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England and Ireland, and to the United Church never return; and as there were no new supplies, committed to their Charge, all such Rights and gold, formerly abundant, would become scarce. Privileges as by Law do or shall appertain to The tradition of a gold age would remain, and there them, or any of them?
would be an age of bronze and iron weapons and “King,
ornaments, and of bronze coins. “All this I promise to do."
In this way I am inclined to interpret the traThis was the oath taken by King William the
dition of the Golden Age, represented as one of Fourth and her present Majesty-the Coronation
plenty; and contrasting its expeditions, fruitful Oath as it pow exists, except that in these two
of plunder, with the settled state of the Hellenes later cases the words “the Churches there" have
as tillers of the ground, or as tree-cultivators, been substituted for the words “ the United dependent on the chance crops of the olive, vine, Church."
and fig. It will thus be seen that the Coronation Oath,
The age of the discovery of America was a in its present form. is a development of that I golden age in this sense, producing a great effect enacted by the statute of William and Mary, by
on European imagination in its day, and the prewhich the sovereign was called upon to swear
sent time is a repetition in history of gold-finding " to preserve the Laws of God, the true Profes and working.
HYDE CLARKE. sion of the Gospel, and the Protestant Reformed ARISTOS.-I think Mr. Carlyle is the first EngReligion, established by Law," by the addition of lish author who has made use of the word aristos, the words (rendered necessary by the Act of thus introducing it into English literature for the Union with Scotland)," and to maintain and pre- | less pertinent word aristocrat, which latter, an serve inviolably the Settlement of the Church of esteemed lexicographer says, is “a modern word England, and the Doctrine, Worship, Discipline, borrowed from the French, and already in disuse." and Government thereof, as by Law established"; (Richardson.) If, then, the word aristocrat was which latter words were again necessarily modi | introduced from the French, this new word aristo fied by the Union with Ireland, when the Churches or aristos may perhaps come from the same source; of England and Ireland ceased to exist as separate for ever since the Revolution of 1848 the latter bodies, and were incorporated under the title of word has been used in France, especially in the “ the United Church of England and Ireland.” French capital. M. Pierre Larousse, in his inter
esting and valuable Grand Dictionnaire du xizo
Siècle (Paris, 1864), says:THE GOLDEN AGE. -- The tradition among the
"Aristo. Abréviation du mot aristocrate; mot fort usité
| depuis 1848.” early Greeks of the Golden Age may have a very different meaning from that commonly attributed.
Mr. Carlyle's use of the word is a very happy The rivers of Europe and Western Asiả show
one, or, as the Germans would say, very treffend evidences of gold-bearing, but are not now pro
i. e. hitting the mark; and I cannot refrain from ductive, and in streams contain small quantities
quoting the passages in which the translator of of gold; and gold has been found on the surface
Wilhelm Meister, whom all Germans-even those in Wicklow, &c., in modern times. The gold
who only know him by name—so deeply revere, sites of Europe and of Western Asia accessible
asking himself the question, “ How many of to surface gold-digging do not now yield any
our titular aristocracy will prove real gold when considerable amount of gold; while there are
thrown into the crucible ? ” says or asks furevidences of early gold possessions, such as those
ther:of the Irish gold ornaments, which show a former
“Will there, in short, prove to be a recognisable small period of free supply of gold.
nucleus of Invincible á plotou fighting for the Good Cause,
in their various wisest ways, and never ceasing or slackThe explanation I have been disposed to give
ening till they die? This is the question of questions, of this is, that early races, particularly the Iberian, on which all turns," &c.—Shooting Niagara: and after ? carried out expeditions for surface gold and tin | London, 1867, pp. 24, 25. digging; that the tin of these islands was casually
And, adapting it, he proceeds (ibid. pp. 26-28): discovered in the search for gold, and that the trade in tin continued after the exhaustion of
First, then, with regard to Art, Poetry, and the like,
which at present is esteemed the supreme of aims for gold-digging.
vocal genius, I hope my literary Aristos will pause, and The expedition of the Argonauts was the re- seriously make question before embarking on that; and newal of an ancient tradition in this view.
perhaps will end, in spite of the Swarmeries abroad, by The Hellenic invaders would find their prede
devoting his divine faculty to something far higher, far cessors, the Iberians, and perhaps the predecessors
more vital to us. . . . Our Aristos, well meditating,
will perhaps discover that the genuine . Art'in all times of these, the Caucaso-Tibetans, in barbaric pomp
is a higher synonym for God Almighty's Facts,—which and gold. The gold acquired by the Hellenic come to us direct from Heaven, but in so abstruse a coninvasions would pass to the Phænician traders, and dition, and cannot be read at all till the better intellect
interpret them. That is the real function of our Aristos tions INCLUDED two bad shilings, a thrie, and a and of his divine gift.”
HERMANN KINDT. Now a babie was the old name for the copper THE PROPHET OF BELCHES.-If the enclosed is coin more recently known as a bawbee. (See Jamieworth preserviny, it is at your service. It is copied son, sub voce.) from an undated and backed manuscript in the Another startling blunder occurs on p. 329, handwriting of about the period, and serves to vol. i. of Saints and Sinners, where the Rev. sbow to what an extent gross superstition then Hamilton Paul is described as minister of Broughty, prevailed among the Scottish peasantry and their and reference is made to Hunter's Biggar and the teachers :
House of Fleming, which, if followed up, will “An Accorint of the Prophet of Belches, in the Year 1745. show that Mr. Hunter most correctly states that
“He appeared at Belches preaching, and gathered this very eccentric clergyman was minister of the great multitudes. There attended his meetings Mr. Cran- parish of Broughton in Peeblesshire. stoun, Minster of Ancrum, Mr. Wilson of Maxton, D. of
GEORGE VERE IRVING. Galash? (sic). He led the people through a pool in the town which he called Jordan. He also told them the A LACEMAKER's Song.–When I was a child, world was at an end, and they all gathered together into rising six years, my Northamptonshire nurso used one place in an house, and all the beasts were almost to sing the following ditty to me as she rattled her starved. One man whom they thought not so wise as bobbins over her lace-pillow:them pulled the Stocks and fed the Caitle, otherwise they would all have perished. One night this man (who) was
“It rains, it rains in merry Scotland ; in another house, curious to hear what they were saying,
It rains both great and small, heard the prophet say Let the Devil take his own! but
And all the schoolboys in merry Scotland if he came to them they should trample hiin under their
Must needs to play at ball. feet. The man growing fear'd, took a dog which was
They tost their balls so high, so high, with him and threw him over the Middle Wall, and they
They tost their balls so high, trampled him to death and thought they had killed the
They tost them over the Jews'castel, Devil, and the man run off in the meantime. A man
The Jews they lay so low. going to hear the Prophet met the Laird of Beauley. He
The Jews came up to Storling Green : asked him where he was going. He said to hear the
•Come hither, come hither, you young sireen, Prophet. Shortly the man returned and said the Prophet
And fetch your ball again.' was bound. He said O man! the Prophet Jeremiah was
• I will not come, and I dare not come bound. Very true! said the man, and so returned to the
Without my schoolfellows all, Prophet. Many people certify these facts. Walter Ruther
For fear I should meet my mother by the way, ford at Ancrum Mill will show documents to all above
And cause my blood to fall.' and more. He healed the Women through his Jordan,
She showed him an apple as green as grass, but went off when he saw his predictions came not to
She gave him a sugar-plum sweet ;
She laid him on the dresser board,
And stuck him like a sheep.
• A Bible at my head, my mother, “ SAINTS AND SINNERS !" - I have been very A Testament at my feet; much amused with the following passage in
And every corner you get at Doran's Saints and Sinners, vol. i. p. 243:
My spirit you shall meet.""
J. L. C. “At this period the Presbyterians of Crawford in Scot.
Hanley. land had a bad reputation for irreligion and stinginess. This is illustrated by a story, that at a kirk collection all | PROPHECY OF M. CAZOTTE. - Cazotte is said to that was found in the plate after prayer, sermon, and a have foretold some of the horrors of the French christening were two bad shillings and a baby!”
Revolution. I quote the anecdote from the As my family have been for sonie four centuries | Memoirs of Madame du Barri, London, 1831 heritors in the parish of Crawford, I most empha- | (vol. iv. p. 291):tically, from intimate knowledge of its records
“ The duchess ( de Grammont] then related to me that and the traditions connected with it, deny that one erening, when M. de Cazotie was at a large party, its inhabitants ever had the reputation so gratui- of which she made one, he was requested to consult the tously assigned to them: although no better, they planets, and make known what would be the destiny of were no worse than their neighbours.
the persons assembled there. This be evaded by every
possible pretext, until, finding they would take no excuse, The story, which is said to be an illustration of
he declared that, of the whole of the company then before the assertion, is certainly a story in one sense of him, not one would escape a violent and public death, the word.
from which not even the king and queen would be It is founded on a return made to the Presby- / exempt.” tery of Lanark of the result of a general collection The authenticity of Du Barri's Memoirs is very within its bounds, in the year 1693. This return doubtful. A more detailed account of the incimakes no mention of any christening or of any dent is given in Louis XVI et la Révolution, par infant being present in the church. Nor does it Alexandre Dumas, Paris, 1866, t. ii. What is the state that all that was found in the plate were the original authority for this reinarkable narrative ? articles enumerated; butit records that the collec
WILLIAM E. A. Axon.
ESCHEATORSHIP OF MUNSTER.--As it was new lished I cannot say,* but the “fourth edition, to me, and may be to others, it is perhaps worth with improvements," has for its imprint: “Mannoting that I lately found, on reading the Life of chester, printed for the author by Jos. Harrop, Lord Plunket, there was, whilst Ireland had a | 1761." separate parliament, an officer so called, which! From the preface and dedication we learn that answered to the Stewardship of the Chiltern he was a native of Shropshire, and a burgess of Hundreds in England, by accepting wbich a Shrewsbury, and that the book was published to member could vacate his seat.
E. H, A. relieve his misfortunes. From Lowndes we find
that, in 1769, he published a book on Free
masonry. This is all I have been able to glean Queries.
respecting him; perhaps some correspondent of
“N. & Q." near the Wrekin will be able to give LORD BYRON.—According to The Times' report a further account of this Salopian worthy. of the debate on the “Married Woman's Property It may be well to add, that the two editions Bill," Mr. Pollard Urquhart
(first and fourth) of the Moral Thoughts, which “ contended that cases of hardship ought to be provided | I have examined, vary very considerably. Each for, and reminded the House of a noble poet who married has a different list of subscribers (the Manchester a lady with a large fortune, the greater part of which, edition, containing many well-known Lancasbire on their early separation, he spent in a way which could names), and one or two essays which appear in not be approved."
the first edition are suppressed in the later one. I am most desirous to know what justification
WILLIAM E. A. Axon.* there is for this reference to Lord Byron ? Byron
Joynson Street, Strangeways. does seem to have confessed that his wife's
DISEMBOWELMENT.- Reading an old book (Elias 10,0001. soon melted away in the difficulties and
Ashmole's Antiquities of Berkshire) the other day, extravagances in which he was involved imme
I stumbled over the following passage, on which diately after his marriage (see Galt's Life, p. 193),
some of your readers may throw light. Speaking but he had settled 60,0001. on her and her chil
of the church of “Kingston-Bakepuge," in the dren. 10,0001., moreover, could not have been the greater part of Lady Byron's large fortune,
deanery of Abingdon, he says :-“Nigh it lyes the
bowels of Judge Williams (who, I presume, died even if Mr. Urquhart did not refer, as it would
here in a journey), but his body was carried into seem he intended, to some period subsequent to
Wales." The note in parenthesis is the author's. Byron's separation from his wife. It is difficult
Was the judge disembowelled for the purpo-e of to believe that Mr. Pollard Urquhart held Byron
embalming? If so, am I to understand that his up as a horrid example in this way without ample
bowels were deposited in sacred ground. This warrant; and perhaps I have only my own want
suggests the question, how did the Taricheutæ of . of penetration to blame for not finding the facts
1 old dispose of the "internals" of those bodies they in print, which bear out his statement. But if
| practised their art on ?
W. J. C. Mr. Urquhart spoke from private information, it surely would be better that the exact nature of FLOATING CORPSES.the money transactions between Byron and his “I have seen dead bodies floating about in that part of separated wife should be made known, now that
the (Black) Sea, where I first became acquainted with
the fact that the corpse of a woman floats upon its back, this aspersion on Byron's character, which I for
while that of a man floats upon its face."--Curzon's one always supposed to be scrupulously honour Armenia, p. 2. able in pecuniary matters, has appeared and has
Pliny states just the contrary : “ Virorum cadareceived no refutation.
vera supina fluitant, foeminarum prona." (Hist. WELLINS CALCOTT. — Few biographical par Nat. vii. 17.) Is there really any rule in the ticulars appear to be known of Wellins Calcott, matter, or is it all mere chance ? whose Moral Thoughts ran through four editions |
THE MONASTERY OF KENIGSAAL. - In tho in five years—a fair share of popularity for a work
ork seventh book of his Compitum, chap. i. p. 14, not appealing to the general taste. As the book
Mr. Digby has the following paragraph:is not mentioned in any of our bibliographies, I
"The idea of the palace that is shortly to render our transcribe the title:
Sydenham so renowned, seems to have suggested itself to “ Thoughts Moral and Divine; collected and intended the monks, as lovers of all that can instruct and adorn for the better Instruction and Conduct of Life. Dedicated the world; for Æneas Sylvius relates, that in the vast by Permission to the Right Hon. the Earl of Powis. By
gardens of the monastery of Kænigsaal, in Bohemia, was Wellins Calcott, Gent. ... London: Printed for the
a representation of all the principal countries of the Author by E. Owen, near Chancery Lane, Holborn,
| globe, of the mountains, rivers, and seas. Here were , 1756.".
shrubs and plants from various regions, and on the walls "An edition appeared at Birmingham in 1758, 1 [* The third edition was published at Coventry in probably the 'second; where the third was pub- 1769, 8v0.-Ed.]
of polished stone was engraved the whole Bible, from “ Earthly happiness is but the gay 'to-morrow of the Genesis to the Apocalypse, the letters increasing in pro mind which never comes." portion to their height from the ground, so that the whole " It has been well said that the Arch-flatterer with could be read easily by those who walked round it.” * whom all the petty flatterers have intelligence, is a man's
self.'" Can any correspondent supply further particulars | "The subduing of pride and the love of popular ap. of a place so extraordinary and interesting ?
plause is the first principle of virtue.” F. C. H.
Maonths. MONOGRAM " A. E. I." - What is the meaning
" And she hath smiles to earth unknown
Smiles that with motion of their own and origin of the monogram " A. E. I.," now so
Do spread, and sink, and rise; much used upon trinkets, "letter-paper, &c. ?
That come and go with endless play,
Are bidden in her eyes.”'
J. T. F. dent of “N. & Q." oblige the writer by giving The College, Hurstpierpoint. him the names of any bowmen named Archer, of Suffolk, which occur in the following, viz. Brit.
Song, “Good Humour." —An uncle of mineMus. Harl. MSS. 366, ff 40-52; 309, tf 186, 7; or
the picture, by-the-bye, of "good humour" himComm. of Muster, temp. Edw. I.-II.; MSS. 433,
self—often gave us a song, one verse of which was 1192 ? Likewise of any persons named Gordon, “No lawyer nor pedant am I, Taaffe, or Jones, that appear in the Army Lists
Nor scholar nor grave politician ;' and Debentures, signed by Lord Ranelagh, 1699,
For the cares of this world I defy, Brit. Mus. Addit. MSS. 9755, &c.
Whilst good humour's my only physician." The following references to Taaffe MSS. in
Where is this song to be found ? Trin. Coll., Dublin, might assist another disposed
Robt. HINDLEY. to oblige me by looking over them: F. 4-18, L
WHITMORE'S HERALDIC PROPOSAL. — A work
Wom E. 3-18, E. 3-2.
SP. has recentl
has recently appeared in America under the titleNying. - In the biography of the famous Dr. “Reasons for the Regulation of the Use of Coat Armour Forman, circa 15€0, the phrase is used of loved in the United States, including a Plan for Taxing the him nying well.” Query, the meaning and deriva- Employment of such Insignia. By W. H. Whitmore, tion ?
Boston," * 1868.
Is not this work merely a variation of a pamA PRINCE OF WALES'S BROOCH.-My wife pos- pblet which appeared in 1860, and which was sesses a brooch which has been in her family for extensively distributed throughout the United States many years, and which I think is so peculiar in in that year by its author, J. H. Lawrence Archer? form that it warrants a query respecting it. It is! The pamphlet in question bore the following in the shape of a trident, or rather of a trident title : -without a handle. The three forks of the trident “A Plea for Practical Heraldry in the New World. are composed of diamonds set in gold and en- By J. H. L. A. Printed by Richard Barrett, London, amelled, with two white feathers, also of enamel, | 1860.” springing out of the head of the trident. Ex- With an additional “Prospectus of the College of actly in the centre of the brooch, a circle of chased Seals." The plan being to “put the use of armogold is laid, and in its centre is a monogram (G.R.) rial insignia on the same basis as trade marks or with a fillet around, on which are the words “The copyrights" on that continent. Hope of the British Empire."
Though applied to Mr. Whitmore's, these words Can you suggest which of our princes of Wales are necessarily equally applicable to J. H. L. A.'s of the Georgian era is alluded to? We can now proposal. The design of the latter was, moreover, with pride and pleasure point happily to one who to infuse into our American neighbours' constituis indeed “the hope of the British Empire," but tion something of the monarchical Canadian spirit, I cannot recall to mind the date when there was whereby greater social, if not political, harmony such enthusiasm relative to one of his princely might be established.. predecessors who could be so distinguished by
As I have only referred to the extracts from that appellation.
NOEL H. ROBINSON. Mr. Whitmore's work, which appeared in a conQUOTATIONS WANTED. —
temporary magazine, possibly there may be some, “As the rose of the valley when dripping with dew,
acknowledgment made in the book itself of the Is the sweetest in odour, and brightest in hue;
pamphlet of 1860. But even these extracts when So the gleam of dear woman most lovely appears,
compared with the pamphlet betray their origin, When it beams from her eloquent eyes through her and therefore I hope it has been admitted.
• Ap. Dubois, Hist. de l'Abbaye de Morimond, 26.
• See Herald and Genealogist, part xxyII. pp. 281-2.
Queries with Answers.
by ignorant booksellers, owing to mistakes of sigOLD TAYLOR, THE ARTIST.-I find among paper
natures, paging, &c., which were not so well at
tended to by the early printers as at present. I Bcraps as follows:
shall be glad of a reference to any handy work which “Old Taylor, the artist, painted more than three
explains the details of catchwords, signatures, &c., thousand beads (in little) at Oxford, in six or eight years, and the various mysteries of the printer's art. at two or three guineas a-head.”
F. M. S. Who knows anything of this Old Taylor ?
[About 1469-70, alphabetical tables of the first words Where are any of his heads in little ? Photo- of each chapter were introduced as a guide to the binder. graphy has settled that no similar feat shall ever The catch, or direction-words, now generally abolished, be performed again.
BUSHEY HEATH. | were first used at Venice by Vindeline de Spire, 1471. They [The individual inquired after we take to be John are found in a work entitled Lilium Medicina, printed at Taylor, Esq., that venerable and highly respected patri Ferrara in 1486. Their use and convenience did not arch of English artists, who died at his house in Ciren- occur to the Parisian printers till the year 1520. The cester Place on Nov. 21, 1838, in the ninetieth year of name and place of the inventor of signatures is involved his age. A few months before his death a friend met him in obscurity. It appears they were inserted into an in the New Road, and after a little lively chat, took the edition of Terence, printed at Milan in 1470, by Anthony liberty to ask his precise age. “Why," said Mr. Taylor, Zorat, and an edition of Baldi Lectura super Codic., &c. his eyes sparkling with fun, “ I am not quite ninety, but was printed at Venice by John de Colonia and Jo. ManI'm what the people on the Stock Exchange would call then de Gherretzem, anno 1474: it is in folio, and the eighty-nine and seven-eighths,” In his youth, Mr. Taylor signatures are not introduced till the middle of the book, was the pupil of Hayman, on whom Colman fathered his and then continued throughout. Abbé Reve ascribes the whimsical tale of Frank Hayman and the Hare. On discovery to John Koelhof, at Cologne, in 1472. They leaving Hayman's studio, he devoted himself principally were used at Paris in 1476, and by Caxton in 1480. It to portrait drawings in pencil, until he at length accu is customary to commence with B on the first sheet of mulated a sufficient sum to enable him to retire with the body of the work, and to go regularly through the comfort. This money he invested in the long annuities, alphabet, with the exception of the letters J, V, and W, which expired in 1840, two years after his death, so that which are seldom used as signatures; and which had, in the calculation was rather a nice one!
fact, no existence in the alphabet at the time of the invenMr. Taylor was one of the original members of the | tion of printing. 'The late venerable Sylvanus Urban Incorporated Society of Artists, the precursor of the | used figures instead of letters. “ The mysteries of the Royal Academy. His memory, especially with reference printer's art” (may be learnt from the following works to the events of his boy hood, was remarkably tenacious. among others: 1. Johnson's Typographia ; or the Printer's Among other matters, he perfectly recollected having Instructor, 2 vols. 8vo, 1824. 2. Hansard's Typographia, witnessed the execution of the Scots lords on Tower Hill an Historical Sketch of the Origin and Progress of the Art in 1746 -a spectacle certainly well calculated to make a of Printing, royal 8vo, 1825. 3. Savage's Dictionary of permanent impression on any beholder. His mind was the Art of Printing, 8vo, 1841. 4. Timperley's Dictionary abundantly stored with anecdotes of artists of former of Printers and Printing, roy. 8vo, 1839; and 5. Blades's days; and, could he have been induced to publish a Memoirs of William Caxton, 2 vols. 4to, 1861.] volume of his reminiscences, it would have been an in SYKES: THAYER, ETC. — The inquirer will valuable contribution to our art literature.
be thankful for information on the following It is right we should state that we are indebted for points :these interesting particulars of “Old Taylor” to a peri 1. When did Sykes's sale take place ? Is there odical so ably conducted for above thirty long years by | any catalogue of the sale extant ? * Parliamentary our venerable correspondent himself, now somewhat more Generals in ten ovals, 12mo, were sold at Sykes's than an octogenarian; but who, it would seem, like sale for 231. 2s.” Who was the purchaser? Are Hamlet, has
the names of the ten generals known? “From the table of his memory
2. John Thayer, Esq. of Cooper's Hill, GlouWiped away all trivial fond records, •
coster, temp. Car. I. was in possession of the All saws of books, all forms, all pressures past,
library of Lanthony Priory; his grandfather having That youth and observation copied there."
married the sister of the last prior. At Thayer's The reproduction, however, of the memorabilia of the
death, Charles II. bought 800 MS. of his execuaged John Taylor may not altogether prove uninteresting
tors for the Royal Library, St. James's. Are they to the present generation of our pictorial brotherhood.]
known to be in existence? if so, where ?
3. Who was “ Th. Tw.," a writer of “Elegiack PRINTING. - In the Atheneum of June 13, | Memorials ” of eminent men, published by Jen1868, is an interesting paper on “ Old Printing," | nings at the Exchange, 1653 ?
I. B. D. by Professor de Morgan, mentioning some rare [1. The sale of the splendid, curious, and extensive works which are occasionally rejected as imperfect library of Sir Mark Masterman Sykes, by Mr. Evans,