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the system of our Schools in new situations, whenever proper persons for the superintendance of them shall be procurable.
After quoting an instance of prudent and conciliatory conduct, on the part of the Inspector, toward his opponents, the continued exercise of which, the Corresponding Committee remark, can scarcely fail to remove prejudice if not to convert opposition into an opposite feeling, they subjuin the following List of the Schools, according to a Return on the 30th of September :
5. Velipaleyam near the Fort 6. Papermill near Purreyar . 7. Pudupaleyam 8. Sanderapaddy 9. Terunallaru near Kariekaul 10. Kariekaul ... Jl. Terunalierasenpattanam 12. Nagoor 13. Sheally 14. Chillamburam. 15. Cottupaleyam . 16. Purreyar 17. Kattucherry 18. Neravy 19. Mayaburam 20. Teruvenkadu 21. Akkoor near Tirukade yoor. 29. Valoomangalam near Nagore
501 3 6 5 0 64 0 2010 101 010 0 191 0 7 0 0 26 0 2.91 0 4 0 0 33 6 50 5 이이이 61 0 10021 0 0 0 191 51 1191 0 o 7 0 131 0 51 9 0 0 0
0 0 0 14 53 4 0 0 0 1 65 0
0 0 2 의
431 0 0 0 44 0 23 % 0 0 0 25 4 4019
0 0 0 63 15 75 2 이이 1
93 21 501 0 0 0 0
71 41 3 0 0 0
46 0 10510 5 0 0 110
Of the Seminarists, from whom the supply of Native Teachers is to be expected, John says, in October
Our Seminarists, were better attended to in this quarter than in the last. It is chiefly their happiness that the Rev. Mr. Wilson has to live among us. I find it very hard to persuade their Parents to send them to the Seminary at Madras : very few shew a due sense of the benefit which their Children enjoy from our Institution; and especially of the blessing which they are likely to meet by giving them up to the service of the Lord, in the spirit and resolution of pious Hannah. However, I entertain hopes that some of our Children and Youths will, in due time, value those advantages; and I already, to my great encouragement, observe that a few of them seem to feel the unhappy situation of their parents, and pray for them: they keep also, regularly, Family Worship at home; and the Lord, in His infinite mercy, appears to give His blessing to this little seed of the Word of Life,
TINNEVELLY. The departure of the Rev. James Hough, Chaplain at this Station, mentioned in the last Report, did not take place till March. The Corresponding Committee state
On quitting Tinnevelly, Mr. Hough transferred the whole charge of the Society's Mission at that place to the Rev. Mr. Rhenius and the Rev. Mr. Schmid, pursuant to the arrangements announced in the last Report: and they removed, upon the occasion, from the temporary residence which they had previously occupied in the neighbourhood, to the house where Mr. Hough had resided ; and which the Committee, in consideration of many circumstances that rendered it particularly eligible for the purposes of the Mission, had purchased, on the Society's account, for the permanent settlement of the Missionaries.
In reference to the state of the CONGREGATIONS, the Missionaries report as follows:
We have Divine Service in Tamul every Sunday Forenoon: the Sermon preached then is repeated in the Afternoon with the Children. The number in the morning may be from twenty to forty persons. In the want of a Church, we assemble in our Tamul School-room, which is so situated as easily to attract passengers, yet
not too close to the road. Besides the Sunday Services, we have, every evening in the week, devotion in Tamul in our house, which is usually attended by all our house people ; occasionally, also, by a few others, both Roman Catholics and Heathen. A portion of Scripture is read and explained on these occasions.
At Keelpatam, a village about nine miles north-east from hence, there are Eight Roman Catholic Families, who wish to be admitted into our Church Communion; and Five Heathen Families at Teroopooląngoody wish to be baptized. As the motives of these people, who are poor and very ignorant, appear not to be such as we could wish, we are hesitating respecting their admission: it has, however, been our earnest desire to give them Christian Instruction; but their distance from us, and the want of buildings at those places in which to assemble and teach them, have hitherto hindered us from doing as much as we desire. These two places give hopes of seeing Christian Congregations gathered there.
Besides the Divine Service in Tamul, we have, every Sunday Evening, an hour of devotion also in English in our house, at which a few Country-born assemble. We have reason to believe that they do not return home without a blessing from the Lord.
The following notice respecting the Seminary for Youths occurs in the Report:
The Committee are concerned to state, that an interruption has been occasioned to the Seminary of this Station, by some arrangements which the Missionaries had adopted affecting the prejudices of the Pupils on the subject of caste. The matter has occupied the serious attention of the Committee; and the occurrence, though very distressing for the time, will, they trust, be eventually not without its advantages.
Of the schools, the Missionaries state
Since the last Report, the School at Mookupperkuderippoo has been discontinued, because the place was more contiguous to a Station already occupied by the Christian Knowledge Society. Instead of it, Three New Schools have been established, at Cookoracollam, Kanasabaram, and Moorappanadoo; so that the number of Schools now amounts to 14. A general account of them, as they stood at the end of September last, follows:1. Mooroogenoorchy
English School, 54 Scholars. 2. Tinnevelly
30 3. Mooroogenoorchy
Tamul School 43 4. Tachinoor.
35 5. Mylappalyum .
36 6. Tinnevelly
34 7. Ditto, Munjacooly Street . . Ditto
30 8. Ditto, Pettah
46 9. Courichy.
34 10. Chickney Gramum .
30 11. Vannarapettah (Washermoil) Ditto
34 12. Cookoracollam
32 13. Kanasabaram .
23 .14. Moorappanadoo
í The number of Scholars has often varied during the year: in April and May, the total was 348: in June, 518: in August, 515 : and, in September, as above stated, it has again been reduced to 486: one reason is the poverty of most of the Parents, who frequently require their Children to go along with them in quest of a livelihood. Others are unwilling that their Children should receive Christian Instruction: this was particularly manifest when we made the Boys learn the Catechism by heart, and catechized them upon it. A third reason is, we believe, the want of energy and faithfulness in the Schoolmasters.
On the deficiencies of the Schoolmasters, it is stated
They require a great deal of vigilance, lest they absent themselves from the Schools and leave the Children to themselves, or swell their School Registers with the names of Children that do not exist or are not Scholars; lest they hire strange Boys on the days of our visits and examination, to increase the apparent number; or lest they omit teaching our books, and allow the Children only to go on in their native method. To obviate some of these evils, we have an old Native Christian, whom we may in some measure trust, continually going about to the Schools to surprise the Masters. In some cases the Master's neglect was reported, and afterward punished with a small deduction from his salary; which seems to have put them on their guard.
This state of things is distressing, and but little progress can be expected in Scholars under such circunstances; yet the Missionaries are encouraged to persevere on grounds which they thus state
The Schoolmasters, and People, and Children, must be worked upon, in order to put them gradually, if not at once, in a better condition; and while we do so, in humble dependence on the Divine Blessing, even these Schools become useful in their generation. A small light, in gross darkness, is better than none at all: as the light increases, the darkness will de
Such small lights are our Schools among the Heathen. The Children in all our Schools learn the Short Catechism: some have finished it, and have begun the Scripture-History Catechism : some of them read also the New Testament, and hear portions of it explained: we have further catechised them upon what they committed to memory, as often as possible: whereby the principal doctrines of true religion have been impressed on their minds. But not only Children, many Adults also reap benefit from these Schools : for many of them attend when we catechise the Children, and learn the same wholesome truths; and, not
seldom, they make up a handsome Congregation, to whom, after the School-business is over, we preach the Gospel, with exhortations to repent and believe in the Saviour,
For these reasons, we are persuaded that these School Establishments among the Heathen-laborious as they are, and notwithstanding their present condition and progress are not such as we might wish, and though the sparks of truth and salvation thrown into them and by them among the people may for a time be smothered under the ashes of prevailing superstition and idolatry - are yet of great importance, and require all our patience, labour, perseverance, and prayers. In the Lord's time we shall see His Word return noi void.
In the introduction of the National System, some difficulty has been found :
Dr. Bell's System, so far as applicable, has been introduced in our First School, and commencement has been made with it in five others. The work goes on very slowly; as the Native Masters are very reluctant to leave their old methods of instruction, and rather dull to enter into the spirit of this mode.
Mr. Schmid states, on this subject
I am happy to say, that the First School which has hitherto required my whole attention, gives me now some satisfaction; and I shall soon be enabled to direct my attention to our Schools in the neighbourhood. The Master and Pupils now, in some measure, enter into the spirit of the System, and are tolerably accustomed to its mechanism. It is peculiarly encouraging to me, to observe that the Boys shew much more cheerfulness and diligence in their lessons, and confidence in us; which is a proof that they perceive the benefits arising from attending our School
Books AND TRAcrs, in Tamul and Teloogoo, have been distributed as opportunities offered. The Missionaries say
In some places, these little treatises have been greatly desired by the people themselves; perhaps, at first, from curiosity. In others, they received them mostly upon our offering them, and advising them to read and consider them. From our Young People in the Schools, applications are made of their own accord for religious books to read at home, and sometimes to read to their Parents also; which shews that their minds are, in some measure, affected by the truths of Christianity.
Various pieces, in Tamul, had been prepared for circulation, or were in hand: of these, the following List is given :
Selection of Scripture Passages-Compendium of Christian Doctrines---Exposition of the Lord's Prayer-Nature and Design of Baptism and the Lord's Supper-Life of the Saviour of the World; being a Harmony of the Gospels, with Extraets