70 62

3 S calm

Days Wind. Barom. Therm State of Weather in June 1791.

1 S calm

29070 62 white veil over blue sky

2 S calm

a little white upon the blue (doors, 3 o'clock, 120

70 63 clear blue sky, flight shower, sultry. Therm. out of

4 E gentle

66 66 a deal of white upon the blue, rain at night

NW calm

69 64' overcast, clears up, hot sun

W calm

76 65 blue sky, a few darkish clouds towards the South

W calm

80 65 clear sky, white clouds towards the South, rain at

8 NE ger

80 63 overcast, fine day


SE calm

75 59 blue sky, white veil

10 W Calm

55 61 overcas, small rain, wind, rain at night

IL NE brick


58 large white fleecy clouds Thaded with black, rain

12 NNE moderate

30 54

white clouds upon blue sky, stormy [at night

13 N brisk

54 52 white clouds, stormy, gentle rain at night

14 N moderate

52 white clouds tinged with black


N brisk

white clouds, rain at night

16 N brisk

52 rain, fair, bright day

17 NE brilk

48 58 overcast, fine, shower at night 1

18 N calin

47 58 Jovercast, small rain

19 NE calm

50 57 overcast, clears up, cold frosty air at night

20 NNE brilk

55 blue sky, white clouds, Towers at night

W moderate

50 56 lovercast, night showers, fine day

W brisk

59 55

blue sky, white and black clouds, rain at night

23 SW strong

59 56 blue sky, sun, gloomy afternoon [ternnon

24 S moderate

73 59

blue sky, white veil, fine morning, high wind af.

25 SSW brisk

73 61 overcast, small rain

26 SW brisk

60 63 blue sky, white and black clouds, fine day

51 63 overcast, pleasant day

28 S moderate

63 62 blue sky, grey clouds, fine day, small rain at night

29 SSE brisk


63 blue sky, white and grey clouds, rain at night

30 S moderate


68 clear blue sky, afterwards clouded, little rain

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July 12. lume, that he had left it as a mark of ***ETER living seventy his regard. Now, Mr. Urban, though


years backwards I have been honoured with the corre

and forwards in Great fpondence of Princes, Prelates, and some A Britain, the island which of the first and greatest men of my own

gave me birth, I am, country, and of tome other nations, I # for reasons I will not

shall consider those two presents and vin trouble you with the de. firs from John Howard the greatest tail of (having done that elsewhere), re honour I ever received FROM MAN; tired, to spend the very litle which re. and therefore I send you two guineas, mains of a long life, to France, the to add my mite towards erecting the squabbles of a public nature being less monument to the memory of so GOOD painful to me than those of private ones A MAN between man and man. The late Mr. The ingenious, learned, and virtuous Samuel Sharp told me, that he never Mr. Woodhull, of Thenford, in Northknew a man at the approach of death, ampronthire, has done me the honour who had not some solace to offer to his to place those two books in his noble lia inind at that aweful moment; and I re- brary; for nothing but want of bread member to bave read in the State Trials, could have induced me to sell them that a Colonel of some fortune, who was when I fold all my other goods and hanged for a wicked theft, said at the chattels, and departed, never to return. gallows, that his comfort was, that he

A TRAVELLER. had never in his whole life gone into a church without pulling of bis ball And Mr. URBAN, Brompton, June 6. one of Mr. Sharp's own patients, a very I

INCLOSE two drawings of Mal. ricb Quaker, so repeatedly said, in his vern-wells house. If you like to en Jast hours, that he died under one re. grave them, they are at your service flexion that afforded him infioite com. (fue pl. III. fig. 1, 2); and I will send fort, that Mr. Sharp could not avoid you a little sketch of the way of life at aking him what it was? The dying that place, and a jew-d'esprit which apQuaker replied, he had furnished Wilspeared there lately.

J. P. A. liam (commonly called Duke of Cum Fig. 3 and 4 are two gold coins found berland) with an hundred and fifty lately in the neighbourhood of Croydon. thousand shovels, pickaxes, and inftru. ments of that fort, to supply the army


July 2. under William's command in foreign paris. OME years ago I saw, at Conway, a Now, Sir, as well as I can judge, my pair consolation will be (if reflexion has not as that described in your laft, p.513, quite left me), that, after being prole. 10 inches from heel to toe, and the toe cuted, persecuted, and ill-treated, for 3 inches square, and made of red leather more than a moiety of my whole life, (Pl. III. fig. 6). They were intermixed by bad men, I shall have the consola. with other articles of female apparel of tion of knowing that JOHN HOWARD the time, itays or boddices with sleeves, came twice to my house eri perfonne, and cases of several high hats, a steel and, though a straoger to my person, cross-bow, two large yew bows, and an brought in his hand, at each of those old wooden bedtead of the time. The visits, a volume of his “State of Pris house, in whose upper room thele arti. Sons,” &c.; and, as I unfortunately cles were preserved, though much of was out when he made me his second the furniture had been stolen, ttood on visit, he wrote in the coyer of that vo the North side of the high ftreet, be:


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Jorged to the Wynnes of Oscathlan, Wynne, has the chevron and heads quarand had been built in the reign of Eli- rering the lions rampant, and Wynne zabeth. It formed a small quadrangle, quartering the chevron and Aeurs de with a back.court, and the ride corre lis; and a mural monument for Joha (ponding with the entrance was afcend- Wynne, Esq. 1617, quarterly, 1. and 4. ed to by a double Aight of steps froin Wynne; 2. the lions passant guardant'; the fide to a terrace, continued on the 3. the chevrơn and fleurs de lis. Jeft. It was in 1770 let out to poot As I do not recollect to have met families. Most of the rooms had fuc. with any account of this house in print, eoed eelings and walls. Over the the present is at your service. D.H. kirchen-chimney were the arms of England, and E. R. for Elizababa Rea To the INHABITANTS of the Town of gina: on the walls, D W Doratby

BIRMINGHAM. Wynne Bow leopards' faces Mv late Townsmen and Neighbours, jestant Heurs de lis, single, and with a A

FTER living with you eleven chevron RW. Eagles and a cheyron years, in which you had uniform berween three Aeurs de lis, 1577. A experience of my peaceful behaviour, chevron between three ftags' heads ča in my attention to the quiet ftudies of bost, owls, boars, griffins, lions, lags. my profession, and those of philosophy, In an upper room, ER and arms of I was far from expecting the injuries England. Over the chimney, RW which I and my friends have lately re

1580 ceived from you. But you have been

mihed. By hearing the Diffenters, and dagles, chevron, and Nags heads. Che. particularly the Unitarian Dissenters, vron and fleurs de lis, lion rampant. continually railed at as enemies to the Over another chimney, Wynne quarter- present Government in Church and ing the chevron and Acurs de lis. Over State, you have been led to consider any another, R G 1577. Quarterly, 1: a injury done to us as a meritorious thing; chevron between ihree eagles; 2. a che- and, not having been better informed, vron between three leopards' faces jessant the means were not attended to. When Acurs de lis; 3. a chevron between fleur's the objeet was right, you thought the de lis ; 4. a chevron between three Aags' means could not be wrong. By the dira heads : also she chevron and eagles fin- courses of your teachers, and the exgle. Over the inner par in the spandrils, 'clamations of your superiors in general, the crofa, date, 318 Irs, &c. as in Pl. drinking confusion and damnation to us HII. fig. 3, RW OW for Ricbard (which is wellknown to have been and Doroby Wyane, or Gwynne. Over their frequent practice), your bigotry the outer-gate the arms of England, has been excited to the highest pitch, fupported by the lion and griffin; in the and nothing having been faid to you to Spandrils the eagles and chevron bes moderate your passions, burevery thing tween the stags heads.

to ió flame them: hence, without any The above quarterings are the arms consideration on your part, or on theirs, of Wynne on the altar tomb of Robert, who ought to have known and taught on the South side of the altar in Cone you better- you were prepared for every way church, inícribed

species of outrage; thinking that, whaia Robert

ever you could do to spite and injure us, Wynne és

was for the support of Government, and quier was

especially the Church. In destroying us, buried

you have been led to think you did God the 36

and your country the most essential daie of


Happily, the minds of Englifhmen
Ano. 1598.

have a horror of murder, and therefore And on another altar-tomb, contiguous, you did not, I hope, think of tbals Here lieth the body of Robert Wyane deby- though, by your clamorous demanding

tic maior of Conway esq and sone of Tho 'of ine at the Horel, it is probable that, mas Wynne who died the roth of yber 1664. at that time, some of you intended me On which lat are also-a lion rampant, fome personal injury. But what is the quartering three bears. At the Wett value of life when every thing is done end, Wynne quartering three lions, pale to make it wretched ? 'In many cases, fant guardant; crell, an eagle displayed. there would be greater mercy in dira Aduther altar.iomb, for a feiðale paiching the inhabitants than in burn.

ing their houfes. However, I infinitely ratus, ten more persons, of equal or suprefer what I feel from the Spoiling of perior spirit and ability, would instantly my goods to the disposition of those who rise up. If those ten were destroyed, an have misled you.

hundred would appear; and, believe me, You have destroyed the moft truly the Church of England, which you now valuable and useful apparatus of philo. think you are supporting, has received sophical inftruments that perhaps any a greater blow by this conduct of yours, individual, in this or any other country, than I and all my friends have ever was ever poffefsed of, in my use of aimed at it. which I annually spent large fums, with Besides, to abuse those who have no BO pecuniary view whatever, but only power of making resistance is equally in the advancement of science, for the cowardly and brutal, peculiarly unwor benefit of my country, and of mankind. thy of Englishmen, lo say nothing of You have destroyed a library corre. Christianity, which teaches us to do as sponding to that apparatus, which no we would be done by. In this business money can re-purchase, except in a we are the sheep, and you the wolves. course of time.' But what I feel far We will preserve our character, and more, you have destroyed manuscripts, hope you will change yours. At all which have been the result of the labo- events, we return you bleffings for rious study of many years, and which I curses; and pray that you may foon rethall never be able to re-compose; and turn to that industry, and those sober this has been done to one who never manners, for which the inhabitants of did, or imagined, you any harm. Birmingham were formerly diftinguih

I know nothing more of the band. ed. I am, your fincere well-wisher, bill, which is said to have enraged you London, July 19. J. PRIESTLEY. so much, than any of yourselves; and I P.S. The account of the first toast at disapprove of it as much; though it has the Revolution dinner, in "The Times” been made the oftenfible handle of do- of this morning, can be nothing lets ing infinitely more mischief than any than a malicious lie. To prove this, a thing of that nature could possibly have list of the toasts, with an account of all done. In the celebration of the French the proceedings of the day, will soon be Revolution, at which I did not attend, published. The first of them was, the company assembled on the occasion The King and the Conftitution;" and only expressed their joy in the emanci- they were all such as the friends of Lipation of a neighbouring nation from berty, and of the true principles of the tyranny, without intimating a defire of Constitution, would approve. any thing more than fuch an improvement of our own Constitution as all fo * We are particularly requested to give ber citizens, of every persuasion, have place to ihe following answer to be long wilhed for. And though, in an preceding letter; bul bave no wish to fwer to the gross and unprovoked ca. continue a controversy on ibe subject. lumnies of Mr. Madan and others, I Friends, Countrymen, and Britons, publicly vindicated my principles as a A

LETTER, signed J.PRIESTLEY, Diffencer, it was only with plain and has appeared in many of the Sober argument, and with perfect good- public prints. Its manifest tendency humour. We are better instructed in is beyond the exculpation of an indivithe mild and forbearing, spirit of Chris- dual from a charge amounting to nottanity than ever to think of having re- thing thort of high trealon; for, becourse to violence; and can you think fides the denial of this charge in terms such conduct as yours any recommen- calculated to impress on your minds a dation of your religious principles in full persuasion of its fincerity by its bre. preference to ours?

vity, whereby it assumes the femblance You are fili more mistaken, if you of innocence, it recriminales with a de. imagine that this conduct of yours has gree of personality unworthy a gentle. any tendency to serve your cause, or to man, a scholar, and a Chriftian. It prejudice ours. It is nothing but reason pleads the immenie loss of property, and argument that can ever Tupport any compared to which life itself is nothing, fyitem of religion. Answer our argue and the destruction of a philosophical mears, and your businels is done; but apparatus, and a collection of MSS, your having recourse to violence is only from whole liberal source the world was a proof that you have nothing better to to have been re-pbilosopbised, re-policted, produce. Should you deftroy myself, and re-Corylianiked. as well as my house, library, and appa


Without infifting on the weakness of chemistry and natural philosophy ala defence founded on recrimination and ready defeated and detected. personality, let us try the truth of some To pass by the personalities against affertions contained in it.

individuals, and the unhandsome reDr. P. sets out with a panegyrick on Aexions on whole bodies of men, con“his peaceful behaviour in his arrention tained in them, his writings, addressed to the quiet studies of his profeflion, to the nation at, large, sufficiently deand those of philosophy." How quiet clare " what manner of spirit he is of.” his Audies have been, or how suitable While his worthy coadjutor exults in to his profession, his variou: publications the prospect of bringing royalty once for the last ten years can best declare, more to the block, bis sport is hunting Every inhabitant, not only of Birming- down episcopacy, and leveling every 'bam, but of Great Britain, may judge rank in society that savours of fubordia him out of his own mouth; and, when nation of mind or body. In praising he denies the thought of having recourse the French Regolurion before it is half to violence, he forgets that, however completed, he wilhes for an IMPROYEsemore that thought is from the body of MENT in the Constitution of his own Diffenters, he, as far as specious rea. country, though he takes care to keep soning, Nudied misrepresentation, and out of light the many murders that muit Aturdy claims, have such a tendency, be hazarded in the exchange, and comhas been taking every method to excite pliments his countrymen on their huit. If his virulent reflexions on the Re. manity. We try him not on any count ligion and Government of his country, to which he does not plead guilty, but and the Ministers of both, were not cal. on what he avows and glories in when culated to inflame men's minds, it is scarcely “escaped with the skin of his difficult to say what was their tendency ; teeth." The English people, in their for truth is not promoted by violence of plain understandings, have light fuffiany kind.

cient to guide them through this world No one can deny that the outrages of to the next, without involving them. a mob, reftrainable only by a military felves in metaphysical and abstract reaforce, are unworthy both of Englishmen sanings, which have no place among and Christians. But who can justify the simple truths of the Gospel. The the outrages of invective and misrepre. bcasted number of converts, augmented fentation, which violate the golden rule by the followers of every new enthusi. of Christian charity, and the quiet cha- alt, will have no influence on the na. racter of a teacher of Christianity, and tional faith : ftill less will upbraiding must be expected, as in the present in the people or their rulers with Bigotry, ftance has too unfortunately been the Idolatry, Foily, and Knavery, with case, to recoil on the heads of the first Priestcraft or Kingcraft, induce them to promoters of discord? No one can avoid change their principles or their party. lamenting the catastrophe, and pitying The people of England have had top the sufferers; but if the spirit in which fatal and repeated experience of the some of the sufferers speak of themselves, spirit which actuates too many among and those whom they are pleased to call the Diffenters. The quibbles of tender their enemies, provoke severe reflexions, consciences, which firit began to disturb they have none to blame but themselves. the glorious reign of Elizabeth, broke

We are next told, the loss to the out into dreadful overt-acts of violence community in the single house of Dr. under that of the unfortunate Charles. P. is irreparable; whereas, had the Alarmed into concurrence with the Doctor himself been demolished, a flight measures of William, they no sooner of phenixes would have arisen out of recovered from their frighi, than they his alhes, for the eternal benefit of man- made a merit of their acquiescence to kind at large, with superior zeal and bring forward demands, and have been abilities. If he can thus arise again rising in their claims ever since. When invigorated an hundred fold, the pre- the language of Petition failed, that of sent catastrophe is not worth a regret. Remonftrance was assumed, and me. Perhaps, however, the world, wearicd naces, unworthy of men who willied to with the round of infidel, unitarian, le. be accounted loyal or faithful subjects, ditious, leveling argumentation, will were resorted to. If these facts can be no more lament the loss of future fer. denied or vindicated, Dr. P's letter mons, pamphlets, letters, and historics, will deserve attention. If, on the conthan of the mistakea and false fyftem of trary, it ihould appear that the leaders

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