Oldalképek
PDF
ePub

Cl. 672.

Cl. 662.

C1, 594.

CI. 621,

624. CI. 622. CI. 611.

Cl. 596.

Cl. 300.

Cl. 656. CI. 700 to

707. CI. 600.

CI, 300.

Cl. 601.

Cl. 300.

Cl. 200,

272. CI, 666.

CI. 306.

CI, 645.

Cl. 306.

CI. 650.

Cl. 306.

709. Cl. 430.

Bermuda Potatoes raised from Irish or American Seed, but much modified by Climate.

Bermuda Tomatoes. American Seed.

Bermuda Onions, chiefly from Madeira Seed, modified by climate.

Committee, The. Bananas and other Fruits. To be forwarded at the proper season.

Hugh, J. B. Dried and Preserved Fruits.

Bermuda, Gov. of. Flowers, Ferns, and Ornamental Plants.

Several Contributors. Sections and Specimens of Woods.

Astwood, Mrs. Birds-eye Cedar, and other ornamental Woods.

Eugh, J. B. Medicinal Herbs and Drugs.

Peniston w. Fibre prepared from the leaves of Fourcroye gigantia.

Bermuda, Gov. of. Conch Shells (strombus gigas) used by Cameo Cutters. An Extinct Land Shell of relatively large size. Sp. of Hyalline.

Bermuda, Gov. of. Corals, Sponges, Nullipores, and Corallines, Sea Fans (Gorgonias), Sea Rods, (Plexaura).

Tucher, Tho, Fowle. Arrowroot.
Bertram, J. T. Arrowroot.
Bertram, J, T, Tous les Mois.

(To be sent at the proper season.) Trimingham, J. Palmetto Plat, and articles made from the Palmetto leaf.

Trimingham J. Bermuda Straw Plat, Bonnets, &c.

Middleton, T. D. Articles in Point Lace. Somerset Island.

Smith, Mrs. R. T. Fine Point Lace.

Ness, Miss. Point Lace Sleeveless Basque.

Ness, Miss C. Point Lace Sofa Pillow.
Lines, Mrs. Point Lace,
Trimingham, J. Wreath of Shell Work.

Bermuda, Gov. of. Walking Canes from the exterior of the Gru-gru Palm (Astrocaryum Auream (Cedar and other Walking Canes.

Bermuda, Gov. of. Two inlaid Tables Bermuda Wood and Workmanship.

Bermuda, Gov. of. Tools used in freeing the ground of the Roots of Sage and Wild Mimosa.

Hinson, Dr., M.D. Model of a Bermuda Yacht, Cutter-rigged, length of keel 4ft. ; scale about th.

Admiralty, Lords of the. Model of Her Majesty's Floating Dock at Bermuda.

Sectional Drawing of Ditto.

Education, Board of. School Map of the Bermudas.

Bermuda, Gov. of. Large General Map of the Bermudas, details by Royal Engineers and Major Crawford, R.A.

Bermuda, Gov. of, Diagram showing the Monthly Mean Temperature of Bermuda compared with other places of Winter resort. Drawn by Lieut. Col. Bland, R.E.

Thorpe, Mrs. W. “ Afternoon in Bermuda."

Wilkinson, Major H. J. « The Sand Hills."

Anon, Bermuda Flowers from Nature.

Somerset, Col. Fitzroy, R.E. Photo. graphs of Bermuda Scenery, by the Royal Engineers.

Hugh, J. B. Photographs of Bermuda Scenery

HISTORICAL SECTION. Bermuda, Gov. of. Examples of the Ancient Records of the Colony of Bermuda from 1616.

Title Deeds, or Original Grants of Land of the Bermuda Company, 1628–9.

Bermuda, Gov. of. Fac-simile of the earliest published Map of Bermuda, from Norwood's Survey of 1616.

MISCELLANEOUS. The top of a Pillar of Stalagmite, taken from the floor of a Submerged Cave about 2 feet below low-water mark.

A small Stalactite taken from the roof of the same cave, where the top was also submerged below low-water mark.

These are exhibited in evidence of the

gradual subsidence by operation, of which the floors of nearly all the caves are somewhere below low-water mark.

Cl. 430.

Cl. 658,

622, CI. 658,

622. CI. 658,

622. Cl. 600,

254.

Cl. 306.

CI. 251.

CI. 252.

CI. 306.

[blocks in formation]

BRITISH GUIANA, This Colony is a portion of the South American Continent, extending from east to west about 200 miles. It includes the settlements of Demerara, Essequebo, and Berbice. It is bounded on the east by Dutch Guiana, from which it is divided by the River Corentyn, on the south by Brazil, on the west by Venezuela, and on the north and north-east by the Atlantic Ocean.

This territory was first partially settled by the Dutch West India Company in 1580. It was from time to time held by Holland, France, and England. It was restored to the Dutch in 1802, but in the following year retaken by Great Britain, to whom it was finally ceded in 1814.

It is impossible to determine the exact area of the Colony, as its precise boundaries are undetermined between Venezuela and Brazil respectively, but it has been computed to be 76,000 square miles.

Under the Dutch, Demerara and Essequebo constituted one Government, and Berbice another, which arrangement indeed continued in force under the British Administration down to the year 1831.

Revenue and Expenditure.
£
£

1868 1,618,378 2,232,212
1865
379,392 300,894

1869 1,572,275 2,164,014
1866 304,817 310,878

1870 1,572,275 2,164,015 1867 275,209 307,061

1871 1,897,183 2,748,720 1868 290,881 297,349

1872 2,013,553 2,462,703 1869 311,377 293,636

1873 1,764,571 2,217,432
1870 354,131 325,855

1874 1,873,219 2,761,837
1871
379,647 338,053

Population in 1871, total 193,491.
1872 449,060 391,219

Natives of British West India Madeira and Other 1873 361,932 399,990

Guiana.

Islands.

Azores, places. 1874 475,885 485,893*

113,570 13,385 7,925 9,635 Public Debt, 426,0301.

Estimated present Population, 1875, 212,000. Amount invested for Sinking Fund at close of 1874

Immigrant Population, 1874, on Estates, or otherwise secured, 400,6661.

Under

Indenture. Total Value of Imports and Exports.

Indians

33,360
£
£
Chinese

3,875
1865 1,359,292 2,089,639

Africans

362
1866 1,530,675 2,170,967
1867 1,498,524 2,365,777

Total 38,597 * The revenue and expenditure here is exclusive of the sums raised for and expended on immigration by the planters.

† It is a strange coincidence that the total value of the imports in 1869 and 1870 were precisely similar, whilst there was only the difference of one pound between the exports of the same years.

The aboriginal Indians were estimated in 1851 at about 7,000; but Mr. M'Clintock, Superintendent of Rivers and Creeks, an undoubted authority on the subject, carries the number as high as 20,000 or 21,000, but the numbers of the tribes within the British territories vary, and are at all times very uncertain.– From Colonial Office List, 1876.”

Samples of Sugar, Ram, and other Articles contributed by various Sugar Estates

and private Gentlemeni 7 samples Vacuum Pan Sugar, by plantation Great Diamond. 1 sample Rum, by plantation Hope. 3 do. do., by plantation Met-en-Meerzorg.

2 do. do., by plantation Leonora. 2 do. do., by plantation Bel Air.

2 do. do., by plantation Tuschen de Vrienden. 2 do. do., by maceration, by plantation La Bonne Intention. 1 sample Rice, Creole, by plantation Great Diamond. 1 do. do., by plantation Ogle.

1 specimen Greenheart Wood, nearly 100 years old, by 2 do. do., by plantation Taschen de Vrienden.

T. H. Mackey, Esq. 1 do. do., Molasses, by plantation Tuschen de Vrienden. 1 do. Plantain Fibre, Musa Paradisiaca, by B. J. Godfrey, 2 do. do., by plantation Uitvlugt.

Esq. 1 do. do., by plantation Greenfield.

I do. Silk Grass Fibre, Bromelia Karatas, by B. J. Godfrey, 2 do. do., by plantation Hope.

Esq. 1 do. Common Process Sugar, by plantation Columbia.

I do. Mahoe Fibre, Hibiscus Elatus, by B. J. Godfrey, Esq. No. 1. Samples Best White Vacuum Pan Sugar, by macera- I do. Sweet Briar Fibre, Acacia, by B. J. Godfrey, Esq. tion, by plantation Leonora.

1 do. Monkey Apple Fibre, by B. J. Godfrey, Esq. No. 2. Samples for Copenhagen markets, by maceration, by Rice Straw Ornaments, by plantation Great Diamond. plantation Leonora.

Also a collection of Starches, Drugs, and other Medicinal No. 3. Samples shipping for the English markets, by macera- productions of the colony, prepared by William Fresson, Esq. tion, by plantation Leonora.

Feb. 25th.—Received this day two samples of Common 2 samples Rum, by plantation Great Diamond.

Process Sugar from plantation Vrecd-en-Hoop; and two I do. do., by plantation Lusignan.

samples of Vacuum Pan Sugar from plantation Versailles.

CEYLON AND STRAITS SETTLEMENTS.

CEYLON.

An island situated in the Indian Ocean, off the southern extremity of Hindostan ; lying between 5° 55' and 9° 51' N. lat., and 79° 41' and 81° 54' E. long. ; its extreme length from north to south, i.e., from Poin Palmyra to Dondera Head, is 266 miles ; its greatest width 1404 miles from Colombo on the west coast to Sangemankende on the east.

The climate for a tropical country is comparatively healthy; the heat in the plains, which is nearly the same throughout the year, being much less oppressive than in Hindostan. Along the coast the annual mean temperature is about 80° Fahr. ; at Kandy, 1,465 feet above sea level, it is 76o (average of 10 years); at Colombo the annual variation is from 76° to 86°; at Galle 70° to 90°; and at Trincomalee 74° to 91°. In the mountain ranges there is of course a great variety of climate, the thermometer at the hill station, Nuwara Eliya which is some 6,000 feet above the level of the sea, falling at night as low as 32°.

Ceylon was visited in early days by the Greeks, Romans, and Venetians ; in 1505 the Portuguese formed settlements on the west and south of the island ; in the next century they were dispossessed by the Dutch, In 1795-6 the British took possession of the Dutch settlements in the island. They were annexed then to the Presidency of Madras, but five years later, in 1801, Ceylon was constituted a separate Colony. In 1815 war was declared against the native government of the interior; the Kandyan King was taken prisoner, and the whole island fell under the rule of the British.

By letters patent under the Great Seal, April 1831, a Council of Government was appointed, and by a supplementary commission to the then Governor (March, 1833) the form of Government almost as now existing was established.

1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874

Revenue and Expenditure.

Value of Imports and Exports.
£
£

£

£
867,728
843,292

1864

5,526,964 3,111,268
978,492
838,193

1865
5,022,179

3,565, 157
962,873
917,669

1866
4,961,060

3,586,452
969,936
927,932

1867
4,504,338

3,530,224
925,265
974,950

1868
4,403,177

3,786,721
946,494
881,373

1869
4,635,023

3,631,065
1,091,606
1,026,871

1870
4,634,297

3,803,731
1,121,679
1,064,184

1871
4,797,952

3,634,853
1,174,698
1,062,994

1872
5,169,524

3,139,060
1,290,918
1,176,258

1873

5,574,538 5,439,591 1,324,328 1,184,192

1874

5,691,860 4,687,388 Public Debt, 600,0001. at 6l. per cent.

From Colonial Office List, 1876." Armitage Brothers, Columbo, Ceylon. Samples of Raw Products of Island of Ceylon.

STRAITS SETTLEMENTS.

Singapore is an island about 25 miles long by 14 wide, situated at the southern extremity of the Malayan peninsula, from which it is separated by a narrow strait about of a mile in width. There are a number of small islands adjacent to it which form part of the settlement.

The seat of Government is the town of Singapore, at the southern point of the island, in lat. 1° 16' N., and long. 103° 53' E.

Penang is an island about 20 miles long and 9 broad, containing an area of 107 square miles, situated off the west coast of the Malayan peninsula in 5° N. lat., and at the northern extremity or entrance to the Straits of Malacca. On the opposite shore of the mainland, from which the island is separated by a strait from 2 to 10 miles broad, is Province Wellesley, a strip of territory forming part of the settlement, avera width, and extending 45 miles along the coast, including 10 miles of newly acquired territory to the south of the Krean (vide infra).

The chief town is George Town, in 5° 24' N. lat. and 100° 21' E. long.

Malacca is situated on the western coast of the peninsula between Singapore and Penang, about 120 miles from the former and 240 from the latter, and consists of a strip of territory about 42 miles in length, and from 8 to 24} miles in breadth. The principal town called Malacca, is 2° 10 N. lat., and 102° 14' E. long.

Malacca is one of the oldest European settlements in the East, having been taken possession of by the Portuguese under Albuquerque in 1511, and held by them till 1641, when the Dutch, after frequent attempts, were successful in driving out the Portuguese. The settlement remained under the Government of the Dutch till 1795, when it was taken possession of by the English, and held by them till 1818, at which date it was restored to the Dutch, and finally fell into our hands in pursuance of the treaty with Holland, the 17th March 1824, in exchange for the East India Company's settlement at Bencoolen, on the west coast of Sumatra. By that treaty it was arranged that the Dutch should not again meddle with affairs or have any settlement on the Malayan peninsula, the British Government agreeing at the same time to leave Sumatra to the Dutch.

Revenue. Expenditure.

£ 1866

260,000

233,000 1868

276,642

254,391 1874

309,991

317,726

From Colonial Office List, 1876." Behn Meyer & Co., Singapore, East Indies. Samples of Raw Products of Straits Settlements.

JAMAICA.

An island situated in the Caribbean Sea, and to the southward of the eastern extremity of the Island of Cuba, within N. lat. 17° 40' and 18° 30, and W. long. 76° 10 and 78° 30'. It is the largest of the British West Indies, being 140 miles in length, and 50 in extreme breadth, and containing about 4,200 square miles.

Jamaica was discovered by Columbus on the 3rd May, 1494. He called it St. Jago. It remained in the possession of the Spaniards for 161 years, when it was attacked by a force sent by Cromwell, under Admirals Penn and Venables, against Hispaniola. It capitulated, after a trifling resistance, on the 3rd May 1655 After the capture of the island, until the Restoration of Charles II., Jamaica remained under military jurisdiction. In 1660 the first establishment of a regular civil government was made by Charles II., who appointed G. D'Oyley Governor-in-Chief, with an Elective Council. In 1670 peace was made with Spain, and the title of England to Jamaica was recognized by the Treaty of Madrid. In 1807 the Slave Trade was abolished, at which time there were 323,827 slaves in Jamaica. During the last eight years of the trade 86,821 slaves were imported. On the abolition of slavery in 1833 Jamaica received 6,161,9271. of the 20,000,0001. granted by the Imperial Government as compensation to the slave-owners; being rather more than 191, a head on a slave population of 309,338.

Climate. There is great variety of climate ; the medium heat at Kingston is about 80°, and the minimum 70° Fahrenheit throughout the year. At an elevation of from 4,000 to 5,000 feet, the average mean range is 60° to 70°, the minimum in winter being 44o. On the Blue Mountain Peak ice of some thickness has been found in March. Owing to the lofty mountains which run down the middle of the whole island, it is possible, in a few bours, to get to a climate resembling that of Europe. From Kingston, the capital, a change of 30° in temperature can be attained by a ride of three hours. In the St. Andrew's mountains the variation is never more than 10° between night and day, and the same between summer and winter, the hottest days in summer being never above 80°, and the coldest nights in winter never below 60°. Jamaica is singularly free from hurricanes or earthquakes. The rainy seasons are in May and October, and last for about three weeks, with intervals of fine weather. The May seasons are irregular, but the October seasons seldom fail. The rainfall varies throughout the island from about 50 inches to 150 inches during the year.

« ElőzőTovább »