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The Strawberry. This delicious fruit is so easily cultivated, so healthful, and so universally popular, that it is worth while for every farmer to raise it in quantities sufficient, at least, tó supply his own family. Indeed why should not all the small fruits receive greater attention in every farmer's garden? They ripen for the most part at a season of the year when other fruits are scarce, and their free use is unquestionably conducive to health.

The old matted bed system, so common a few years ago, is now generally given up for better methods of cultivation. By that method, after the ground was thoroughly prepared, the plants were set out in rows about four feet apart and about fourteen inches in the row, as early in the spring as possible, or as soon as the soil was dry enough to handle. The weeds were carefully kept down till the runners began to spread, when the ground was levelled off, and the runners trained evenly over the bed, and they would entirely cover it by October. The next spring paths a foot wide were cut through the whole, leaving it in beds three feet wide, for con. venience of access in picking. After the crop was taken off the second year, the plough was run through, breaking up the whole bed. That method gave but one crop in two years, but that was a full and very profitable one, and it was claimed that it was less work to plant a new bed than to weed an old one.

But it was very expensive keeping the plants free from weeds the first year, since after the runners spread it was mostly hard work. It is admirably adapted to such varieties as throw up but one fruit stem to a plant, like Hovey's seedling, and others that must be thick to get any crop. That is called the annual system, and has been exteusively adopted by the market gardeners of Belmont, Massachusetts.

A modified form of this system is to plant in rows three feet apart only, and the playts allowed to cover a space only a foot wide. It is subject to the same trouble about weeding.

Another plan is to set in hills in rows three feet apart, and a foot or a foot and a half in the rows, cutting off all runners, and throwing the whole force and vitality into the main stalks. With some varieties, like the Triomph de Gand, and similar growers, it does well, giving fruit of splendid quality

Still another method is to set in rows two feet apart, and a foot apart in the row, cutting off all runners, and doing the weeding by hand culture. With high manuring the plants will bear two or three years without renewal, but it is all hand labor, and too expensive for field crops on a large scale.

A method which has been adopted, and practised with great success by Captain Moore, of Concord, is to plant in spring in rows four feet apart, and twelve to fourteen inches in the row. Weed with horse-hoe and cultivator till the runners start about the 1st of July. The spaces between the rows are then levelled with a rake, and two runners from each plant, one on each side, are laid in at right angles with the row, and one foot from the original plant, and all other runners are kept cut off, both from the old and the new plants. When the new plants are well rooted, the strinys by which they are attached to the old plants are cut off. This leaves a bed with three rows in it one foot apart, with a space of two feet between the beds. The overhanging of the leaves will give a space but one foot for a path for the pickers. Perhaps the following diagram will give a clearer idea of it, where the large stars show the original rows of old plants, and the small ones the new plants taken from the runners and struck in a foot from the old rows:

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This plan gives ample room to cultivate with a horse, or to use an onion hoe between the plants. The weeds can be kept down ou four beds, arranged in this way, easier than on one in the annual or matted bed system. By proper care and manuriug it will give three or four good crops without renewing.

Whatever method is adopted clean cultivation is essential to success, and without it no plan will avail to secure good crops. They should be hoed as often as twice in three weeks from the middle of May till the first of October. It is evident that about nine tenths of all the work they require comes in the first year, and the crops to follow will depend almost wholly upon the fidelity with whic that work is ne.

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Sheridan was once staying at the house Lord! who art merciful as well as just,

of an elderly maiden lady in the country,

who wanted more of his company than Incline thine ear to me, a child of dust : Not what I would, O Lord! I offer thee; | day, to take a stroll with him, he ex

he was willing to give. Proposing, one Alas! but what I can.

cused himself on account of the badness Father, Almighty, who hast made me

of the weather. Shortly afterwards she

met him sneaking out alone. “So, Mr. man, And bade me look to heaven, for thou

Sheridan,” said she, “it has cleared up." art there,

“Just a little, ma’ain,” said he, “ crough Accept my sacrifice and humble prayer.

for one, but not enough for two." Four things which are not in thy treasury, I lay before thee, Lord, with this petition :

SELECTIONS. My nothingness, my wants, my sing, and my contritiou.

A thing of beauty is a joy forever.


their way,

TABLE CONVERSATION. - A great deal 0, what a tangled web we weave of character is imparted and received at

When first we practise to deceive. the table. Parents too often forget this;

Scott. and, therefore, instead of swallowing your food in sullen silence, instead of We live in deeds, not years; in thoughts, brooding over your business, instead of pot breaths.

Bailey, severely talking about others, let the conversation at the table be genial, kind,

Strongest minds

Are often those of whom the world social, and cheering. Don't bring dis

Heary least. agreeable things to the table in your con

Wordsworth. versation any more than you would in How blessed is he who leads a country your dishes. For this reason, too, the

life, more good company you have at your | Unvexed with anxious care, and void of table, the better for your children. Every


Dryden. conversation with company at your table is an educator of the family. Hence the Where men of judgment creep and feel intelligence, and the refinement, and the

appropriate behavior of a family which | The positive pronounce without dismay. is giren to hospitality.


It is better to fight for the good than (Lince found under the pillow of a to rail at the ill. Tennyson. soldier who died in a hospital near Port

I dare do all that may become a man, Royal, South Carolina.)

Who dares do more is none.
I lay me down to sleep,

With little eare
Whether my waking find

The aids to noble life are all within.
Me here or there, -

Matthew Arnold. A bowing, burdened head

Time, that should enrich the noble mind, That only asks to rest,

Neglected, leaves a dreary waste behind. Unquestioning, upon

Cowper. A loving breast.

Other men's sins we ever bear in mind; My good right hand forgets

None sees the fardel of his faults behind, Its cunning now:

Herrick. To march the weary march,

Care to our coffin adds a nail, no doubt, I know not how.

And every grin, so merry, draws one out.
I am not
eager, bold,

Dr. Wolcot.
Nor strong — all that is past;
I am ready not to do,

Angry looks can do no good,
At last, at last.

And blows are dealt in blindness;
My half-day's work is done,

Words are better understood
And this is all my part-

If spoken but in kindness.
I give a patient God

My patient heart;
And grasp his banner still,

Any one who can say " Shoes and
Though all the blue be dim; socks shock Susan," with rapidity and
These stripes as well as stars faultless pronunciation four times run-
Lead after him.

ning, may claim a large reward.

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When I wer' still a bwoy, an' mother's Mamma. How dare you slap your little

sister, George
A bigger bwoy spoke up to me so kind-like. Gcorge. She kicked me when my back
“If you do like, I'll treat ye wi' a ride was turned, and hurted nie very much, I
in thease wheel-barrow here.” Zoo I can tell you!
wer' blind-like

Mamma. Where did she hurt you?
To what 'e had a-worken in his mind-like, George. Well, I can't azacly say where,
Au’mounted for a passenger inside;

hecause - because my back was turned,
An'comen to a puddle, perty wide, and I was looking another way!
He tipped me in, a-grinuen back behind-

Zoo, when a man do come to me so thick-



An' tell me he would do me this or that, appointed the first Wednesday in Janua-
I can't help thinken o' the big bwoy's ry, 178, for the people to choose electors,
trick like,

the first Wednesday in February for those
An' then, vor all I can but wag my hat,

electors to choose a president, and the An' thank 'em, I do veel a little shy.

first Wednesday in March for the govern. WILLIAM BARNES.

ment to go into operation. The last

pamed day fell on the Ith. Hence the Somebody who understands children 4th of Diarch following the election of a gives the following practical advice:

president, is the day appointed for his
One corner of the sitting-room or kitch- | inauguration.-

Campbell's Concise School
en should be given to the children, where History of the United States.
they may have liberty to do everything
not absolutely, sinful. A peck of clean

“ I expect,” said a worthy Quaker, “ to
sand in a tight box, with a funnel and

pass through this world but once. if, is capable of giving some chil. therefore, there be any kindness I can dren a great deal of pleasure. an

show, or anything I can do for my fellowounce of party-colored beads, doled out a


let me do it now, Let me not negfew at a time, with needle and thread to

lect or defer it, for I shall not pass this
string then, will amuse most little girls way again.”

or boys for many hours. Slate and pen-
oil, or paper and pencil, with a set of | A TEST FOR REPETITION AFTER
cheap drawing cards for models, are very

fascinating to children four or tive years
uld. A set of building blocks, costing

PANJANDRUM. -So she went into the
from one to three dollars, is an excellent garden to cut a cabbage leaf, to make an
investment for a bevy of juveniles.

apple-pie; and at the same time, a great

she-bear, coming up the street, pops ita A little girl sent out to hunt for eggs,

head into the shop. “What! no soap ?"

So he died, and canu back unsuccessful, complaining that

she very imprudently " lots of hens were standing around do

married the barber; and there were pres iný nothing."

ent the Picninnies, and the Joblillies, and

the Garyulies, and the grand Panjandrum Whenever you buy or sell, let or hire,

himself, with the little round button at make a clear bargain, and never trust to top; and they all fell to playing the game

of catch as catch can, till the gunpowder
“We shan't disagree about trifles.”

ran out at the heels of their boots.
A sour-faced wife is the liquor dealer's


Many persons think themselves per-

the wheels of the old cart creaked! The
fectly virtuous, because being well-fed
they have no temptation to vice. They

Road was quite tired of hearing their
dou’t distiuguish between virtue and complaints, when lo, suddenly they be-

came quiet, and went smoothly on, mak-
ing Hoodo hew! Souried the Road," what

no doleful .
Some boys and girls read a book entire-
ly through in a single evening, and the has happened that you take things so
next day are eagerly at work on another, easy to-day? Has the master taken off
to be as quickly devoured. No mind,

hall your load ?"
however strong, can stand such a strain.

No," said the Wheels, he hasn't done
You see at once that it would be abso- that; our burden is, if anything, heavier
lutely impossible for them to remember than before; but this he has done, he has
what they read. And so they read for a oiled us, so that whatever we may håve
momentary enjoyment, and gradually fall to bear, we have no longer the heart to
into the habit of reading to forget. I say a word against it."
need not tell you that such a habit is
fatal to any very high position in life, - Fine feathers make- just as good pil-
Merry's Museum.

lows as coarse ones.

One good turn - is as much as you can
AN EPITAPH. — I was well — wished expect from a cheap silk.
to be better read medical books — took A burnt child should be treated with

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READY FOR EITHER SIDE. ANSWER TO ARITHNETICAL PROBA countryman walked into the office of LEM. -- 442748} hours. a lawyer the other day, and began his ANSWER TO GEOMETRICAL PROBLEM. application.

-178.6 feet. “Sir, I have come to get your advice in

a case that is giving me some trouble,"
“Well, what's tlie matter ?”

2, IN ALMANAC FOR 1870:-
“Suppose, now," said the client, " that
a man had one spring of water on his
land, and his neighbor living below
should build a dam across the creek run-
ning through both farms, and it was to
back the water up into the other man's
spring, what ought to be done?"

“Sue him, sir — sue him, by all means."
said the lawyer, who always became ex-
cited in proportion to the aggravation of
his clients. “ You can recover heavy
damages sir, and the law will make him

pay well for it. Just give me the case,
and I'll bring the money from him.”

A foreign city you must find;

Take from it half a dozen; “But stop," cried the terrified applicant

If you reverse what now is left, for legal advice, “it's I that have built

She then may be your cousin.
the dam, and it's neighbor Jones that
owns the spring, and he threatens to suc

The keen lawyer hesitated a moment
before he tacked his ship and kept on.

A marble wall, a8 white as milk,
Ah! well, sir, you say that you built Lined with a skin as soft as silk;
a dam across that creek. What sort of a At length, a golden ball appears,
dam was it, sir?"

Bathed in a flood of crystal tears : “It was a mill-dam."

No entrance in, no gates unfold, " A mill-dam for grinding grain, is it? » Yet thieves break in and steal the gold. Yes, it was just that."

" And it is a good neighboring mill, is it?"

PUZZLE. “ So it is, sir, and you may well say A father has a square of land. He reso ?

serves for himself one fourth in the form " And all your neighbors bring their of a triangle; thus grain to be ground, do they?"

“Yes, sir; all but Jones."

" Then it is a great public convenience, is it not?»

"To be sure it is. I would not have built it but for that. It is far superior to

other mill, sir.” “And now,” said the old lawyer," you tell me that man Jones is complaining just because the water from the dam happens to put back into his little spring, and he is now threatening to sue you! He divides the remainder equally among Well, all I have to say is, let him sue, his four sons in such a way that the sons' and he'll rue the day, 88 sure as my name shares are each of the same shape. is B - »

PROBLEMS. A stirring housewife aroused her mald at four o'clock, with, " Come, Bridget, 1. Arrange the figures 1 to 9 inclusive, get up!

Here' 'tis Monday morning in such order that by adding them to. to-morrow is Tuesday, the next day's gether they amount to 100. Wednesday - half the week gone and 2. Place three sixes together so as to nothing done yet ! »

make seven.

6 bed

LEMS, &C., IN LAST YEAR'S AL- Why are birds melancholy in the morn-

ANSWER TO CHARADE. -Curl-papers. When is a workman like a dead man?

When do 4 and 4 not make 8? ANSWER TO PUZZLE, -NINE Why is the letter k like a pig's tail ? ANSWER TO CONUNDRUMS. – 1. One

What word is that which, by changing 18 hard up, the other soft down. 2. Stone, a single letter, becomes its own opposite? 3. Quick. 4. A ditch.

What is the oldest tree in America ?

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(Corrected Sept. 1871.) AFFIDAVITS, exempt.

Certificate of damage or otherwise, and all other

documents issued by any port warden or maAGREEMENT OR APPRAISEMENT.

rine surveyor, or person acting as such...... .25 -- Agreement or contract other than those Certificate of deposit in any bank or trust commentioned in this schedule (or any appraise- pany, or with any banker, or person acting as ment), for every sheet or piece of paper on such, for a sum uot exceeding $100..

.02 which it is written..... .05 Exceeding $100..,

.05 If inore than one agreement or appraisement Certificates other than these mentioned......... .05

is written on one sheet of paper, on each..... .05
Renewal of' agreement, same stamp as original CHARTER PARTY, or any letter or mem-

orandum relating to the charter of any ves, ASSIGNMENT of lease. (See LEASE.)

bel: if the registered tonnage does not exceed

one hundred and fifty tons... ASSIGNMENT or transfer of mortgage,

From one hundred and fifty to three hundred

3.00 exeinpt.

From three hundred to six hundred tons....... 5.00 ASSIGNMENT or transfer of insurance pol

Over six hundred tons.......

10.000 icy, saibe stamp as original iustrunient.

Renewal or transfer of charter, same stamp as

original instruinent. BANK CHECKS, DRAFTS, OR ORDERS, for any amount, on any bank, bank

CIGAR LIGHTS, made in part of wood, er, or trust company, at sight or on demand. .02 wax, glass, paper, or other materials, in par For amount exceeding $10, on any person oth

cels or packages containing twenty-five lights er than a bank, banker, or trust company, at

or less......

.01 sight or on demand........

.02 In packages of more than twenty-five and not
more than fifty..

.02 BILL OF EXCHANGE (foreign), or let.

For every additional twenty-five lights, or fracter of credit, drawn in but payable out of the


.01 United States, if drawn singly or otherwise than in a set of three or more same as in

CONTRACTS. - Broker's note or memoranland bills of exchange or promissory notes;

dum of sale of any goods or merchandise, drawu in scts of three or more, for every bill

exchange, real estate, or property of any kind of each set, where the sum made payable shall

or description issued by brokers, or persons not exceed $100, or the equivalent thereof, in

acting as such, for each note or memoranany foreign currency....... .02 dum of sale....

.10 For every additional $100, or fractional part

(See AGREEMENT.) thereot' in excess of $100...

.02 Bill or memorandum of sale, or contract for

sale of stocks, bonds, gold or silver bullion, BILL OF EXCHANGE (inland), draft, coin, promissory notes or other securities, or order for the payment of any sum of

when made by brokers, banks, or bankers, money, otherwise than at sight or on de- requires stamps equal to one cent on every mand, or Promissory Notes (except bank

$100, or fraction of $100, of the amount of notes and checks), or anya memorandum,

such sale or contract; when made by a percheck, receipt, or other written or printed evo

son, firm, or corporation not a broker, bank, idence of an amount of money to be paid on

or banker, and when property is not his or demand or at a tiine designated, for a sum

their own, for every $100 of value....... .05 less than $100, exempt; for every $100, or

A memorandum of sale or contract must be fractional part in excess of $100......


made by the seller to the buyer, and the

stamps affixed thereto. BILL OF LADING, or receipt other than charter party, for goods and merchandise ex

CONVEYANCE OR DEED OF GRANT. ported to foreign port, euch.

.10 - Each $500 of value or fraction....... .50 (Domestic and to British No. Am., exempt.)

DRAFT. (See BANK CHECKS.) BILL OF SALE.- Bills of sale of any ship ENTRY OF GOODS, at Custom House, or vessel, or any part thereof, for each $500 of

not exceeding in value $100...

.25 value, or fractional part.... .50 Not exceeding &500...

.50 Exceeding $500.

1.00 BONDS, of indemnity, for every $1000, or fraction, recoverable..


For the withdrawal of goods from, bonded

For the due execution of the duties of any office, 1.00
Of any description other than such as may be FRICTION MATCHES, in parcels or pack-
required in legal proceedings, or used in con- ages of 100 or less...

.01 nection with mortgage deeds, and not other- In packages of more than 100, and not more wise charged in this schedule..

than 200, for each parcel or package...

Bond of administrator or guardian, where value And for every additional 100, or fractional part
of estate is $1000, or lese, exempt; exceeding thereof.....

.01 $1000....

1.00 For wax tapers, double the rates herein imPersonal, for security for payment of money. posed upon friction matches. (See MORTGAGE.)

INSURANCE POLICY, on any life or lives, BROKER'S NOTES. (See CONTRACT8.) when the amount insured does not exceed


.25 CERTIFICATES, of measurement or weight Not exceeding $5000..

.50 of animals, wood, coal, or hay, exempt; of Exceeding 85000.

1.00 measurement of other articles..

.. .05 of stock in any incorporated company....

Fire, inland, and marine policies, or renewal, .25

assignment, or transfer of the same, premiof profits, or any certificate or memorandum

um not exceeding $10.

.30 showing an interest in the property or aocu

Premium not exceeding $50........... mulations of any incorporated company, for Exceeding $50.....

.50 an amount not less than $10, nor exceeding

Accident insurance policies are exempt. 850..

.30 From $50 to $1000..

.25 LEASE, where annual rent is 8.980 or less.... 50 Exceeding 81000, for every additional $1000, or Where the annual rent exceeds $300, for each fraction

additional $200, or fraction in excess of $300..50

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