Reductionism in Art and Brain Science: Bridging the Two Cultures
Columbia University Press, 2016. aug. 30. - 224 oldal
Can science and art find common ground? Are scientific and artistic quests mutually exclusive? In this new book, neuroscientist Eric Kandel, whose interests span the fields of science and art, explores how reductionism—the distillation of larger scientific or aesthetic concepts into smaller, more tractable ideas—has been used by scientists and artists alike to pursue their respective truths. Their common use of reductionist strategies demonstrates how science can inform the way we experience a work of art and seek to understand its meaning. Kandel draws on his Nobel Prize-winning work studying the neurobiological underpinnings of learning and memory in the humble sea slug, whose simple brain helps illuminate the complex workings of higher animal minds. He extends these findings to the complexities of human perception, which uses bottom-up sensory and top-down cognitive functions to perceive the world and to appreciate and understand works of art.
At the heart of this book is an elegant elucidation of the pivotal contribution of reductionism to modern art’s extraordinary evolution and to its role in a monumental shift in artistic perspective. Reductionism was a driving force in the transition from figurative art to the first explorations of abstract art in the works of Turner, Monet, Kandinsky, Schoenberg, and Mondrian. Kandel explains how the New York School of Pollock, de Kooning, Rothko, Louis, Turrell, and Flavin arrived at their particular forms of abstract expressionism in the postwar era, and concludes with Katz, Warhol, Close, and Sandback, who built upon the advances of the New York School to reimagine figurative and minimal art. Featuring captivating drawings of the brain alongside full-color reproductions of modern art masterpieces, this book brings science and art into closer relation.
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Reductionism in Art and Brain Science: From Figuration to Abstraction of ...
Eric R. Kandel
Nincs elérhető előnézet - 2016
1998 Kate Rothko 2016 The Willem abstract art abstract painting action painting activity administered by Artists Albright Alex Katz ambiguity Andy Warhol Aplysia Arnold Schoenberg Art Resource Artists Rights Society associations behavior beholder beholder’s share biology bottom-up processing brain science Bridgeman Images canvas cells CHAPTER color color-field painters create creative Cubist cultures default network depiction emotional experience eyes face patches figurative art Flavin Foundation/Artists Rights Society Gombrich Greenberg human Image courtesy inferior temporal cortex J.M.W. Turner Jackson Pollock Kandel Kandinsky Kate Rothko Prizel Kooning Foundation Kooning’s Kris learning and memory light Mark Rothko modern art Monet Morris Louis Museum neural object pathway perceive Photo Piet Mondrian Pollock-Krasner portraits primary visual cortex reductionism reductionist reductionist approach regions response retina Rights administered science of mind sensory neuron siphon stimulus top-down processing Turner Vienna viewer vision visual perception visual processing visual system wavelengths Willem de Kooning Woman York School