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LETTERS FROM ITALY.
to one who relishes the beauties of art,
the few days une passes there are days Venice --- Its Unique Appearance - French of enchantment.
Improvements - The Church of St. Mark Your gondola lies at your door ; the -The Gondolus-Pictures --The Arme gondolier is your guide, your servant, nian Convent--Its Printing Press--The your local historian, and gossipping com. Decay of the City.
panion; once seated, you are conveyed
to the object of your wishes, without IVho shall describe Venice, so as to exerting a muscle, or disturbing a fold give, to any one who has not visited it, of your dress; and in this way you are an idea of its romantic beauty! It can carried to churches, palaces, and public not be compared to any thing, for no. buildings, filled with the richest stores thing existing in the smallest degree of the richest age of art ; sated with resembles it. "Where in the world, ex. these beauties, you return to the goncept at this point of the Adriatic, can be dola, and while it pursues its noiseless found a city built in the sea. Palaces, course, you reflect in the most perfect temples, and edifices of every varied tranquillity on what you have seen, and character, rising out of the water, and have the best possible opportunity of retlecting all their beauties back into turning it to profit. the element from which they spring A To me this is a most important thing ; city in which horses are useless, and I am sure I derived more improvement carriages a vain thing—where there is from the pictures of Venice, than from hardly earth enough to plant a tree, and those of any other city, merely from where the only vegetation is an occa- seeing them without fatigue, roise, or sional vine, or flower, trained from a embarrassment of any kind. vase, in a balcony, and kept more for The gondola is your only carriage. If ornament than use. The French made you go out to dinner, the gondola takes an alteration here, as they did every you to the door, and you ascend the where else, and these alterations were staircase from the water's edge. The always improvements. They stole some only sounds that come upon the ear ground from the sea, on which they through the evening, are the splashing made a public garden, and they covered of oars under the window, and tbe over a canal to make one broad street to voices of the gondoliers calling to each lead to it. But the Venetians are so other as they pass, in notes never harsh little habituated to the sight of trees, nor inharmonious, though not accomthat they seldom visit it. Existence in panied by all the music that has been such a place assumes so new a character, attributed to them by writers of roevery thing is so unlike our ordinary mances. If you would go to the posthabits, that it is difficult to persuade office, to the banker's, to a bookseller's, or, oneself it is not a fairy creation, to which in short, any where else, you get into we have been transported by the wand the gondola, and are landed, if not at the of some mighty enchanter; and this illu- very does, at least at so short a distance sion derivežstrength from the objects that from the place, that the walk is nothing, first attract the attention, The church and the man quits his boat to be your of St. Mark has much of Moorish and guide. The canals, in fact, are the eastern grandeur; its intricate assem- streets; all the best houses present their blage of sculpture, painting, and gilded fronts to the water, and the back opens ornament, coines with a dazzling splen- into a narrow lane, through which it is dour on the eye, and produces an effect sometimes troublesome to pass. I was on the imagination that is kept up by once stopped for half an hour by the the figures seen moving arourid it--not passing of a religious procession: which monks, nor priests, nor people in mo. ever way I turned the water presented nastic habits only, as they are found in itself, and the procession occupied the other parts of Italy, but Turks and only pass that led to a bridge. To go Greeks, and other inhabitants of the through the whole city on foot, (a thing east, in the various and picturesque cus- which is possible,) would take so much tumes of their different tribes and na. time, and require so good a guide, that tions. The Venetians have been con- no stranger ever attempts it; it requires sidered a people devoted to pleasure, no small tact to know where the bridges and there is really something so volup- lie, and how to direct your course so as tuous in the life one leads in such a not to lose your labour. I wandered place, that it is difficult to resist the fas about in this way once for some hours, cination. To a stranger especially, and and was at last obliged to take a boat,
bapeless of ever getting back to the inn produced in Cavan, a county town in in any other way.
Ulster ; where, together with the adjoinVenice is the place to study painting, ing country, there are multitudes ready tut the mind of the student ought to be to throw off the yoke of priestly authoweli trained, before he be allowed to in- rity; 105 have publicly renounced podalge in the voluptuous assemblage that pery in the parish church of Cavan, and is there presented to his observation. If it is known that many thousands, in one it were possible for a painter to live two district of this county, are prepared to lives, the studies to prepare bin for the follow their example: So considerable first should be at Rome, and the second has been the excitement, that a commisat Venice. Notwithstanding the rob. sion of the popish bishops was sent by beries that have been committed, and their brethren from Dublin, to inquire the changes that this unfortunate city into the matter; and their lordships, on has undergone, tbere still remains within their arrival, were assailed by cries which its palaces an abundance of such works could not have been grateful to them. as are to be found no where else in the Attempts have been made to explain world. Of Georgioni I knew little be away this defection, on the ground that fore going to Venice, and of Tintoret the titular bishop is in his dotage, and nothing ; yet these are two of the cannot therefore protect his fiock, and greatest names that art has to boast. that the influence of bribes, threats, There is a picture of the first of these in &c., have prevailed on the ininds of a the Manfreni palace that seems to carry few needy and immoral apostates. painting as far as it can go-] think it It is asserted, on the other hand, that quite perfection-and there is another by those who have come over are, in geneTintoret,at bis academy,called the Miracle ral, well informed persons, many of them of the Slave, that is in itself a miracle—it respectable heads of families. It is not seems almost beyond humani power. Dur denied, we believe, that the Roman Caing our stay we visited a convent of monks tholics of Cavan, petitioned Dr. Curtis to from Armenia, established on the water, send a priest there, who should publicly about an hour's row from the city. Here read the Scriptures, to which he ihought Fe found a school of interesting youths, it wise to accede, and that other priests and a society of intelligent men, that is, have been driven to permit their people if we may judge from the one who was to read the Bible. kind enough to accompany us through
THE ADDRESS OF CONVOCATION. the institution. He talked English with
Our readers are aware that a General a purity rarely met with in a foreigner.
Assembly of the Clergy is called at the Lord Byron bad been his scholar and his
summoning of a new Parliament, and tutor; and he could tell of many other
wbich, though shorn of most of its andistinguished Englishmen as his com
cient powers, by that political subservience panions and friends. Here was a printing
which robs the Church of England of her press established, at which books in all
spiritual dignity, it is yet permitted to languages were printed, with a correct
meet, and the lower Clergy to form themness and beauty equal to that of any
selves into a House, appoint a Prolocutor, town in Europe. To see types set up vote an address to bis Majesty, and then in English words, on a little bank in the
adjourn. The following address was midst of the Adriatic sea, far away from
voted at their late Session, and preother habitations, was to me a matter of
sented to his Majesty on the throne by no small interest-it brought back all my both Houses, headed by his Grace of Canfeelings to my country and my home. terbury. It will, perhaps, be interesting I ought not to conclude this letter
to our nonconformist readers, to peruse without saying what it goes against me the sentiments which the Clergy at this to write, that the glory of Venice is period think it rigbt to convey to the passed away. The splendid palaces are Sovereign, and the manner in which they crumbling into the canals from which
are echoed from the throne. they have arisen, the shops are aban. The following is a copy of the address, doned, the beautiful Piazza, once the and of his Majesty's answer ; in the latter place of assembly for all the nations of of which, the expressions of attachment the world, is now comparatively a desert; to the Established Church - the assertion ships no longer crowd its port, and of that preference, which is “ justly due strangers come more from curiosity than
to its pure doctrines and service"-and for mercantile speculation ; melancholy
the assurance that his Majesty will is stamped on every countenance; da male
" watch over its interests with unal peggio, from bad to worse, is their con
wearied solicitude,” and “ maintain it in stant theme; " for other places there the full possession of every legitimate may be hope, for Venice none !"
privilege,'will be read with grateful RECENT CONVERSIONS IN IRELAND. feelings by those whose interests are thus
By the labours of Bible and School So. upheld :cieties, a very considerable stir has been os We, your Majesty's dutiful subjects,
the Archbishop and Bishops, and Clergy to the Archbishops, directing that the pa of the Province of Canterbury, in convo. rochial clergy be instructed by their Bisbop cation assembled, humbly offer to your “ to effectually excite their parishioners to Majesty the assurances of our attachment liberal contribution" on behalf of the dis and inviolable fidelity to your Majesty's tressed manufacturers. We rejoice tha person and Government. The protection many ministers, both in and out of the which your Majesty bas at all times ex- Established Church, “ were ready a year tended to the United Church of England ago" to discharge this duty, and we trust and Ireland, demands our sincerest and the general appeal will be indeed effectual, warmest acknowledgments. Grateful for PROTESTANT DISSENTERS' GRAMMAR the past, we bumbly implore a continu
SCHOOL ance of the saine protecting power; for, As the building erected for the accomassuredly, Sir, there never was a period modation of the Protestant Dissenters' in the history of our Reformed Church,
Grammar School is to be occupied at the that more urgently required it: whether
next commencenient, on the 29th of the we direct our attention to the avowed
present month, we have furnished, inenemies of Christianity, or to those who, stead of a portrait, a full view of this professing the faith of Christ, sedulously most important Institution. Through labour to disparage and degrade the many difficulties it has hitherto mainChurch, of which your Majesty, under tained its groun:1, and is still rising in God, is the Head, and which, we confi- celebrity and usefulness. It may be prodently maintain, is formed upon the mo- per to inform our readers, that the terms del of the earliest and purest ages of to the public are fifty guineas per anChristianity.-- It is our duty, Sir, to vin- num. À certain number of the sons of dicate the Establishment in the spirit by dissenting ministers are admitted at which it professes to be governed, with thirty guineas, and under particular cirtemper, moderation, and firmness, seeking cumstances a limited number at half that to conciliate those who may be opposed to sum. The great object of the establishus, not to exasperate thet ; to convince, ment is to afford the benefit of a good not boastfully to trinmph over them.
classical education, in combination with But, Sir, with this understanding of our the strictest attention to the moral and duty, we cannot dissemble to your Ma
religious character and habits of the pujesty the just apprehensions we entertain pils. More than 800 young men have of the efforts that are now making to ar been educated at it, some of whom have rive at authority and power in the State, already distinguished themselves both as dangerous to the existence of the Protes- scholars and as ministers. The Institutant Constitution of the country, and tion is now placed in highly advantageous leading directly to religious disturbance,
and respectable circumstances, and it animosity, and contention. But, Sir, will be to the discredit and dishonour of whatever be the danger to which the Esta- the wealthy Dissenters, if their children blished Church may be exposed, we have appear inferior in classical and general full confidence in your Majesty's protec- aitainments to those in similar circum. tion, and in the wisdom, discretion, and stances in the Establishment; and if the firmness, of your Parliament.-- We pray Institutivn shall not be supported in a God to bless and protect your Majesty."
manner worthy of the body to which it “ MY LORDS, AND TAE REST OF THE belongs, and of the public spirited and Clergy--I receive with great satisfaction disinterested exertions of the Committee this loyal and dutiful address. The renewed
who conduct it. assurances of your affectionate attach
Mill Hill, where this establishment is ment to my person and Government are situated, is a most picturesque and re. most acceptable to me. I rely, with the tired village, abouti ten miles to the utmost confidence, upon your zealous north-west of London. It is situated on exertions to promote true piety and virtue a ridge of hills mid-way between the --to reclaim those who are in error by the great North Road and the Edgware Road. force of divine truth--and to uphold and It is remarkable for the salubrity of its extend among my people the preference situation, and has been, for that reason, which is so justly due to the pure doc- a place of resort from an early period. trine and service of our Established Church.
The estate, which belongs to the trusThat Charch has every claim to my con tees of the Grammar School, and which, stant support and protection. I will watch
with subsequent purchases, now contains over its interests with unwearied solici
about fifteen acres of freehold land, was tude, and confidently trust that I shall
formerly the property of the celebrated be enabled, by the blessing of Divine Pro
botanist Peter Collinson, the friend and vidence, to maintain it in the full posses correspondent of Linnæus, and the sion of every legitimate privilege." Courier.
grounds to this day bear strong marks of HIS MAJESTY'S LETTER.
his taste and skill. Mr. Peel has addressed a letter, by the The view from the grounds to the command, and in the name of the King, south, over the valley extending to Wind