Oldalképek
PDF
ePub
[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Caïmitier
Noyau -
Amandier du bord de

mer.
Poirier
Mangle noir
Pois doux marron
Iacque des Grands Bois
Bois Caraïbe
Raisinier des Grand

Bois.
Muscadier Sauvage
Tocque
Cocorite
Pomme Rose
Bouix
Palmiste

Id.

Ia. . | Avicennia nitida

Ia.

Leguminosa. Chrysobolanus pellocarpus Chrysobolaneae. Campomanesia aromatica Myrtacea. Coccoloba latifolia

Polygonacea.

7 Stave-wood

Cometure
Uvero del monte

la Wild nutmeg 19 Garlic Pear

Cocorite 11 Rose apple

Toco Cucurito Poma rosa

13 Mountain Cabbuge

Chaguaramus Pata de Vaca Alatrique

[blocks in formation]

Clavo de especie Nuez de Moscada

12
18 Cloves
19 Nutmeg

Queen of Flower 21 Mahogany 22 Acacia 23 Corkwood

Elm (Trinidad)

Yellow Mangrove 6 Voavanga

[blocks in formation]

Rheedia lateriflora

Guttiferæ.
Crataeva gynandra Capparidacea.
Maximiliana insignis

Palmaceæ.
Jambosa vulgaris

Myrtacea.
Chrysophyllum glabrum - Sapotacea,
Oreodoxa regia

Palmaceæ.
Bauhinia veriegata Leguminoseæ.
Cordia sulcata

Cordiacea.

Sapotaceæ.
Cicca distichat

Euphorbiacæ,
Caryophyllus Aromaticus Myrtaceæ.
Myristica Aromatica* Myristiceæ.
Lagerströmia reginæ* Leguminoseæ.
Swietenia Mahogani*

Id. ¡ Acacia tortuosa

Mimosex.
Ochroma Lagopus

Bombacex. - Guazuma ulmifolia

Byttneriacæ. Avicennia Tomentosa Verbenaceae. Vangueria commersoni* Cinchonacea. Peridium

Euphorbiacea, . | Amaiouia

Rubiacea.
Phoberos

Flacourtiacen.
Heliocarpus Americana

Malvacea.
Ficus radula

Urticacea.
Anona reticulata

Anonacæ.
Rollinia Multiflora

Id. | Pereskia

Cactaceæ. i Cordia, sp.

Cordiaceæ.
Stereospermum chelonides* Bignoniacæ.
Psychotria

Rubiaceæ.
Couroupita Guianensis Lecythidaceæ.
Panax maratatoni

Araliacea.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

28 19 10 Mahoe }1 Fig tree 12 Custard apple

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]

Pied poule Arbre á bombes

Cachicamo Múco

Cannon Ball or Bomb

shell tree.

[blocks in formation]

Bâtard bois-cannon ou Higuereton

Lentille. Figuier

Lechero Amandier

Almendron Bois charbon

Rayo de Antigua Moricyp Jaune Bois rivière

| Juáldo.

i Ficus, sp.
Terminalia Catappa
Diospyros, sp.

Urticacea.
Combretaceat.
Ebenacex.
Cordiaceæ.

13

• Not indigenous.

[blocks in formation]

Siete capas

156

Bois patate

[ocr errors]

145

Bois Canique
Naranjillo
Maba inconstans

Ebenaceæ. 146 Sea-side plum

Ximenia Americana Olacaceæ. 147 Cocoa plum or fat pork Icaque

Icacos

Chrysobolanus icacos Chrysobolana 148 Sea-side Mahoe Mahault du bord de Mer Caigua

Paritium tiliaceum

Malvacea. 149 Orange tree

| Oranger

Naranjo
Citrus Aurantium

Aurantiacea 150 - Chaparro à feuille lisse

Bunchosia

Malpighiacea. 151 Cocoa tree

Cacaotier
Palo de Cacao
Theobroma Cacao

Byttneriacer. 152 | Débasse

Débasse

Canilla de Venado Calyptranthes sericea Myrtacea. 153

Bois baguette
Punteral
Myginda

Rubiaceae 154 Bois de Morue

Macherium

Leguminoset. 155 Wild Cocoa

Bois Cacao
Uvero del Monte Coccoloba, sp.

Polygonacez.
Naure -
Calliandra, sp.

Leguminosez. 157

Almendron del Monte

Chrysobolanea? 158 Piroa

Piroa
Pijiguao
Guilelma, sp.

Palmaceæ. 159

Palma real d Yagua

Enocarpus Batawa - | Palmacea. 160 Coffee tree

Cafier
Café
Coffea Arabica* -

1 Rubiaceæ. 161

Naranjillo

Swartzia grandiflora - Leguminosea. 162

Podocarpus salicifolius -, Conifereæ. 163 Wild Chestnut

Chataignier
Castano
Pachira Aquatica

Bombacex. 164

-1 C. de burro

Saccoglottis Amazonia Styraceæ 165 White Cedar

Acajou Marron
Cayuca d anakin Myristica, sp.

- Myristacea. 166

Bois baril
Pama
Pisonia inermis

Nyctaginea 167 Bird-lime tree

Bois lait
Lechero

Sapium Aucuparium Euphorbiacer. 168 Campêche bord de Mer

Pithecolobium vel calli- Ieguminosea.

endra, sp. 169

Bois l'étang
Lagunero
Pterocarpus Draco

Id. 170 Coco Macaque

?

Sapindacer. 171 Laurel

Laurier Avocat
Laurel

?

Laurinee. 172 Wild Savonette

Savonette Blanc
Conure blanco
Macherium, sp.

Leguminoser. 173

Bois caco
Cacao del Monte Macho Isertia parviflora -

Rubiacea 174 Thorn of yellow sanders Piquant de l'Epineux

Espina bobo

Xanthoxylon Clava Her- Xanthoxylacée.

culis. 175 Grigri

Grigri -
Maraval

Martinezia caryothefolia - Palmaceæ. 176 Arnotto

Roucou
Onoto -
Bixa Orellana

Bixaceæ. 177 Mahault Chardon Tumboal

A peiba Aspera

Tiliaceæ. 178 Yellow Sandbox

Sablier jaune
Javillo Amarillo Hara Crepitans

Euphorbiacen. 179

Bois Anoli. 180 Cacapoule

Faramea guianensis Malpighiacea. 181

Cupey -
Cupey -
Clusia rosea

Clusiaceae 182

Ilex Macoucoua

llicineæ. 183

Mamoncillo
Casearia -

Samydaceæ. 184

Yema de huevo. 185 | Mawbee stick

Bois Costière
Bijaguara
Colubrina reclinata

Rhamneæ. 186 Sugar apple

Pomme Cannelle
Anon
Anona Squamosa

Anonaceæ. 187 Wild Coffee

Café Marron
Cafe del Monte
Coffea, sp.

Rubiaceæ. 188

Mollinedia

Monimiacæ. 189

Cauturo
Parinium Campestre

Chrysobolanes. 190

Naranjillo de rio

Ebenaceæ. 191

Sardino Arima.

Samydaceæ. 192 Mabouya

Capparis Cynophallophora CapparidaceX. 193 Pouï Mme. Jean

Olyganthus Condensata Compositæ. 194 Bois flambeau

Tecoma Stans

Bignoniacea. 195 Olive-wood Bois d'Olive

Capparis jamaicensis Capparidacee. 196 Petit baume

Croton, sp.

Euphorbiacæ. 197 Bois Miel

Myrtacere.

* Not indigenous.

[blocks in formation]

198

[blocks in formation]

Noyer (Chacachacareo

Island). 199 200 Cactus

Cactus 201 Dividivi

Dividivi 202

Bois mal d'estomac 203 204 205 206

Bâtard bois l'orme 207 208 209 210

Avocat Marron 211

Moricyp rouge. 212 Cherry Wood (from Cerisier

Chacachacareo Island.) 213 214 215

Bois lesserre 216

Raisinier 217 218 Jackwood

Jacquier 219 Chigoewood

Bois négresse 220 221 222 Supple Jack

Liane persil 223 224 225

Quinquina pays 226 227 228 | Mangotin

Mangotine

[ocr errors]

Aspidosperma

Apocynæced. Solanum Callicarpifolium Solanaceæ. Palo morocoi. Cuchape Coccoloba, sp.

Polygonacea. Calliandra, sp.

Leguminoseæ. Artocarpus integrifolia* Artocarpeæ. Mangle dulce

Bravaisia floribunda Acanthaceae. C. de verasco Tabernaemontana

Apocynaceæ.

Myrsineæ.
Bejuco Mulato
Seriana, sp.

Sapindaceæ.
Lagerströmia indica* Lythraceæ.
Citriosma

Monimiaceæ. Coutarea speciosa

Cinchonaceæ.
Randia, sp.

Id.
Melastoma, sp.

Melastomaceæ.
Mangotina
Mangifera, sp.

Terebinthaceae, Ebenacea, sp., from Caroni Ebenaceæ.

and Chaguanas. Quiebra hacha

Copaifera hyminifolia* Leguminoseæ. Bucare or madre del Erythrina

Papilionaceæ.
Posoqueria Longiflora Cinchonacere.

Alchorneo.
Timite -
Manicaria saccifera

Palmaceæ.
Casuarina Equisetifolia* Equisetaceæ.

229

[blocks in formation]

cacao.

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

CI. 623.

CI. 666.

Prestoe, Hy. Esq., Government Botanist. Nutmegs, 1 bottle fresh, perfect fruits ; do., 1 bottle prepared, do. ; Cloves, 1 bottle fresh, flower buds; Cloves and Nutmegs, 1 bottle mixed, fresh ; Mace, 1 bottle prepared.

Somes & Co., Nariva Cocal. Sample of fibre extracted from the husks of the Cocoanut, adapted for making Brooms, Brushes, &c., value about $250 per ton ; Sample of ditto, adapted for Upholstery and Bedding, value about $110 per ton ; Coil of the above spun.

Devenish, Syl., Esq., Surveyor General. Samples of fibre of Agave Vivipara and of Mats made thereof.

Prestoe, Hy., Esq., Government Botanist.
Fibres, various kinds, in 20 samples, as
follow :-
No. 1. Sida carpinf olia, L. Malvaceæ.

2. Urena lobata, L.
3. Sida rhombifolia, L.
4. linifolia, Juss.
5. Pavonia bracteata, Benth. Mal-

CI. 666.

CI. 666.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

vaceæ.

[ocr errors]

REMARKS.— These fibres—with one or two exceptions as specified—were all prepared in 1866. They are to be regarded as of two classes:First.— Those obtained from the bark of

the plant, as in Hemp, Flax,

&c.; and Second.-Those obtained from the sub

stance of the leaves or leafstalks,

as in “Manilla,” Hemp, &c. Nos. from 1 to 11, and No. 20 belong to the first class--the first four being obtained from the bark of the entire plant ; 5, 6, 7, 8, and 20 are obtained from the younger branches ; and No. 9 from the trunk of the tree.

Nos. 12 to 19 belong to the second--12, 13, 14, 15, and 16 being obtained from the leafstalks (forming the stem in the plantain), and 17, 18, and 19 being obtained from the leaves.

The colour and strength of the fibres depend much on the manner of preparing them, but with very ordinary care they can be brought out of extraordinary strength, and of snowy white, or golden yellow, by simple maceration.

The size, strength, and colour of the fibre appear not to vary in branches or stems of different ages in Nos. 1 to 4, but in Nos. 5 to 11 these characters vary in growths of different ages : being fine and silk-like in the younger, and coarse and easily separable in plaits as “ bass” in the older branches and stems. In No. 9, the bark of the young branches reaches a maximum degree of coarseness, and is scarcely useful; but the bark of the matured branch or trunk furnishes an exceedingly fine and abundant “ bass,” well adapted for any purpose to which such an article is usually applied.

Of the foregoing, Nos. 1 to 6, and 9, 11, 17, and 20 are indigenous to Trinidad, and very hardy and abundant. The others are in. troduced plants, but all are completely naturalised; some, such as the variety of Musu Paradisiaca, known here as the “ Jumbee Plaintain,” and Sansievera, have become wild plants.

Colonial Company's Agency. Sugar (1 box) manufactured at Usine (central factory) St. Madelaine, Trinidad, W.I. the property of the Colonial Company, Limited, 16, Leadenhall Street, London. Manufactured direct from

canes cut on the same day. The juice is first | treated with temper lime in the clarifiers, sub

6. Do.

racemosa,
7. Malvaviscus indicus, L.
8.

Sp.
9. Sterculia caribæa, R. B. Ster-

culiaceae.

Bass from trunk.
10. Hibiscus Rosa-simensis, Mal-

vaceae.
Bass from matured branches.

Fibre from young branches.
11. Musa paradisiaca, L.
Fibre from outer leafstalks-

uncombed. Do.

do. - roughly

combed. Ditto from inner leafstalks-un

combed. Do. do. --roughly

combed. 12. Musa textilis, 13. Sample-rough. 14.

Do. -combed. 15. Musa sapientum. 16. Do. do. variety · Yellow

Fig." 17. Do. cavendishii. 18. Fourcroya gigantea, sample pre

pared in 1866. do. do.

in 1875. , 19. Bromelia karatas, L.

20. Theoma brocacao, L.

[ocr errors]

CL. 659

Cl. 657.
CI. 657.

Cl. 657.

CI. 662.
Ci. 254.

sided, passed through animal charcoal, then
evaporated to syrup in the “Triple Effet,"
passed a second time through the charcoal
boiled to sugar in vacuum pan, and finally
cured in Weston's (American) patent centri-
fugals.

Molasses sugar (1 box) manufactured at the
same “Usine" from the molasses obtained
from the above. The molasses is pumped as
fast as it proceeds from the centrifugals into
tanks, where it is heated and slightly reduced
in density by means of open steanı, and is then
boiled in vacuum pans and cured in centri-
fngals.

Siegert, Dr., Port-of-Spain. “Angostura
Bitters," manufactured by Dr. J. G. Siegert at
Port-of-Spain, Trinidad. (4 cases.)

Trinidad, Government of. Cassarip.
Flament, Mrs. Ch. Farine Manioc.

Jenny, Miss. Farine Manioc.

Flament, Mrs. C. Plaintain Flour ;
Cassada Starch.

Devenish, Syl., Esq., Surveyor General.
Carap Oil.

Somes & Co., Messrs. Cocoanut Oil.

Dovonish, Syl., Esq., Surveyor-General.
Walking Sticks.

Trinidad, Government of. Collection
of Baskets; 10 Indian Baskets ; nest of six
Fancy Baskets ; Miniature Egg Baskets ;

“Guayares,” miniature strainers as used for preparing Cassava ; miniature

Guayares” used by men for carrying loads; miniature Cataures used by women for carrying loads ; Mats ; Rice and Coffee Fans.

McAdam, Miss Venus. Baskets made of the Towel Gourd.

CI. 254.

Fans ;

CI. 660.

CI. 657.
Cl. 657.

Cl. 254.

VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA. VICTORIA, the most populous colony in Australia, is situated on the southern extremity of the continent, and extends from the 34th to the 39th parallel of south latitude, and from the 141st to the 150th meridian of east longitude. Its extreme length from east to west is about 420 geographical miles, and its greatest breadth 250 miles. The extent of coast-line is nearly 600 miles. The area of Victoria is 88,198 square miles, or 56,446,720 acres, or the thirty-fourth part of the whole surface of Australia, an extent about equal to that of England, Wales, and Scotland, which contain 89,644 square miles. Victoria is therefore very much smaller than any of its neighbours on the mainland of Australia, although its population is very nearly as large as all the others put together. The highest mountain in Victoria, Bogong, has an elevation of 6,508 feet, and there are several ranging from 4,000 to 6,000 feet. The Murray runs along the northern boundary for 670 miles, but the Goulburn, with a length of 230 miles, is the longest river which flows throughout its course entirely in Victoria.

Owing to its geographical position Victoria enjoys a climate cooler and more invigorating than any other Australian colony. The mean temperature of the air in Melbourne, derived from a series of observations extending over a period of 14 years, is 57°.6. Upon examining a chart showing isothermal lines, it will be found that the Victorian capital is situated upon or near the line corresponding with that on which, in the northern hemisphere, Marseilles, Bordeaux, Bologna, Nice, Verona, and Madrid are situated. The difference between winter and summer, between the hottest and the coldest month, is less in Victoria than in

any

of the places mentioned, and the European city the climate of which most resembles that of Melbourne is Maffra, 18 miles north-west of Lisbon, and 700 feet above the level of the sea.

The three months from September to November are considered to be the spring quarter, from December to February the summer, from March to May antumn, and from June to August winter. January and February are the warmest months, June and July the coldest. The observations taken for 17 years show that on 61 occasions the thermometer has risen above 100° Fahrenheit, and that there are 52 instances of its having fallen to or below freezing point. The mean temperature of the air during the two hottest months has been 66:7 in January and 65.6 in February, while the coolest, June, shows 49.0, and July 47.7. The above figures give the temperature of Melbourne. Some of the districts in the interior, which enjoy an elevation of from 1,000 36714.

сс

« ElőzőTovább »