that is, it consists of 22 parts of pure gold, and 2 parts of alloy.
1 Lunar Month
1 Calendar Month
1 Common Year 1 Leap Year
In 400 Years, 97 are leap years, and 303
MEMORANDA FOR NEXT YEAR, 1859.
N.B. As towards the end of each year, or even earlier, information concerning the ensuing year is often wanted, we add to the current Almanac a synopsis of that which is to succeed it, as follows:
I.-Beginnings of the Months and Sundays.
LONDON: PRINTED BY W. CLOWES AND SONS, STAMFORD STREET.
First Sunday in Advent
23 Nov. 27
Sept. 12, Full
8 31 morn.
Companion to the Almanac:
GENERAL INFORMATION ON SUBJECTS OF MATHEMATICS, NATURAL PHILOSOPHY, NATURAL HISTORY, CHRONOLOGY, GEOGRAPHY, FINE
ARTS, PUBLIC ECONOMY, &c.
THE LEGISLATION, STATISTICS,
PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS, AND CHRONICLE OF 1857.
KNIGHT AND CO., 90 FLEET STREET.
PRICE TWO SHILLINGS AND SIXPENCE; OR, FOUR SHILLINGS
132 Customs and Excise
4. Crime, Police, and Law
5. Population, Emigration, Poor Laws, &c.
XII. Private Bills of the Sessions of Parliament, 1857