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GOLD COAST COLONY, WEST AFRICA. The Gold Coast Colony, which comprises the British Settlements on the Gold Coast, and at Lagos, was constituted by a Charter under the Great Seal, bearing date the 24th day of July 1874.
THE GOLD COAST PROPER. The Gold Coast is the name generally given to a portion of Upper Guinea, between 59 and 4° 20' E. long, stretching along the Gulf of Guinea from the River Assini on the west to the River Volta on the east, between which points are the settlements of Axim, Discove, Secondee, Elmina, Cape Coast Castle, Anamaboe, Accra, and Addah. In 1672 a Company was formed, called the Royal African Company, which built forts at Discove, Secondee, Commendah, Anamaboe, Winnebah, and Accra, besides strengthening Cape Coast Castle, which was already in existence. This company was succeeded in 1750 by the African Company of Merchants, constituted by Act of Parliament, with liberty to trade and to form establishments on the West Coast of Africa, between 20° N. and 20° S. lat. This company was dissolved in 1821 by Act of Parliament, and the forts transferred to the Crown, by whom they were placed under the Government of Sierra Leone. Revenue and Expenditure.
Imports and Exports.
1869 213,491 281,913
1871 250,672 295,207
1872 260,101 385,281
1873 225,525 330,624
1874 no trustworthy returns.
1869 416,895 689,598
1870 400,558 515,365
1871 391,653 539,302
1872 366,256 444,848
1873 258,883 406,986
1874 348,636 486,227
400,0000 Debt-Gold Coast, nil ; Lagos, 11,6311.
62,021 Exclusive of 40,0001. voted by Parliament. † 20,9991. proceeds of loans. * Estimated and including the Protectorate.
(From “ Colonial Office List, 1876.")
NATURAL PRODUCTIONS, ARTS, MANUFACTURES, &c.
1 small variegated Cloth, Wassaw. I Whydah Cloth.
2 Native Looms with cotton spinner, samples of Yarn and 2 Aguey Cloths.
specimens of Cloth in the loom. 1 Cape Coast Cloth, made entirely of native Cotton and 4 Specimens of Wool Knitting per Colonial School, Cape Dyes.
Coast. 1 Akim Cloth.
2 Native Tanned Sheep or Goat Skins. 1 Ashantee Cloth, native printed,
2 Pair Yellow Slippers, Niger.—Per Bishop Crowther. 1 Ashantee Silk Cloth.
5 Pairs Lagos Sandals. 1 ditto Sash.
1 Gold Coast Chiefs Sandals ornamented with Gold. 1 King Kofi Calli's Cloth,
1 Leather Satchel of native tanned leather. 1 Krobboe Cloth.
4 Goat-skin Fans, ornamented with leather work. 1 Check Nupè Tobe
10 Knife Sheaths. 1 ditto Man's.
Niger, per Bishop
1 Tranverse Section of Odoom Wood, showing the diameter 1 Woman's Upper Cloth
of the tree which furnishes the Building Wood of the Country 1 Igbo Cloth, open work
from the Gold Coast to Lagos,-hard and durable. 1 Grass Cloth, Niger.
1 Plank of Ditto, polished, with specimens of Panelling by 1 Bida Cloth,
native workmen of Engineer Department. 1 Agra Cloth,
1 Desk and Envelope case of Ditto, also made by native 1 Linzo Grass Cloth, Niger.
workmen-the Lock also of native workmanship.
A collection of specimens of Native Woods and i Stick Ebony.
8 Variously Carved Native Stools, each made from a solid Block of Wood.
i Warree Board, carved ditto, ditto, for a game much in use on the West Coast of Africa.
3 Models of Canoes and Paddles.
1 Block of Native Granite, cut and polished by native workmen.
1 Sword of State with Carved wood handle, plated with Gold.
1 Ditto, ditto, two blades, ditto plain.
Figures, God and Goddess of Twins from Abeokuta.
7 Carved Ladles. 2 Figures, Male and Female. 1 Image, exhibited at native Funerals. 5 Specimens of Natural History. 2 Wooden Combs. i Toy Doll. 4 Wooden Fans. 1 Fan. 26 Carved and Plain Calabashes. 3 Black Bowls, used for washing Gold. 1 Black Monkey Skin, an Article of Export. 2 Leopard Skins. 1 Light-Coloured Snake Skin. 4 Niger Mats (2 per Bishop Crowther). 5 Accra Baskets.
1 Fiddle and Bow.
i Gold Book, used for keeping Gold Dust, with Seales. Weights, Shovels, &c.
White Clay, used in Medicine and to “chalk” divoreed wives ; also in law suits and palavers those who are successful. and at marriage ceremonies as an indication of purity.
2 Ropes with bands, for ascending Palm Trees.
Oils. Specimens of Oils made at Cape Coast from African Nats and Seeds, by W. Melton, &c., viz. :
1 glass barrel Palm Oil.
Oil, cold drawn, refined.
Palm Oil Nuts.
Palm Oil Nut Kernels. Sessamum. Bennie Seed.
Egusi or Bitter Gourd Seeds.
Ground Nut Kernels.
Marcrocarpa (?) Bitter.
Earthenware. i Goldsmith's Furnace and Crucibles.
A Variety of Domestic Articles.-Cooking Pots, Plates, Water-pots and Bottles, Palm Wine Pot, Bowls, Hearths, &c., also some curiously shaped and Ornamented Black Bottles and Lamp from Wassaw.
An assortment of Ashantee Clay Pipes.
Arms. 2 Niger Swords in Ornamented Leather Scabbards. 1 Iron War Dagger from the Niger, per Bishop Crowther. 2 Lagos ditto, in Leather Sheaths.
1 Bow and Quiver of Arrows from the Houssa Country near the Niger.
Musical Instruments, &c. 1 Large Drum. 1 Small ditto. 2 Arm ditto. 1 Ditto, with black cord and sash.
3 Wooden ditto, with spake skin tops used at the Amusements and Feasts of the natives.
2 Adenkos-long Calabashes, carved.
Guinea Grains, or Grains of Paradise.
Coffee, grown in 8 months after planting the seed, by Mrs.
Kreppee, or Bitter Oil Nuts, the oil a remedy against the Tetse Fly, and all other insects.
One Bowl containing two masses Fragrant Gum, used for polishing and perfuming the skin after washing.
Two Cakes Bees Wax.
One fine Specimen of Gum Copal, Accra, and specimens of ditto.
Five Specimens of Coloured Powder Starch, a Novelty for the Laundry, by W. Melton.
One Pair Manillas, or solid Metal Ring Bracelets.
Shells of the Snail of the country, abounding in the forests, and largely consumed as an article of food at Cape Coast and Lagos.
One bundle Candlewood.
1 Water Bottle.
Chain Pattern, with Pendants.
Gold Dust and Gold Ornaments.
1 Breast Plate.
1 Albert Chain, cable pattern. (7 braided Short Chains.
MAURITIUS. An island lying in the Indian Ocean, between 57° 17' and 57° 46' E. long., and 19° 58' and 20° 32' S. lat. It is 400 miles east of Madagascar. It comprises an area of 676 square miles.
The Mauritius was discovered by the Portuguese in 1507. They claimed possession of it during nearly the whole of the 16th century. The first who made any settlement in it were the Dutch in 1598, who named it Mauritius, in honour of their Prince Maurice. It was abandoned by them in 1710, and afterwards taken possession of by the French. Mauritius was for a long time during the war a source of great mischief to our merchant vessels and Indiamen, from the facility with which sorties might be made from it upon our traders by French men-of-war and privateers. The British Government determined on an expedition for its capture, which was effected in 1810. The possession of the island was ratified by the Treaty of Paris, 1814.
Mauritius pays 45,0001. per annum to the Imperial Government as military contribution, but this amount is subject to reduction when the garrison is below the standard fixed upon as necessary for the defence of the colony.
Total police force, 849.
Revenue and Expenditure.
£ 1864 638,067 602,279 1865
646,730 667,716 1866 639,576 700,048 1867 534,992 642,602 1868
577,686 641,272 1869 595,024 575,180 1870 608,166 591,579 1871 616,952 600,961 1872 703,159 650,327 1873 693,081 657,110 1874 720,130 727,063
1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874
Imports and Exports. £
f 2,141,350 2,629,519 2,048,000 2,501,000 1,720,000 2,003,800 2,000,069 2,321,243 1,619,906 2,601,657 1,953,993 2,049,987 1,807,382 3,054,054 2,437,512 3,177,301 2,165,400 3,238,700 2,427,813 2,697,892
Public Debt, 895,6001., bearing interest 6 per cent.
Cl. 600 to 602.
Mauritius. Flore Mauricienne. 24 bottles preserved fruit, &c.
Horne, J., Mauritius Botanical Gardens,
Cabris, Bois Cerfs, &c.)
Natte grand feuille).
Bois de Natte).
XIV.–Prockia theæformis (Fandaman,
Tambour, Pomme Jacot, Pot de
marbré). XVII.—Calophyllum Sps. (Takamaka
blanc). XVIII.--Erythrosperum verticillatum (Bois
non). XXII.- ? (Bois Banane). XXIII.-Colophania Mauritiana (Bois de
Colophane). XXIV.- ? (Bois Lallo). XXV.-Syzygium species (Bois de Pomme
grande feuille). XXVI.--Calophyllum spectabilis (Bois de
Takamaka, ou Takamaka grande
feuille). XXVII.-Quisivia oppositifolia (Bois