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dated (it only bears “xv Martii), one could know Perhaps some of the country correspondents of if the queen was then in her sixty-third year. “N. & Q.” residing in the eastern or western
P. A. L. counties may have met with what appears to me EPIDEMICS OF THE MIDDLE AGES (4th S. ii.
a singular misapplication of a name not unlike 469.)-Your correspondent J. G. may find at least the American notion which calls the periwinkle some of the information he desires, in an octavo a myrtle.
Α. Η. pamphlet of seventy-four pages, entitled Mental Beckenham. Epidemics, by the Rev. J. Š. Gilmore, Rector of Rathmore (Dublin, 1868).
ROMAN INTERMENT AT TINWELL (4th S. ii. 481.) ABIBA.
In his account of the interesting discovery near ELISHA COLES'S DICTIONARY (4th S. ii. 471.)- to Tinwell, MR. J. E. Price refers to my descripIf S. H. HARLOWE will refer to Gorton's Biog. tion of a similar discovery near to Stilton, and Dictionary, I think his search for the solution of asks me as to the direction that Ermine Street his query will be ended. In one article he dis- took after leaving Chesterton. It seems to me poses of uncle and nephew—both patives of North- that the course laid down for it in the Ordnance amptonshire, and both for a time of Magdalen Map is the correct one. This takes it in a perCollege, Oxford; and both, it would seem, leaving fectly straight line from Durobrivæ to a point or dismissed on religious grounds. The elder was three-quarters of a mile east of Barnack, a disof the strictest class of Calvinists, and published tance of six-and-a-quarter miles, passing between a work on predestination, still held in high esteem Castor and Sutton and west of Upton (thus corby those of his opinions. The younger Elisha roborating, Gall); and, at the point denoted near appears to have been a voluminous author of to Barnack, bending north-easterly across Burelementary books of education, besides the dic- leigh Park, at the edge of which the Ordnance tionaries mentioned by MR. HARLOWE. Among Map leaves it. But, if the line were carried right the former are, a Hieroglyphical Bible for Youth, on, it would take the road through Tinwell, or the Complete English Schoolmaster, and one, as slightly to the east of it, towards Stamford. This Mr. Gorton remarks,“ bearing the whimsical title confirms Peck's statement, and is also in favour Nolens Volens ; or, You shall make Latin, whether of MR. PRICE's supposition that the Roman inyou will or no." He had been usher in Merchant terment recently discovered was near to the track Taylors' School, which he lost by misconduct; of Ermine Street. As the subject has been reand little else is known of him but that he died ferred to, I may be permitted to add that, in the in Ireland in 1980, eight years before his uncle. Gentleman's Magazine for September last, I gave a Is it not likely that the third Elisha, called Jun. drawing of the old coffin found near Stilton, toby Lowndes, is the same as the one here com- gether with a description of the other articles memorated ?
J. A. G. since found near to it-Samian and Durobrivian Carisbrooke.
pottery, &c.: all which has assisted to confirm Dogwood (4th S. ii. 465.)— The name "dogwood” my original statement, that this spot was probmay be, in some localities, applied to other trees ably a Roman cemetery. In the same sketch is or plants than Cornus sanguineu; but I can find no
seen the columbarium at Folkesworth mentioned authority for it. Hooker, Lindley, Platt, and Johns by me at p. 478 of this volume. give it as only indicating this one shrub. Cornus
CUTHBERT BEDE. sanguinen enjoys many titles. The old herbalists BUZWINGS (4th S. ii. 35, 92.)-Another curious and Chaucer call it dog berry, hound's-tree, and advertisement of the Buzwings appeared in the guter-tree. Pliny names it Virga sanguinea, or second column of The Times of Nov. 7, 1868 :bloody-twig. The Germans term it Kornelbaum and Hornstruch—the latter repeating the botanic Palace a large red ticket order of the Buzwings to admit
"Lost, between the Buzwing Hall and Buckingham name, from cornus, a horn; the hardness of its two postulants to the titillation 10th Nov. 1868. Whowood being thus indicated. It was formerly used ever will take the same to the Matron, the Buzwing for making spikes and javelins, and now for Hall, W.C., shall receive 51. reward." skewers, hence its name "prickwood.”.
A. B. Z. (p. 35) considers them a secret entoI am not aware that, either in the north of mological society, from the buzzing of wings. England, the midland counties, or here in the A. H. (p. 92), a convivial society possessing fine south, this name “dogwood” is or has been used “ bees'-wing.” But really I should like to know to indicate either Viburnum opulus, wild guelder how to become a member. A society which has rose; Euonymus europæus, spindle-tree; Prunus such a secret as a novel and curious mode of tickpadus, bird-cherry; or Ramnus frangula, berry- ling - as to be worth 5l. to keep from a stranger bearing alder. I have conversed much with must be a society well worth belonging to in these country people during botanic rambles, and in- melancholy days of darkness and so-called comic (!) variably the name dogwood" indicated the Christmas stories. It would have been rather Cornus sanguinea alone.
fun to have found the ticket and to have gone to
*** The possibility of substituting steel for copper has
Buzwing Hall and "demanded the tickling” as After some remarks upon the consumption of well as the 51. If kicked out, you would be left copper-plates—five daily, or 1500 in the year -expostulating at the door. • Tickled with a and the expense and labour of producing them, straw won't do in this case, as the Buzwings the following remarks occur:certainly have feathers.
I have heard many wonderings on this comic been suggested as a means of obviating these dificulties. advertisement. The two puzzling things are, first “A specimen of engraving on soft steel was produced the large sum offered for the ticket; second, the
to the committee by Mr. Warren, and from the concurmatron! Can Buzwing Hall be a home”
rent testimony of several witnesses it appears that a block
or plate of steel may be softened so as to admit of its being some place where quaintly religious people live
engraved upon and etched, and that the time required together, and go about in odd costumes ? If so, by the artist to produce a given effect is not twice that their funds must be in an excellent state, and required when copper is made use of. Under such circongratulate the poor in the district. Or is the cumstances, the plate, when finished would be capable whole a piece of humbug ?
of being again hardened, and in that state will afford
twenty, or perhaps thirty times the number of impres" TALKING A HORSE'S LEG OFF (4th S. ii. 488.)
sions that copper will. The expression is not limited to Lancashire. Í bave often heard it in Norfolk and in the midland
" It was represented to the committee by Mr. Clymer,
who stated himself as speaking from his own personal counties — “Talk, talk, talk; enough to talk a knowledge, gained while he was one of a company in the horse's hind leg off.” JOSEPH Rix, M.D. United States for the manufacture of bank notes, that
the engraving of the ornamental borders of the American I have not had the opportunity of hearing this bank notes is made on thick plates of soft steel, by remark in Lancashire, as applied to a person who
means of the turning-engine and the punches and other is a great or incessant talker, but in the remote
methods employed by the engravers. These plates being county of Devon the saying takes a different form. subscquently hardened, are used to impress cylinders of
soft steel, and these cylinders, when hardened, are used to Instead of " talk " they would use the word impress copper-plates, in which the writing, vignettes, “ tell”; and I once heard a farmer say, “ Dthick &c. are subsequently inserted in the usual way."- Pages veller would tell a horse to death."
P. HUTCHINSON. From Mr. Pye's book we learn that, for the VAN Dunk (4th S. ii. 333.)—Dunk is a very plate of “The Broken Jar,” Warren received the prevalent surname at Hastings.
sum of fifty guineas; and that at the sale of the Chas. WARNE. engraver, in 1823, a proof on India paper sold for
41. 118. FIRST PLATE EXECUTED ON STEEL (4th S.
A beautiful artist's proof of this engraving, ii. 394, 448.)—I do not think it at all improbable from the collection of Heath the engraver, is now that "The Broken Jar,” after Wilkie, was the before me. It is certainly a gem; but so carefirst instance of engraving on steel as a book- fully were the plates in the volume printed, that illustration. We know that copper was exclu- even the ordinary impressions, in the small-paper sively used for such purposes till within a few copies of the Social Day, do not contrast so unyears previous, though occasional trial had been favourably with it as might have been expected. made of steel for less elaborate and important I am also the fortunate possessor of the beauwork. Few would be better able to speak on tiful little picture by H. Singleton, fronı which this subject than the eminent engraver John Pye, the engraving by Anker Smith, A.R.A., to illusin whose very interesting work, The Patronage of trate the lines on Chess (p. 104), was made. British Art (850, 1845), the following note Except in colour, it is much in the manner of
Stothard ; the composition peculiarly happy and “ The introduction of engraving on steel-plates super- graceful; and it is in every way superior to the seded, for book-embellishments, engraving on copper. engraving.
WILLIAM Bates. The immense quantity of this class of decoration pro
Birmingham. duced from steel rendered them a drug in the market, and hence the fashion of book-embellishments was again BELL-RINGING: BELL-LITERATURE (3rd S. xii. changed. It would be a nice matter to trace the pro- 453 ; 4th S. ii. 327.) – Interesting notes on the gressive introduction of steel; but it may be well to remark that Mr. Raimbach engraved a steel-plate for the
above subjects will be found in the Reliquiæ HearBank of England in 1811."-P. 372.
niane, under the following dates :—May 24 and It may, however, be inferred from a passage in September 16, 1733; January 2, May 2, July 9, the Report of the Committee of the Society of Arts, and September 28, 1734; April 11 and May 31, &c. relative to the Mode of preventing the Forgery 1735. In the original MS. of the Reliquie there of Bank Notes (London, 8vo, 1819), that the new
are further notes on bell-ringing that were sur plan had not come, at that time, into general use. pressed in the printed version.
“ Hearne," says Dr. Bliss, his editor," was passionately [* Clearly the latter. -En.]
fond of bell-ringing (although I do not find that he prac
tised it himself), and records many of the exploits in that erection-by St. Ethelwold, who consecrated it science at Oxford. The custom of gownsmen exercis- in 980, and dedicated it under the same title of ing themselves in this amusement was not uncommon in
SS. Peter and Paul, with the addition of St. the last century. I had an uncle, then a fellow, afterwards an incumbent of New College, who frequently in Swithin ; and the cathedral of Winchester was dulged in a peal on the college bells, and Dr. Gauntlett, thenceforth called St. Swithin's down to the time the late warden, had been no mean performer in his of Henry VIII. younger days.”
For all particulars of these erections, and of the
T. WESTWOOD. fifth and last by Bishop Walkelin, finished in Soc-LAMB (4th S. ii. 467.)—According to Hal- 1093, the reader may be referred to Bishop liwell, this term is also used in Sussex. The Milner's History of Winchester.
It will be seen, A.-S. soc means the act of suction, and the exist- however, from the above epitome, that the several ence of the Germ. Saugelamm, Dutch zuig-lam, dedications had no reference to any additions, but both meaning a sucking-lamb, leaves us in no doubt to the entire cathedral on each occasion of its as to the true etymology. Compare sokerel, an being rebuilt. Each time it was considered a unweaned child; souking-fere, a foster-brother; new erection, and received accordingly a new
F. C. H. sokeling, a suckling plant or a young animal. consecration and dedication. Jamieson also tells us that one of the designations
“LEGENDS OF Devon" (4th S. ii. 345, 478.) among the vulgar for a simpleton is a sookin' turkey.
WALTER W. SKEAT.
In 1853, I bought a copy of this little book at the
shop of Mr. Westcott, in the Strand, Dawlish. 1, Cintra Terrace, Cambridge.
was amused with it at the time, and since it has MATRICIDE (4th S. ii. 415.) - In the Criminal been mentioned in “N. & Q.” I have been skimChronology of York Castle (York, 1867, p. 29,) ming over my copy again. Besides the introducwe read that on Saturday, April 30, 1649, four- tion and terminal address to Luscombe (in verse), teen men and seven women were executed for it contains the legends of—The Parson and Clerk various offences. Amongst the seven is “Isabella Rocks; Bradley's Height; Blue Bird of Horna Billington, aged thirty-two, for crucifying her Wood; The Man who Maltreated a Ghost, or the mother at Pocklington, on the 5th day of January, Legend of Littleham; Linton Castle ; Kent's 1649, and offering a calf and a cock for a burnt Cavern; Berry Pomeroy; and Babbicombe Bay. sacrifice; and her husband was hanged for being In a book like this, perhaps, we must not look for a participator in the crime.”
historical accuracy on every occasion, nor etymoloProbably the author of this curious and inte- gical accuracy, where etymologies are probably resting little volume could give your correspon- only jokingly thrown out. But knowing somedent further details. The case is a very curious thing of Devonshire, and being interested in what one, and merits resuscitating.
concerns the county, I have a curiosity to know WILLIAM E. A. Axon. whether these legends were merely invented by Joynson Street, Strangeways.
the writers, or whether the writers had first colWINCHESTER CATHEDRAL (4th S. ii. 381, 495.) in the different districts to which they refer, and
lected them as current among the country people -In reply to the query, “Why a church like Winchester Cathedral should receive four dedica- their value would be greatly enhanced. And
then committed them to paper. If the latter, tions, or indeed more than one,” I answer that finally, why should the names of the writers be the matter is explained by the fact of its having withheld if they are known ? been several times rebuilt, and re-dedicated. It
P. HUTCHIxson. was first founded by King Lucius, between the years 176 and 180, and dedicated in honour of the THE BISHOPS' VERSION OF THE BIBLE (1st S. i. Holy Saviour. When it had continued about one 234.)-Till the appearance of King James's Bible hundred and twenty years, it was destroyed in the in 1611, the Bishops' was considered as the authopagan persecution raised by Dioclesian. It was re- rised version, and was generally used in churches. built and finished in 313 by Constans, the bishop, The present proprietors, according to Anderson's who dedicated the new church to St. Amphibalus, Annals of the English Bible, are, - British Museum; who was martyred with St. Alban. This cathedral, Bodleian; Bristol Museum; St. Paul's; Camafter being turned by Cerdic into a pagan temple, bridge University Library; and Lea Wilson, Esq. was entirely taken down by the Christian con- The late Rev. J. Forshall informed me that the vert, King Kinegils, who designed to rebuild it Chetham copy is the finest he had seen. on a scale of great magnificence, but was prevented The preliminary leaves of the first edition (Lond. by death. His son Kenewalch, however, com- 1568, folio,) are misplaced. The proper order is pleted it, and it was consecrated by St. Birinus in thus given by Wilson :$48, and dedicated this time to the Holy Trinity
“ The title-page is as follows: within a narrow woodcut and SS. Peter and Paul. The cathedral was again border is engraved in large Roman letters . The bolie rebuilt from the ground-this being the fourth Bible,' and immediately below in letter-press, “conteyn
ing the olde Testament and the newe.” [These are not in Angles is as complete and accurate as I have been the Chetham copy.] These take up together one-fifth of
| able to make it:
able to make it the page. A well-executed copper engraving has a halflength portrait of Elizabeth in an oval in the centre;
St. Alnoth, M. about 670, Feb. 27. immediately above are arms of France and England
St. Ediltrude, Etheldreda, or Audry, V. 680, June 23. quarterly, within the garter, and surmounted by the
Her translation, Oct. 17. helmet and crest. Upon the mantling, on the dexter side,
St. Edmund, K. M. 870, May 20. is a shield with the arms of Ireland, and on the sinister,
St. Ermenilda, V. about 698, Feb, 13. in a similar escutcheon, party per pale and fess, four
St. Ethelbert, K. M. 793, May 20.
St. Felix, B. C. 650. March 8. lions statant regardant, for the principality of Wales. On either side of these are the figures of Charity and Reli
St. Hugh, B. of Ely, about 1254, Aug. 9. gion. Beneath on a tablet, supported by the lion and
St. John, B. of Ely, 1225, June 19. dragon, is this inscription : Non me pudet Euangelii
St. Osyth, V. M. 870, Oct. 7. Christi . Virtus enim Dei est ad salutem omni credenti.
St. Setbryd *, V. about 660, Jan. 10. Rom. i.' The reverse of this title-page is blank. There
St. Sexburge, V. about 699, July 6. are many well-executed cuts in the volume. A full page
St. Walstan, C. 1016, May 30. contains fifty-seven lines.”
St. Wereburge, V. about 675, Feb. 3. “ This is generally known by the name of the Bishops'
St. William of Norwich, M. 1137, March 25. Bible, being translated for the greatest part by the
St. Withburge, V.743, July 19. bishops, whose initial letters are added at the end of their
F. C. H. particular portions. As at the end of the Pentateuch, W.C. GREENE OF HEREFORDSHIRE (3rd S. i. 371.)— Willielmus Excestrencis. The translators are recounted I came across the inquiry made in your pages by Strype in his Life of Parker.* This edition is so rare
after this family only a few days ago, and shall that neither Dr. Burnet nor Mr. Strype appear to have seen it. The date is not either in the beginning or end, i be glad to afford your correspondent NEDALS any but is inserted in the Archbishop's arms, and mentioned information in my power. He says that he has in the preface. It is adorned with great numbers of reason to believe that the Greens of Norton beautiful cuts. . . . After the Pentateuch is the picture of
Canon sprung from the family seated at Greens the Earl of Leicester, and before the Psalms that of Lord Burleigh, as favourers of the work. In this edition, at the
Norton, co. Northants. This, I think, more than end of the Book of Wisdom, are the letters W. C., pro
doubtful. John Green by his will, dated Oct. 15, bably for the Bishop of Chichester. In the second edition, 1591, left a house at Gloucester as a benefaction the whole Apocrypha is ascribed to J. N., the Bishop of to Norton Canon (in which parish I expect he Norwich, who perhaps revised it afterwards.” — Catalogus
was born), and Richard Green had property there Bibliothecæ Harleianæ, vol. i. pp. 11, 12 (quoted in Censura
in Literaria, vol. iv. pp. 23-4).
1652. Before the eighteenth century, the The portrait of Lord Burleigh in this page
family seems to have quitted Norton Canon. reminds us of the warm contest between the
C. J. ROBINSON. Lord Treasurer and Lord Essex, when the former DEDICATIONS OF ENGLISH CHURCHES (4th S. ii. pointed to the latter the 55th Psalm, 23rd verse- 490.) - The best evidence of the dedication of ti Bloodthirsty men shall not live out half their churches, when there is any confusion, is to be days.” (See the Life and Character of Thomas found in mediæval wills. The testator very Egerton, Lord Chancellor of England, p. 7; ed. frequently, about the fifteenth century and early Paris, 1812, p. 38.) BIBLIOTHECAR. CHETHAM. in the sixteenth, mentions the place where he
desires to be buried, describing it by the dedicaARGOTE DE MOLINA (4th S. ii. 345.)-Argote de tion of its church.' Your remark about chantries Molina published a translation of the Life of is most just, as all who have had occasion to study Tamerlane, by Pero Mexia (?), and would there
this subject know. The church of Marholm, in fore appear to be the same as Margat. Vide note,
this neighbourhood, has been always supposed to p. vii., Embassy of Ruy Gonzalez de Clavijo to the
be dedicated to St. Guthlac. Bridges, perhaps, Court of Tamerlane (Hakluyt Society's publica originated the supposition, for he says it is probably tions).
so dedicated ; but he was misled by the dedicaNORTHUMBERLAND SHILLING (4th S. ii. 300.) tion of a chantry. The church itself, as old wills The Northumberland shillings, of which I have abundantly testify, is dedicated to S. Mary the one in my collection, are very scarce, and only to Virgin.
W. D. SWEETING. be found in the cabinets of numismatists. There Peterborough, were two thousand coined, but the cause of their
" EUPHUES AND HIS EPHEBUS" (4th S. ii. rarity I have always understood to have arisen
uve arisen | 437.)-MR. ARBER's note indicating the source of from the bulk of them being lost in the passage the Euphues and his Ephoebus suggests the more across the Irish Channel, while the few remaining
general subject of unadmitted translation from were kept back at the Mint. CHAS. WARNE.
classical authors. We have one notable instance Brunswick Road, Brighton.
in Ben Jonson's Catiline; he translates largely in EAST ANGLIAN SAINTS (41h S. ii. 509.)—The that tragedy from Sallust, Bell. Cat., and gives following list of saints connected with the East
* Called by Ven. Bede Sedrido. See his Hist, lib. iii, * Book iv. chap. 20.
xlmost at length Cicero's first Oration against spelled with the double g, which, I believe, is Catiline.
according to the foreign orthography. The addiWould it not be interesting to try and obtain a tional g may, however, be an aristocratical diflist of these unacknowledyed translations? Doubt- ference, heraldically speaking. In Switzerland less many such exist in our earlier literature. Punaise," i.e. "bug," is found at St. Maurice,
Johnson BJILY. Canton du Valais, where one u Mademoiselle Pallion.
Pauline Punaise" is at the present time a laun[On this subject consult the following work : “ Momus dress and dressmaker. The following impromptu Triumphans : or, the Plagiaries of the English Stage Ex- I cut some time ago from the Durham Advertiser. pos’d in a Catalogue of all the Comedies, Tragi-Comedies, It seems worthy of being registered amongst the Masques, Tragedies, Operas, Pastorals, Interludes de records of the Ioward (Norfolk) family. both ancient and modern, that were ever yet printed in English. The names of their known and supposed au- “Gamins! no more your shoulders shrug, thors: their several volumes and editions, with an account
And jeer my name untoward ; of the various originals, as well English, French, and For I'm no longer ·Joshua Bugg,' Italian, as Greek and Latine, from whence most of them
But Mister Norfolk-Howard !' have stole their plots. By Gerard Langbaine, Esq. Lond.
N. H." 1688, 4to.”—Ed.]
During the Bugg controversy one point has, I WHIPPING WIVES (4th S. i. 493.)—Permit me think, been neglected. Had Jr. Bugg any legal to make an important addition to this list : right to set aside his Christian name, provided that “ Heale, William.-An Apologie for Women ; or, An
it had been given in baptism? I think not. He Opposition to Mr. D. G(ager), his Assertion, Who held was right in altering his sirname; but I beliere in the Act at Oxforde, Anno 1608, That it was lawfull he was in error in setting aside his baptismal for Husbands to beate their Wives. Oxford, 1609, 4to."
STEPHEN Jacksox. -Lowndes' Bib. Mun, (ed. Bohn), p. 1021.
The Flatts, Malbam Moor, Craven, Yorkshire. Mr. Joseph Lilly, of Covent Garden, bad a copy for sale in 1866.
W. C. B.
RUYMING EPITAPAS (4th S. ii. 276.) — On the CAPTAIN THOMAS Ashe (4th S. ii. 340, 449.)– tombstone of Ela Countess of Salisbury, foundress The Hermit in York; a Series of Essays on a
of Lacock nunnery, is the following rhyming Variety of Subjects. Hull (1823), sq. 12mo, epitaph :
“ Infra sunt defossa
Ecce venerabilis ossa From a prefatory “ Advertisement,” dated
Quæ dedit has sedes “May 1823,” we learn that these essays were
Sacras monialibus ædes; published in the Yorkshire Gazette. They are
Abbatissæ quidem eight in number, and bear date May 29-July 18,
Que sanctè vixit ibidem 1820. No. 8 is entitled “ The Man with the
Et Comitissa Sarum White Hat." (See “N. & Q." 3rd S. v. vi. viii.
Virtutum plena bonarum." x.) There are also allusions to The Black Dwarf
Another occurs on the face of a slab now in (see "N. & Q." 3rd S. viii.), &c. &c.
Lacock Abbey, but brought originally from Farley; Mr. Hotten mentions a copy of The Hermit in its date is, I believe, about 1185 : his Bibliographical Account of 1500 Books relating
“ Hic jacet Ilbertus to Yorkshire, 1863, p. 19, and adds only a few
De Chaz bonitate refertus copies printed, rare. Hull, printed, 1820."
Qui cum Brotona Some of his works are specified in the Biog.
Dedit hic perplurima dona." Dict. of Living Authors, 1816. Who is the author The original inscription is in such intricate and of The Hermit in London, or Sketches of Manners, puzzling characters, that the monks thought it 1819, published in Ashe's usual form, 3 vols. necessary to repeat it on the margin in more legi12mo ? W.C. B. ble letters.
FELTON. NORFOLK HOWARD (4th S. ii. 437.) – I believe PANTALOON (4th S. 11.561.)– This is a real proper the story is no myth. I have always understood name, of Greek origin: Havranéwv, " altogether a that “ Joshua Bugg,” after his change of name, lion," was the name of a Christian physician and opened an inn at Wakefield. The name of Bugg martyr under Diocletian ; he figures in the Romish is certainly not very elegant, but it may have Calendar under date July 28, and in Butler's nothing to do with the nocturnal disturber. It Saints under July 27. The name appears to have may be of Sclavonic origin, and derived from the dropped into contempt from its appearance on the river Bugg. I have known several instances of stage, the learned physician being represented as the name—an ex-beadle of Clerkenwell was Mr. a grey-headed old sage withered by study. PanBugg—but I have always found the surname taloon, his representative in burlesque, is dwindled
into pants, as representing his own continuations. [* By Mr. MeDonan.]