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Something at cheerful intervals was due Who tread the foolish mund their fathers trod To Roman classics, and Athenian too.
And,'midst hite'seriours, hit on death's by-road's. Plato with raptures did his soul inspire ;
Midst racking pains 16 his mind was calm and Plotinus fann'd the Acadeinic' fire
ev'n; Then came the Stagyrite ;-whose excellence Patience and cheerfulness to him were giv'n; Beams forth in clearness, brevity, and sense! Patience! the choicest gift on this side Hear'n! Next, for amusement sake, he tum'd his His strength of parts survivid the sev'ntieth year, eves
And then, like northern fruits, left off to bear; To them, whom we despoil, and then despise : Nought but a vestal fire such heat contains ; Före-most of these, unrivall d Shakespeare stands; Age seldom boasts so prodigal remains 17. With Hooker, Raleigh, Chillingworth, and Sume few beyond life's usual date are cast : Sands 12;
Prime clusters of tbe grape is till winter last. ! For in those days were giants in our lands!")) | Tu these a sacria preference is giv'r: : Thus, like the bee, he suck'd from ev'ry tlow'r, Each shaft is pulish'd, and ib'einployer Heav'n s. And hour surpass'd the predecessor hour.
Jeffr**s (if that were possible) restrain'd Latimer's father 13 was his type of yore,
His fury, when you mournfully complain’d 21 Little he had, but something for the poor;
And Kirk's barbarians, hard as harden'd steel, And oft on better days the board was spread l'orgot their Lybia, and vonchsaf'd to feel. With wholesome meat and hospitable bread. When crowns were doubtful, and when numPoor in himself, men poorer he reliev'd,
bers steer'd And gave the charities he had receiv'd.
As honour prompted, or self-int'rest veer'd, The midnight-lamp, in crystal case enclos'd, (Times! when the wisest of mankind might err, Beams bright; nor is to winds nor rains ex
And, lost in shadows, wrong or right, prefer ;) posu:
The tempter, in a vapour's forin 2, arose, A watch-tow'r to the wand'rers of mankind; And o'er his eyes a dubious twilight ihrows, Forlorn, belated, and with passions blind "4, To lead him, puzzling, o'er fallacious ground,
Suborn his passions, and his sense confound: 11 Academic is used in the Horatian sense of | (For mists at once enlarge and multiply;?
Pomp to foretaste, and mitres pre-descry; the word :
Our hero paus'd-and, weighing either side, Atque inter sylvas Academi quærere verum. Took poverty, and conscience for his guide: 1? Edwyn Sandys, arehbishop of York, was
For he, who thinks he suffers for his God, one of the first eminent reformers, not only of our
Deserves a pardon, tho' he feels the rod. holy religion, (which almost every person knows) | That were a criine bad cost his virtue dear!
Yet blam'd he none; (himself in honour clear;) but of our language (which circumstance few persons are apprized of). His sermons (the time Thus all he lov’d; and party he had none, when he preached them being duly considered) Except with charity, and Heav'n alone. may be looked upon as a master-piece of elo
In his own friends some frailties he allow'd'; quence and fine writing. They were chiefly
These were too singular, and those too proud.
Rare spirit! in the midst of party-Alame, preached between the years 1550 and 1576. His son George (and here let me be under
To think well-meaning men are half the same! stood to refer chiefly to his Paraphrase on Job) knew the true harmony of the English heroic
Sed nil dulcius est, bene quàm munita tenere conplet long before Denham and Waller took up
Edita doctrina sapienzûm templa serena, the pen; and preserved that harmony more uni
Despicere unde queas alios, passimque videre formly. Variety perhaps was wanting; which
Errare, atque viam palantes quærere vitæ.
Lucret. L. II, v. 6. Dryden afterwards supplied, but not till he came to the forty-fifth year of his age ; namely, till 15 Wisd. of Sol. ch, i, v. 12. the time he published Aurengzebe.
16 In the last year of bis life Macarius was 13 Bishop Hugh Latimer (whom I quote only grievously afflicted with nephritic pains.
I by memory, not having the original at hand)
Cui vix certaverit ulla says, in one of his sermons preached at St. Paul's Aut tantùm fuere, aut totidem durare per Cross, abont the year " that tho' his fa
Virg. Georg. 2. ther possessed no more than 40 acres of free land, 18 2 Esdras, ch. xii, v. 4?. or thereabouts, yet he had always something to 19 Isaiah xlix, v. 2. “A polished shaft in the give to the poor, and now and then entertain- | quiver of God.” ed his friends ;-that he portioned out three 20 When judge Jeffr**s came to Taunton asdaughters, at 51. a piece, and bred up a son at sizes, in the year 1685, to execute his commisthe university; (otherwise adds be,) I should not sion upon the unfortunate people concerned in have had the honour of appearing in this pulpit | Monmouth's rebellion, the person here spoken before the king's majesty."
of, being minister of St. Mary Magdalen's church Note, The original edition says 4 acres, which at Taunton, waited on him in private, and remust be an errour of the press, instead of 40 monstrated much against his severities. The
Old Latimer lived in good repute about judge listened to him calmly, and with some atthe year 1470, in which year his son Hugh was tention; and, though he had never seen him beborn.
fore, advanced him in a few months to a predi Palantesque homines passim, ac rationis bendal stall in the cathedral church of Bristol. egentes,
21 See Sandys's Paraphrase on Job, where Sa. Despoctare procul,
Ovid. Met. tan arises in form of an exhalation,
B -- sometimes would to thy cottage tend; Happy! who thus, by unperceivid decay, An artful enemy, but seeming friend :
Alsént themselves from life, and steal away * Conscious of having plann'd thy worldly fate 99, Accept this verse, to make thy mem'ry live, He could not love thee, and be durst not hate. Laiented shade!- 'Tis all thy son can give. But then seraphic Ken was all thy own;
Better to own the debt we cannot pay, And he 23, who long declin'd Ken's vacant throne, Than with false gold thy fun'ral rites defray. Begging with earnest zeal to be deny'd ;
Vainly my Muse is anxious to procure By worldlings Jaught at, and by fools decry’d: Gifts unavailing, empty sepulture »3 ; Dodwell was thine, the humble and resign'd; As vainly she expands ber flutt'ring wings: Nelson, with Christian elegance of mind; She is no swan, nor, as she dies, she sings. And he 24, whose tranquil mildness from afar He, that would brighten ancient di’mon:s, must Spoke him a distant, but a brilliant star.
Clear and re-polish them with di'mond dust: These all forsook their homes-Nor sigh'd nor That task is not for me: the Muses lore wept;
Is lost;—For Pope and Dryden are no more! Mammon they freely gave, but God they kept. O Pope! too great to copy, or to praise ; Ah, look on honours with Macarius' eyes, (Whom envy sinks not, nor encomiums raise;) Snares to the good, and dangers to the wiso ! Forgive this grateful tribute of my lays.
In silence for himself, for friends in tears, Milton alone could Eden lost re-gain; He wander'd o'er the desert forty 25 years. And only thou portray Messiah's reign. The clond and pillar (or by night or day) ( early lost! with ev'ry grace adorn'd! Reviv'd his heart, and ascertain'd the way 26. By me (so Hear'ns ordain it) always mourn'd. His sandals fail'd not; and his robes untorn By thee the good Macarius was appror'd: Escap'd the bramble and entangling thorn 27. Whom Fenton honour'd, and Philotheüs lov'd 34. Heav'u purify'd for him th’embitter'd well 23, My first, my latest bread, I owe to thee : And manna from aërial regions fell 29.
Thou, and thy friends, preserv'd my Muse and At length near peaceful Pisgah 30 he retir'd, And found that rest his pilgrimage requir'd : By proxy, from a gen'rous kindred spread, Where, as from toils he silently withdrew, Thy Craggs's bounty fell upon my head 35: Half Palestina 31 open'd on his view:
Thy Mordaunt's 36 kindness did my youth en“Go, pious hermit," groves and mountains cry'd:
Mild as a babe reclines him self to rest,
OR, THE UPRIGHT STATESMAN, That 'twas a soft extinction, and not death.
EPISTLE FROM BOETIUS TO HIS WIFE 22 Bishop Ken used to say, that king William and queen Mary would gladly hare permitted the non-juring bishops and clergy (who had just
l'ectore magno before signalized themselves in a steady opposi- Spemque metumque domat, vitiosublimior omni, tion to popery) to have enjoyed their prefer- Exemptus fatis; indignantemque repellit ments till death, upon their parole of honour fortunam; dubio quem non in turbine rerum given, that they would never disturb the go- Deprêndit suprema dies, sed abire paratum, vernment; which favour would have been thank- Ac plenuin vitâ.
Stat. Sylv. LI. fully accepted of, and complied with, by the aforesaid bishops, &c.; but somebody here alluded to (at least as Macarius thought) traversed
ARGUMENT. their majesties' gracious intentions. · In proof of Boetius Aourished in the former part of the this, bishop Ken performed the funeral service
sixth century. He was descended from the over Mr. Kettlewell in the year 1693, and prayed for king William and queen Mary. 23 Dr. George Hooper.
32 Macarius (who was born the 28th of Octo.
N. B. It must here also be remembered, that Dr. Bereridge, refused / ber, 1650) was dispossessed of his preferments
in 1691, and renained deprived till the time of to succeed bishop Ken in 1691, and then the
his death, which happened in February 1135; offer was made to R. Kidder, D. D. 24 Mr. John Kettlewell, vicar of Coleshill in Kidder, Hooper, and Wynne all contrived that
and (which is remarkable enough) the bishops Warwickshire. 25 See Exodus, passim.
Macarius should receive the little profits from Psalı xcv, t. 10.
his prebend of Wells as long as he lived. A cirHebr. ch. iii, v. 17.
cumstance to their honour, as well as his. 26 E od. ch. xiii, v. 21.
33 Hunc saltein accumulem dunis, & fungar 27 Deut. ch. viii, v. 4. 28 Waters of Marah. Exod. ch. xv, v. 23
31 Pbilotheüs, bishop Ken. 29 Jbid. ch. xvi, v. 15 and 35. 30 Deut. xxxiv, v. 1.
3The late Mrs. Nugent-and Edward Eliot of 31 Palestina is the Scripture word for Paiestine.
Port Eliot, esq. &c. &c.
36 Charles, iate carl of Peterborow, general in Isaiah twice, ch. xiv, v. 29, 31. Exod. ch, xv,
Manlian family, and was one of the first per- a principle of self-interest he had long consons of Rome in fortunes and dignity. He re- cealed his inclination for Arianism; but a sem, ceived his education at Athens; after which ries of prosperous government made him amhe was thrice consul, and always renowned for bitious, self-confident, and jealous of Boetius's bis eloqnence in the senate. He was upon all glory. In addition to this, the Gothic chief
occasions inflexibly honest and veracious. tains that belonged to him were uneasy to see His book entitulei the Consolation of Philosophy, all power in the hands of a Roman; and one
may be looked upon as a master-piece of fine of them in particular, named Trigilia, havwriting. The poetry of it is equal to most ing gained a new and great ascendancy over compositions in the Angustan age; and that the king, contrived our statesman's ruin, by even in the classical purity of style: but some- suborning false witnesses, and devising trea. thing which manifests the declension of the sonable letters between him and Justin, emRoman language may be discovered in the peror of the east. prose part.
Boetius was first banished to Pavia, and after In his prose writings he made Aristotle his mo- four years confinement privately executed in
del; and, like him, is always clear, though prison. His father in-law, Symmachus, inconcise: leating an infinite fund for the mind curred the same fate. Theodoric soon after. of the reader to work upou. Many works pass wards died with remorse, under all the agonies uuder his name : some are genuine; and some of a disturbed mind. are looked upon as supposititious.
It has been looked upon by many good chris. This book of Philosophical Consolation (from tians as no small misfortune, that Boetius in
which a large part of the present epistle is bis Consolation has not derived his arguments extracted) has been universally admired in all from divine wisdom as well as prophane phiages, insomuch that there are many more sine losophy. 'One may perceive here and there inanuscripts extant of it, than of Virgil, Ho- several hints taken from Scripture, but nothing race, and Cicero, all taken together. The as I remember, in totidem verbis: yet his gework we here speak of has been the particular neral belief of Christianity has never been sus. delight and study of princes and good politi- pected, nor even his orthodoxy; for he writ cians. Chancer translated it into our lan- an express treatise on the consubstantiality of grace, and afterwards it was translated by the Trinity, which is still preserved, and lookqueen Elizabeth, &c.
ed upon to be genuine. Boetius had two wives: the first was Helpés a These circumstances induced me to conclude
Sicilian', whose conjugal affection is cele- this epistle in a manner not unworthy of our brated by hiin in an epitaph still extant. His philosopher, and highly agreeable to his imi. second wife (to whom the following letter is tator. supposed to be addressed) was Rusticiana, the It has often been thought, that a second part daughter of Symmachus, a Roman senator and added to Boetius's Consolation, written in the consul; one of the most virtuous, learned, and same manner of a vision, and consisting of ainiable persons of that age. As to Rusti- verse and prose interchangeably,where Divine ciana, historians give her all perfections of
Wisdom is introduced as the speaker and commind and body. By her Boetius had several forter, would afford us one of the finest and children: and two of his sons when young
most instructive works that could be composhad the honour to be publicly carried to the
ed. The, sieur de Ceriziers, almoner to senate-house in a consular chair, by way of
Louis the Xillth, made an attempt of this extraordinary compliment to their father. kind. about the year 1636, and executed it When Theodoric the Goth made himself master with some degree of success.
of the kingdoin of Italy, he wisely made Boetius was commented upon by no less a perchoice of Boetius to be the director of his son than Thomas Aquinas, who was one of the councils, and governed for many years to the clearest and purest writers of his time. This universal satisfaction of his subjects. From
shows the esteem in which the scholastic ages
held him. · Edward Philips, who writ one of the best ac- In our country king Alfred was the first who counts we have of the poets, ancient and modern, translated the Consolation of Philosophy, and says, “ some authors assert that Helpes was this translation is still extant. Chaucer, as daughter of a Sicilian king, and that she writ we have already hinted, gave us another ver. hymns in honour of the apostles after she em. sion; and a third, I think, was published by bracel christianity.”
the monks of Tavistock, at the second press Philips's authority carries weight with it: that was established in England. A fourthy for Milton was the instructor of his youthful stu
translation was made (as some say) by queen. dies, and afterwards revised the work we here Elizabeth ; and one or too more preceded the allude to; Philips's mother being Milton's sis- version published by lord Preston.
I have nothing farther to add, but that my worPhilips's book was published in 12mo, 1665, thy friend, to whom this elegy is addressed, and entituled Theatrum Poetarum. One Win- will be pleased to bear in memory these beaustanley, a barber, transcribed the lives of the tiful verses of antiquity; which may be apEnglish poets from our author's work alınost plied (not improperly) both to him and me. verbatim, and published them in 1687. A most notorious plagiarism; it being but 22 years after
Nos facta aliena canendo the Theatrum Poetarum was published.
Vergimur in senium; propriis tu pulcher ab annis
FROM BOETIUS TO HIS WIFE RUSTICIANA.
Ipse canenda geres, patriæque exempla parabis; O wife, more gentle than the restern breeze, Poscit avus: præstatque domni novisse trium- Which (loath to part) dwelis whisp'ring on ibe phos
trees: Jamque vale, & penitùs noti tibi vatis amorem Chaste as th’lamb th’indulgent pastor leads Corde exire veta.
To living streams thro' Sharon's tow'ry meads;
Fair as the spring, and yet more true than faire;
Delightful as the all-enlivening Sun;
And mark thee spotless,-air thy purty
tiphar) bad made bim urer-seer in his house, and over all that he had, that the Lord blessed Weep not to read these melanchtly strains ;
stancy the Egyptian's house for Joseph's sake; and Change courts for cells, and coronets for chainsthe blessing of the Lord was upon all he had in the house and in the field.
No greatness can be lost, where God remains!
Say, what avails me, that I boast the fame Gen. ch. xxxix, v. 5.
And deathless honours of the Manlian name;
Th'unsoil'd succession of renown'd descent, INTRODUCTION.
Equal to time's historical extent *?
One of my ancestors receiv'd his doom The man, that's truly read in virtue's laws, There, where he sar'd the liberties of Rome! Improves from censure, and distrusts applause.
Did not another plunge into the wave Firm in his hope, he yields not to despair';
The Gaulish champion, and his country save? The cube reverst is still erect and square 3.
Did not a third, (and harder was his fate) Eliot, to whom kind Nature did impart
Make his own child a victim for the state? The coolest head, and yet the warmest heart : And did not I my wealth and lite consume, Blest in thy nuptials, blest in thy retreat,
To bless at once Theodoric and Rome:Privately good, and amiably great ;
But all is cancell'd and forgotten since" ;
Past merils were reproaches to my prince!
Thy birth from Syınmachus avails not thee: Hear what Boetius to his consort writes.
Thy meekness, prudence, beanty, innocente, Mark well the man, and Heav'n thy labour Thy knowledge, and thy virtues, gave offence. bless ;
When excellence is eminent, like thine, In all be like him, but unhappiness!
Our eyes are dazzled with too bright a sbrine; Thus he aspir'il on meditation's wings,
Death must the medium give, that makes it And to the best of consorts thus he sings :
mildly shine. What visionary hope the wretch beguiles,
Wto fuunds bis confidence on princes' smiles? RusticiaNA, loveliest of thy kind,
True to their int’rest, mindless of their trust, Most in'my eyes, and ever in my mind;
Convenient is the regal term for just. Exil'd from all the joys the world can give,
The plant, my cultivating hands had made And-(for my greater grief!) allow'd to live:
A spreading tree, oppress'd ine with its shade; (By liin!, I train’d to glory, basely left;)
Ambition push'd forth inany a vig'rous shoot, Of all things, but my innocence, bereft:
And rancid jealousy manur'd the root:. Patrician, consul, statesman but in name;
Ingratitude a willing heart misled, Of honour plunderd, and proscrib'd in faine:
And sycophants the growing mischief fed, (Betray'd by men my patronage had fed, And curst by lips to which I gave their bread ;) 2 Quis te felicissimum conjugis pudore non To thee I breathe my elegies of woe;
prædicavit? For thee, and chiefly thee, my sorrows Now:
Philosophæ l'erba ad Boetium, Joint-partner of my life, my heart's relief ;
De Cousolat. L. II, Pros. 3. Alike partaker of my joys or grief!
Vivit vxor ingenio modesta, pudicitiæ :ptiall-bounteous God, how gracious was the care dure præcellens, et, ut omnes eius dotes breviTo mix tliy antidote with my despair !
ter includam, patri (Symmacbo) similis. Vivit Rusticiana lives to smooth my death,
inquam, tibique tantùm, vilæ hujus exosa, And waft with sigiis to Heav'n my parting breath, spiritum servat. Quoque uno felicitatem minui Hence bope and fortitude inspire my breast : tuam vel ipsa concesserim, tui desiderio lachryDe her's the earthly part, and thine the rest! mis ac dolore tabescit. Still I am happy, human and divine;
Ejusd. Verba. ibid. Pros. 4, edit. Juntarum Th'assistant angel she, th’assistance thine.
3 This passage was written in initation of 2" The fortitude of a just man consists in Ovid's famous description of Galatea, Met. !. contenming the Natteries of prosperity, and XIII. and improved by an hint taken from Dr. overcoining the fears of poverty."
Donne's Poems, page 96, 12mo. Sti. Gregor. Moral. L. VIII. 4 Quod si quid in nobilitate bonum, id so3 Compositus, semperque suus.
lum esse arbitror, ut imposita nobilibus pecessiStat. Sylvæ. L. 1!. tudo videatur, nè à majorum virtute degene. 1 The emperor Theodoric.
I. III, Prus 6
Till th' Arian sophist s crept thro' all restraint;
Taught him, each gift he gave, by truth to scan; Th' assassin-hand which Odoácer slew,
T'adapt the man to place, not place to man; Ouce more, distaind with blood, appear’d to 'To guard the public wealth with anxious care, Not foe by foe in hostile fields opprest, [view: Sudious of peace, but still prepar'd for war : But friend with friend, th’inviter and the guest'. Taught him, that princes of celestial kind,
And 0, how weak my skill, how vain my tuils, Like Numa, cultivate the field and mind 10: To sow religion's seeds in courtly soils!
Warn’d him 'gainst pow'r, which sufiers no conThe few surviving plants that fix'd their root, O'erchary'd with specious herbage, bore no fruit, But mostly that, which persecutes the soul : Gorg'd to satiety with unctuous juice
Then by examples, or from reason, show'd, From a fat earth, and form'd for bulk, not use; Thar noue are true to man who're false to God"; Til all the cultivating hand receives
And ibat our lives, except by freedom blest, Is steril plenty of luxuriant leares?
Are a dull passive slavery at best.” Or, where we sow'd the grain of life, succeeds Hence righteous kings of softer clay are made; A cipious harvest of pemicious weeds. (stands, Not for their subjects mis’ry, but their aid 12. Where corn once stood, th' insatiate thistle | True liberty, by pious monarchs gir'n, And deletereous hemloc chokes the lands. Is emblematic manna raip'd from Heav'o : If errours purely human are forgiv'n,
Without it, ev'ry appetite is pallid, I dare present my last appeal to Hcav'ı,
The body fetter'd, and the mind enthrall’d'3. Religion and clear bonesty, combind,
Thus when by chance some rustic hand invades Made ap the short full system of my mind. The nightingale's recess in poplar-shades, Nicely I mark'd the quicksands of the state, And bears the pris'uer with otfensive care The crown's encroachments, and the people's To Neru's house of gold, and Nero's fare; hate ;
Th' aċrial chorister, no longer free, Fore-warn’d my prince of arbitrary sway, Wails and detests man's civil cruelty: And taught his suivjects willingly toley: Still dumb th' imprison’d sylvan bard remains ;' Thus ev'ry thing conspir'd to one great end, (Your buman bards make music with their The nation was my child, the king my friend.
chains;) Toth still I serv'd with uniform intent,
And when from his exalted cage he sees [trees, The good of both wiih equal fervuur meant; The hills, the dales, the lawns, the streams, the And, wheresoe'er th’infraction first arose, He looks on courtly food with loathing eyes, S.ill judg’d th' aggressors man's and vature's And sighs for liberty, and worms, and flies '4.
fues. Monarchs, sometimes, discard thro' fear, or power and abundance of people under their conhate,
(state; mand ; but exert their authority and power in a Those, whose good sense and virtues poize the very different manner: for the former seeks only So mariners, when storms the ocean sweep,
the good of those whom he governs, and bazards Commit their guardian-ballast to the deep. all, even bis life, that they may live in peace and
Metbinks, in these my solitudes, I hear safety.” He then gives the contrast of their Tricilla whisp'ring in the tyrant's ear 8,
characters in more full detail. “ Assert the glories which are all thy own;
Synesius Bishop of Cyrené to the Emperor And lop the branch that over-shades the throne;"
Arcadius. When he and malice know, I taught no more 10 Ovid. Met. XV, v. 482.
Than ev'ry righteous statesman taught before. " A saying of Constantius Chlorus, the father
findly marked by Isaiah, ch. xvi, v. 3. 5. Theodoric in his heart was strongly inclined
inerey shall the throne be established, and he to Arianism.
shall sit upon it in truth, in the tabernacle of 6 Odvácer and Theodoric had divided by agree
David; judging and seeking judgment, and hast
ing righteousness." ment the kingdom of Italy between them. The latter invited the former to a banquet, and killed
13 Much to this purpose is a passage in the Son him with his own hand.
of Sirach :--"As long as thou livest, and hast nescia falcis
breath in thee, give not thyself over to any. In Sylva comam tollit, fructumque expirat in
all thy works keep to thyself the pre-emmence, umbras.
Ecclus. ch. xxxiii. : L. I, Pros. 4.
9 The precepts of government, comprised in 14 Quæ canit altis garrula ramis the following lives, and recommended by Boe
Ales, caveæ clauditur antro. tius, are extracted almost verbatim from Cas
Huic licet illita pocula melle siodorus's Letters. Cassiodorus was secretary to Largasque dapes dulci studio Theodoric and Athalaric, kings of the Goths. Ludens hominum cura ministret; He was a statesman of great genius, and an au
Sitamen alto saliens tecto thor of wonderful invention.
Nemorum gratas viderit umbras, An ancient writer of the church has justly Sparsas pedibus proterit escas; marked ont the difference betwixt a king and a Sylvas tautum mesta requirit, tyrant: “they have both” (says he) “absolute
Boet. de Consolat. L. III. Metr. 2.