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To advise the ignorant, relieve the needy, | lie beyond the grave, and that our whole eter-
comfort the afflicted, are duties that fall in our nity is to take its colour from thosc hours
way almost every day of our lives. A man which we here employ in virtue or in vice, the
has frequent opportunities of mitigating the argument redoubles upon us, for putting in
kercends of a party; of doing justice to the practice this method of passing away our
character of a deferving man; of softening the time.
envious, quieting the angry, and rectifying When a man has but a little stock to im.
the prejudiced : which are all of them em- prove, and has opportunities of turning it all
ployments suitable to a reasonable nature, to good account, what shall we think of him
and bring great fatisfaction to the person if he fuffers nincteen parts of it to lie dead,
who can buiy himself in them with discre- and perhaps employs even the twentieth to his
zion.

ruin or disadvantage ? --But because the mind
There is another kind of virtue that may cannot be always in its fervours, nor strained
find employment for those retired hours in up to a pitch' of virtue, it is necessary to
which we are altogether left to ourselves, and find out proper employments for it, in its re-
deftitute of company and conversation ; I laxations.
mean that intercourse and cominunication The next method therefore that I would
which every reasonable creatureought to main propose to fill up our time, thould be useful
min with the great Author of his being. The and innocent diversions. I must confess 1.
man who lives under an habitual sense of the think it below reasonable crcatures to be alto-
divine presence, keeps up a perpetual chear- gether conversant in such diversions as are
fulness of temper, and enjoys cvery moment merely innocent, and have nothing else to re-
the fatisfaction of thinking himself in company commend them, but that there is no hurt in
with his deareft and best of friends. The them. Whether any kiod of gaming has
time never lies heavy upon him : it is impof- even thus much to say for itself, I Ihall not de-
fible for him to be alone. His thoughts and termine ; but I think it is very wonderful to
pallions are the most busied at such hours sce persons of the best fense passing away a
when those of other men are the most unactive. dozen hours together in fhufiling and dividing
He no sooner steps out of the world but his a pack of cards, with no other conversation
hearts burns with devotion, swells with hope, but what is made up of a few game phrases,
and triumphs in the consciousness of that pre- and no other ideas but those of black or red
fence which every where surrounds him; or, (pots ranged together in different figures.
on the contrary, pours out its fears, its for Would not a man laugh to hcar any onc of
Tows, its apprehenfions, to the great Support this species complaining that life is short.
er of its existence,

The stage might be made a perpetual I have here only considered the necessity of source of the most noble and useful entertaina man's being virtuous, that he may have ments, were it under proper regulations. fomething to do; but if we consider further, But the mind never unbinds itself so agrecthat the exercise of virtue is not only an amuse-ably as in the conversation of a well-chosen ncot for the time it lasts, but that its influence friend. There is indeed no blessing of life extends to whose parts of our exifence which that is any way comparable to the enjoyment.

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of a discreet and virtuous friend. It eases, other creatures are not capable of. Beasts of and unloads the mind, clears and improves prey, and I believe all other kinds, in their the understanding, engenders thought and natural state of being, divide their time beknowledge, animates virtue and good refo-tween action and rest. They are always at Jution, fooths and allays the paifions, and work or asleep. In short, their waking hours finds employment for most of the vacant hours are wholly taken up in fceking after their food, of life.

or in consuming it. The human species only, Next to such an intimacy with a particular to the great reproach of our natures, are filled person, one would endeavour after 2 more with complaints, that “ The day hangs general conversation with such as are capable heavy on them," that “ They do not of cdifying and entertaining those with whom know what to do with themselves,” that they conversc, which are qualities that seldom “ They are at a loss how to pass away their asunder.

time,” 'with many of the like shameful murThere are many other useful amusements murs, which we often find in the mouths of of life, which one would endeavour to multi- those who are stiled reasonable beings. How ply, that one might, on all occasions, have re- monstrous are such expressions among creacourse to fomething rather than suffer the tures who have the labours of the mind, as sind to lie idle, or run adrift with any paf- well as those of the body, to furnish them with fon that chances to rise in it.

proper employments ; who, besides the bufi. A man that has a taste in music, painting, ness of their proper callings and profeffions, or architecture, is like one that has another can apply themselves to the duties of religion, fense, when compared with such as have no to meditation, to the reading of useful books, relih of those arts. The Borist, the planter, to discourse ; in a word, who may exercise the gardener, the husbandman, when they themselves in the unbounded pursuits of are only as accomplishments to the man of knowledge and virtue, and every hour of fortune, are grcar reliefs to a country life, and their lives make themselves wiser or better many ways useful to those who are possessed than they were before ! pf them.

Spectator. After having being taken up for some time

in this course of thought, I diverted myself § 7. Mil-Spent Time, how punished.

with a book, according to my usual custom, I was yesterday comparing the industry in order to unbend my mind before I went to of man with that of other creatures ; in neep. The book I made use of on this oci which I could not but observc, that notwith-cafion was Lucian, where I amused my ftanding we are obliged by duty to keep our thoughts for about an hour among the dia, felves in constant employ, after the fame man- logues of the dead, which in all probability ner as inferior animals are prompted to it by produced the following dream. inftinét, we fall very short of them in this par I was conveyed, methought, into the en. ticular. We are here the more inexcusable, trance of the infernal regions, wherc I saw because there is a greater variety of buliness Rhadamanthus, one of the judges of the dead, to which we may apply ourselves. Reason feated on his tribunal. On his left-hand opens to ws a large field of affairs, which food the keeper of Ercbus, on his right the

keeper

keeper of Elyfium. I was told he fat upon and ordered the keeper of Elyfium to take her women that day, there being several of the into his care. And you, fair lady, says he, sex lately arrived, who had not yet their man- what have you been doing these five-and-thirty fions assigned them. I was surprised to hear years? I have being doing no hurt, I assure him ask every one of them the same question, you, sir, said the. That is well, said he, but namely, “ What they had been doing?" what good have you been doing? The lady Upon this question being proposed to the was in great confusion at this question, and whole assembly, they stared one upon another, not knowing what to answer, the two keepers as not knowing what to answer. He then Icaped out to seize her at the same time; the interrogated each of them feparately. Ma- one took her by the hand to convey her to dam, fays he to the first of them, you have Elysium, the other caught hold of her to carbeen upon the earth about fifty years ; what ry her away to Erebus. But Rhadamanthus have you been doing there all this while ? observing an ingenuous modesty in her counDoing! says she, really I do not know what tenance and behaviour, bid them both let her I have been doing: I defire I may have time loose, and set her aside for a re-examination given me to recollect. After about half an when he was more at leisure. An old wohour's pause, she told him that she had been man, of a proud and four look, presented playing at crimp ; upon which Rhadaman- herself next to the bar, and being asked what thus beckoned to the keeper on his left hand, the had been doing? Truly, said the, I lived to take her into custody. And you, madam, threescore-and-ten years in a very wicked says the judge, that look with such a soft and world, and was so angry at the behaviour of languishing air ; I think you set out for this a parcel of young Airts, that I passed most of place in your nine-and-twentieth year, what my last years in condemning the follies of the have you been doing all this while? I had a times; I was every day blaming the filly congreat deal of business on my hands, says she, duct of people about me, in order to deter being taken up the first twelve years of my those I conversed with from falling into the life in dreiling a jointed baby, and all the like errors and miscarriages. Very well, says remaining part of it in reading plays and ro Rhadamanthus ; but did you keep the same mances. Very well, says he, you have em- watchful eye over your own actions? Why ployed your time to good purpose. Away truly, says ihe, I was fo taken up with pube with her. The next was a plain country- lithing the faults of others, that I had no woman; Well, mistress, fays Rhadamanthus, time to consider my own. Madam, says and what have you been doing? An't please Rhadamanthus, be pleased to file off to the your worship, says the, I did not live quite left, and make room for the venerable matron forty years; and in that time brought my that stands bchind you. Old gentlewoman, husband seven daughters, made him nine lays be, I think you are fourscore : you thousand cheeses, and left my eldest girl with have heard the question, what have you been him to look after his house in my absence, and doing fo long in the world? Ah, Sir! says who, I may venture to say, is as pretty a house the, I have been doing what I should not wife as any in the country. Rhadamanthus have done, but I had made a firm resolution. miled at the fimplicity of the gocd woman, to have changed my life, if I had not bum

snatched

snatched off by an untimely end. Madam, laughing, singing, and dancing. I was very says he, you will please to follow your leader : desirous to know the reception they would and spying another of the same age, interro- meet with, and withal was very apprehenfive, gated her in the saine form. To which the that Rhadamanthus would spoil their mirth: matron replied, I have been the wife of a hus. But at their near approach the noise grew so band who was as dear to me in his old age as very great that it awakened me. in his youth. I have been a mother, and I lay some time, reflecting in myfelf on the very happy in my children, whom I endca oddness of this dream, and could not forbear Youred to bring up in cvcry thing that is good. asking my own heart, what I was doing? I. My eldest fon is blest by the poor, and beloved answered myself that I was writing Guard. by every one that knows him. I lived within ians. If my readers make as good a use of my own family, and left it much more wealthy this work as I dehgn they should, I hope it than I found it. Rhadamanthus, wbo knew will never be imputed to me as a work that the value of the old lady, smiled upon her in is vain and unprotitable. fuch a manner, that the kecper of Elysium, I shall conclude this paper with recommend. who knew his office, reached out his hand to ing to them the fame Mort self-examination. her. He no sooner touched her, but her If every one of them frequently lays his hand wrinkles vanished, her cycs sparkled, her upon his heart, and confiders what he is doing. checks glowed with blushes, and the appeared it will check him in all the idle, or, what is in full bloom and beauty. A young woman worse, the vicious moinents of life, lift up his observing that this officer, who conducted thc mind when it is running on in a series of inhappy to Elysium, was so great a beautifier, different actions, and encourage him when he longed to be in his hands; so that pressing is engaged in those which are virtuous and through the crowd, she was the next that ap- laudable. In a word, it will very much alpeared at the bar. And being asked what leviate that guilt which the best of men have The had been doing the five-and-twenty years reason to acknowledge in their daily confef. that she had pated in the world? I have en- fions, of leaving undone those things which deavoured, said the, ever since I came to years they ought to have donc, and of doing those of difcrction, to inakc myself lovcly and gain things which they ought not to have done.' admirers. In order to it, I passed my time

Guardian. in bottling up May-dew, inventing white walhes, mixing colours, cutting out patches, 9 8. A Knowledge of the Use and Value of consulting my glass, fuiting my complexion, Time very important to Youth. icaring off my tueker, finking my {tays--- There is nothing which I more wish that Rhadamanthus, without hearing her out, gave you should know, and which fewer people do the fign to take her off. Upon the approach know, than the true use and value of time. It of the keeper of Erebus, her colour faded, is in every body's mouth ; but in few people's her face was puckered up with wrinkles, and practice.' Every fool who Natterns away his her whole person loft in deformity: whole time in nothings, utters, however, some

I was then surprised with a distant found trite common-place sentence, of which there é a whole troop of females, that came forward are millions, to prove, at once, the value and..

the

1

the fleetness of time. The sun-dials, likewise, ( I promise you, upon my word, that, it you all over Europe, have some ingenious infcrip will do every thing that I would have you do, tion to that effect; so that nobody squanders till you are eighteen, I will do every thing away their time, without hearing and feeing, that you would have me do ever afterwards. daily, how necessary it is to employ it well,

Lord Chefterfield and how irrecoverable it is if loft. But all these admonitions are useless, where there is

$.9. On Truth and Sincerity, not a fund of good tense and reason to suggest Truth and reality have all the advantages them, rather than receive them. By the man- of appearance, and many more. If the few ner in which you now tell me that you em- of any thing be good for any thing, I am ploy your time, I flatter myself, that you have fure sincerity is better : for why does any that fund: that is the fund which will make man dissemble, or seem to be that which he is you rich indeed. I do not, therefore, mcan to not, but because he thinks it good to have give you a critical essay upon the ufc and abuse such a quality as he pretends to x for to counof time; I will only give you some hints, terfeit or diffemble, is to put on the appearwith regard to the use of one particular period ance of some real excellency. Now the beft of that long time which, I hope, you have way in the world for a man to seem to be any before you; I mean the next two years.. Re-thing, is really to be what he would seem to member, then, that whatever knowledge you be. Besides, that it is many times as troudo not folidly lay the foundation of before you blesome to make good the pretence of a good are eighteen, you will never be master of while quality, as to have it ; and if a man have it you breathe. Knowledge is a comfortable not, it is ten to one but he is discovered to and neceffary retreat and thelter for us in an want it, and then all his pains and labour to advanced age; and if we do not plánt it while seem to have it is loft. There is something young, it will give us no shade when we grow unnatural in painting, which a skilful eye will old. I neither require nor expect from you casily discern from native beauty and comgreat application to books, after you are once plexion. thrown out into the great world. I know it It is hard to personate and act a part long; is impoffible; and it may even, in some cases, for where truth is not at the bottom, nature be improper: this, therefore, is your time, will always be endeavouring to return, and and your only time, for unwearied and unin- will peep

out and betray herself one time or terrupted application. If you should fometimes other. Therefore, if any man think it conthink it a little laborious, consider, that la- venient to seem good, let him be lo indeed, bour is the unavoidablc fatigue of a necessary and then his goodness will appear to every journey. The more hours a day you travel, body's satisfaction ; so that, upon all ac. the fooner you will be at your journey's end. counts, fincerity is true wildom. Particu. The fooner you are qualified for your liberty, Jarly as to the affairs of this world, integrity the fooner you thall have it ; and your manu- hath many advantages over all the fine and miffion will entirely depend upon the manner artificial ways of diilimulation and deceit; it in which you employ the intermediate tiine. is much the plainer and caficr, much the safer I think I offer you a very good bargain, when and inore fecure way of dealing in the world;

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