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bourers. Whatever other qualities these been there, he would have said, pictures may want, they are never wanting " the infant Jesus obtained the silver in grace. Taste was certainly more gene- medal of considerable approbation, but rally diffused amongst the ancients than it for the Virgin Mother was reserved the ever has been in modern times. But with golden prize of superemiuent applause." them there were some aberrations. A Let it be understood, that this was most paltry fountain lately turned out, no thing done in a corner; it is no private and many disgusting exhibitions in the or domestic proof of royal superstition, most public parts of the city abundantly but a notorious circumstance, authorized prove this.
by the Pope and made known to the I translate for your amusement the pro- faithful by a printed proclamation, and clamation for the coronation of the Virgin, that no part of its value should be lost, that I mentioned in my last letter.
the whole was detailed in the newspaper “ The Most Reverend Chapter of St. the following day for the edification of the Peter's at Rome, in compliance with the people. will of the Count Alexander Sforza Palla. Since I bought my book of indulricini, is accustomed to distribute every gences, (from which I gave you an exyear certain crowns of gold, to decorate tract in iny last,) I have got into the the brows of those images of the blessed secret of many things that were before a Virgin, the most celebrated either for their mystery to me; attending these cereantiquity, their wonderous works, (Qu. monies, and keeping up this mummery is prodigies or miracles,) or for their popu. not spontaneous devotion, but a regular larity, in order to increase ever more and calculation of profit and loss, by which more the worship of such images, and to ex- the people, through the grace and indulcite the piety and devotion of the faithful gence of the Pope, cheat the devil out of towards the great mother of God.
his right to torinent them; all this is re"Now the above-mentioned most reve- gularly set down in a book, with the rend Chapter, having listened to the claims value calculated of every prayer, and urged in favour of the image of the im- every genuflexion, and every kissing of maculate Conception, which is adored the cross, &c. &c., that people may go (che si venera ), in the church of Jesu through in the course of the year. I Vecchio in Naples, represented by a little think I shall translate this book from wooden statue, (statuetta ditegno, ) three beginning to end when I get to England ; palms bigb, (the palm is more than a foot it is the choicest specimen of the enEnglish,) with an infant Jesus in its lightened age that I have yet met with ; arms; and having found these claims to (it bears date 1826, and is published in be supported by satisfactory evidence and Venice, under the authority of the ensolid documents, have judged it right to lightened government of Austria.) award a golden crown, not only to the I heard a curious sermon on the eve of image of the Virgin, but also to that of the the feast of the dead, in which the priest infant Jesus in ber arms. With this de was urging the people to give money for cision, the supreme Pontiff, Leo. 12, has prayers to be said for the souls in pursignified his approbation in his apostolic gatory. He described the torments of brief, (Qu. Bull, issued on the 2d of De- the dead with sufficiently terrible minutecember, 1826; (enlightened age!) and he ness; and after quoting the 25th chap. of has not only signified his approval of this Matthew from the 31st verse to the end, act, but has pleased to grant an abundant he said, now, if doing these acts of charity portion of grace and indulgence to all who to men while on earth be of such value, shall assist in the ceremony of the coro. " Is vi dico;" I say unto you, that a nation, or be present in the church on tbat single grain (farthing), spent in the sergreat day.” Then follows the order to the vice of the dead is of infinitely more value, Archbishop to do it, and the approbation as by such a gift you may redeem a soul of the King of Naples, as well as all the from hell. prayers and bymns that are to be said or sung to this little wooden image, before
Naples, March 6, 1827. and after the coronation, &c. &c.
The Carnival is at length over, and lo In compliance with this proclamation, the season of riot, noise, confusion, and the coronation took place on the appointed dissipation has succeeded that of sackcloth day; the King and all the Royal Family and ashes. The people of fashion, instead attended, and paraded round the church of dancing and masquerading till six or with candles in their hands, at the tail of seven in the morning, are content to play the Virgin. The child was crowned first, at cards till two or three ; and instead of and a very considerable agitation was vin voluptuous dinners, and still more volupsible amongst the assembled multitude, tuous suppers, are satisfied to have their but when the Archbishop raised the crown tables supplied with only a dozen dishes, to the head of the Virgin, the emotion consisting of every delicious fish of the rose to a shout or scream of veneration season, dressed in all the variety of the and praise that rent the air. Had - most inventive cookery, with an aftercourse of pastry, and a desert of fruit and says, “ die hereafter," when “ there might sweetmeats. Thus they fast! I had no be a time for such a word," or rather they idea of the extent to which the carnival should learn, while living, to reflect upon was carried till this year. The first winter the purposes for which they live. I was in Italy was Jubilee or Holy Year; How does the Catholic question go on? in Rome there was no Carnival; last win: Will the death of the Duke of York ter it was holy year here, and though the make any change ? All the people who carnival did take place, it was kept greatly have come out here lately, are endeawithin bounds; but this season there has vouring to prove to me that it is time the been a re-action, in revenge for the absti- emancipation was carried. I am no polinence which the holy year had imposed tician, but when I first came to Italy, and upon them, and they have, indeed, given saw the paralyzing effect that the tenets full swing to their gay propensities of this church have on the human linind, Night after night, at one house or the I could not but feel horror at the idea of other, they have had their balls in fancy enlarging its influence or extending its dresses, French plays, tableaux, charades, power. But if it is true that the time is &c. &c. so that with arranging the cos- come when all these checks and tests are tume in one case, studying and rehearsing to be thrown aside, and every thing be the characters in another, and providing left to its free operation, I am sure I amusing varieties in a third, &c. the would never oppose my opinion to the whole time of Lords and Ladies, Prin- general good. So deep an impression, cesses, Dukes and Duchesses, Counts and however, has been made on my mind, by Countesses has been fully occupied; and what I have seen of the nature, character, now it is all over, they require time to and conduct of this diabolical church, that recover their lost beauty. The pallid I believe I shall be one of the latest concheek, the sunken eye, the nerveless fibre, vinced, and one of the slowest to admit proclaim the reluctant truth, and tell, in the new principle of universal toleration. terms too plain even for flattery to con. Religious freedom they have, politicul power ceal, that these are not the purposes for they want. I suppose the experiment of which we ought to live. Death, too, in giving it them must be tried, and the proof the midst of their rioting, as if in mock- of its wisdom left to the result. It seems ery of all the world calls pleasure, took a hazardous course, but it is a liberal, and his stand and played his part. Que young perhaps a Christian course. man, Mr. S , who at the commencement was in every gay and brilliant circle, is now in his grave. One of the beautiful
REVIVAL OF RELIGION IN AMERICA. daughters of the Duchess of Manchester,
(To the Editors.) Lady Emily Montague, who but a few GENTLEMEN,-The following letter was nights before I saw dancing in all the lately received by a respectable Minister buoyancy of spirits that youth and admi. of the Congregational Denomination in ration give, was suddenly snatched away; North Wales, froin the Rev. Robert Everett, sickness also removed for a few weeks the formerly of Denbigh, but now resident at Prince Leopold, and occasioned, for a time, a place, called Utica, in North America, a blank in their entertainments, which It is a most interesting communication ; ill accorded with the ambition of the giver. and I trust the perusal of it will be emiThese things are felt, where every body is nently conducive to the promotion of known, much more than they can be in "pure and undefiled religion" in this greater cities or wider circles. Addison's country. What is reeorded about the dream of the people on the ice seems here manner in which the families of ungodly completely realised ; one drops in, then people are visited by " Christian instrucanother, and then a third, but the rest go tors," may be of great use. Those who on pursuing the same senseless round, and are themselves “ among the saved," ought filling up the mazes of the never-ending to be every day “ abounding in the work dance, till each, in his turn, finds the of the Lord.” hole through which he slips, and is never
I am, your's sincerely, seen again. In the regular course, and in
S. the ordinary duties and business of life, there seems to be a time for death. The
(From a Minister formerly in Wales.) gaps made in families and friends, how
“ Urica, Oct. 28th, 1826. ever severely felt, are not entirely unex
“ Dear Brother --- The most important pected, nor is the mind entirely unprepared
news that I can inform you of in this letter for them ; but here, where people have
is, that there bas been for the last twelve no business but pleasure, and no occupation
months a wonderful outpouring of the bnt amusement, the effect is tremendous. Spirit of the Lord on the congregations in The bold hand which seizes and snatches this country. A little more than a year the gay creatures from the scene which ago, all was barrenness, and indifference, they embellish, appears unlooked for and and formality in the churches, especially out of place. They should, as Macbeth in these parts. Yet there were some who
wept for the desolation of Zion, as if, friends to be healed, and to be saved ; and • between the porch and the altar. And we should go and do likewise. gradually a degree of solemnity appeared “There was no noise in meetings, as is the to rest on the minds of Ministers and case in Wales in times of revivals, except people, and it became a time of great amongst the Wesleyan Methodists. There is heart-searching and confessing of sins be a good deal of animal feeling excited in fore God. Days of fasting and prayer this way amongst this denomination of were kept in every church, which were Christians. With this exception, divine solemn seasons, and some' mercy drops,' worship is carried on in times of revivals appeared to fall upon some churches. in America with the utmost order and These increased and multiplied, and Mini- solemnity. Nothing is heard but the sters appeared to possess more earnestness, voice of the speaker, and the sobbings of and concern for the salvation of their burdened souls. Some are affected so hearers, and a great change was apparent deeply as to fall into fits of convulsions, in the prayers both of the Ministers and and there have been some instances of private Christians. Instead of a formal partial derangement for a few days, but recitation of the divine perfections, and not often : the effect appears to be on the eulogizing of the divine plans and opera reason and on the conscience, more than tions, &c. &c. Christians appeared to on the passions. I shall now relate an come to the throne of grace with a burden instance or two of deep feeling. A person upon their minds, and with a solemn and of my acquaintance, (who lives in a part weighty cause, which they had to lay open of my house,) has been known to spend before God. When some places were whole nights in werping and praying. visited with a revival, members from other One time in particular, he went to a churches would visit those places, and prayer-meeting in the evening, and on remain for a few days, and, as it were, returning home, began to think how bard • catch the fire,' and return with their his heart had been in meeting ; how little hearts warm with the love of Christ, and he had been affected by the solemnities be tell their brethren and sisters what they had witnessed; he went home, and rehad heard and seen. Prayer-meetings tired to pray, got up again and wept; he were soon established to implore the same thought the Lord was going to give him blessings upon them also. This has been up to hardness of heart for his unwilling. in several places the commencement of a ness to submit to Christ, for as yet he had glorious revival of religion. Prayers, pub- not professed faith in Christ, and was on lic and private, were made in those places the verge of utter despondency. He again where a work of grace had commenced, prayed and wept, and so continued till for other places by name. Also, indivi- break of day,' wbich was Sabbath morning. duals were prayed for by name, and the I heard him say afterwards a little of his Lord graciously answered those prayers in feeling that night; his great request to very many instances. Some were struck God was, that that Sabbath should not under convictions at the very time that pass without some light from Calvary shining prayer was offered for them, and they to his heart, and his prayers we hope were knew it not. Others, who had been sube heard, for on that Sabbath, his mind was jects of great remorse of conscience be- brought to rest with composure upon the fore, have been brought to enjoy divine Lord Jesus Christ, and such a sense of consolations in answer to prayer made for the divine love filled his soul that he never them. I believe there has been more of had realized before, and he has never aftertbis mode of praying in this revival than ward entirely lost the impression. He is in any other known in America; and now a member of our church, and an Christians appear to be pretty generally amiable and devout Christian. convinced, that they ought to pray in this “At Rome, a village a few miles from way. Seeing that the design of prayer in this place, there was one who had been a great measure is to affect the miod of under very deep convictions for a long the supplicant himself and his fellow.sup. time, but could obtain no comfort. One plicants, it is agreed that the mind can be evening he went to meeting with a great affected much more powerfully by taking burden of guilt upon his mind; he conone object, and fixing the attention upon tinued throughout the meeting in the same it, in all its consequences, through eter- state, and at the close of divine service nity, than by endeavouring to compre- felt a desire to conceal himself, that he hend many objects at once. It is also might remain in the house of God alone agreed, that individuals were prayed for to pray. Being in the gallery, he sucin the days of the apostles, as in the case ceeded; the congregation retired, the of Peter wben in prison; and Paul says, light was extinguished, and the doors were when he requested an interest in the shut. He went to prayer, and felt deterprayers of the churches, and for me ;' mined, as he afterward stated, not to leave and when Jesus Christ went about doing the house of God until he should obtain good, some brought their sons to him, some comfort in Christ. He there cried and some their daughters, and their and prayed, until some time before dayN. S. No. 31.
light, the God of all grace was pleased to interest. And although it is hoping too rift upon his burdened spirit the light of much, to expect the entire abolition of his countenance, and he went home re. slavery, throughout the land, by the direct joicing in Christ.
efforts of this, Institution, yet it is im« There is a great deal of visiting from possible to say, that its indirect and ultihouse to house here in times of revivals, mate effects may not be of this gigantic to talk personally to sioners, and to pray character. Public opinion in this country for them, which appears to be attended is the lever which moves every thing; and with a great blessing. One time a Mini. by operating upon this, as the Coloniza: ster (this was at Řome) went into the tion Society is doing, the most efficient house of some ungodly people, and after method is adopted, of accomplishing the conversing with them awhile on the state grand design which is in view, and will of their souls, he asked them indivi- never be lost sight of by thoasands of dually if they would wish to be prayed American citizens. Already are there es. for, and stated one condition, viz. tbat tablished, in different parts of the land, they must promise to try to pray for more than a hundred Anti-Slavery Societies, themselves; otherwise he did not think it SEVENTY-THREE OF WHICH ARE LOCATED his duty to pray for them, por could he IN SLAVE-HOLDING STATES. Within about pray for them. Each one consented, and a year past, the Friends' Yearly Meeting promised to do so, excepting one girl; in North Carolina have removed to more she would not promise to pray for herself, favourable climes not less than 300 people nor did she care whether she was prayed of colour, and are making arrangements for. The Minister reasoned with her, for still further and larger removals. Ja but in vain : at last, he told her, she must the month of Jannary last, 34 coloured then retire to another room while he emigrants sailed from Boston for Liberia, prayed with the others. She did so, and under the patronage of the American Cohe prayed for each one personally, and lonization Society; and in February, 154 when he came to her case he paused, as from Norfolk, Va. for the same destina. if not knowing what to say ; but at length tion. Another expedition is fitting out at prayed for her, and appeared to be as- Baltimore, and will sail in a few days. sisted in his prayer for her, more than for The population of this flourishing Colony any of the rest. The wicked prayerless is now 500 or 600. In the latter part of girl overheard the prayer; she was 1825, two churches were built by the pricked to the heart ; and has afterwards colonists; and in the spring of 1826. a given evidence, that prayer is her delight; Missionary Society was formed. Five or and she is one of the humble followers of six schools are in operation; in which the Lord Jesus. Other instances might be not only the children of emigrants are given, but I must cease. The revival still instructed, but also 60 children of natives. continues, though not so powerful as it An earnest desire bas been expressed by has been. About 2500 have been hopefully all the Leeward tribes, except one. that brought to the knowledge of Christ during the schools may be immediately establisbed present year in this country. It contains among them, for the instruction of their about 60.000 inhabitants. In our small so children. More than one hundred and ciety, between 40 and 50 have been re- fifty Africans, who had been seized for ceived since last Christmas. Our church transportation as slaves, have been rescued consists now of about 130 ; but being by the colonists; and by the same instru. very much scattered through the country, mentality, in connection with that of the they are hardly ever all present at the British Colony at Sierra Leone, the slave same time. Though I have long delayed trade has been banished, almost entirely. writing to you, yet I hope you will not from a line of coast three hundred miles follow the example. Please to write to in extent. With the help of a printing. me soon again; I feel, as if I could have press, which was carried out by the expeno time even to write to my dear friends dition from Boston, a newspaper was in Wales. Pray for me, that the work commenced in the Colony on the 15th of of the Lord may ever be my delight, and February last ; but in consequence of the that I may be faithful wlierever I shall untimely death of Mr. Force, the printer, have to finish my few days.
only one or two numbers were issued. In “ Your's truly and affectionately, the death of this young man, and of Rev. " ROBERT EVERETT." Messrs. Sessions and Holton, who accom
panied the expedition, one as agent of the PROGRESS OF ANTI-SLAVERY OPINIONS
Society, and the other as a Missionary, IN THE UNITED STATES.
and of 15 out of the 34 emigrants comThe cause of injured Africa is taking a posing it, the Colony bas suffered a severe stronger hold on the sympathies and loss. The fate of these men, we believe, charities of the people, with each suc. has convinced the friends of African Coloceeding year. Many a benevolent eye is nization, that in future, the emigrants directed to the movements of the Ameri must be gathered from the Middle and can Cotonization Society, with the deepest Soutliern States.
RELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES IN THE UNITED Maberly, Esq. M.P., W. L. Maberly,
STATES OF NORTH AMERICA. Esq. M. P., John Baring, Esq. M. P., Five Protestant Denominations.--Con, George Philipps, Esq. M. P., W. W. WhitGREGATIONALISTS, most numerous, and more, Esq. M.P., Henry Warburton, contain 2,500 churches, and as many Esq. M. P., William Allen, Esq. M.P., ministers; they have a Missionary Society, John Calcrast, Esq. M P., Henry established at' Boston, A. D. 1810, and Broughain, Esq. M. P., Sir Robert Wilson, Missionaries enıployed amongst the North M.P., Sir George Robinson, Bart. M, P., American Indians in Ceylon, Bombay, Nicholson Calvert, Esq. M. P., Charles Western Asia, and Sandwich Islands; Fysh Palmer, Esq. M. P., Maurice Fitzsubscriptions 30,000 dollars ; 74 Mission- gerald, Esq. M. P., George R. Phillips, aries, and a Missionary School, in Corn. Esq. M. P., and W. B. Baring, Esq. M. P. wall, Connecticut, with 14 students. The Committee held a conference with PRESBYTERIANS, 772 congregations, 434 the above-named noblemen and geotleministers, and a Missionary Society, esta. men, as to the expediency of 'requesting blished in New York, in 1817, for the Lord John Russell to wiibdraw or proIndian tribes in the West; subscriptions ceed with his motion, for the Repeal of 33,000 dollars, Missionaries 150, in the Corporation and Test Acts, which cluding wives and children, and servants, stands fixed for the 7th June next; and, --EPISCOPALIANS, 238 churches, 225 cler. generally, as to be best means to be gymen, and 5 bishops ; a Missionary So. adopted for promoting this object. ciety, established in Philadelphia, in 1820, A lengthened discussion having taken uoder the bishops; a seminary at New place, and the Parliamentary friends havhaven, each student serves three years as ing withdrawn :--it was resolved unania Missionary after leaving the seminary, mously, --Methodists, most numerous in the “That it is the opinion of all our ParSouthern States, their total about 300,000, liamentary friends, and of this Comnittee, but cannot ascertain how many congrega- that every effort should be made to obtain tions ; & Missionary Society, founded as many petitions as possible during the 1819, to supply distant settlements in present Session of Parliament, praying for North America, and also to Negro slaves the Repeal of the Corporation and Test and people of colour; revenue 10,000 Acts." dollars.--Baptists, about 100,000, but Resolved, “ That the Secretary do imcannot ascertain the number of congrega mediately write to the Ministers of London tions; a Missionary Society, established and country congregations, with a copy of 1814, at Philadelphia, labours in the Bur- the last resolution, and urging their imman einpire, Rangoon, Ava, Indian tribes mediate attention thereto." ia the West, and Cherokees; College at A Special Meeting of the Deputies was Washington.--There are also some Mis appointed for Friday, 25th, to decide on sionaries from other Societies in North the subject, when it was resolved to refer America, under the English government, it to the fioal decision of the Committee. viz. the Society for the Propagation of the A Meeting of the Committee was held Gospel in Foreign Parts, and the Mora- at the King's Head Tavern in the Poultry, vian Missionary Society.--Christian Er on Monday, the 28th day of May, 1827, aminer, Vol. i. page 534,
W. Smith, Esq. M. P. in the Chair, when PROCEEDINGS OF THE UNITED COM- it was resolved, MITTEE FOR THE REPEAL OF THE
“1. That the present state of public TEST AND CORPORATION ACTS.
affairs, the advanced period of the Session We had only time to announce in our
of Parliament, and other circumstances, last pomber the determination of the Com
render it advisable, in the opinion of this mittee, to postpone the application to
Committee, not to press the Repeal of the Parliament for the present Session, and Corporation and Test Acts during the prewe therefore now publish the resolution to sent Session. that effect.
66 2. That Lord John Russell be thereAt a Meeting of the Committee. beld fore respectfully requested to withdraw the at Brown's Hotel, in Palace Yard. West- notice of his motion for such Repeal now minster, on Tuesday, the 22d May, 1827,
given, and that he be most earnestly enWilliam Smith, Esq. M. P. in the Chair;
treated, at the same time, to state the this Meeting was honoured with the pre
fixed purpose of this Committee, at all sence of the following noblemen and gen
events, to renew the motion now posttlemen, (viz.)-Lord Holland, Lord King, poned at the very earliest opportunity in Lord Milton, Lord Ebrington, Lord Al
the next Session of Parliament; and, thorp, Lord Clifton, Lord James Stuart,
should it not then succeed, to persevere in Lord Nugent, Lord John Russell ; George
it with their utmost energy from year to Byog, Esq. M.P., Alexander Dawson,
year until it is finally carried. Esq. M.P., Job Wood, Esq. M. P.,
“ 3. That tbe Chairman and Mr. Way. J. B. Monck, Esq. M. P., John Eastbope,
mouth be requested to communicate these Esq. M.P., Jobo Smith, Esq. M.P., John resolutions to Lord Jobo Russell and to