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it would feed him on boiled rice, and the Church Missionary Society in furnish a piece of coarse cotton for London, and has received very delia garment. The Children are per- berate attention. The Committee of fectly satisfied with this mode of that Society, having it in contemplaliving; and experience has shewn, tion to take Children in Ceylon to that, with the nicest economy, the receive a domestic education, were estimate is sufficient for the purposes desirous of fixing the annual payabove specified. A considerable ment at such a sum, as would include number of Children are now sup- at least a part of the incidental and ported on this plan; having received contingent expenses. It seemed imEnglish Names, at the instance of portant, also, that the different So. Benefactors in America, who pro- cieties, labouring in the same field, vide for their support.

should adopt nearly the same rules, At the commencement of the plan, in reference to this subject. it was obvious to the Missionaries and The Committee of the Board, the Committee, that the maintenance availing themselves of suggestions of Children would involve many made by their bighly-respected felcontingent expenses, no part of which low-labourers, and consulting their the small payment of Twelve Dollars own experience, have thought it annually would be sufficient to meet, would be equitable, that Benefactors, as that payment would be entirely who may HEREAFTER provide for the exhausted by the two articles of food domestic education of Heathen Chil. and clothing. It was thought, how- dren in Ceylon, should pay twenty ever, that these contingent expenses DOLLARS a year for each Child. Those might be defrayed out of the general Children, who are already provided funds of the Board, At that time, it for, at the rate of Twelve Dollars was not foreseen to what an extent annually, will be continued in the the domestic superintendence and course of their education, on the education of Heathen Children in terms heretofore proposed : but all, Mission Families, may probably be who are to be selected in future, -carried in the East; and, of course, must be considered as received upon it was not foreseen to what an extent the terms now published. the general funds of the Board might The time during which support is be involved by the contingent ex to be stipulated, for each Child herepenses here alluded to. Among these after taken into Mission Families, is expenses, may be enumerated charges fixed at six YEARS. of remittance, loss by exchange, cost The Committee of the Church of school-rooms, books, stationery, Missionary Society will probably services of catechists, &c.

issue proposals to their friends, to This whole subject has recently support Children in Ceylon, accordbeen brought before the Committee ing to the principles here developed, by a Letter from the Secretary of at FIVE POUNDS STERLING a year.

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APPENDIX V.

(See Page 67.)

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SOME ACCOUNT OF FREETOWN, SIERRA LEONE, RELATIVE TO THE PUBLIC OBSERVANCES
OF RELIGION : COMMUNICATED BY THE CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE COLONY.

(Extracted from a Letter yritien in May 1891.)
Tue population of Freetown and ing to the latest Returns, nearly 5000
of its suburbs, comprehends, accord-

persons.

S

It may

The Congregation which attends Worship under the Ministry of one the churcu consists of the greater of the Colonial Chaplaids. The Coportion of the resident Europeans lonial School House is the only one and their Servants, of independent sufficiently large; and this is so in. Coloured People, Soldiers of the secure, that fears are entertained Garrison, Liberated Africans appren- lest it should fall down under the ticed to the King's Works, those weight of the present occupants. Boys and Girls of the Colonial The propriety of a Parochial Dia Schools whose Parents' attend the vision may, however, be made a subChurch, and some other persons who ject of serious consideration, as soon do not belong to any of those classes. as a second place suitable for the

The Church is, in general, rea reception of a Congregation shall be sonably full ; and, at times, as much erected. The place now used, beso as is consistent with convenience. sides its limited extent, has the dis

therefore be inferred, that a advantage of being too remote from inore numerous attendance would the eastern part of the Town, inastake place if the accommodation was much as it is situated quite at the more ample; and this inference is westero extremity. A Church in the strengthened by what is occasionally eastern division, or, as it is comseen in the instances of individuals, monly called, Settler Town, would who, if they find a difficulty in ob- certainly bring about a great increase taining a place on the benches usually of worshippers. frequented by persons of their class, Hitherto the Chaplains have endeawill not immediately again present voured to counterbalance the dethemselves. This modesty, however, fects of the inconvenient situation is not freqnently prevalent, neither is and limited accommodation of the it necessary; for there is not any Church, by carrying their labours absolute appropriation of seats, and collaterally into those places, where Coloured People, by no means of they seen most wanted and likely to the first class, place themselves with- do the greatest service. The Solout ceremony on the same benches diers of the Garrison receive instrucwith the principal Europeans. There tion in their Barracks, and the Disis a kind of anti-chamber to the charged Soldiers of the late Fourth Church, which is occupied by Libe- West-India Regiment are taught in raled Africans; and a small apart. the huts appropriated for their resiment at the head of the staircase, dence. No part of the population with a door opening into the Church, of the Colony stands more in need of admils the Prisoners of the Goal to improvement, than the Serving and an imperfect participation of the Discharged Soldiers — none so freService.

quently implicated in crimes of vioThe Congregation is, throughout lence, or in those depredations upon all its classes, orderly, attentive, and property with which Freetown is so decorous in behaviour.

grievously infested. It may not be amiss to mention The Congregation of the methohere a wish expressed by the late DIST CHAPEL consists of some EuroRev. John Collier, when he was Sc- peans--a very large majority of the cond Colonial Chaplain, that the independent and respectable Coloured Town should be divided, so that Householders, and their families, ineach Chaplain should have a distinct cluding the greater number of the charge. One great difficulty, how- School Children - with some Libeever, stood in the way of the execu rated Africans placed in the families tion of this plan---the want of a second as apprentices or as domestic servants. building which could, with pro- Service is given at the Wesleyan Chapriety, be employed as a Place of pel Iwice every day throughout the

ist of one

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E The Coo the saltede this is so it. entertained

under the cupants. arochial Di zade a sus on, as soon le for the ion shall be

used, be has the disremote from Town, inasquite at the hurch in the

it is comCono, would reat increase

share endea. ance the de ent situation ation of the Heir labours aces, where ud likely to

The Sol zire instrucd the Dis'ate Fourth taught in their resipopulation e in need of serving and one so frepes of vio

year. There are, besides, select and on their general improvement,
Prayer-Meetings, and a variety of de- has produced effects highly credita-
votional exercises in families : these ble to their Teachers.
lead the Members of the Society to a At Portuguese Town, where the
more intimate connection with one second subordinate Meeting is orga-
another and with their Ministers. nized, the progress is not yet so

A good understanding ought, by striking ; but it is sufficient to afford all possible ineans, to be cultivated good promise; and to cherish exerbetween your Missionaries and those tion, as well by the appearauce of of the Methodists. The Methodists present fruit, as by the prospect of are, more than any others, your na

an ample approaching harvest. A tural and legitimate co-operators in Sunday School was established at the enterprize of converting Heathen this place, in 1819 : and the instrucAfrica to Christianity.

tion is now extended to some other The Wesleyan Chapel, hitherto days. The Missionaries give service used, is a wooden building. One of as often as their occupations will larger dimensions (60 feet by 40) is permit, in a Chapel which the Connow in progress outside the old one ;

verts have contributed to erect. The which will not be taken down, until other chief Members of the Society the new one shall have been roofed in Freetown take charge of the inin over it. This New Chapel is of structions, when the Missionaries are Stone. A liberal subscription has called in other directions. It is said been raised in the Colony in aid of that the people of this Village were it; but the greater part of the charge of very bad character, some few years must, in all probability, be defrayed since; but now they are among the by the funds of the Society in most orderly and industrious about England.

Freetown. Complaints are, from A New Chapel is also building at time to time, made, of vexations susthe west end of Freetown, for the tained by them from the malignant use of Wesleyans of the Maroon bigotry of a few Mahomedans setClass, and principally by means of tied in the Village; who, not consupplies furnished by them; al. tent with the perfect toleration of though aided by a large general sub- their own religious exercises, abuse scription among the Colonists, to the protection so liberally afforded which the principal Europeans libe- to them, by disturbing the Christian rally contributed. This Chapel is of Worship, more especially on the stone—the extent 60 feet by 24: it Lord's Day, when they studiously is now ready to receive the roof, and endeavour, by every noisy occupawill probably be opened for Service tion, to interrupt the Service, and to aboul January next.

shew their contempt of the instituIn addition to the large Congre- tion of the Sabbath. Patience, forgation at their principal Chapel, the bearance, and temperate remonMethodist Missionaries have formed strance have hitherto been the only two regular subordinate Meetings. means employed to counteract this

One of these is at Congo Town; offensive conduct. It is hoped that a large Village established by the these exalted characteristics of Chrispeople of the Congo Nation, upon tianity will, in the end, have the an inlet of the Bay of Sierra Leone, effect of correcting the obduracy of about a mile west from Freetown. these unfeeling followers of MahoAt this place, a neat stone Chapel med ; and of cou: eriing them to that has been built. The inhabitants are True Faith, the divine spirit and in an advanced state of instruction ; authority of which they so forcibly and the care bestowed, collaterally, prove and cxemplify. Ilarsh meaupon the direction of their industry sures, however provoked, and eyr

tions upon

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the moderate legal correctives ap severing individual ; whose fortune parently required, as well as war

bas not been much advanced, in any ranted, in circumstances such as of the various pursuits, to which his those here described, ought as little industry has been devoted - buras possible to be employed in the ibened, moreover, with a family. correction of the errors of Africans, His Chapel is not more productive in matters touching religion. The of revenue than that of his co-opefree operation of reason rill, in the tor, Jordon; although, like him, course of time, convince them of the he has Prayers every day, with unsuperiority of the doctrine and of the abated zeal, before sun-rise, and after example of the followers of Christ, the hours of labour in the evening. to those of the False Prophet, as well Although these men cannot be as to the gross superstitions of Na- supposed to be altogether qualified tive Paganism.

to expound the Sacred Writings, Several independent Chapels are they are persons of superior intelliestablished in Freetown.

gence in their class; and the rectiOne of these is administered by a tude of their general principles, as Coloured Mai, named Domingo well as the example of their lives, Jordon. This man is Parish Clerk coming in aid of their instructions, of Freetown: he may, of course, be their labours have an evident benesupposed to preach doctrine conge- ficial influence. This humble conial to that of the Church. His operation cannot, therefore, be, with Chapel is well attended. He is a justice and propriety, overlooked or man of integrity and industry in undervalued, in any notice, however several occupations of ordinary busi- summary, of what is done in this Coness, one of which is that of a Shin lony for the cause of religion. gle Manufacturer , and, although he There are other Officiators, and may derive some emolument from other Chapels. These are, however, bis Chapel, it cannot be sufficient to entitled to little consideration, havwarrant the slightest imputation of ing but few followers, and engaging his zeal in the cause of religion to but a small portion of the regard of interested molives. Not a day passes,

the community. without his Morniug and Evening Those who are acquainted with Service. He is much respected in the history and composition of the his station; and a subscription, re- people of the Colony, may not uncently instituted for building a New naturally look for some division in Chapel for him on a larger scale, has religious inclinations and pursuits, received liberal contributions, under connected with the distinction into names 'which may be understood to the two great classes of Maroons convey the best testimonies to his and Settlers ; but it has been hapcharacter that the Colony can afford, pily ordered by Providence, that The present Chapel is of wood, with ihis division has not passed into relia thatched roof. The new one is gious concerns. The principal part also to be of wood, placed on a foun

of both these Classes, in number and dation of stone, with a shingled roof; in importance, is with the Methodists: the size, 40 feet by 24. The fre some of both bave followed the quenters of the Chapel are to contri. Church : some are with Jordon ; but bute to the work in money, materials, Peters, and the others of inferior and labour. It is already in pro note to him, bave in their train all gress.

the lowest of the Nova Scotiaas ; There is also a numerous Baptist probably through a principle of atCongregation under the direction of tachment to kindred and to country, a Coloured Man, named Hector Pe which the Maroons and other Classes lers; an honest, laborious, and per- could not associate with their reli

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gion, having, until very lately, no chiefly of the Nations in the Interior, Teachers of their own community. A few of them have received a small

The observances which have been portion of Christian Instruction : a noticed will probably be thought greater number are Mabomedans ; sufficient to create a favourable im- but the majority of all are Pagans. pression of the state of religious feel. They live by their own exertions, ing and demeanour in the Settlement independent of any support from of Freetown. The Lord's Day is Government, and consequently indemore decorously kept than it is in pendent of its controul. They are, most other places. The shops are in truth, under no superintendall shut: there is no such thing as ance whatsoever ; and what has been buying and selling. The Christian already observed of the inhabitants part of the people attend worship at

of Soldier Town, may, in a stronger the places which they have respec manner, be applied to them. Fugitively chosen ; and all the congre

tives and occasional absentees from gations are alike remarkable for the Towns in the Interior of the Couniform and respectful attention. lony, occasional and permanent SetThroughout the streets correspond- tlers from the neighbouring nations, ing propriety is noticed: intoxica- Native Artisans, Labourers, and tion, in the gross and disgusting Traders, or mere idle Visitors, swell form in which it is so commonly seen the irregular population of Bamon the Lord's Day in England, is of bara Town; and render it, in truth, very rare occurrence here ; with the an African Hamlet in the centre of a painful exception of European Sea, British Colony. The associations of men, whose conduct and language in country-men and country-women, their frequent inebriations, on that which have peculiar influence on the day especially, are of most deprav. minds of Africans, are greatly ining example. It is not to be un

strumental to the accumulation of derstood that the day passes in

this multitude. The small portion, PERFECT sobriety: among the in

to which a little Christian Informahabitants in general, it is the de

tion has been communicated, stands cency, and not the abstinence, that indebted for that great benefit, orimakes the distinction. Excesses are ginally to the labours of some Mecommitted, and are generally brought thodist Teachers a considerable under the animadversion of the Ma- number of years since, and recently gistrates on the Monday, in conse to the facility of access to the Cha. quence of the quarrels occasioned by pel in which the Disbanded Soldiers them ; but these quarrels are almost of the Fourth West-India Regiment universally of a trifling nature. are instructed by the Rev. Samuel There is not any thing in the cir. Flood. The huts,called “ The Camp,” cumstances, collectively, to detract

of the Fourth West-India Regiment from the credit that has been taken. are close to Bambara Town; and,

I have now nearly gone through to the opportunity thus afforded to the different degrees of the state and the people of Bambara Town, it is condition of Christian Worship and to be attributed, that the impressions Instruction, in Freetown and the originally made there long since, are adjacent bamlets.

not suffered to die away.

But the There is still one hamlet left, general mass is infected with every which requires particular notice. It vice. Gaming and licentiousness is called Bambara Town, and is prevail without restraint ; and the situated about half-a-mile to the depredations so generally committed Eastward of Freetown. The in- upon the property of mercbants and habitants of this place are a mixed principal householders in Freetown collection of Liberated Africans, are found, when discovery supplies

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