JOHN SHUTE, VISCOUNT BAR- with the dissenting congregation

RINGTON. 1678-1734. in that village, under the care of Amongst the little band of the Rev, Thomas Jeffries, a young noblemen who attached them- minister of distinguished acuteness selves to the despised cause of and learning nonconformity, Lord Barrington At this rural spot his Lordship merits distinguished notice, as a entertained many distinguished strenuous advocate of religious scholars and eminent Christians. liberty, a wise and successful in whose society he loved to instatesinan, and a learned and con- dulge in critical conversations on sistent Christian.

the sacred Scriptures. · A copy of He was the son of Benjamin the Greek Testament was always Shute and

his wife, who laid upon his table after dinner, to was daughter of the Rev. Jo- facilitate such discussions. seph Caryl, the celebrated non- The Miscellanea Sacra, in two conformist expositor of Job. He volumes octavo, has placed his devoted himself to the legal pro- Lordship in the highest class of fession; and before he had at- noble authors, and secured him an tained his twenty-fourth year, he honourable name even on the roll was employed by the English go- of professed biblical critics. Terpment to visit Scotland, and The late venerable Bishop of to engage the Presbyterians of Durham was a son of Lord Barthat country to favour the union rington. His Lordship died in of the two kingdoms; in which 1734 ; and he lies buried in delicate business he so happily the parish church of Shrivenham, succeeded as to command the ho- Berks, where a monument was mage of his rivals, and to secure erected to his memory, with the his eventual advancement to the following inscription. peerage. Dean Swift confessed that he was reckoned the shrewdest

Here lies head in England.

The Honourable John BARRINGTON, Lord Barrington, in his pro Viscouat Barrington of Ardglass, and sperity, was, however, not ashamed Baron of Newcastlı, in the Kingdom of

Ireland. of his religious connexions ;. for

His Father, Benjamin, was the youngest though his catholic spirit induced "

Son of him occasionally to worship in the

Francis Shute, of Upton, Church of England, yet he was in. in the County of Leicester, Esq. avowed fellowship with the Inde. who was descended froin Robert Shute of

Hockington, in the County of Cambridge, pendent Church at New Court,

one of the twelve Judges in then under the pastoral care of the

• the Reign of Queen Elizabeth. Rev. Thomas Bradbury; and he Jobn Lord Barrington was chosen also published, from time to time,

Representative wr the Town of

Berwick-upon Tweed, in pamphlets in defence of his bre

both Parliaments of King George the First; ihren the Dissenters. of

and died December 14, 1734, During the angry controversy

in the 56th Year of his Age ; at Salters' Hall, Lord Barrington

leaving, by Anne liis Wife, Daughter and

Co-beiress of Sir William Daipes, left Mr. Bradbury's ministry, and

six Sons and three Daughters. united himself to the Society at

He took the name of BARRINGTON Pinner's Hall, under the care of

pursuant to the Settlement of his Relation, Dr. Jeremiah Hunt, where he at Francis Barrington, of Tofts, tended when in London. .

in the County of Essex, Esq. As one of his favourite country and inherited the Estate he had in that

Neighbourhood, seats was Tofts, near Little Bad- by the Will of John Wildman, of Becket, dow, Essex, he worshipped also in the County of Berks, Esq.

THE Rev. WILLIAM HOLMAN. volumes, which contain surveys 1670-1730.

and descriptions of near twice as It rarely occurs, in this busy many parishes, for £10, age, that dissenting ministers find These the Doctor bequeathed leisure to prosecute studies which to the Bodleian Library, Oxford. are not immediately connected Other manuscripts of Mr. Holman with their professional duties. Mr. are in the British Museum, and Holman, however, lived in a re- the rest are dispersed in private tired town, and in gniet times, and hands. therefore devoted the leisure of He died in 1730, and was twenty years to collecting, with buried near the vestry door of great industry and success, every the meeting-house, Halstead, and curious fact or document illus- against the adjacent wall is a trative of the antiquities of Essex; plain tablet, with the following and thus he accumulated a mass inscription. of information, which laid the Near this Stone lieth the Body of foundation of the voluminous work the Rev. WILLIAM HOLMAN, of Morant, who has been ra

who was near 30 Years Pastor of the

Church of Protestant Dissenters in this ther sparing of those acknow

Town, ledgments which were due to and was near 20 Years in writing his great predecessor. He, how

the Antiquities of Essex. ever, mentions Mr. Holman as in

He died November 4, 1730, defatigable in the work, having

aged 60 Years. visited every parish. “ By comparing his extracts with the re

ON THE ADVANTAGES RESULTcords in some of the public of

ING FROM THE PRINCIPLES OF fice3.” he adds. " I have found PROTESTANT DISSENT. him quite correct and faithful.” Ir the sentiments we maintain be

Gough, in his British Topo- accordant with truth, we may feel graphy, bears the same testimony assured, that to defend and proto Holman, and tells that he was pagate them in the spirit of cana dissenting minister at Halstead; dour, is to confer a benefit on which fact, the clerical feelings of our fellow-creatures; for though Morant probably led him to con- all truth is not equally important ceal. Holman never published and beneficial, yet is every truth his papers; but they were, by in its degree valuable, and error agreement, made over to Mr. Sal. is always noxious. Nor is it to mon, after his decease, of which be forgotten, that no truth or Morant was a party. Mr. Salmon error ever stands alone-one missent forth his feeble work in numru take always involves many others, bers, under the following title :-- and every truth contributes to

The History and Antiquities illustrate and confirm various of Essex, from the Collections of other truths with which it stands Thomas Jekyll, Esq. of Bocking, connected. And in the present and from the papers of Mr. Ouse- advanced state of knowledge, ley, of Springfield, and Mr. Hol- both truth and error have become man, of Halstead.” 1740. But so moulded into systems, that as Salmon died in 1742, the work almost every truth or error, howwas discontinued, and the valu- ever insignificant they may appear able MSS. of Holman were scat- in themselves, are component parts tered.

of a system, so that they derive Dr. Rawlinson bought, at a sale an importance from their associain London, a large mass of these tions, which they do not abstractpapers, comprising sixty quarto edly possess. The firm, yet candid

advocate of truth, is therefore ness, and having discovered it, a benefactor of his species. And to maintain it with modesty inin opposition to those who main- deed, yet with a constancy that tain that error is either altogether shall yield to nothing but the coninnocent, or worthy of but very viction that we have been misslight blame, it may with safety taken. To this duty, Protestant be affirmed, that a very large Dissenters have been true, to proportion indeed of the disorders their temporal disadvantage ; but and sufferings of human society greatly to the good of the nahave their origin in the prevalence tion, the church, and it may be of of false, and therefore pernicious, the whole world. principles. The errors against In the first place, they are the which the fathers of Protestant hereditary, and, from their posidissent bore testimony, that sub- tion, the natural advocates of jected them to loss and suffering, liberty of conscience, of freedom and against which we their de- of opinion, and of discussion in scendants continue to protest in matters of religion, of the right more tranquil circumstances, yet of practising, as our opinions Dot without sustaining some dis- shall dictate, and of propagating advantages from our sentiments, those opinions, and extending those are pot among those that have practices among our fellow-men, been least injurious to human by all the means that are in harhappiness. Priestly domination, mony with the genius of the Gosand the employment of the secu- pel, and consistent with the peace lar power of states in the affairs and welfare of society. Our very of religion, have furnished but existence, as a separate religious too many of the dark pages of community, protected by the laws the history of mankind. And the of the land, depends upon the reprinciples on which they have been cognition of these great principles founded and justified, are at least by the Supreme Legislature, and as injurious as they are erro. stands as a guarantee of both the neous. And if the progress of civil and religious liberties of Bri. scientific knowledge stands so in- tain. England can never be entimately connected, as we know slaved while Protestant Dissenters it does, with the welfare of society, continue to enjoy toleration ; and it cannot need to be proved, that the attempt to deprive them of that the prevalence of correct views, more than birthright, would but in morals and religion, must have illustrate the energy of affection, a still more powerful influence on with which an enlightened Chrishuman happiness. These are sub- tian people regard the rights of jects on which men must think, conscience and of man. If to this and on which some sentiments it should be replied, that these will prevail-men will not there- principles are now universally refore labour under the mischiefs cognized; nay, more, that the of simple ignorance, but of posi- dignified ecclesiastics of the Antive error, on these all-important glican Episcopal Church are the and influential matters. Nor is it warm and eloquent eulogists of difficult to perceive, that in such toleration; and that now the advoå case, ignorance may be a less cate of persecution is not to be. evil than erfor, inasmuch as the found in the land, or that, if such former may be but a negative, an individual exists, he dare not the latter must be an active mis- for shame avow his hateful sentichief. The God of truth has ments--should all this be acmade it our duty to search for knowledged as a correct repretruth with diligence and upright- sentation of the present state of

N, S. No. 25.


the universal public mind in our moment, in the providence of God, own country, on these great and occupies a most commanding and vital questions, it would not there. influential station among the nafore follow, that the testimony tions of the world. She is an continually borne to them by Pro- example to the universe, of the testant Dissenters by their very blessings of freedom and toleration. existence, and by their known and Her eminence in arts, and arms, constantly avowed sentiments, is and commerce is the fruit of civil either unnecessary or unimportant. and religious liberty. It is imBy what means and agency has possible to peruse her history, or the public mind become thus en- to compare it with that of other lightened, and public opinion thus European nations, without the corrected on these subjects? Has conviction forcing itself upon the it not been by the claims advanced, mind, that her progress in liberty and the discussions occasioned has been attended with a simulby men dissatisfied with the exist. taneous advance in whatever is ing hierarchy ? And although the good and great. As having conunion of the whole nation, if it tributed their full share in securwere practicable in the same forms ing her liberties, Protestant Disof worship, and in the belief of senters are entitled to regard their the same doctrines, might be in cause as the cause of their country, some respects desirable, certainly their triumph as the triumph of it would not be unattended with their country. And to maintain disadvantages, one of which would that, when they secured toleration clearly be a state of things un- and repose for themselves, they friendly to freedom, that parent promoted the greatness and happiand guardian of human improve- ness of their native land, which ment and happiness. And as is at once the blessing, and the Protestant Dissenters enjoy the envy of the world. They have honour of having contributed est not indeed guided her counsels, sentially to advance the principles or commanded her fleets and her of religious liberty, to the univer- armies, but they have preserved sal acknowledgment of English- her liberties, when both her counmen of all parties, so is their sels and her armies were emagency indispensible to maintain ployed for their destruction. It them in the supremacy they have is, therefore, seriously to be rereached. Is it impossible that gretted, that there should exist intolerance should again rule the such weighty objections as seem ascendant? Are there no germs to be entertained among our most of the principles of priestly domi- influential Dissenters, to petition nation discernible in the land? Is Parliament for the repeal of the it an unheard of thing, that a na- Corporation and Test Acts. The tion should retrograde from liberty discussions arising out of the to slavery? And are there no moving of this question in the tendencies in human nature and two Houses of the Legislature, established hierarchies to the love would bring the great subjects of and unjust exercise of power ? toleration and constitutional liAnd how are all these dangers to berty into prominent notice. The the cause of freedom and coun- sentiments on these subjects of teracting tendencies to be guarded our Ministers of State and leading against, but by the vigilance of Parliamentary speakers, would those whose duty and interest - thus be circulated through the naequally demand for liberty their tion and the world. This may be warmest affections and most ener said to be effected in some meagetic support. But Britain at this sure by the debates on Catholic

emancipation. But the question if there had been no Quakers, between the established hierarchy Methodists, and Sectaries in the and the Protestant, is perfectly country, it would have been no distinct from that of the Roman easy matter either to manufacture Catholics of Ireland, and would petitions, or to obtain signatures demand and call forth a very dif- to them when prepared ? West ferent line of argument, and one India influence, but for these more directly bearing on the great troublesome friends of freedom and cause of religious liberty simply humanity, could have kept the naconsidered; and on that account tion quiet enough, with respect to bevond measure more valuable and all the enormities of negro slavery, important.

and but for them the legislature Another point of view in which would not have been urged to atthe cause of Protestant Dissent tempt its abolition by the voice of may be regarded as an invaluable virtuous indignation raised to deblessing, is, that it secures in the nounce its horrors. To the minds community a numerous and effi- of Quakers, Methodists, and Seccient body of men unfettered by taries, who know, by happy enprejudice, and in the case of their joyment, the value of rights and of ministers uncontrolled by superior liberty, “ vested rights of proecclesiastical authority, prepared perty,” “ ancient prescriptions," to co-operate in every under- and other similar pleas for abuses taking of benevolence and philan- of every kind, do not appear more thropy. In a recent number of sacred and important than the the modest and candid Quarterly dearest interests and everlasting Review, in an article on the Pre- hopes of millions now existing, sent State of the Slave Trade, the and millions yet unborn; though writer adverts to the numerous nevertheless they hold not the petitions presented to the legisla- horrid sentiment, that the end sancture, for the amelioration and tifies the means-neither would speedy abolition of slavery in the they violate moral obligations to West Indies. These petitions by attain any object of benevolence. no means meet the approbation of All that wisdom and piety can this gentleman; and when he wish, may be attained without any would compress all his contempt such violence or wrong. Not that and dislike of them into one brief it is insinuated, that active beneexpression, he describes them as volence is confined to Protestant manufactured in London, and for- Dissenters of the various denomiwarded into the country to be natious-or that within the pale signed “ by all Quakers, Metho of the Episcopal Church there dists, and 'Sectaries.” He meant are not to be found very great a reproach upou these classes of numbers of most estimable philanthe community, but has in reality thropists. Yet none but an atpronounced their eulogy, and has tentive observer can conceive how unconsciously borne his testimony the prejudices, interests, and fears to Quakers, Methodists, and Sec- generated by the exclusive altaries, as the free and prompt sup- liance with the state of one partiporters of every effort to amelio- cular sect in the bosoms of its rate the condition of mankind, as members, operate to prevent their a blessing to their country and making active and energetic efforts their species. For what are we to in undertakings directed to the infer from his representation, true reform of abuses, or the amelioraenough, no doubt, as to the parties tion of the sufferings of any class most prompt to advocate the cause of their fellow-subjects. And of the oppressed negroes, but that, more especially, if, as is generally

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