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CSAVATAR

United States Mortgage & Trust Co.

59 CEDAR STREET, NEW YORK

Capital $2,000,000

Transacts a General Banking Business

Allows interest on Deposits subject to check
Is Legal Depositary for Court and Trust Funds
Acts as Fiscal Agent for Cities and Corporations

Buys and Sells Foreign Exchange
Issues Commercial and Travelers' Credits available
in all parts of the world

Loans Money on Bond and Mortgage
Issues First Mortgage Trust Gold Bonds
Acts as Trustee, Registrar and Transfer Agent

Transacts a General Trust Business

OFFICERS
GEORGE W. YOUNG...................President
LUTHER KOUNTZE..

Vice-President
JAMES TIMPSON..

2d Vice-President ARTHUR TURNBULL.. 8d Vloe-President CLARK WILLIAMS

... Treasurer WILLIAM P. ELLIOTT..

Secretary RICHARD M. HURD...

Asst. Secretary CALVERT BREWER. ....Abst. Treasurer ALEXANDER PHILLIPS......Men'g For'n Dept.

Cod. 9. 1900, by TEE NORTE 29 (ERICAN REVIEW PUBLISHING Oo. All rig: reserved. at t

Sant New Yooooted for rentoasian och the Ganda

DR. Minot fund

NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW.

No. DXXI.

APRIL, 1900.

WAR.

BY ÉMILE ZOLA.

In the first place, I must confess that my whole being rebels against the idea of war. Its massacres exasperate me and appear to me a useless atrocity. This may seem a sentimental view of the matter, one for which temperament and mental and physical habits are undoubtedly responsible, but it is also a reasonable view, for, in looking back over history, I am amazed at the bloody uselessness of war.

I have not yet found, and I believe no one has discovered, the pretended law of civilization demanding that nations mercilessly attack one another. In the beginning there was evident need of war, it being the means by which nations were enabled to establish themselves and to acquire their respective strips of land. Then came immigration, political upheavals, long hereditary hatreds; but, apart from that, I doubt if, as has sometimes been alleged, war has been a means toward civilization. Our map of the world bears no trace of it as a civilizing element. All great conquerors such as Alexander, Cæsar, Charlemagne and, at a later day, Napoleon, bettered the world only by what they were able to give it of the good and beautiful, and we are shocked at the hurtful consequences of some of their brilliant exploits. The great empires founded by their splendid warlike achievements have

VOL. CLXX.-No. 521. 29 Copyright, 1909, by Tue North A XERICAN REVIEW PUBLISHING COMPANY. All rights reserved.

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