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Ia. . | Avicennia nitida
Leguminosa. Chrysobolanus pellocarpus Chrysobolaneae. Campomanesia aromatica Myrtacea. Coccoloba latifolia
la Wild nutmeg 19 Garlic Pear
Cocorite 11 Rose apple
Toco Cucurito Poma rosa
13 Mountain Cabbuge
Chaguaramus Pata de Vaca Alatrique
Clavo de especie Nuez de Moscada
Queen of Flower 21 Mahogany 22 Acacia 23 Corkwood
Yellow Mangrove 6 Voavanga
Id. ¡ Acacia tortuosa
Bombacex. - Guazuma ulmifolia
Byttneriacæ. Avicennia Tomentosa Verbenaceae. Vangueria commersoni* Cinchonacea. Peridium
Euphorbiacea, . | Amaiouia
Id. | Pereskia
Cactaceæ. i Cordia, sp.
28 19 10 Mahoe }1 Fig tree 12 Custard apple
Pied poule Arbre á bombes
Cannon Ball or Bomb
Bâtard bois-cannon ou Higuereton
Almendron Bois charbon
Rayo de Antigua Moricyp Jaune Bois rivière
i Ficus, sp.
• Not indigenous.
Ebenaceæ. 146 Sea-side plum
Ximenia Americana Olacaceæ. 147 Cocoa plum or fat pork Icaque
Chrysobolanus icacos Chrysobolana 148 Sea-side Mahoe Mahault du bord de Mer Caigua
Malvacea. 149 Orange tree
Aurantiacea 150 - Chaparro à feuille lisse
Malpighiacea. 151 Cocoa tree
Byttneriacer. 152 | Débasse
Canilla de Venado Calyptranthes sericea Myrtacea. 153
Rubiaceae 154 Bois de Morue
Leguminoset. 155 Wild Cocoa
Almendron del Monte
Chrysobolanea? 158 Piroa
Palma real d Yagua
Enocarpus Batawa - | Palmacea. 160 Coffee tree
1 Rubiaceæ. 161
Swartzia grandiflora - Leguminosea. 162
Podocarpus salicifolius -, Conifereæ. 163 Wild Chestnut
-1 C. de burro
Saccoglottis Amazonia Styraceæ 165 White Cedar
- Myristacea. 166
Nyctaginea 167 Bird-lime tree
Sapium Aucuparium Euphorbiacer. 168 Campêche bord de Mer
Pithecolobium vel calli- Ieguminosea.
endra, sp. 169
Id. 170 Coco Macaque
Sapindacer. 171 Laurel
Laurinee. 172 Wild Savonette
Rubiacea 174 Thorn of yellow sanders Piquant de l'Epineux
Xanthoxylon Clava Her- Xanthoxylacée.
culis. 175 Grigri
Martinezia caryothefolia - Palmaceæ. 176 Arnotto
Bixaceæ. 177 Mahault Chardon Tumboal
A peiba Aspera
Tiliaceæ. 178 Yellow Sandbox
Bois Anoli. 180 Cacapoule
Faramea guianensis Malpighiacea. 181
Yema de huevo. 185 | Mawbee stick
Rhamneæ. 186 Sugar apple
Anonaceæ. 187 Wild Coffee
Naranjillo de rio
Samydaceæ. 192 Mabouya
Capparis Cynophallophora CapparidaceX. 193 Pouï Mme. Jean
Olyganthus Condensata Compositæ. 194 Bois flambeau
Bignoniacea. 195 Olive-wood Bois d'Olive
Capparis jamaicensis Capparidacee. 196 Petit baume
Euphorbiacæ. 197 Bois Miel
* Not indigenous.
Island). 199 200 Cactus
Cactus 201 Dividivi
Bois mal d'estomac 203 204 205 206
Bâtard bois l'orme 207 208 209 210
Avocat Marron 211
Moricyp rouge. 212 Cherry Wood (from Cerisier
Chacachacareo Island.) 213 214 215
Bois lesserre 216
Raisinier 217 218 Jackwood
Jacquier 219 Chigoewood
Bois négresse 220 221 222 Supple Jack
Liane persil 223 224 225
Quinquina pays 226 227 228 | Mangotin
Apocynæced. Solanum Callicarpifolium Solanaceæ. Palo morocoi. Cuchape Coccoloba, sp.
Polygonacea. Calliandra, sp.
Leguminoseæ. Artocarpus integrifolia* Artocarpeæ. Mangle dulce
Bravaisia floribunda Acanthaceae. C. de verasco Tabernaemontana
Monimiaceæ. Coutarea speciosa
Terebinthaceae, Ebenacea, sp., from Caroni Ebenaceæ.
and Chaguanas. Quiebra hacha
Copaifera hyminifolia* Leguminoseæ. Bucare or madre del Erythrina
Prestoe, Hy. Esq., Government Botanist. Nutmegs, 1 bottle fresh, perfect fruits ; do., 1 bottle prepared, do. ; Cloves, 1 bottle fresh, flower buds; Cloves and Nutmegs, 1 bottle mixed, fresh ; Mace, 1 bottle prepared.
Somes & Co., Nariva Cocal. Sample of fibre extracted from the husks of the Cocoanut, adapted for making Brooms, Brushes, &c., value about $250 per ton ; Sample of ditto, adapted for Upholstery and Bedding, value about $110 per ton ; Coil of the above spun.
Devenish, Syl., Esq., Surveyor General. Samples of fibre of Agave Vivipara and of Mats made thereof.
Prestoe, Hy., Esq., Government Botanist.
2. Urena lobata, L.
REMARKS.— These fibres—with one or two exceptions as specified—were all prepared in 1866. They are to be regarded as of two classes:First.— Those obtained from the bark of
the plant, as in Hemp, Flax,
&c.; and Second.-Those obtained from the sub
stance of the leaves or leafstalks,
as in “Manilla,” Hemp, &c. Nos. from 1 to 11, and No. 20 belong to the first class--the first four being obtained from the bark of the entire plant ; 5, 6, 7, 8, and 20 are obtained from the younger branches ; and No. 9 from the trunk of the tree.
Nos. 12 to 19 belong to the second--12, 13, 14, 15, and 16 being obtained from the leafstalks (forming the stem in the plantain), and 17, 18, and 19 being obtained from the leaves.
The colour and strength of the fibres depend much on the manner of preparing them, but with very ordinary care they can be brought out of extraordinary strength, and of snowy white, or golden yellow, by simple maceration.
The size, strength, and colour of the fibre appear not to vary in branches or stems of different ages in Nos. 1 to 4, but in Nos. 5 to 11 these characters vary in growths of different ages : being fine and silk-like in the younger, and coarse and easily separable in plaits as “ bass” in the older branches and stems. In No. 9, the bark of the young branches reaches a maximum degree of coarseness, and is scarcely useful; but the bark of the matured branch or trunk furnishes an exceedingly fine and abundant “ bass,” well adapted for any purpose to which such an article is usually applied.
Of the foregoing, Nos. 1 to 6, and 9, 11, 17, and 20 are indigenous to Trinidad, and very hardy and abundant. The others are in. troduced plants, but all are completely naturalised; some, such as the variety of Musu Paradisiaca, known here as the “ Jumbee Plaintain,” and Sansievera, have become wild plants.
Colonial Company's Agency. Sugar (1 box) manufactured at Usine (central factory) St. Madelaine, Trinidad, W.I. the property of the Colonial Company, Limited, 16, Leadenhall Street, London. Manufactured direct from
canes cut on the same day. The juice is first | treated with temper lime in the clarifiers, sub
Bass from trunk.
Fibre from young branches.
do. - roughly
combed. Ditto from inner leafstalks-un
combed. Do. do. --roughly
combed. 12. Musa textilis, 13. Sample-rough. 14.
Do. -combed. 15. Musa sapientum. 16. Do. do. variety · Yellow
Fig." 17. Do. cavendishii. 18. Fourcroya gigantea, sample pre
pared in 1866. do. do.
in 1875. , 19. Bromelia karatas, L.
20. Theoma brocacao, L.
sided, passed through animal charcoal, then
Molasses sugar (1 box) manufactured at the
Siegert, Dr., Port-of-Spain. “Angostura
Trinidad, Government of. Cassarip.
Jenny, Miss. Farine Manioc.
Flament, Mrs. C. Plaintain Flour ;
Devenish, Syl., Esq., Surveyor General.
Somes & Co., Messrs. Cocoanut Oil.
Dovonish, Syl., Esq., Surveyor-General.
Trinidad, Government of. Collection
“Guayares,” miniature strainers as used for preparing Cassava ; miniature
Guayares” used by men for carrying loads; miniature Cataures used by women for carrying loads ; Mats ; Rice and Coffee Fans.
McAdam, Miss Venus. Baskets made of the Towel Gourd.
VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA. VICTORIA, the most populous colony in Australia, is situated on the southern extremity of the continent, and extends from the 34th to the 39th parallel of south latitude, and from the 141st to the 150th meridian of east longitude. Its extreme length from east to west is about 420 geographical miles, and its greatest breadth 250 miles. The extent of coast-line is nearly 600 miles. The area of Victoria is 88,198 square miles, or 56,446,720 acres, or the thirty-fourth part of the whole surface of Australia, an extent about equal to that of England, Wales, and Scotland, which contain 89,644 square miles. Victoria is therefore very much smaller than any of its neighbours on the mainland of Australia, although its population is very nearly as large as all the others put together. The highest mountain in Victoria, Bogong, has an elevation of 6,508 feet, and there are several ranging from 4,000 to 6,000 feet. The Murray runs along the northern boundary for 670 miles, but the Goulburn, with a length of 230 miles, is the longest river which flows throughout its course entirely in Victoria.
Owing to its geographical position Victoria enjoys a climate cooler and more invigorating than any other Australian colony. The mean temperature of the air in Melbourne, derived from a series of observations extending over a period of 14 years, is 57°.6. Upon examining a chart showing isothermal lines, it will be found that the Victorian capital is situated upon or near the line corresponding with that on which, in the northern hemisphere, Marseilles, Bordeaux, Bologna, Nice, Verona, and Madrid are situated. The difference between winter and summer, between the hottest and the coldest month, is less in Victoria than in
of the places mentioned, and the European city the climate of which most resembles that of Melbourne is Maffra, 18 miles north-west of Lisbon, and 700 feet above the level of the sea.
The three months from September to November are considered to be the spring quarter, from December to February the summer, from March to May antumn, and from June to August winter. January and February are the warmest months, June and July the coldest. The observations taken for 17 years show that on 61 occasions the thermometer has risen above 100° Fahrenheit, and that there are 52 instances of its having fallen to or below freezing point. The mean temperature of the air during the two hottest months has been 66:7 in January and 65.6 in February, while the coolest, June, shows 49.0, and July 47.7. The above figures give the temperature of Melbourne. Some of the districts in the interior, which enjoy an elevation of from 1,000 36714.