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'SOME MEN I HAVE HATED' (7th S. iii. 109). —E. P. W. asks if any reader of N. & Q.' can inform him where he has read an article_or_essay entitled 'Some Men I have Hated.' E. P. W. has most probably read a translation of Zola's critical work 'Mes Haines' ('My Hatreds'), Paris, 1886. JOSEPH REINACH. Paris.
HOMER AND BYRON (7th S. ii. 426).-The passage quoted by your correspondent from Pope's translation of the Iliad' shows how much of Pope and how little of Homer characterize many of the lines of Pope's translation. The words of the 'Iliad' are simply
ὃ δ' ήϊε νυκτὶ ἐοικώς,
which the late Earl of Derby translates,
Like the night-cloud he passed.
married, in 1801, Thomas Artemidorus Russell, Esq. She was the surviving child and heiress of Oliver Cromwell, Esq., who died in 1821, the last male descendant of the Protector. He was the son of Thomas Cromwell (grandson of the Protector's fourth son Henry, Lord-Deputy of Ireland) by his second wife Mary, daughter of Nicholas Skinner, merchant, of London. Besides Oliver and other children, who left no issue, this lady had two daughters-Elizabeth, the aunt referred to by Miss Elizabeth Oliveria Cromwell, and Susannah, who both died unmarried. Mrs. Cromwell and her daughter Susannah-Elizabeth had probably deceased previously-were residing at Ponder's End, at the beginning of the present century, in a house in South Street, long since pulled down, on the site of the present crape factory. She there died Her Jan. 29, 1813, at the great age of 104. daughter was still living, according to the pedigree in Clutterbuck, in 1816. In my earlier years I often heard them spoken of by my mother and her family, who were near neighbours and well acquainted with them. I have in my possession an ivory box, containing dice and counters, which
Similar words are found in the 'Odyssey,' where I have always understood to have been given by Herakles is described as
ἐρεμνῇ νυκτὶ ἐοικώς.
xi. 606. In this case Pope's rendering is more literal :Gloomy as night he stands.
We may compare such familiar expressions as "To look as black as midnight," "To look as black as thunder," &c.
F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY.
INSCRIPTIONS ON WELLS AND FONTS (6th S. xii. 349, 394; 7th S. i. 15, 58).—The octagonal font at Featherstone, of the fifteenth century, has arms on three of its sides. The east side bears the Baghill arms: Three eagles' heads on a bend, impaling Barry of eight, charged with three annulets, the second bearing two, the sixth one. On the north sido is inscribed, "JOH'ES DE BAGHILL & KATERINA UXSOR EJUS." The south side has Quarterly, 1 and 4, 1st and 4th, three fusils in fess; 2nd and 3rd, an eagle displayed, the beak to proper right. 2 and 3, a saltire differenced with a label of three. A third shield on the west face of the font bears Ermines, a saltier; the arms of Scargill. The font in the neighbouring church of Ackworth is also octagonal, and bears the following inscription:-"Baptiste | rium bello phana |ticorum | dirutum | denuo erectum | Tho: Bradley DD: Rectore H.A., T. C., Gardianis ;
R. H. H.
the old lady to my mother, when a girl. An aged aunt of mine, who died in 1884, told me, not many years before her death, that she remembered being taken by her nurse, in early childhood, of course unknown to her parents, to see the body of old Mrs. Cromwell in her coffin. I never heard of any members of the family, with the exception of Mrs. Cromwell and her daughter, as well and his children may naturally have visited resident at Ponder's End; but Mr. Oliver Cromthem from time to time.
FREDK. CHAS. CASS, M.A.
Monken Hadley Rectory.
In response to your correspondent MR. W. M. GARDNER's request, I send the following contribution, extracted from the transcripts of the parish registers of Clifton, co. Beds. :
1656, Apr. 8. Mr. Thomas Cromwell, Esq., and Mrs. Elizabeth Dixie were married.
1657, Feb. 2. Barbary, d. of Thomas Crumwell, Esq., born.
1658, Jan. 15. Henery, s. of Thomas Crumwell, Esq., born. F. A. BLAYDES.
Cromwell has received so much attention that one The genealogy of the descendants of Oliver NER'S in N. & Q.' If he will take the trouble is surprised to see such a question as MR. GARDPontefract. to look up the various references under the heading "Cromwell" in the second edition of the CROMWELL FAMILY (7th S. iii. 48).-In Clutter-Genealogist's Guide' he will, I am persuaded, buck's History of Hertfordshire,' ii. 95 et seq., see that his query is unnecessary. will be found, under the head of Cheshunt, a pedigree of the Cromwell family of that place. Miss Elizabeth Oliveria Cromwell, of Cheshunt Park,
G. W. M.
DENHAM'S 'COOPER'S HILL' (7th S. iii. 46).— Lowndes (Bohn's edition) makes no reference to
this poem. Allibone states that it appeared in 1643, while Watt refers to editions dated 1642, 1643, 1650, and 1655 respectively. Here are the titles of the three editions which I have examined :
1. Cooper's Hill: a Poeme. London, Printed for Tho. Walkley, and are to be sold at his shop at the Signe of the Flying Horse between York-house & Britaine's Burse 1642.
2. Cooper's Hill: a Poeme. The Second Edition with Additions. Written by Iohn Denham Esq; London, Printed for Humphrey Moseley, & are to be sold at his Shop, at the Signe of the Princes Armes in St Pauls Church-yard 1650.
3. Cooper's Hill. Written in the yeare 1640. Now printed from a Perfect Copy; and a Corrected Impression. By John Denham Esq; London, Printed for Humphrey Moseley, & are to be sold at his Shop, at the Signe of the Princes Armes in St Pauls Church-yard. 1655. In 1 and 2 the lines run thus :
O could my verse freely and smoothly flow
Should bathe the Gods, and be the Poets Theame.
In 3, however, we have instead :
O could I flow like thee, and make thy streame
In the preface to this edition, J. B., addressing the reader, says:
"You have seen this Poem often, and yet never: for, though there have been Five Impressions, this now in your hand is the onely true Copie. Those former were
died at Couston, near Aberdour, 27th August, 1666, aged seventy-three. One of his sons, the Rev. David Blair, A.M., born in 1637, died in the office of one of the ministers of Edinburgh, 10th June, 1710, aged seventyfour. He was father of the Rev. Robert Blair (author of 'The Grave '), born in 1699, and from 1731 till the year of his death (1746) minister of Athelstaneford. The author of The Grave' had several sons. The fourth was Robert Blair, who rose to be Lord-President of the Court of Session. He was laird of Avontoun, in Linlithgowshire. He married a daughter of Colonel Halkett of Lawhill, by whom he had one son and three daughters. The youngest daughter was the lady who died at Queensferry a few days ago, aged ninety-three.
From this sketch it is shown that she was only fourth in descent from the eminent minister of St. Andrews, who was born nearly three hundred years ago. W. D. WALTER DENHAM.
The case of Capt. Maude is so remarkable that it dwarfs every other, and to be the fourth in succession-not of blood, but only of associationfrom the year 1717 may seem a very small matter in 1887. The case, however, is this. Horace Walpole was born in 1717. Mary Berry, as we all know, was in his later life his intimate friend, and might have been his wife. Mary Berry had a young cousin, Philadelphia Cayley, to whom she often refers in her journals as "Phil." And Philadelphia Cayley, in her character of "old Miss Phil," was well known in his childhood to a man who as yet declines to be called elderly-to wit, myself. Every year, in driving to the seaside, we stopped to luncheon at her house, and that was in Miss Berry's lifetime too. A. J. M.
all but meer Repetitions of the same false Transcript, which stole into Print by the Author's long absence from this Great Town. I had not patience (having read the originall) to see so Noble a Peece 80 Savagely handled Therefore I obtained from the author's owne MR. MOON'S ENGLISH (7th S. iii. 44).-FENpapers this perfect Edition. You may know this by that TON is evidently a careless reader. excellent allegory of the Royall Stag (which among He says, others was lop't off by the Transcriber) skilfully main"He [Mr. Moon] argues, if 'to loose' means to tain'd without dragging or haling in Words and Meta-liberate, to unloose necessarily means to hold phors, as the fashion now is with some that cannot write, and cannot but write. Farewell."
G. F. R. B.
LINKS WITH THE PAST (7th S. ii. 486, 515). The lady alluded to in the following letter from the Scottish News of January 17 was Miss Cordelia Blair, who died at Scotston Park, Queensferry, a few days ago. I should like much to know from some correspondents whether a similar instance of amply vouched-for "long generations" in one family can be quoted:
TO THE EDITOR OF THE SCOTTISH NEWS.
SIR,-I enclose the following really curious genea logical fragment, which I hope you will find a corner for in your paper :
The Rev. Robert Blair, A.M., of the University of Glasgow, sixth son of John Blair, of Windyedge, in Ayrshire, and Beatrix Muir, of the honourable house of Rowallan, was born at Irvine in 1593, acted as Regent or Professor in Glasgow College from 1615 till 1622, settled as minister at Bangour, in Ireland for some years, inducted to the second charge of Ayr in 1638, and to the first charge of the City of St. Andrews in 1639,
fast." A careful reader would have seen that I made no assertion whatever as to the meaning of "to unloose," nor did I "argue" at all about it. I merely, as a joke, asked the question, "If "to loose' means to liberate, does ' to unloose' mean to make fast?" Again, FENTON says that I ridicule the O. T. revisers' use of the word unloose. This statement is inaccurate. How I can be said to ridicule the O.T. revisers' use of the word when I distinctly affirm that the word is not to be found in their work let FENTON explain. Your readers will find the passage in Ecclesiastical in the Old Testament, either in the Authorized or Euglish,' p. 31. The word unloose nowhere occurs
in the Revised Version.
As a matter of curiosity, it is certainly worthy of note that we have in our language such pairs of words as annul and disannul, loose and unloose, sever and dissever-an identity of meaning in words apparently contradictory.
G. WASHINGTON MOON, Hon. F.R.S.L. 16, New Burlington Street, W.
'LORD ULLIN'S DAUGHTER' (7th S. ii. 204, 373, 456; iii. 53).—There is a legend that Loch Goil, in Argyllshire, was the scene of the tragic event recorded in the ballad, but it is hard to see that it has any substantial foundation. In the first place, Campbell, who was at pains to point out that "Lochiel" should be a trisyllable, because both the etymology of the word and his verse demanded it, would hardly have been so inconsistent as to tamper with such a well-known name as Loch Goil, even for the sake of securing an unimportant rhyme. Secondly, travellers to Mull-whether from North or South, were not likely, unless "weary and forwandered," to get into that part of the country at all. Then, even on the assumption that a pair of giddy runaways had been bewildered and had reached either side of Loch Goil, they were not likely to advance their interests much even by being successfully ferried across. What they would have done in such a remote and desolate region, after being reduced to the level of pedestrians, is a problem that baffles the imagination. Notwithstanding all this, it is the case that to this day there is pointed out by the sagacious native on the shores of Loch Goil a spot said to be identical with that on which the distracted parent left lamenting." On this sacred ground devoted pilgrims from the South periodically make solemn pause, afterwards departing in one of the nimble Greenock steamers, duly impressed and improved. Such ardent admirers of Scottish legends might profitably go through a course of Hector Boece; but meanwhile their devotion is a harmless recreation, and it takes them to one of the grandest bits of scenery in the West Highlands. Loch Goil, it may be added, does not "run into the Clyde." It diverges from Loch Long-one of the arms of the estuary-a little above the cosy retreat where Tannahill found the heroine of his fascinating lyric, 'The Lass o' Arranteenie.' THOMAS BAyne.
and their humour is sometimes accompanied by wit of a high order. More pleasant reading for one with a taste for old books can scarcely be encountered. From has drawn up an essay likely to be of service to those Willem's admirable bibliography of Les Elzevier' he who believe in picking up on bookstalls choice copies of these occasionally priceless little treasures. His Curiosities of Parish Registers' will furnish many a hearty laugh, and Literary Forgeries' is an excellent compendium. There are some excellent reproductions of titlepages, &c., of books, including the famous 'Patissier François,' and some very grotesque Japanese "bogeys." The book is, in fact, an admirable specimen of a class of work for which we have had to turn to the French, and for which there is abundant room in our own literature. apart from the ordinary English writer on bibliography. In style and in general knowledge Mr. Lang stands far To the exact and special knowledge of a Bradley he puts in, of course, no claim.
King Edward 111. Revised and Edited by Karl Warne,
The Shoemaker's Holiday. By Thomas Dekker. (Same
A Very Pretty Parish: with some Account of its People
Some Verdicts of History Reviewed. By William Stebbing. (Murray.)
THIS book contains ten or a dozen articles, exhumed from old volumes of the Nineteenth Century, the Edinburgh Review, the North British Review, and the Christian Remembrancer. An old article on Mr. Lecky's
History of England in the Eighteenth Century is twisted into the form of an introductory chapter. Then follow other old articles on the first Earl of Shaftesbury, Abraham Cowley, Matthew Prior, Henry St. John
William Pulteney, Benjamin Franklin, and William Cobbett. And in order to furnish the requisite number of pages for the present volume, two other articles on 'New England' and 'Virginia, both of which were written before the War of Secession, bring up the rear. We have frequently had occasion to protest against the vicious system of bookmaking which is now so prevalent. In nine cases out of ten it serves no useful purpose, and Poole's Index' is always accessible. Mr. Stebbing's articles are very readable, and are mostly on interesting subjects. In this they resemble many other magazine articles. But the reason why he has thought fit to republish them is hardly apparent. For, with an ingenuousness which does him much credit, he tells his readers that "the antiquity of much of the contents of the book will explain and must excuse the absence of reference to the labours in the same fields of others whom I have had
the misfortune to precede by many years." After this explanation, Mr. Stebbing must really excuse us for not entering into any further criticism of the antique contents of his book.
Illustrated Handbook of Victoria, Australia. (Colonial and Indian Exhibition.) Edited by James Thomson. (Printed by authority, at Melbourne.)
The Imperial Review. (Melbourne, M'Kinley.) Notes of Lectures given in the Conference Room, Colonial and Indian Exhibition. By the Head Master of Brighton Grammar School. (Clowes & Sons.) WE have here a group of works, separate, yet distinctly related in that they set before us various aspects of life and thought in our colonies in connexion with the late Exhibition. They have an equally direct bearing, of course, upon a subject much under discussion at the present moment, the proposed Imperial Institute.
The Illustrated Handbook of Victoria' reflects the greatest credit alike upon the Melbourne press and upon Victorian engravers, and the editor is to be congratulated on his success in obtaining the co-operation of writers who give a clear and graphic account of the several branches of science or industry committed to them. The story of the rise, vicissitudes, and present flourishing position of the wine trade of Victoria is told with great spirit by Mr. Hubert de Castella, whose contribution is one of the most widely interesting writings in the volume, while much valuable information is afforded by the Government statist, Mr. H. H. Hayter, C.M.G., and Mr. Julian Thomas gives a vivid sketch of the rapid growth of Melbourne from the "bush town of thirty years ago, whose streets were "full of gum-tree stumps and deep ruts."
In the Imperial Review, of Melbourne, we have an amusing specimen of the periodical literature of the Australian colonies in its lighter vein of mingled literary, artistic, and political discussion. Here Prince Bismarck and Bishop Dupanloup_occupy their respective places alongside of Coleman's Reminiscences of Brooke, Phelps, and Ryder' and 'Chats about the London Clubs.' Incidentally we get a glimpse of an almost unknown page of Australian history in a passage suggested by Niven's Ballarat,' telling of the tearing down by British soldiers of the "Australian flag of the Southern Cross, the first emblem of the Australian republic.' Why, asks the Review, has this never been put on the stage? There would be sensation enough, we cannot doubt.
In his Notes of Lectures' Mr. E. J. Marshall, Head Master of the Brighton Grammar School, has furnished both teachers and students with an admirable manual for political and commercial geography which will be almost as directly useful in view of the Institute of the future as it is in commemoration of the Exhibition of the past. The maps are clear, and show the broad
general features of the principal colonies, without any attempt at crowding with names. The brief details of facts, statistical and historical, concerning the several colonies, have a permanent value, as enabling the book to be used for educational purposes, apart from any question of Exhibition or Institute. Mr. E. J. Marshall is to be congratulated, we think, upon having achieved a distinct success in the field which, so far as we know, he has made his own, by the publication of his very useful and interesting Notes.'
Notices to Correspondents.
We must call special attention to the following notices : ON all communications must be written the name and address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good faith.
WE cannot undertake to answer queries privately.
To secure insertion of communications correspondents must observe the following rule. Let each note, query, or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to appear. Correspondents who repeat queries are requested to head the second communication "Duplicate."
J. TURNER.("Beauty is but skin deep.") The earliest use yet traced of this expression, the authorship of which is unknown, is in Ralph Venning's Orthodoxe Paradoxes,' third edition, London, 1650, p. 41. See 4th S. vii. 177.-("True blue never stains.") References to poems in praise of true blue are frequent in 'N. & Q.' Some verses 2nd S. iii. 513, contain the sentiment, if not the exact words, of the line after which you inquire.
NEMO.-(1. "What reinforcement we may gain from hope.") Milton, ‘Paradise Lost,' book i. 1. 190.—(2. “ Old Q.").-We have always heard that the reference was to the Marquess of Hertford.—(3. “Angevin "”)=belonging to the province of Anjou.
T. H. SMITH, Chicago ("Parody on 'The House that Jack Built "").-We are obliged to you for copying out this. A copy has, however, previously been obtained from America, and forwarded to our correspondent. Consult the index to the last volume of 'N. & Q.' S. W.-(1. "Rockabill.") Shall appear.-(2. "Plou.")
EDITH ("Notable Women of the Reign").-Messrs. Cassell have announced Celebrities of the Century: a This should supply Dictionary of Men and Women.' the information you seek. CORRIGENDUM.-P. 114, col. 1, 1. 9 from bottom, for "refute" read refer to.
Editorial Communications should be addressed to "The Editor of Notes and Queries ""-Advertisements and Business Letters to "The Publisher"-at the Office, 22, Took's Court, Cursitor Street, Chancery Lane, E.C.
We beg leave to state that we decline to return communications which, for any reason, we do not print; and to this rule we can make no exception,
LONDON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1887.
took place in the year 1633, in which the two Temples and Lincoln's Inn and Gray's Inn joined, and which was exhibited at the banqueting hall, NOTES:-Barnard's Inn, 141-Balguy Family, 143-Freedom Whitehall, before the king and queen and the whole of Contract-Old Clockmaker, 145-Mistletoe Oak-Curious Names-Order of the Bath-Dolmen-Reculvers-Prof. from Ely House to Whitehall appear to have surcourt. The dresses for the procession which went Guthrie-Belwether, 146. QUERIES:-Gregory Family-Anglo-Irish Ballads, 147-Cor- passed all former attempts, and some idea may be porations owning Churches-Ponte Family-Darkling-formed of the grandeur of the whole proceeding Peninsular Medal-Feudal Laws of Scotland-Eastern Mitre from Whitelock, who estimates the expense at -North-Appointment of Sheriffs, 148-'Travels of E. 21,000Z, Thompson'-Prior's Two Riddles-"One moonshiny night" -Pasquin-'De Laudibus Hortorum '-Wohlers-BrigadierGeneral Nash-Portraits by Hoare-Authors Wanted, 149. REPLIES:-Henchman—' Marmion,' 150-The_Lascaris— Members of Parliament-Dialect Names of Birds-Old Records of Ulster's Office-Boast: Bosse-"Exiguum hoc magni," &c., 151-Squoze-Latin Couplet-Carpet-B. Dis-ever, seems to have satisfied the spectators as well raeli-Benson-Bibliography of Christmas-Miss Nash- as the performers that the age for such mummeries Leech and Mulready, 162-Talleyrand's Receipt-Foreign had passed away, and the good sense of the present English-Pulping Public Records, 153– Kitty of Coleraine -Bohn's "Extra Series "Oriental China-Sitwell: Stot- day forbids their revival, ville, 154-Cowley-Caswallon-" Bibliotheca Nicotiana"_ Minerva Press-Binding of Magazines, 155-"English as she is wrote "-Two-hand Sword-Basket-makers' Company, 166-Precedence in Church-John Corbet-Master and Servant-Basto-Jewish Dialect on the Stage, 157-"A Banbury Saint"-Warner-Poems attributed to Byron-General Monckton, 158-Arms of Scott-Skinner Family Barber's Nuptials,' 159.
NOTES ON BOOKS:-Stockbridge's Anthony Memorial' Milton's Poems- Shakspeare's Tempest-Bryan's 'Dictionary of Painters.'
Notices to Correspondents, &c.
ORIGIN AND PROGRESS OF BARNARD'S INN.
Of the mimes, masques, and revels which were performed in the Inns of Court so much has been said, and so much is now known, that it would be quite out of place for me to enter upon any description of these quaint ceremonies, particularly as the minor inns do not appear to have indulged in any such vagaries. These representations appear not to have been much practised before the time of Queen Elizabeth, and not to have survived with any of their former lustre the check which scenic representation met with under the puritanical professions of the Commonwealth. Queen Elizabeth, even when an old woman, seems to have taken great delight in these sports, and to have sipped with satisfaction the intoxicating draughts of fulsome adulation of her person, her youth, her beauty, and accomplishments which were liberally poured out on these occasions. And Charles I. and II. countenanced them. The patronage which the court gave to representations of this kind stimulated even Milton to enter the lists with the writers of these entertainments, and to their popularity we are indebted for the beautiful Masque of Comus.
Quaint performances were had at all the Inns of Court, but the grandest on record is that which
The last expiring effort to render these representations interesting was made in the Inner Temple, when Lord Talbot took leave of this Inn on his being made Chancellor. This representation, how
Though the Inns of Chancery did not aspire to the getting up of masques, or mimes, or revels on their own account, they seem to have enjoyed the sport at the mother societies; and Barnard's Inn seems to have entered into the spirit of the revels at Gray's Inn.
A rare pamphlet, published in 1688, and now in the British Museum, contains an account of the mode of keeping Christmas in the year 1594. It is entitled :
"Gesta Grayorum, or, the History of the High and Mighty Prince Henry, Prince of Purpoole, Arch-Duke of Stapulia, and Bernardia, Duke of High and Nether Holborn, Marquis of St. Giles, and Tottenham, Count Palatine of Bloomsbury, and Clerkenwell, Great Lord of the Cantons of Islington, Kentish Town, Paddington and Knights-Bridge, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Helmet, and Sovereign of the same, who reigned and died A.D. 1594. Together with a Masque; as it was tainment of Queen Elizabeth, who with the Nobles of presented (by His Highness' Command) for the Enterboth Courts was present thereat."
which led the gentlemen of Gray's Inn to indulge The details of these ceremonies, and the motives in such sports, are set forth with great_gravity, and in all the prolixity and verbiage of law proto have been kept of the proceedings from day to ceedings. And a regular entry on record appears day. It begins by stating
"that the great number of Gallant Gentlemen that Gray's Inn afforded at ordinary Revels betwixt All Hollantide [sic] and Christmas, exceeding therein the rest of the Houses of Court, gave occasion to some well wishers of our Sports, and favorers of our Credit, to wish a Head anwerable to so Noble a Body and a Leader to so gallant a Company."
And after many consultations, with the consent of the readers and antients, it was determined to elect a Prince of Purpoole, and they made choice of Mr. Henry Holmes, a Norfolk gentleman, and a Privy Council was assigned him to advise on state matters, and the government of his dominions; and officers of state and of law, and of the household, and a guard for his defence. The next thing was