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From three hundred to six hundred tons.......
MORTGAGE OF ANY PROPERTY,
Every additional $500, or fraction.....
No stamp duty shall be required on powers of attorney or any other paper relating to application fur bounties, arrearages of pay, or pensions, or to the receipt thereof from time to time; nor on deposit notes to mutual insurance companies, for the insurance upon which policies subject to stamp duties have been or are to be issued: nor on any .05 warrant of attorney accompanying a bond or note, when such bond or note shall have been duly stamped: and whenever any bond or note shall be secured by a mortgage, but one stamp duty shall 1.00 be required to be placed on such papers, provided 3.00hat the stamp duty placed thereon shall be the highest rate required for said instruments, or either of them: nor to any indorsement of a negotiable instrument.
All official instruments, documents, and papers issued by officers of the United States government, or by the officers of any State, county, town, or .50 other municipal corporation, in the exercise of their ordinary governmental and municipal functions, are exempt.
PASSAGE TICKET, by any vessel to a for- Penalty for making, signing, or issuing any ineign port, if of price not over $35.............50 strument, or paper of any kind whatsoever, or for From $35 to $50.. ....... 1.00 accepting, negotiating, or paying, or causing to be And for every additional $50, or fraction...... 1.00 accepted, negotiated, or paid, any bill of exchange, (To Brit. No. Am., exempt.)
PAWNBROKER'S CERTIFICATE.... .05 PLAYING CARDS, for every pack, not over fifty-two in number.......
POWER OF ATTORNEY, to sell or transfer stock, bonds, or scrip; to collect dividends, interest, or rent....
To vote by proxy at any election for officers of any incorporated company or society, except charitable, religious, or literary societies or public cemeteries....
To sell and convey or to rent or lease real estate...
draft or order, or promissory note, for the paynent of money, without the same being duly stamped, and the stamp duly cancelled, with intent to evade the law, $50. For fraudulently using a .05 stamp without cancelling, $50. For paying, negotiating, or offering in payment, or for receiving or taking in payment any bill of exchange or order for the payment of any sum of money, drawn 25 or purporting to be drawn in a foreign country, but payable in the United States, without proper stamp, $200. For selling proprietary medicines, cosmetics, &c., matches, &c., sauces, jellies, &c., .10 without proper stamps, $50 for each offence.
For any other purpose............................................................ .50
For every additional $1000, or fraction.........
PROPRIETARY MEDICINES, &c., Per-
Not over 50 cents....
Instruments are not to be recorded unless properly stamped and cancelled.
Postage stamps cannot be used as revenue stamps.
In cases where an adhesive stamp shall be used for denoting any duty imposed by this act, the person using or affixing the same shall write or imprint thereon, with ink, the initials of his name, and date (year, month, and day), upon which the 25 same shall be attached or used, so that the same may not again be used
No deed, instrument, document, writing, or paper, required by law to be stamped, which has been signed or issued without being duly stamped, or 01 with a deficient stamp, nor any copy thereof, shall .02 be recorded or admitted, or used as evidence in any ... .03 court, until the proper stamp or stamps shall have .04 been affixed thereto and cancelled.
For every additional 50 cents, or fraction.......02
RECEIPT.-Receipts for the payment of
SAUCES, JELLIES, &c. -For and upon
The party to whom a document is issued from a foreign country, or by whom it is to be used, shall, before using the sanie, affix thereun the stamp or stamps indicating the duty required.
A waiver of protest or of demand and notice written upon negotiable paper, and signed by the indorser, is an agreement, and requires a five-cent stamp.
A mere copy of an instrument is not subject to stamp duty unless it is a certified one-in which case the certificate should have a five-cent stamp: but when an instrument is executed and issued in duplicate, triplicate, &c., as in the case of a lease of two or more parts, each part has the same lega! effect as the other, and each should be stamped as an original.
A marriage certificate issued by the officiating clergyman or magistrate to be returned to any offcer of a state, county, city, town, or other municipal corporation, to constitute part of a public recford, requires no stamp; but if it is to be retained by the parties, a five-cent stamp should be affixed.
Written or printed assignments of agreements, bonds, notes not negotiable, and of all other instruments the assignments of which are not particularly specified in the foregoing table, should be Istamped as agreements.
The Parsnip as a Field Crop.
IT has always been a matter of surprise, that the parsnip is so little appreciated as a crop for feeding dairy stock. When fed to cows, it improves the quality of the milk; it produces a richer cream and a finer flavored butter than any other root, and all animals are very fond of it. It is also one of the best of roots to feed to fattening stock. Moreover, it has the advantage of being perfectly hardy, and can be left in the ground without injury over winter, if anything prevents harvesting in November; or a part of the crop can be harvested in the fall, and the rest left through the winter to be dug in April, just when it is most wanted for cows and for ewes with lambs by their sides.
With these important advantages, it must certainly be regarded as one of the best on the list of root-crops for the dairy farm, and yet it is but little cultivated. This is owing, perhaps, in part to the fact that the seed must be fresh and new, and in part to the difficulty of pulling, the long tap root adhering with great tenacity to the soil. The former difficulty can be remedied by raising the seed on the farm itself, the latter by running a subsoil plough under the rows, one at a time, as they are gathered, thus loosening the hold of the roots upon the ground. It is easy to raise them at the rate of from six to eight hundred bushels to the acre, and they are commonly worth about fifty cents per bushel in the market.
The parsnip requires a soil free from rocks,—a free, rich, mellow loam; and on such soil, the cost per acre is but little greater than that for the cultivation of ruta bagas. It is desirable to plough the ground in ridges in the fall, and to apply old and well-rotted manure, at the rate of thirty or forty horse cart-loads to the acre in spring, to be ploughed under. The seed is to be sown-as early in spring as it is possible to plough and work the land-in drills about two feet apart, to give space to go through with the cultivator or the horse-hoe.
The seed may be sown by a machine at the rate of four or five pounds to the acre. It is a good plan to put in a few radish seeds to mark the drills and to guide the eultivator before the plants are sufficiently grown in early spring. When two inches high, or so, the plants must be carefully thinned and weeded. They may stand about three inches apart in the drills. If the weeds are completely kept down till the plants get a good size, the long leaves will shade the ground, and the work be less.
In harvesting, select a few of the best roots to set out in April for seed, which will ripen in July. The Long Smooth or Hollow Crown is the best variety. Use labor-saving implements as much as possible, and the cost per acre need not exceed seventy-five dollars.
EXPERIENCE has shown that there are hardy varieties of grapes that are adapted to our northern latitudes. They are, for the most part, native varieties, that have been produced either by the culture of seedlings or by hybridization. It has been proved by actual trial that, as a crop, it is easily produced, and is as profitable as any other that can be grown upon the farm, requiring less labor than most other crops, and, after the vines are once started, it is as reliable, year after year, as most others.
There is no inherent difficulty, therefore, in raising grapes of a good quality, and no reason, in the plant itself, why it should not be raised in quantities sufficient at least for the supply of every farmer's family, if not for sale as a source of profit upon every farm. The fruit is exceedingly healthful and delicate. There are certain diseases which it is known to cure. Why then should not its culture be widely extended?
Keep down the Weeds.
AFTER setting apart a piece of land for the growth of a crop, ploughing it carefully and manuring it to supply the plant food necessary to grow that crop, it is difficult to see any economy in allowing the weeds to grow and choke it. We have invested on that land a considerable sum of money, in labor, it may be, and in the rent or interest on the land, and in fertilizers. Now, as the manure we have applied becomes soluble and fitted by degrees to act as the food of plants, if we allow the weeds to grow they seize upon the manure and appropriate it to their own use, depriving the crop of the benefit of it. In other words, they rob us of an amount of money which we have invested, and expect to get back with interest, in the crop we are trying to cultivate.
Can any one doubt this? Can any one doubt that clean culture lies at the very foundation of success in farming? Can any one fail to see that it costs as much to grow weeds as it does to grow corn, or potatoes, or vegetables, which have a real money value when grown and ready for market? Keep down the weeds, therefore, cost what it may. If you can't cultivate ten acres cleanly and well, cultivate only five. If you can't cultivate five and keep down the weeds, try only three. What is
THE farmers' club, rightly conducted, is not only an educational, but a social institution. The farmer is naturally or necessarily isolated to a considerable extent, on account of the distance from neighbors, and the absorbing character of his work for the larger part of the year. When, therefore. a period of comparative leisure arrives, it is important that he should "make up for lost time," and place himself in a position to overcome the disadvantages of his position by meeting and associating with his friends and neighbors as much as possible.
It is undoubtedly true that the most valuable part of our knowledge is that gained in our intercourse with our fellow-men, rather than that derived from books and reading. The facts we gain from those engaged in the same pursuits as oursolves are more completely assimilated, as it were, and become a part of our own stock of knowledge, exciting thought and mental activity.
The more simple and the less formal the management of the club, the more popular and useful it becomes. For this reason it is more likely to prove a success when the meetings are held at the houses of the members than when they take place at any public hall. There is apt to be greater coldness and formality in the latter than at the social fireside of our neighbor, and this stiffness is to be avoided. A series of subjects for consideration through the winter should be arranged early in the season, and the time and place of each meeting. Some one of these subjects should be assigned to the member at whose house a meeting is to be held, and he may be expected to open the meeting with an essay. or a discussion of the subject assigned to him, to be followed by others. The interest should not be allowed to flag. Let the ladies be present at most of the meetings, and after the business of the club is over, a social gathering may follow.
In this way the club may be the means of much useful instruction, and of promoting good feeling and friendly relations between many who, without it, would be separated by sectional or denominational difference, so as not to discover that "a man's a man for a' that." An occasional public meeting, with a lecture, or a union meeting with a club in the next town, may be thrown in to give variety and wake up the people.
Advice on Personal Behavior.
CAREFULLY avoid the following things in personal behavior: Loose and harsh speaking; making noises in eating and drinking; leaning awkwardly when sitting; rattling with knives and forks at table; putting food into the mouth with the knife instead of the fork; starting up suddenly, and going unceremoniously out of the room; tossing anything from you with affected contempt or indifference; taking anything without thanking the giver; standing in the way when there is scarcely room to pass; going before any one who is looking at a picture or any other object; pushing against any one without begging pardon for the unintentional rudeness; taking possession of a seat in a car, theatre, or place of public meeting, which you are informed belongs to another; intruding your opinions where they are not wanted or where they would give offence; leaving acquaintances in the street, or a private company without bidding them good by, or at least making a bow to express a friendly farewell; slapping any one familiarly on the shoulder or arm; interrupting any one who is conversing with you; whispering in company; making remarks upon the dress of those about you, or upon things in the room; flatly contradicting any one; using slang expressions; acquiring a habit of saying "says he," "says she," " you know," " you understand; " picking your teeth with your fork or with your finger; scratching or touching your head or paring or cleaning your nails, before company; asking questions or alluding to subjects which may give pain to those you address. -SELECTED.
STATEMENT OF THE PUBLIC DEBT.
The following is the statement of the Public Debt, September 1, 1871:
(From the Census of 1870.)
Population of the United States.
Population of the Principal Cities.
Chicago, Ill.. 4,967
FOR FORETELLING THE WEATHER THROUGH ALL THE LUNATIONS OF EACH
This table was originally formed by Dr. Herschel, and is now published with some
Observations.-1. The nearer the moon's changes, first quarter, full, and last quarter, are to midnight, the fairer it may be expected to be during the next seven days. The space for this calculation occupies from ten at night till two next morning. 2. The nearer to midday, or noon, the phases of the moon happen, the more foul or wet weather may be expected during the next seven days. The space for this calculation occupies from ten in the forenoon to two in the afternoon. These observations refer principally to the summer, though they affect spring and autumn nearly in the same ratio.
3. The moon's change, first quarter, full, and last quarter, happening during six of the afternoon hours, i, e., from four to ten, may be followed by fair weather; but this is mostly dependent on the wind, as is noted in the table.
4. Though the weather, from a variety of irregular causes, is more uncertain in the latter part of autumn, the whole of winter, and the beginning of spring, yet, in the main, the above observations will apply to those periods also.
5. To prognosticate correctly, especially in those cases where the wind is concerned, the observer should be within sight of a good vane, where the four cardinal points of the heavens are correctly placed.
The Tides given in the Calendar pages are for the Port of Boston.
The following table contains the approximate difference between the time of High Water at Boston and several other places. The reader is warned that this table will not always give the exact time of the tide, as the difference varies from day to day. It is hoped, however, it will be near enough to be useful. The difference, if preceded by +, is to be added to, or if preceded by —, subtracted from, the time as given in the Calendar pages.