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The Tides given in the Calendar pages are for the Port of Boston.
The following table contains the difference between the time of High Water at Boston and several other places in Massachusetts Bay. The tides of places outside of Massachusetts Bay cannot be referred with any accuracy to the tides of Boston, as the difference in time varies from day to day.
The sign - prefixed to the minutes in the table, denotes that they must be subtracted from the Boston time.
When this article meets the eye of our readers the Pacific Railroad will have become an old story, and to cross the continent of America in seven days will be a thing so common, as to be little thought of. Yet the opening of this road in May, 1869, was an event of great moment. Other roads will follow, and the great interior of the continent, with its vast mineral and agricultural resources, will be thrown open to the thronging hosts of Europe, Asia, and America, and the wilderness will become a garden. Our public lands still unsold are of vast extent. The building of these roads will bring millions of acres of them into the market, stimulating immigration from Europe, and thus building up great States, which will help pay interest and principal of the public debt.
Three great trunk roads are planned, and have been chartered and endowed with lands by Congress. These are the Northern, the Central, and the Southern. But one is as yet built. This, as our readers well know, is the Central road, running near the 41st parallel, and owned by two great corporations. The Union Pacific runs 1084 miles from Omaha, on the Missouri river, to Promontory in Utah, near the Great Salt Lake; and the Central Pacific owns from there to Sacramento, 690 miles. Sacramento is on a navigable river, and communicates both by steamers alone, and by a railroad and steamers, with San Francisco. The highest point of the road is at the summit of the Black Hills, 8240 feet above the sea, eight hundred miles from Omaha. About 150 miles farther, at Bridger's Pass, the road goes through the Rocky Mountains, 7534 feet above the sea. In California it crosses the Sierra Nevadas at the height of 7042 feet, 105 miles this side of Sacramento. The distance by this route from Boston to San Francisco is as follows:- Boston to Chicago, 1017 miles; Chicago to Omaha, 493 miles; Omaha to San Francisco, 1900 miles; in all, 3410 miles, — which is passed over in 7 days.
Some four hundred miles north of the Central road, near the 46th parallel, is to run the Northern road, chartered by Congress in 1864. This road will strike across from Lake Superior to Puget's Sound, Washington Territory, with a branch to Portland, in Oregon. When built, it will give access to upper Minnesota, Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Washington, and Oregon, thus opening a great mining and agricultural region to the settler.
The proposed Southern road was chartered by Congress in 1866, and is to run near the 35th parallel. It begins in South-west Missouri, to be connected by rail with St. Louis, Memphis, and New Orleans, and will cross the Indian Territory, Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona, to Southern California, where it will turn northward to San Francisco. Work is already begun on this road, both on the Californie side and in Missouri, and its managers confidently anticipate its early completion. Both the Northern and the Southern roads will pass through or near more fertile regions than the Central, and it is thought that all three lines are necessary to the proper development of our vast interior country, as well as for our commerce with the Pacific coast. The building of the Northern road will make the adjacent regions of British America gravitate towards our alliance, while the Southern road will unite Northern Mexico to us more closely, and all three will serve to bind together the distant members of the Great Republic.
(Corrected, September 1869.)
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"The best Juvenile Magazine ever published in
any Land or Language."
OUR YOUNG FOLKS.
J. T. TROWBRIDGE AND LUCY LARCOM,
The Publishers of "Our Young Folks," availing themselves of the best literary talent in the country, and adopting new plans suggested by the experience of the past four years, have made arrangements by which the magazine shall be rendered not only more attractive than any other juvenile magazine in the world, but more comprehensive and practical in its scope than ever before; and they feel confident that, in the large variety and instructive character of its contents, "Our Young Folks" will answer all reasonable demands of parents and educators for a magazine at once entertaining and useful. In addition to Stories, Sketches of Travel, and Poems, the magazine contains an increased proportion of valuable articles, from the best writers, on History, Biography, Science, Gardening, Industrial Topics, and other subjects of interest and practical importance.
The following are the principal features of the present volume of "Our Young Folks," which have attracted general interest, both by their value and the charming style of the writers:
I. The Story of A Bad Boy.
BY T. B. ALDRICH. The best and most popular story for young folks ever published in America. Fresh, natural, healthy, and manly in tone, graphic, and full of stirring incidents.
The leading Story of "Our Young Folks for 1870 will be furnished MRS. HARRIET BEECHER STOWE. Her name is sufficient guaranty that feature of the magazine will be of the first order of excellence and interest. The World We Live On.
A valuable and delightful series of articles by MRS. AGASSIZ, on Coal Deposits, Coral Animals and the Islands they build, Earthquakes, and other similar subjects. These papers will be continued in 1870. PROF. AGASSIZ takes deep interest in these articles, and carefully examines all of them. III. How to Do It.
A very charming and instructive series of papers by EDWARD EVERETT HALE, giving most valuable suggestions How to Talk, How to Read, How to Write, How to Travel, How to Act in Society, How to Work. These very valuable and interesting articles will be continued in the next volume. IV. Human Bees.
Articles on important and curious branches of industry, such as Coal Mining, Glass Making, Ship Building, &c., by J. T. TROWBRIDGE. Mr. TROWBRIDGE is preparing some papers for 1870 on the Departments at Washingtor showing how the work of the Government is done.
G. eat Navigators and Discoverers, by JAMES PARTON. A very valseries, conveying much geographical information, in a style to make it bered. This series of articles will be continued in 1870.
VI. Nature and Out-Door Life.
A charming and valuable series of articles, by the author of "The Seven Little Sisters;" also, by MAJOR TRAVERSE and CHARLES J. FOSTER, VII. Miscellaneous.
Articles on American History, Dialogues, Declamations, Short Stories, and other attractive matter, by the best writers, all profusely illustrated by the most skilful artists.
The Publishers will spare no pains or expense to make 'Our Young Folks' both instructive and entertaining,-a perfect magazine for boys and girls. TERMS: $2.00 a Year. A copy gratis to the person sending ten subscriptions and Twenty dollars. Specimen copies sent without charge.
FIELDS, OSGOOD & CO., Publishers.
124 Tremont Street, Boston, Mass.