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viz. those of King Charles I. when fine taste
The real name of "An Old Bushman," whose graphic notes on natural history, &c. have endeared his memory to a wide circle of readers, was Horatio W. Wheelwright. G. H. J.
HAMST'S "HANDBOOK OF FICTITIOUS NAMES" (4th S. i. 407.)-The "Irish whisky drinker's " name is Sheehan. He was at one time the editor of a Dublin newspaper called The Comet. I have not seen Mr. Hamst's book, but can he, or any one else, tell me who wrote Paul Ferroll? The author, I was told in America, is a lady, and the wife of a clergyman; but I have no certain evidence on the subject. Who was "Mask," author of St. Stephens, or Sketches of Politicians, published by Hugh Cunningham, 1839,—a series of clever, but violently abusive pen-and-ink portraits, in which the late Lord Lyndhurst is called "a clever, an unscrupulous, and a successful adventurer "; Sir Robert Peel, "the whipper-in of the pack that hunted down the noble Canning"; Lord "little Bobadil"; Lord Russell, Londonderry, a "the most insignificant and powerless public man in England"; "the Duke of Buckingham," a proSHAKESPEARE MEMORIAL LIBRARY, BIRMINGHAM.— moter of human sacrifices to Ceres"; Sir James Writing on the 9th Jan. 1864 (8rd S. v. 45), on the subGraham, ،، a talented and principleless person";ject of the proposed Shakespeare celebration, we expressed and Lord Stanley, now Earl of Derby, a "little our opinion that the fittest memorial of him who declared man with small features and reddish hair, fair complexion, with the restlessness of a squirrel and the snappish expression of an angry lap-dog"? I have heard the authorship of St. Stephens attributed to many prominent English politicians and writers: among others, to the late Mr. Thackeray. The style of "Mask," however, must at once cause such an hypothesis as the last to fall to the ground. Bitter and terse and trenchant, it is yet wholly deficient in the Thackerayian epigrammatic point and elegance. G. A. S. Putney.
the care and ability with which it was edited, that we may now confine ourselves to an announcement of the Brewer's interesting Introduction to the attention of our publication of the second volume, and recommending Mr.
Mrs. Green's volume is a continuation of the Series of Calendars of State Papers in the reign of Elizabeth, of which two volumes were edited by the late Mr. Lemon. This volume is full of new and curious illustrations both of the political relations and social condition of England during the eventful period to which it relates; and played their part in the busy drama of life. One of the most curious series of papers described, are the intelligent Letters written by or to Thomas Phelippes, the decipherer of the papers connected with Babington's Conspiracy.
abounds with references to the illustrious men who then
CASTLES AND OLD MANSIONS OF SHROPSHIRE.
MESSRS. LEAKE & EVANS of Shrewsbury purpose to publish, under this title, a volume of anastatic sketches
of the old domestic buildings of Shropshire, similar in style to the work lately issued, The Garrisons of Shrop shire (now out of print). The collection will consist of above fifty subjects, many of which are sketches of family mansions no longer in existence, and others only occupied paying expenses, will be given to the Salop Infirmary as farm-houses or farm-buildings. The surplus, after and the Eye and Ear Dispensary.
"A beggar's book outworths a noble's blood,"
would be A Free Public Library of English Literaturea library of which the shelves should be in the first place filled with all the various editions of the poet's works, and all the writings of his commentators, and which would justify its founders inscribing on its walls
SI MONUMENTUM QUÆRIS, CIRCUMSPICE! The same idea, which had suggested itself to Mr. Timmins of Birmingham, having met the approval of his intelligent townsmen, has at length been most successfully carried out, as our readers will see by the following interesting announcement:
"The Shakespeare Library, founded at Birmingham in 1864, as a Tercentenary Memorial-a monument to the poet in the appropriate form of a Library of Shakespearean Literature was formally opened for free public use on. 23rd April, 1868, the anniversary of Shakespeare's Birth, and the Mayor (Mr. Thomas Avery) gave a dinner in honour of the event. All the books have been presented to the Town Council as the permanent custodian, and a large and handsome room has been liberally provided, with a panelled ceiling, carved oak cases, and plate glass doors. The collection already includes more than one thousand volumes, many of which are costly, curious, and rare. Mr. Charles Knight presented more than one ginal quarto plays; Messrs. H. Sotheran & Co., a fine hundred volumes; Mr. J. O. Halliwell several rare orifirst folio; the late Mr. James Hunt, a fine copy of Boyfourth folio; Mr. Howard Staunton, a fac-simile of the dell's Shakespeare; while local Shakespeareans have liberally contributed funds and books; and Mr. Sam. Whitfield has given a remarkable collection of the Tercentenary Literature, collected at the time, and carefully arranged. Many valuable contributions have been received from collectors, authors, and publishers; and the library includes a large number of French and German books. The Honorary Secretaries, Mr. J. H. Chamber.
by SUFFOLK AUTHORS upon any including Pamphlets. Newspapers, and Serials, printed and published in the County of Suffolk, from the Earliest Date to the Present Time. One Copy only of each work required. Lists with Prices to be forwarded as above.
lain and Mr. Sam. Timmins, are constantly receiving WANTED by UT TO BOICE, Wangford, WORKS donations, a liberal annual subscription has commenced for the further purchases of books, portraits, prints, &c. which in any way illustrate Shakespeare's life and works. As the novelty, and interest, and value of a library formed exclusively of one author's works, and literature they have becomes and as the permanence of this collection is secured, every year will add to the treasures in the Birmingham Shakespeare Library, and it promises soon to become not only unique in Europe, but in the words of Mr. Charles Knight, to realize the best idea of honouring the memory of the greatest of England's sons."
DEATH OF LORD BROUGHAM.
Henry Lord Brougham is dead. He passed to his rest on the night of Thursday the 30th April, and was buried in the Protestant Cemetery at Cannes, in compliance with the earnest request of the English residents there, on Sunday last. No journal could pass unnoticed the death of one who has been well described as "the most wonderful man of a most wonderful age"; and there are special reasons why the writer of these lines-leaving to others the task of recording his extraordinary genius, his untiring energy, his labours for the promotion of civil and religious liberty, of popular education, and of legal reform-should bear public testimony to the warm-heartedness of Lord Brougham, and gratefully acknowledge the many unsolicited kindnesses received at his hand.. PEACE AND HONOUR TO THE MEMORY OF HENRY LORD BROUGHAM!
PAPER AND ENVELOPES.
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LONDON, SATURDAY, MAY 23, 1868.
NOTES:- - Parish Registers, 477 The First Prince of
QUERIES WITH ANSWERS:- Skelp-Symbols-Style of the
REPLIES:-Queen Bleareye's Tomb: Paisley Abbey, 486-
In this copied part of the register the dates are not entered in their proper order, regard having been had to the year only. Thus, in 1560 the months run July, October, April, January.
The book is singularly free from any allusions to events of any kind other than baptisms, mar
Battle of the Boyne-Nuts at Weddings Quotation riages, and burials of the people. A few visita
The Dunthornes- Toby Jug-Candle Plates, or Wallers, of Brass or Lattin, &c., 491.
Notes on Books, &c.
tions are mentioned; now and then a new rector's induction is noted, but the only reference to a public event occurs on the last page of the first volume. The entry immediately follows one giving date of presentation and induction of Nathanael Newburgh (1644 and 1645). It is in his handwriting
Perhaps it would be well if readers of "N. &Q." would examine all old registers which may come in their way, and give the result in these pages. We should then know what registers are now actually in existence, their condition, and the peculiarities of each. As a humble attempt to illustrate my meaning, I give the result of an examination of the parish register of Luddenham, near Faversham.
This entry requires two remarks-1. This George Bassett died in 1590-1. Under date 1590, after two entries in July, there is this: "Buryed the 28 of February Mr. George Bassett preacher of ye woord & of Luddenham." parson 2. "Since the 30 day of October, 1547," is not quite correct, as two entries in February and one in March precede the entry under date of October 30. Probably these were discovered after the book was commenced.
It consists of two volumes now bound together. The first gives the births, marriages, and burials from 1547 to 1654; the second from 1654 to 1772, with certain intervals to be mentioned hereafter. From 1547 to 1598 the entries are copied from an older register, as may be seen by the first entry in the book, which runs as follows: "Luddenham.-The Register following is truly copyed out of the old Register Booke of Luddenham and conferred together, nothing added or left out that concerneth the Record of Baptysings, buryalls, marriages or other thing pertaining to the church or parish.
"By me Peter Jackson, Clerke, Rect. Eccle. Lud. 1598." Immediately following is this entry:
"The names and surnames of certaine, found by George Bassett, Clerk, Parson of Luddenham, then in certain old papers, which by him are gathered and registered now, as many as could by any means by him be learned (?), of such as were christened, marryed and buryed sythens the 30 day of October, 1547."
The gaps in the register may be briefly mentioned. After May 12, 1553, this entry occurs: "From this present year untill 1560 can be found nothing remembered nor written."
The next registered christening bears date July 22, 1560. From March 8, 1561, to Aug. 5, 1563, there is also a hiatus duly noted by Peter Jackson. There is also a blank from 1661 to 1666.
"Bello plusquam ciuili inter Regios et Parliamentarios per plurimam partem Angliæ horribiliter grassante, Benè Vixi, quia benè satis.
Domino Exercituum, Deo Forti,
I may also note that marriages celebrated elsewhere-e. g. at Canterbury-are several times entered in this register. The first entry of date of birth, in addition to that of baptism, occurs in 1651. This practice was introduced by Nathanael Newburgh (who re-wrote the register from 1644 to 1654 inclusive. His copy is found in the second volume).
The cover of the second volume contains "Declarations of matrimoniall Bannes or Intended Mariages in the parish." The first entry is in 1654. Then follow eight in 1655, when the practice was discontinued.
wardens' "marks are curious. In no case is the cross used. Robert Back's mark is. George Cowland's is (not very distinct). John Cadman's is n. Thomas Brewster's is B. Henry Throwley's is H. John Stare's (?) is. Three surnames, which strike me as being uncommon, may be mentioned.
James Gentleman was rector of Luddenham from 1638 to 1644.
Thomas Thunder and Joan his wife are entered as buried, one in 1712, and the other in 1718. Friday was for years a common name in the J. M. COWPER. parish.
"That the Princess pleaded with her husband to make peace with her father (then closely besieged at Conway with his army, and starving on horseflesh); afterwards, when the fortune of war had changed, the English army surrounding all the mountains of Snowdon [rather a difficult piece of strategy], while the city of Bangor was wrapped in flames, she came down from the bleak summit of Carnedd Llewellyn, on which her husband had sought refuge, and passed along the desolate shores of Lake Ogwen to plead with King John that Llewellyn and his country might be spared.'
In spite of all this devotion, she was, we regret to learn, an unfaithful wife, and a romantic story is told how, some years after the death of her
"William de Breose, one of the most accomplished knights of his time, was taken in battle, and carried to Llewellyn's Castle (?), where a criminal intimacy arose between him and the Princess. Being soon detected by the Welsh Prince, he cast de Breose into a dungeon, and reproaching his wife for infidelity, prepared a more fatal vengeance. After some months-this part of the story is told in two simple couplets of popular Welsh verse- - he one day called her to him, and asked, "Fair lady, what would you give now to see your William ? Oh!' she answered, All England and all Wales would I give, and I would give you too, Llewellyn, to see my William Then see him yonder,' retorted the savage again!' chieftain, pointing out of the window to a tree where his dead body hung. The unhappy woman survived this terrible event eight or nine years. Her brother, King Henry III., obtained permission for her to come to him at Shrewsbury, but she never left the Isle of Anglesey, dying in 1237."
Now, with the exception of the date of her death, not one word of the above wonderful story is true. Where its author can have met with it is a mystery, though there are some passages in Bulwer's Harold regarding the Welsh King
Griffith, whose wife was a Saxon princess, which resemble it. But it is too bad to traduce the reputation of poor Joan in the above manner. If any historical facts were ever beyond question, the following are of the number:The Princess Joan, at the death of her father King John, in 1216, was a child of five or six years of age. She was then in the custody of Hugh de Lusignan (who afterwards married her mother), to whom she had been delivered, when an infant, by John. Lusignan retained the princess until compelled to give her up to her brother She Henry by the threat of ecclesiastical censure. was soon afterwards married (on June 25, 1221) to Alexander II. King of Scotland. From this time she appears frequently to have visited her brother Henry III., and received grants of land from him. After long sickness, and a fruitless pilgrimage in search of health to the shrine of St. Thomas à Becket, she died in the arms of her two brothers, Henry and Richard, Earl of Cornwall, on March 4, 1237.
The annals of Lord Hailes, Rymer's Fœdera, and contemporary chronicles, are conclusive as to the real history of the princess, who probably never saw Wales in her life; though she is said, in the legend under notice, to have been buried at the Convent of Llanfaes, near Beaumaris, where her If this statement rests stone coffin is preserved." also on the authority of "simple couplets of Welsh verse," it is perhaps equally untrue, and the whole shows the danger of trusting to historical writer of the article confined himself to what facts embalmed in "popular poetry." Had the he has drawn from the researches of so good an antiquary as the late Mr. Hartshorne, whose ingenious derivation of "Ich dien" from "Eich dyn" is given, he would have avoided the blunders which I have ventured to correct.
ANCIENT TITHE COMMUTATION.
In the Register-book of the parish of Whitney, co. Hereford, is inserted the following tithe composition, which seems sufficiently curious to merit publication. Whitney lies on the extreme western border of the county, within a few miles of the Wye, within the parish, are very rich, and if the town of Hay. The pastures on the banks of the original payment of eighteen cheeses from every owner of cows had been retained, the income of the benefice would far exceed the amount, 2001. per annum, which it now reaches. "Sir Roger Lawrence's" church and parsonage have both disappeared: the former (and perhaps the latter also) was swept away by a sudden change in the course of the river about the year 1735. C. J. R.
"In ppetuam rei memoriam Maii 7o 1682. The coppy of a composition as appeareth made between Roger Law
rence, parson of the parish of Whitney in the county of Heref. and the inhabitants of the said parish concerning the payment of tyth cheese by them to him.
"The originall whereof is now in the custody of Charles West one of the inhabitants of the sayd parish.
Bee it knowne to all true christen people to whom this psent writing shall come to see heare or read that I Sr Roger Lawrence of Whitney in the county of Hereford Clerk parson of the parish church of Whitney foresaid. Know yee mee the said Sr Roger for certaine good and
lawfull considerations mee moving have consented and agreed wth the patron and the whole parishioners of the said parish church of Whitney whose names are underwritten in manner and forme following That is to wit as considering in times past the said parishioners and every of them did pay unto my predecessors sixe cheeses of every house dwelling and inhabiting wthin the sd parish having any kyne wthin the same so that in those days my prdecessors had not a competent living to maintain him to live therupon for in those dayes there was not great encrease of corne wthin the said parish And at that tyme the said parishioners did give and grant of their owne good will to my said prdecessours xviij cheeses of every house yearly for to maintain the living of my said prdecessours And whereas the said parish now being well replenished with corne where in those dayes there was but wild grounds and woods And also considering the great need and scarsitie of the poore inhabitants of the said parish for lack of whitemeat for the maintaining and bringing up of their children and servants for to maintaine their good husbandry I the said Sr Roger for mee and for my successors parsons of the said parish by these psents have remised released and for ever quite-claimed the foresaid parishioners and every of them of the foresaid former payment of eighteen chceses to my predecessors granted And the said parishioners have promised for them and for either of them to pay unto mee the said Sr Roger and unto my successors vi cheeses yeerly of every householder or householders or any other that grases any leasowes within the ad parish according to the foresaid auncient Custome to be payed in manner and forme following that is to say three at the feast of the Nativity of S. John Baptist and the other three on the first day of August and the said parishioners and every of them shall bring or cause to bee brought the said cheeses yeerly at the day as above limited to the parish church of Whitney aforesaid good and sufficient in the sight of ij indifferent honest men of the sd parish.
"In witnesse whereof I the said Sr Roger hereunto have
subscribed my name and put my seal the xxvi day of
"ROBERT WHITNEY Knight
THE JESUIT SPEE AND THE TRIALS FOR WITCHCRAFT.
The whole merit of the abolition of the cruelties of the trials for witchcraft has been so often claimed by writers like Lecky for rationalism, that the publication of the following noble protest of the Jesuit Spee* will, I think, serve the cause
* Friedrich von Spee (1595-1635), Cautio Criminalis seu de processibus contra Sagas, &c. Rinthelii, 1631. What manner of man Spee was-that he was no half
"So judges," says Spec, "were ordered by the princes to proceed with the utmost rigour. They set to work, but find no proofs-no signs of sorcery. They know not where to begin. They are accused of negligence, of complicity with the witches. The judges are warned. New commissions are issued, headed by inexperienced men, whose cupidity is roused by the reward of 4 or 5 thalers for each person convicted. They hear some calumny uttered against a poor old woman; they dive into her past history, and always find reason for concluding that she is a witch. Has her past life been blameless; has she frequented the sacraments-what clearer proof of witchcraft can there be? for every one knows that hypocrisy is the best cloak of crime. She is put in prison. If she appears frightened, knowing what tortures await her, her fear comes from her guilty conscience; if she is firm, this is due to her forehead of brass. Spies, men for the most part without conscience, are employed to discover proofs of guilt. No advocate is allowed the wretched woman. Her denials of guilt are attributed to obstinacy. If she persists in her declaration of innocence, she is tortured. The mildest form of the torture is first employed. This consists in applying to the woman's legs a toothed machine of iron, which presses the flesh till the blood spouts out. Other and severer tortures follow, tortures so awful that many women, though convinced that they would be lost for ever for the lie, falsely declared themselves guilty, and were led back to prison to wait for death, with none to comfort them or to strengthen them in those terrible hours."