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access are not older than about the sixth Along with this, by their example, century. Their containing the passage in they teach us to ineet, for the obquestion, therefore, by no means con
servance of all christian ordinances, vinces me that the Apostle John wrote it.
on the first day of the week; " Such are the grounds on which I do which day they designate as “THE not consider the words • on the Lord's LORD'Day," and positively day,' Rev. i. 10, as authentic, or as following the phrase I was in the Spirit' enjoin certain practices to be rein that verse, any more than it does the gularly observed on it. These orsame phrase, chap. iv. 2. But were it dinances could have been observed ever so certain that the Apostle John did on the seventh, as easily as on the write them, I have already shown that
first day, but they preferred the latthey can be of no use or importance to any except those who had access to him ter, for reasons which to them were or' to some other inspired person ; since satisfactory. As we are bound to without this, there are no means of ascer- imitate their example, as well as to taining their true sense and proper appli obey their precepts, it follows, cation."--pp. 206, 207.
that unless we meet on the first We do not hesitate to say, that day of the week, we cannot folthe failure here is fatal to the low the example of the apostles, whole cause, which the respected and primitive believers, or comply author attempted to support. If with some of their precepts. And it can only be sustained at the as it could not have been their inexpense of rejecting a clause, tention to establish two days of which is as certainly a part of sacred rest, it must have been their Scripture as any sentence con- design to substitute the first in the tained in the Bible, it must and place of the seventh day of the ought to be given up.
week. This view of the matter Indeed, if Mr. B.'s work proves appears to have been taken by the any thing, it proves we have no Christian church in all ages; as Sabbath at all. We think there is the first day of the week, though demonstrative evidence of the abo- often improperly observed, has lition of the seventh day; if, universally been considered the therefore, the first is annihilated, Christian Sabbath. both must be regarded as swept We might have illustrated this away. To this conclusion we argument at great length, but we shall not very readily come, even prefer stating it in as few words as with Mr. Shenstone's verbose at possible, because we think the tempt to perplex what is clear, subject does not require a lengthand unsettle what is established, ened argumentation to establish or and to justify his own change of to explain it. The observation of sentiment and practice. - the first day of the week we hold
The argument which satisfies to be a solemn and indispensable our own mind that it is the will of duty, as well as a most delightful God bis people should devote the privilege; and we view with extirst day of the week to the solemn treme dislike and jealousy any atand delightful services of religion, tempt to lessen its obligation or to may be very shortly stated. From injure its sacredness. the beginning, Jehovah claimed the seventh part of man's time as his owo; and what the paradisaical
A View of the Economy of Grace, state required, the law recognised in connexion with the Propagaand established by provisions and
tion of the Gospel. By the Rev. enactments peculiar to itself. The Robert Hogg, Whitehaven. 12mo. apostles teach us that all the pe pp.312.- Edinburgh: Oliphaut. culiarities of the Mosaic institute Price 5s. have been abrogated; but that its We have perused this volume moral spirit and design remain. . with much pleasure. The subject treated in it, is of vital importance; to the universe-a scheme which and the author has discussed it embodies his manifold wisdom. in a way which is calculated both containing everything which to inform the minds of his readers, adapts it to the magnificent end and to warm their hearts.
to be accomplished by it, and, The propagation of the Gospel proceeding on which, we have is a work which, in the present the pledge of his faithfulness, that day, calls forth and combines the the dark places of the earth, energies of Christians of every which are full of the habitations name; and the success which has of horrid cruelty, shall be enattended their exertions is such as lightened by the light of life, and to afford the amplest encourage rescued from the pangs of that ment to persevere in their work of soul-destroying superstition and faith, and labour of love. But delusion, under which they were though past success is encourag- so long allowed to writhe, without ing, it does not constitute the apparently an eye to pity them, ground on which the propagation or an arm to reach them any help. of the Gospel ought to be pur. Here is the end; he has furnisher sued. It is a provision of mercy the means by which it shall be for mankind; it is the intention accomplished; and, pointing to of the God of mercy that it be the perishing nations, he says to proclaimed as widely as the effects those who are in possession of the of the curse are felt; the pro- means-" The same Lord is rich clamation of it is committed as a unto all that call upon him. For trust to those who have themselves it shall come to pass, that wllosoreceived the boon. It is laid upon ever shall call upon the name of them as a debt of gratitude, to the Lord shall be saved. How testify to others what God has then shall they call on him in done for their own souls. Selfish whom they have not believed ? ness is the very opposite of the and how shall they believe in spirit of the Gospel. It breathes him of whom they have not beard? throughout disinterested kindness, and how shall they hear without and infuses the same spirit into a preacher ? and how shall they all who receive the love of its preach except they be sent ?" truths, and calls forth that spirit Human instrumentality is here in exertions for meliorating the represented as necessary; and a condition of our fellow-men. It solemn responsibility is implied, leaves us not to devise means as attaching to those who refuse ourselves for the accomplishment to delay to join issue with the of this end. Had we been left to God of grace in his plan of mercy do this, the, experience of past to our fallen family. On the subages, and the mournful vicissitudes ject of this responsibility, there in human affairs with which his are many strong appeals to pró. tory presents us, might well tend fessing Christians, in the work to paralyze our efforts, and lead before us. We quote the followus to suspect that there could be ing. but little rational hope enter- " from the charge of rejecting the tained of future success. But the Saviour, the beathen world shall stand Divine Philanthropist, who " so acquitted : for to them, it was as if he loved the world, as to give his
ive his had never come into the world, and had
never suffered and died. Still, howerer, only-begotten Son, that whosoever
the guilt must rest somewhere, and since believeth in him should not perish, they are set aside, the condemnation must but should have everlasting life,” fall upon a comparatively small number: has furnished us a scheme. on for true it is, that Christ did come, and
that he did become obedient unto death, which he has suspended the bright- even the death of the cross': true it is, est display of his glory ever given that he presented himself to the faith of
all men in the character of a Saviour, nently displayed. For example, in the and gave the commandment, that the declaration - God so loved the world, Gospel should be preached to every crea- that he gave his only begotten Son, that ture. Where then shall this appalling whosoever believeth in him should not guilt be found ? Not with the apostles perish, but have everlasting life,' we are and first ministers of Christ .... they invited to contemplate divine benevolence, went abroad at the command of their as gloriously manifested in the gift of Lord upon the face of the earth, and Christ. The plan of mercy, as a whole, continued, while the warm blood circh is a perfect representation of this good Jated in their veins, to preach among the will; but as we can never fully comprenations the unsearchable riches of Christ. bend this plan, we must study it in cer. Nor will the guilt be found with those tain of its most prominent points, which wbo have spent their lives in the service afford the best adrantage for obtaining of their divine Master; but it shall be that knowledge which our nature (limited visited in those, who, themselves blessed faculties) can receive of the simple prinwith the light of the Sun of Righteous ciple which the whole is calculated to ness, were content to look around upon illustrate. Many misconceptions respectthe perishing myriads of immortal souls, ing the love of God have arisen in the without making one effort for their salva- minds of men from nice disquisitions, tion. These are the persons who must founded on soine undefinable notions of it, answer for the ruin of many people, and which are entirely unconnected with his toagues, and nations. At their hand shall dispensations; as if we could form any the blood of those be required, who, if just conceptions of his character, which warning had been given to them, and the we do not derive from what he has done, Saviour had been exbibited to them, or is doing, to make himself known. might have turned from their wicked The dispute which has so greatly agitated ways and lived."-pp. 261, 262.
the Christian world – Whether this love
embraces primarily as its' object all manThe object of the volume is to
kind, or only a limited and definite numgive a comprehensive view of the
ber,' appears to bave been produced chiefly economy of grace, as illustrating by such inexplicable notions. If we would at once the “ principles of the
avoid these, we ought never to forget
that divine acts are the language which divine plan,” and the duty of the
conveys the knowledge of divine love; church in reference to the promo and that the degree of this knowledge tion of the designs of mercy. In depends, not on our ability to think and the introduction, which is occupied
reason syllogistically respecting this per-,
fection of Jebovah, but on our susceptiwith pointing out the manner in
bility of being impressed by his doings." which the purpose of mercy is --pp, 7, 8. exhibited in the Holy Scriptures, there is much valuable truth, Divine revelation has in all which our limits will not admit ages been adapted to the chaof our extracting; but which will racter of mankind, as moral and abundantly repay the reader, both responsible beings, capable of by the importance of the princi- feeling the force of evidence, and ples which are laid down, and of being actuated by motives that the strain of piety which pervades tell upon their desire of happithe statement of them. The fol. ness, on the one hand, and on lowing extract may serve as a their dread of misery on the other. specimen of the reasoning in this In this view, it is plainly suited part of the work.
to all the species, as having a
reference to the character of all. “ For the purpose of obtaining a comprehensive acquaintance with the economy. It is not founded on any specific of grace, we must search the Scriptures; differences that may be found and in perusing these sacred records, we among them, arising out of pecu-ought always to regard the revelations of
liar circumstances, or of any par.
liar divine love in their connexion with the administration of the covenant of re
ticular modification of the general demption; and to receive the affirmations character; but it fixes on the concerning this love, not as so many ab broad features of the whole hustract propositions, but as an exhibition
man family, as depraved and of the varions parts of the scheme of providence, in which tbe merciful disposi- guilty, and proposes à remedy. tion of our offended Father is promi. which is equally suitable in its. N.S. No. 35.
nature to all. It will be under the church. For this purpose be made stood, of course, that we make a known the first promise immediately after distinction between the efficacious
the entrance of sin; he saved Noah from
so the deluge; he established his covenant ness of the remedy, and its actual with Abraham and his seed; he brought efficacy, or between the external the Israelites out of Egypt, communiadministration of the economy of cated to them his law, and gave them the grace, and the success of that
Tá land of Canaan for an inheritance. But
that evidence on which he would fix our administration, which is the re- minds, and to which all the revelations sult of divine influence. The of the Bible are directed, is his sending need of such influence neither his Son, and setting him forth for a affects the suitableness of the
onose of the propitiation, that whosoever believeth ia
him should not perish but hare everlastscheme of mercy to the situation ing life. After what he has thus done and character of mankind, nor to declare his love, it is the most aggralessens their guilt in rejecting it. rated wickedness to disbelieve it ; or to It only proves more clearly the
suppose for a moment, that he only mocks
men, by exhibiting the blessings of salva. alienation of the human heart
tion, while he is not willing that they from God, which not even the should actually enjoy them. These views display of the exuberance of of the Gospel clearly prove its univerdivine mercy can subdue, and
sality. The revealed good-will of heaven
is a sufficient ground of confidence to establishes, beyond all question,
every human being; and we do it the that the salvation of creatures so greatest injury if we refuse to admit that utterly worthless, must be all of it is infinite, and that it would save all,
if all would trust in it. grace.
The more fully These views are ably presented
it is disclosed, the more is its transcendent
excellence discerned."-pp. 43, 44. in the work before us. The ac. count of the divine dispensations These extracts from the first before the coming of Christ, in part of the work will serve to the first chapter, is characterized show our readers the author's idea by a clear statement of facts, of the universality of the scheme which illustrate satisfactorily the of mercy. We had marked ano. author's general principles. Rew ther paragraph from the 3d chapferring to the patriarchal age, he ter, on the unity of the divine says,
plan under (IN) the dispensations " We bave thus seen, that, during the
of grace; but we must refer, on first ages of the world, an uninterrupted this point, to the work itself. It system of mercy was pursued towards the is one of the most animating views race of Adam ; that the saints who then
that can be taken of the scheme lived, became acquainted with this sys tem, by marking the dispensations of ihe 01
of providence toward our world, Almighty ;---that these dispensations were that all the dispensaticns which proposed originally to the faith of all; have marked the ages that are and that mankind deprived themselves of
past, all the changes that have the knowledge of God as a reconciling Father, by increasing in wickedness,
taken place in the kingdoms of and by wilfully rejecting the Gospel." men, in the overthrow of empires, p. 30.
and the transference of dominion
from one quarter of the globe to In chapter second, which is en
another, have only been links in titled “on the Gospel, as it is revealed by Christ and his Apos
that grand chain, which shall ter
minate in the universal establishtles," we meet with the following
ment of that kingdom, which is passage :-
destined to be equally a universal “ The Gospel is a bright discovery of and an everlasting kingdom. How the favour of God. It is a manifestation magnificent must be the end to of the good pleasure of his will,' and which mavomon the glorious riches of his grace.
a which movements so great, and
To prove this good will, and this rich grace,
rich grace, carried on through so many ages,
carrie is the design of all that he has done for are subservient. Angels grasped its leading features, and embodied ginning of this paragraph; and if them in the sublime doxology the definition be applied to it, as which they sung at the Saviour's used in that title, the necessity of advent, « GLORY TO GOD IN altering the title will manifestly THE HIGHEST, PEACE ON EARTH, appear. In a second edition, let AND GOOD-WILL TO MEN,"
the title stand," An Inquiry into The second part is entitled, the Moral Fitness of the Gospel “ An Inquiry into the Moral Dispensation to evangelize the fitness of the New Dispensation World.” for accomplishing the design of This second part of the work, the Gospel to evangelize the we think decidedly the best. We world.” The author has not, we cannot enter upon a minute inthink, exercised his usual accu- vestigation of the topics treated racy in this title. The New Dis- of in it, but the author seems quite pensation and the Gospel plainly at home when descanting upon identify; unless he uses the word Messiah's Advent; his obedience, Gospel as referring to the public and the nature and end of his adcation of divine mercy before the ministration. coming of Christ, in which sense " The voluntary humiliation of the it would not be generally under- Son proceeded from the most disinterested stood. Even in this sense, how- benevolence. It could, indeed, proceed ever, the title is far from being
from nothing else; and if this was, in
fact, the influential principle, how incfexplicit. In page 132, we kave
fably glorious does he appear in thus an explanation of the meaning in abasing himself for our salvation. In his which the word design, as applied incarnation we bebold the king of heaven to the death of Christ, is used. moving toward us with immeasurable
compassion; and what is the expression “ This word,” it is said, " is often
! he gives of his good will? It is not, as used to express the moral fitness in creation and providence, reflected of one thing to produce another.” from objects without himself; but it shines We do not think it is ever used directly, and with the brightest effulgence, in such a sense; but that its mean
through a visible form, which he calls,
and which is, himself. He does not declare ing is, an intention, a purpose, the it merely by the silence of his operations, end of a course of action. With but he dwells among meq; and as one of this meaning, we apprehend, some
themselves, publishes it by the speech and
actions of a man. We are relieved, in of our author's illustrations will
some measure, from the difficulty of ap. agree much better than with that
prehending the love of an invisible being, which he has affixed to the word. whose presence fills immensity; for we For instance," the design of man's find this principle comprehended and discreation was, that he should wor.
played in the doings of one acting ac
cording to the laws of our cominon paship and serve his Maker ;" that ture. Such an object, seen even by faith, is, according to the meaning we must fill us with amazement."-pp. 83,84. have given to the term design.
On the moral effect of this disThe Creator made man, with the
play of divine benevolence, he intention, or to the end, that the creature should worship and serve
" It cannot for a moment be doubted, him. His capability of doing so, that this condescension of the Son has a or his moral fitness for it, is ano- powerful moral influence. It is one of the ther thing, which, considering the clearest manifestations that have been given designer, must be conceived of as
to any class of created intelligences, that
“ God is love;" and it is therefore calcuprovided for in, but not constitut- lated to produce its effects on all, who, by ing, the design.-We have made their original constitution, were formed these remarks here, on the defini- capable of knowing, glorifying, and ention of the word referred to. be- joying him, : ....... But we must cause that word occurs in the
carefully recollect that the advent of Mes.
siah was designed, not merely to attract title we have quoted in the be the attention and enquiries of all orders of