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out calling the attention of the reader to They fought, they acted, and they walked some of those considerations wbich made as in the sight of God. No pusillanimous the English of this period so superior as thoughts, no timidity or cowardice, could warriors, to their contemporaries of any therefore find barbour in their bosoms. other nation.
They feared the divine displeasure, be« First, they were commonwealthsmen, cause the divine displeasure is ever directed and had much of a Greek or a Roinan against what is evil, and bad po apprespirit. Meu rose under the auspices of hension of what man could do noto the long Parliameni by merit, and not by them. These babits of mind rendered patronage or bribery. Ench felt liimself them at once beroic and inviocible."-pp. the citizen of a free state, where there was 442_4. no king, no house of peers, and no pre. This is as it shonld be. It is a lates ; in a word, where no creature bear.
dignified, a noble, yet nothing more ing the human form existed, that, from
than a just tribute to the spirit the caprice of favour, or the accident of birth, was entitled to insult over, and which animated the victors, and trample upon other men, who, except so materially contributed to their sucfar as depended on that, were as good cesses. It is, indeed, almost more as he. « There was, at the time of which we are
than we could have expected from treating, no strong line of separation be Mr. Godwin. We have already tween the profession of a soldier and of a expressed an opinion that his sentisailor. When persons were wanting to
ments with respect to Christianity anan the fleet, and to fight the battles of their country in the Dutch war, they were
appear to have been considerably drafted from the army. All the lessons
meliorated; and we may be allowed they bad learned asbore, they carried with to cherish a hope that the illusthem to the ocean. They were still citi- trations of its henion in Anence on zens, who had gone forward to where their
the character, which his per here duty, and the voice of their country called thent, and who were afterwards to relurn, records, may conduce to a change each man to bis heartb, to enjoy the bene. still more complete and benignant. fits they bad secured by their valour. They The opinions, both political and were familiarly acquainted with the character of their freedom, and understood
religious, which were advocated the value of liberty, both civil and reli
and reli- by Mr. G. in his earlier years, are gious.
well known; and we may, per" Lastly, the sailor was not less pene. haps, without being deemed fantrated than the soldier with all ibose
ibose ciful, attribute to the general noto.
wifet attribute feelings that rose out of the devout spirit of the times, for, as has already been
riety of those opinions, much of said, the classes were not divided. A sense his impartiality as a historian of of religion was scarcely ever so deeply en- the Commonwealth. He did not graved upon the people of any age or
enter the field as one “ bitherto country, as upon the men of the victorious party, by whom inovarchy was extin unknown to the republic of the guished in England, in the middle of the learned ;" his trumpet had been seventeenth century. Happy is he who sounded long before; and he encau unite the loftiness of an erect and in
tered the lists as one well skilled dependent spirit to a conscious intercourse
to fight under the banners of rewith, and an undoubting reliance on the protection of the Autbor of the universe. publicanism and infidelity. The Religion is then chiefly an evil, when it ground he chose to tread, preinspires men with a 'selfish, an exclusive,
sented very peculiar difficulties to and a pusillanimous frame of thinking. The republicans of this period regarded one so circumstanced. It was themselves as fighting in the power of the truly periculose plenum opus aleæ; Lord. It was not they who won the field, and he had, in a double sense, but the Lord who gave them the vietory. incedere per ignes suppositos cineri They sought pot ibemselves; they sought
doloso. It was his to relate the the kingdom of Christ, or in other words, as they understood it, the kingdom of ge history of an attempt,—and an unnuine piety and true virtue. They emptied successful one, to establish, in his themselves of vain giory; and, having native country, that form of civil purged their spirits of the grossness of terrestial things and carnal impulses, they
5 government, of wbich he was
go believed that they were chosen vessels in known to be so ardent an admirer; the guidance of the great Master of all. yet an attempt made by the very men who, of all others, were, as enthral a mind so gifted. The far as their religion was concerned, contemplation of these Christian the objects of his contempt, if not heroes, whose illustrious deeds he of his detestation, as fanatics and no less illustriously applauds, and enthusiasts ; men who, though ac- a view of the progressive developtuated by views of civil polity, ment of their characters, cannot coincident with his own, and, on fail to leave upon an ingenuous that score, claiming his deepest mind some impression that there sympathy, were yet so wholly must be a divine reality in that filled with the spirit of the religion religion in which those characters he opposėd, that, to use his own were moulded, and by which their language, they fought, they acted, conduct was so powerfully and so and they walked as in the sight of obviously influenced. We are God :" men, to record whose tempted to hope, from the general deeds, and trace them to their strain of the whole work, and essource, in the pure fountain of pecially from the passages we Christianity, was surely as humi- have quoted, that Mr. G. has felt liating to his feelings as it was some conviction of this kind ; and condemnatory of his creed. It we cordially assure him that no was in this position that Mr. God- portion of his work, that may yet win stood when he commenced his be forthcoming, would more delabours; and he appears to have light us than that which should been fully conscious of his peri- candidly allege that, after glory. lous situation. He aspired to the ing for many years in the grim character of à faithful and im- deathly honours of a proud and partial historian; he saw the tram- heartless scepticism, he had been mels which these circumstances brought to acknowledge the truth, threw around him ; and he man- and to feel the full force of the fully burst them asunder, scorning poetic maxim, that fetters so unworthy should "A Christian is the highest style of man."
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS, WITH SHORT NOTICES.
• LECTURES ON THE APOCALYPTIC and it is impossible to read with attenEPISTLES, addressed to the Seven tion the discourse before us, without the Churches of Asia. By Joseph IV adsworth. conviction that he is honest in the 12mo. pp. 483. 6s. 6d. Westley.--It is sacred cause," aiming at the faithful ex-' due to the respected author of this hibition of truth, and the glory of its volume to state, that his work ought divine author. long ago to have been introduced to That portion of the Apocalypse the notice of our readers; and that cir- which Mr. W. has selected for exposicumstances altogether accidental have tion, is admirably adapted to the great led to this apparent neglect. On some purposes of pastoral instruction. We previous occasion, Mr. Wadsworth has agree most entirely with the opinion he appeared before the public with credit has formed of the design of these solemn to himself, and advantage to the cause addresses to the church; as not intended of truth. He possesses, as a writer, “to represent the different state of the the faculty of acute discrimination in no universal church through seven succescommon degree; and while he is able sive periods, extending to the end of to try the things that differ," he states time;" but as describing the existing his perceptions, and illustrates bis argu- state of the Asiatic churches, and afments, in a clear, simple, and dispas.fording such warnings and instructions sionate manner, without any attempt at, as their condition and circumstances reelaborateness or display, An unaffected quired. Under this natural and obvious sincerity is impressed on his writings; view of their object, Mr. W. considers
N. S. No.36.
them as admirably adapted to the great and biographical illustrations, both from ends of practical and experimental god. Scripture and other sources. Someliness, and as suggesting the most im- thing is wanted to relieve the attention portant principles for the regulation of of the reader; and on each topic ample Christian churches, and the formation materials might have been easily proof Christian character. His discourses vided. are well fitted to secure these results, under the blessing of the great Head of
THE ULTIMATE DESIGN OF THE the Church. They are characterised by
CHRISTIAN MINISTRY. A Discourse an affectionate spirit, and by searching delivered at Petersfield, April 15, 1827, and impressive addresses to the con before the Hampshire Association of Indescience and the heart. They are uni- pendent Ministers. By T. Binney. formly perspicuous in diction, and London : Humilton. pp. 86. 25.-This sound in argument; and while their is one of the few single sermons on tendency is eminently practical and which we would be disposed, if we had spiritual, they are invariably connected room, to write a long critique rather than with the maintenance and exhibition of a short notice. When we say it is elathe essential principles of the Christian borate, eloquent, and profound, we system. Mr. W. has, indeed, proved have not pronounced the eulogium to himself a workman that needeth not which we feel it is entitled. Mr. Binney be ashamed, rightly dividing the word seizes on his subject with a giant's of truth ;” and we cordially and une- grasp; and while he displays the mental quivocally commend his work to the at, vigour which he possesses in no orditention of the British churches.
nary degree, he manifests an extent and NATURE AND Grace; or, a Deli.
minuteness of acquaintance with the neation of the vurious Dispositions of
Christian system, which could only have the Natural Man, contrasted with the
been acquired by a deep and experiopposite Character of the renewed Mind.
mental knowledge of its adaptation to By Mrs. Stevens. 12mo. pp. 474.
his own wants, and feelings, and hopes. Seeley. 6s. - This elegantly printed vo
Rarely have we met with so extensive lume contains a series of Essays on va.
and admirable a view of the desigo of rious subjects, illustrative of the state of
the ministry of Christianity, Oh that man, under the influence of depraved
all who engage in that ministry were affections on the one hand, and holy
thus impressed with its grandeur; then principles on the other. They are eri.
would its aims be more energetically, dently the productions of a pious and
powerfully, and successfully pursued. cultivated mind; and on some topics
Unaccustomed, as we are, to exaggerated exhibit considerable force and origi
praise, we recommend this discourse as tality. The general tendency of the
a high, mental, and spiritual treat; with work is spiritual and practical and at a repetition of which we shall be glad to
be furnished again, as soon as Mr. Binney the close of each section there is an appropriate citation of scriptural autho
may find it convenient and suitable to rities. There is, howevei, a want of supply it. definiteness and precision in various LONDON IN THE OLDEN TIME;or Tales parts of the volume; the arrangement intended to illustrate the Manners and of subject is not of the most logical Superstitions of its Inhabitants, from the order, and though the sentiments of Twelfth to the Sirteenth century. Lon. the author are evangelical, there is a don: Longman and Co. 1827. Svo. 10s. frequent confusion and obscurity in the - History, through its long and shadowy statements of doctrinal sentiment, which vista, gives us, in dim perspective, the are by no means farourable to a clear per- grand outline and prominent objects of ception of scriptural truth. There is too the generations that are past; it exhimuch of that abstract and distant ge- bits mankind in the mass and human neralisation, which prevents a direct nature in the aggregate; the sympathies and powerful impression of the facts of our common nature lead us to wish and principles of the gospel. In the for a nearer approximation and more practical application of these principles, minute survey. The historian pursues there is, however, much more of minute the high and public way, and narrates and circumstantial delineation. The the march of armies, the conflict of work, as intended for the young espe- battle, the duplicity of political nego. cially, would have been rendered far tiations; and the cabals and the pomp of nore attractive and beneficial, if the courts. It is to other sources we must author had availed herself of historical look for the living manners, for those
passions and pursuits which interest the before us appear to have been written. individual and agitate society. The They discover a very intimate acquaintchronicler steps aside and exbibits the ance with the manners, the modes of rusticity of the cottage, and the revelry thinking, and the peculiar phraseology of the village hostel; while the memoir of the period which they embrace. We and the diary unfold to us the domesti
must also add, they are creditable to cities of life, and lay open “men's busi- the moral feeling, as well as to he inness and bosonas." It is from these rivu- tellectual power of the writer, who, we lets of history that we obtain a view of understand, is a lady. social life, under all the varied modifi. The GUILTY Tongue, by the Author cations which the advance of know- of the Last Day of the Week. London: ledge, the influence of religion, the mu- Šeeley and Son. pp. 194. 18mo. 2s. 6d. nicipal and political institutions of the 1827.-Those persons who have read period impress. From them we learn « The Last Day of the Week,” and the appalling superstition and the potent« The Week Completed," will easily charm; the phantoms of science which recognise the same style of writing, and captivated the youthful student, and the the same mode of conveying instruction intensity with which they were pursued; in the work now before us. We underthe oppression of the forest laws, and stand that these publications are the the bold daring of the outlaw; and the productions of a lady, whose public reserf and the burgher, the wimpled dame ligious exercises have excited considerand the boddiced damsel, arise before us able attention near one of the wateringin all their nativeness and simplicity places in Yorkshire. Though, it is pro
Although works, purely imaginative, bable, they are fictitious, they are very but rarely receive notice in our literary different from those of Mrs. Sherwood columns, yet we canuot hesitate to admit and her sister; and, in some respects, them, when that brilliant power is in- we think very superior. Perhaps they voked to explore scenes of by gone may afford to young people less amuseglory; to exhibit to us, in faithful and ment; but we are much mistaken if vivid colouring, the peculiar supersti. they do not leave a deeper, and a more tions, the popular notions, the prevailing salutary impression. The Guilty Tongue habits, and the general manners which relates to a subject which, we fear, is characterised the conditions of society seldom noticed from modern pulpits in the earlier stages of our history. with any thing like the minuteness and Rich, beyond most cities as is London, particularity which its great importance in antiquarian remains, we view with demands. The story is simply this; somewhat of a pensive feeling their gra- two friends, deeply impressed with sin dual decay, and with indignation the and awful consequences of a guilty sweeping hand of modern improve tongue, determined to concentrate, and provement and commercial cupidity exert all their benevolent energies with ruthlessly sweeping away almost every a special bearing upon this vice in parvestige. While the buttressed wall, the ticular. With this determination, they clustered column, and the lofty hall go forth in quest of opportunities, which awaken an interest in the days that are unhappily present themselves with awful past, the men who there reasoned or re- frequency. In several cases their efforts velled, planned the chase, or ordained result in the happiest consequences; the tournament; recounted their warlike while, in others, scenes of the utmost achievements for the cross in the Holy horror present themselves as the ultiLand, or for the rose at home; fright- mate effects of a guilty tongue. We are ened each other out of their wils with certainly not among the number of those the inidnight spectre, and then pano- persons who wish for a large increase of plied themselves with the holy spell, fictitious narratives, even where the dearise in shadowy indistinctness before sign is evidently good. We apprehend us, and we wish to invest them in a that their general effect would be a vimore palpable form, to mark their dia- tiated taste, and the occupation of time, lect, catch their sentiments, partake which ought to be otherwise employed; their feelings, and, in the illusion of the but there is so much of a pointedly moment, to be contemporaries with our moral and religious tendency in the remote progenitors.
works of this lady, with a moderate in. With a view to the realization of such termixture of the machinery and framiescenes, and such a delineation of the work of a novel, that we cannot but wish tone and feeling of society between the her God speed. twelfth and sixteenth century, the Tales
JEWS IN RUSSIA.
6. Even the police master himself, An Ukase, issued by Imperial mandate, may not suffer any Jew, under the above for regulating the existing laws concerning
circumstances, to remain in the town the residence of Jews, for a specified
more than six weeks; his further contime, in any of the towns of the Russian
tinuance in it depending on the CorporaEmpire.
tion, which must have weighty reasons 1. Those Jews who have liberty to carry for allowing it. And no licence may on trade, or practise handicrafts, exclu. be given beyond six months, without sively in the provinces appointed for their the decision of still b‘gher authority. settlement by the enactment of the year 7. Jews, who have no govcrament 1804, are not permitted to traffic in the passport, or who, having such passport, interior governments of Russia ; that is to have yet no licence to enter any towa in say, they are not to offer any articles for the interior, shall be sent back by the sale, either in shops, or at their lodgings; police, to the places of their abode, after still less are they to hawk about any wares the expiration of the time specified in or utensils, whether of their own, or the the 28th section. property of others. Neither may they 8. If after an order to that effect, open workshops, nor on any account hire
unt hire they either refuse to go, or return again, or employ foremen, apprentices, or la.
they shall be regarded as vagrants, and by bourers, whether Christians or otherwise,
virtue of the Ukases of 15th Nov. 1797, in any department whatsoever.
25th Feb. 1823, and 8th June, 1836, 2. They nre at liberty to remain for they, together with those who allos commercial purposes, such a bill business,
them to remain, or who barbour them in government contracts, and purveyancing,
their houses, shall be amenable to the provided they have an express permission
law, as vagrants, or abeltors of Fafrom Government to tbat effect.
grants. 3. As professed artisans they may settle,
9. Jews, condemned to banishment, in order to perfect themselves in the craft
must not be detained either for debtor pertaining to some guild, or for the in or creditor aecounts ; but their affairs struction of the guild in any particular must be settled according to the usual branch of the art in which they may pos. I
forms of law. sess peculiar skill.
10. The execution of an order of 4.' Every Jew desirious of learning a banishment is to be delayed by the police craft, or of employing his peculiar talent officer only. in any art, must present himself before the. a) When the Jew is in one of the town Corporation, and give an account of him. hospitals, or self, what kind of artisan he is, or what it b) When he shows a proper certificate is he wishes to learn. When the Corpora from a medical man, stating, that be tion, and the guild officer, have examined could not be sent away without injury the certificate of the magistrate of the to his bealth. place whence the individual comes, it 11. Rabbins, or other religious funcmust then be ascertained, who, in that tionaries, are to be sent away by the particular department, might be invited police officer immediately on the discovery to judge of his ability; also, whether the that they are such. art is known in the town, and whether the 12. The Jews are not allowed to knowledge of it would be of indispensable change their passports; and the expiraadvantage to the community at large; tion of their allotted time shall fur. and in every such case the opinion of the nish an imperative ground for dismissing Corporation must be decisive. Such Jews shall be allowed to remain in the town a 13. Foreign Jews, who enjoy the privicertain time, whilst the matter is brougbt lege of other foreigners in those Govern. to a decision, agreeably to the tenor of ments only that are appointed for the this law.
residence of Jews, are required to be 5. Jews, who thus obtain the privilege subject, in every other respect, to the of commencing business, may not està laws and regulatioas imposed on natire blish themselves any where, without hav.
Jews : that is to say, if they have proper ing, besides their manifesto, a regular passports, they may be suffered to enter government passport.
any of the Russian Provinces for the like
space of time, and for similar purposes; * Namely, Lithuania, White Russia, but, in all other cases, they must be sent Little Russia, Kief, Minsk, Volhinia, over the frontiers. Podolsk, Astrachan, Caucasia, Ekatorino Attested by the Grand Master of Polies slav, Cherson, and Tauridia.
of St. Petersburgh,