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The perions who travelled up this grcat path, ftion, that it shook with every wind that blew.
ETC fuch whose thoughts were bent upon This was called the Temple of Vanity. The ding eminent services to mankind, or pro- goddess of it fat in the midst of a great many moring the good of their country. On each tapers, that burned day and night, and made fide of this great road were several paths that her appear much better then the would have were also laid out in straight lines, and ran done in open day-light. Her whole art was p-sale with it: these were molt of them to thew herself more beautiful and inajelties crrcred walks, and received into them men than the really was. . Fos which reafon, the of retired virtue, who proposed to themselves had painted her face, and wore 'a clusters of the fane end of their journey, though they falle jewels upon her- breast; but what k chole to make it in shade and obscurity. more particularly obseryedio was the breadths The edifices, at the cxtrcmity of the walk, of her petticoat, which was made altogether were lo contrived, that we could not see the in the fashion of a modern fardingal. This': terapie of Honour, by reason of the temple of place was filled with hypocrites, pedantss. Virtue, which stood before it : at the gates free-thinkers, and prating polițcians, with a of this temple, we were met by the goddess a rabble of those who had only titles to make of t, who conducted us into that of Honour, them great men, Female votaries crowded wich was joined to the other cdifice by a the temple, choaked up the avenues of its': baariful triumphal arch, and had no other and were more in number than the fand upony carance into it. When the deity of the inner the sca-lhore. I made it my business, in fri Aure had received us, the presented us in my return towards that part of the wood's a body, to a figure that was placed over the from whence I first set out, to observe the High akar, and was the emblem of Eternity. walks which led to this temple; for I met in She lat on a globe, in the midst of a golden it several who had begun their journcy with zodize, holding the figure of a fun in one the band of virtuous persons, and travelled kand, and a moon in the other : 'her head some time in their company: but, upon cx23 seiled, and her feet covered. Our hearts amination, I found that there were several
glowed within us as we stood amidst the paths, which led out of the great road into iphere of light which this image cast on every hc fides of the wood, and ran into fo many. te of it.
Tatler. crooked turns and windings, that those who $ 33. The Temple of Vanity.
travelled through them, often tumed their
the temple of Virtue, then crofled Having seen all that happened to this band the straight road, and sometimes marched in e adventurers, I repaired to another pile of it for a little space, till the crooked path buildings that food within view of the temple which they were engaged in, again lcd them of Hmour, and was raised in imitation of into the wood. The several alleys of these iz, upon the very fame inodel; but, at my wanderers had their particular ornaments : approach to it, I found that thc stones were one of them I could not but take notice of, lad together without mortar, and that the in the walk of the mischie:ous pretenders to : Fale fabric food upon so weak a founda- | politics, which had at every turn the figure
of a person, whom, by the inscription, I under her garment a golden bow, which she found to be Machiavel, pointing out the way, no sooner held up in her hand, but the dogs, with an extended finger, like a Mercury. lay down, and the gates flew open for our
Tatler. reception, We were led through an hundred
iron doors before ave entered the temple. § 34. The Temple of Avarice.
Arthc upper end of it, sat the god of Avarice, I was now returned in the saine manner as with a long filthy beard, and a mcagre starved before, with a design to observe carefully countenance, inclosed with heaps of ingots every thing that palled in the region of and pyramids of money, but half naked and Avarice, and the occurrences in that allembly, thivering with cold : on his right hand was which was made up of persons of my own a fiend called Rapine, and on his left a par. age. This body of travellers had not gone ticular favourite, to whom he had given the far in the third great road, before it led title of Parlimony; the first was his collcét, them insensibly into a deep valley, in which | or, and the other his casnicr. There were they journied several days, with great toit several long tables placed on each side of the and uneasiness, and without the neceffary re- temple, with respective officers attending befreshments of food and Neep. The only re- hind them: some of these I enquired into: lief they met with, was in a river that ran at the first table was kept the office of Corthrough the bottom of the valley on a bed of ruption. Seeing a solicitor extremely busy, golden sand : they often drank of this strcam, and whispering every body that passed by, I which had such a particular quality in it, kept my eye upon him very attentively, and that though it refreihed them for a time, raw hiin often going up to a person that had it rather infamned than quenched their thirst. a pen in his hand, with a multiplication-table On cach side of the river was a range of and an almanack before him, which, as I hills full of precious ore; for where the rains afterwards heard, was all the learning he had washed off the carth, one might sec in fe was master of. The solicitor would often veral parts of them long veins of gold, and apply himself to his car, and at the fame time rocks that looked like pure silver. We were convey money into his hand, for which the told that the doity of the place had forbad other would give him out a piece of paper, any of his votaries to dig into the bowels or parchment, signed and scaled in form. of these hills, or convert the treasures they The name of this dexterous and successful contained to any use, under pain of starving: folicitor was Bribery --At the next table was At the end of the valley stood the Temple of the office of Extortion : behind it fat a person Avarice, made after the manner of a for- in a bob-wig, counting over a great fum of tification, and surrounded with a thousand | money: he gave out little purses to several, triple-headed dogs, that were placed there to who, after a thort tour, brought him, in rekeep off beggars. At our approach, they all turn, facks full of the same kind of coin. fell a barking, and would have much terrified I saw, at the same tiine, a person called us, had not an old woman, who had called Fraud, who fat behind the counter, with false herself by the forgcd 'name of Competency, scales, light weights, and scanty incarures ; çilered herself for our guide, She carried by the ikilful application of which inftru.
ments, she had got together an immense hcap sembly was surprised, when, instead of paying of wealth : it would be endless to name the my devotions to the deity whom they ali several officers, or describe the votaries that adored, they saw mc address myfelf tó thg attended in this temple: there were many old phantom. « Oh! Poverty! (faiá 1) my first men, panting and breathless, reposing their petition to thee is, that thou wouldest never heads on bags of money; nay, many of them appear to mc hercafter; but, if thou wilt not actually dying, whose' very pangs and con- grant me this, that thou wouldest not bear yulfons (which rendered their purses usclefs a form more terrible than that in which thou to them) only made them gralp them the appearest to me at present. Let not thy fafter. There were fome icaring with one thrcats or menaccs bctray me to any thing hand all things, even to the garments and that is ungrateful or unjult. Let me not fhut Aeth of many miserable persons who stood be- my cars to the cries of the needy. Let me force them; and with the other hand throwing not forget the person that has deserved well away what they had seized, to harlots, Aat- of me. Let me not, from any fear of Thce, terers, and panders, that stood behind them. desert my friend, my principles, or my hoOn a sudden the whole afscinbly feil a trein
If Wealth is to visit mc, and coine Hing; and, upon enquiry, I found that the with her usual attendants, Vanity and Avarice, kreat room we were in was haunted with do thou, O Poverty! haften to my rescue ; a fpectre, that many times a day appeared but bring along with Thce thy cwo sisters, to them, and terrified them to distraction. In in whose company thou art always chearful, the midst of their terror and amazement, the Liberty and Innocence."
Tarler. apparition cntered, which I immediately knew to be Poverty. Whether it were by my ac- $ 35. The Stings of Poverty, Disease, and quaintance with this phantom, which' had Violence, less pungent than those of guilty rendered the sight of her more familiar to me,
Pafions. or however it was, she did not make so in Allemble all the evils which poverty, dirdigent or frightful a figure in my eye, as the case, or violence can inflict, and their stings god of this loathsome temple. The iniserablc will be found, by far, befs pungent than votaries of this place were, I found, of ano- those which guilty passions dart into the ther mind: cvery one fancied himself thrcat- neart. Amidst the ordinary calamities of the ened by the apparition as the stalked about world, the mind can cxert its powers, and the room, and began to lock their coffers, suggest relief: and the mind is properly the and tie their bags, with the utmost fear and man; the sufferer and his sufferings can be trembling. I must confefs, I look upon the distinguished. But those disorders of parpaifion which I faw in this unhappy people, lion, by foizing directly on the mind, attack to be of the fame nature with those unac- human nature in its strong hold, and cuc countable antipathies which some persons arc off its last resource. They penetrate to the born with, or rather as a kind of phrenzy, very seat of scnsation ; and convert all the not unlike that which throws a man into ter powers of thought into infruments of tor: Fors and agonics at the light of so useful and ture.
Blair innocent a thing as water. The whole af
turned their thoughts this way, especially if § 36. On Gratitude.
we consider, that our idea of the Supreme There is not a more pleasing exercise of Being, is not only infinitely more great and the mind, than gratitude.
noble than could possibly enter into the heart It is accompanied with such inward fa- of a heathen, but filled with every thing that tisfaction, that the duty is fufficiently re can raise the imagination, and give an opwarded by the perforinance. It is not like portunity for the sublimest thoughts and conthe practice of many other virtues, difficult ceptions. and painful, but artended with so much plea Plutarch tells us of a hcathen who was sure, that were there no positive command singing an hymn to Diana, in which he celewhich enjoined it, nor any recoinpence laid bratcu her for her delight in human facrifices,
for it hcrcafter---a generous mind would and other instances of cruelty and revenge ; indulge in it, for the natural gratification that upon which a poct, who was present at this accompanies it.
piece of devotion, and seems to have had a If gratitude is due from man to man--- how | truer idea of the divine nature, told the votary, much more from man to his Maker? ---The by way of reproof, that in recompence for his Supreme Being docs not only confer upon us hyinn, he heartily wished he might have a those bounties which proceed more imme- daughter of the famc temper with the goddels diately from his hand, but even those benerits he celebrated.---It was indeed impossible to which are conveyed to us by others. Every write the praises of one of those false deities, blessing we enjoy, by what means socver it according to the Pagan creed, without a mixmay be derived upon us, is the gift of Him ture of impertinence and absurdity. who is the great Author of good, and Father The Jews, who, before the time of Chrif, of mercies.
tianity, were the only people who had the If gratitude, when exerted towards one knowledge of the true God, have set the another, naturally produces a very pleasing Christian world an example how they ought sensation in the mind of a grateful man; it to employ this divine talent, of which I am exalts the soul into rapture, when it is em- Speaking. As that nation produced men of ployed on this great object of gratitude, on great genius, without considering them as this beneficent Being, who has given us every inspired writers, they have transmitted to us thing we already possess, and from whom we many hymns and divine odes, which excel expect every thing we yet hope for.
those that are delivered down to us by the Most of the works of the Pagan poets were ancient Greeks and Romans, in the poetry as cither direct hymns of their deities, or tended much as in the subject to which it is conseindirectly to the cclebration of their respective crated. This, I think, might be casily shewn, attributes and perfections. Those who are if there were occasion for it. acquainted with the works of the Greek and
Spe&tator. Latin poets
which are still extant, will, upon reflcetion, find this observation so true, that I § 37. Bad company--meaning of the phrase Thall not enlarge upon it. One would won -different classes of bad company-ill der that more of our Christian poets have not cbofen company--what is meant by keep
ing bad company—the danger of it, from every denomination ; add the low and inour aptness to imitate and catch the man- famous characters of every profession. ners of others from the great power A third class of bad company, and such as and force of custom-- from our bad incli- are commonly most dangerous to youth, innations
cludes the long catalogue of men of pleasure."
In whatever way they follow the call of ap-. “ Evil communication,” says the text, petite, they have equally a tendency to corrupt “ corrupts good manners.” The assertion is the purity of the mind. general, and no doubt all people suffer from
Besides these three classes, whom we may such communication; but above all, the minds call bad company, there are others who coinc of youth will suffer; which are yet unformed, under the denomination of ill-chosen comunprincipled, unfurnished;' and ready to re- pany: trifiný, infipid characters of every ceive any impression.
kind; who follow no busincls--are led by'no But before we consider the danger of keep- ideas of improvement--but spend their time ing bad company, let us first see the mcaning in diffipation and follywhose highest praise of the phrase.
it is, that they are only not vicious.--With In the phrase of the world, good company
none of thesc, a serious man would with his means fashionable people. Their stations in fon to keep company., life, not their morals, are confidcrcd : and It may be asked what is meant by keeping he, who asociates with such, though they set bad company The world abounds with him the example of breaking every com-characters of this kind : they meet us in every mandment of the decalogue, is still said to place; and if we keep company at all, it is keep good company. I should with you to fix impossible to avoid keeping company with another meaning to the expression ; and to
such perfons. consider vice in the same deteftible light,
It is true, if we were determined neverin whatever company it is found ; nay, to
to have any commerce with bad men, we consider all company in which it is found, must, as the apostle remarks, " altogether go be their station what it will, as bad coin
“out of the world.” By keeping bad company.
pany, therefore, is not meant a casual interThe three following classes will perhaps course with them, on occasion of business, or include the greatest part of those, who deserve as they accidentally fall in our way; but havthis appellation.
ing an inclination to confort with them-comIn the first, I should rank all who endeav- plying with that inclination-secking their our to destroy the principles of Christianity company, when we might avoid it-cntering who jeft upon Scripture-talk blasphemy into their parties--and making them the com and treat revelation with contempt.
panions of our choice. Mixing with them A second class of bad company are those, occasionally, cannot be avoided. who have a tendency to destroy in us the
The danger of keeping bad company, arifes principles of common honesty and integrity. principally from our aptness to imitate and Under this head we may rank gamesters of catch the manners and sentiments of others