hard working man hisdaily rations of bread and meat bo- To Non-Subscribing Readers.—of the nine cause they cost money; not that policy which would thousand five hundred copies of the February No. some prompt a man to sell the foundation from under his house will be sent to persons who are not regular subscribers.that he might provide his parlors above with more ele-Our object in doing this is to give to as many as possible gant furniture.

of the friends of industry in the Northwest who may not Let our Legislators retrench in every rational way; have seen the FARMER, an opportunity to learn something but let them not tap the reservoirs of power and then of the character of the journal, which, for 13 years has try to lift themselves over the fence by the straps of their been working for the promotion of all the great material boots: the thing can't be done. Let them begin with interests of this portion of our country. If it should the thousand and one superfluities for which the people happen to fall into the hands of some farmer, who, duare compelled to pay their money, and when they get ring the whole period of its existence, has been either through with that job, it may not be out of place to raise “farming it on his own hook” or patronizing some forthe question, whether our Agricultural Societies and oth- eign magazine, he will pardon us for insisting, First, that er industrial associations which have done and are doing no man, however wise, possesses so much wisdom that he so much to develope the resources of the State and to can learn nothing from the experience and observation of give Wisconsin an honorable rank among the most enter- other men, and secondly that it is the duty of every farprising and prosperous States in the Union, should not mer, who has the ability, to aid in the support of those be deprived of the little aid they have hitherto received agencies which are specially and most intelligently devothrough legislative enactments.

ted to the progross of his own State, and the good of the

occupation to which he belongs. The Dog Law Again.-The Dorg has become We are determined to go ahead whether those for an important institution in Wisconsin. He not only re-whom we labor appreciate our efforts and sacrifices or tards the progress of wool-growing to the amount of some not; but it would nevertheloss, be very gratifying hundreds of thousands of dollars dead loss per annum,

to receive substantial evidence that those labors are not but likewise saddles quite a tax upon the people of the

disregarded by the very class of men whom they are State throngii the periodical and protracted legislative chiefly intended to benefit. discussion of which he is the unfailing occasion.

Again, we say, carefully examine this number. It is The law of 1859-60, though it may be inoperative in no better than the average during the year. If you like some localities, because of a lack of pluck and energy, on

it send us your name and dollar; if not, keep the dollar the part of those whose duty it is to see it enforced, is

and be good enough to give the FARMER to some neighnevertheless a good law and has dono much for the en bor who may esteem it of more worth than the small couragement of sheep husbandry in some portions of the amount of its subscription price. State. A similar law operates finely in Massachusetts, and we

Added Force.—"The harder the times, the harder can see no reason why it should not succeed in Wisconsin,

the work.” Appreciating the force of this maxim, we unless the farmers of the old Bay State have more intel

have just recently added to our working force by associaligence and public spirit, which we presume no Badger

ting with us in the Publication Department our worthy farmer will be likely to admit. No law is invariably and

friend and former book keeper, C. M. Campbell, Esq., of to the full extent enforced. But is that a sufficient reason

this city. Mr. C. was among the first to answer the call

of his country when the First Wisconsin Regiment for the abrogation of all law?

marched upon the traitorous foe, and now that the army One thing especially speaks well for the present law:

rolls are full, and more men are offered than can be emwhenever it has been faithfully enforced, the people have

ployed in the defence of the Constitution and the Laws, come, not only to acquiesce in it, but to deprecate its

he has wisely decided to give his efforts to the work of repeal.

helping forward the cause of industrial improvementWe have no idea that it will be seriously interfered

more worthy and more in need of help now than everwith, this winter, though we are informed that some

through a more extensive circulation of the FARMER in member who represents a large dog interest is pledged to

this and the neighboring States. He will have immedido his best against it. To him and to all others who con

ate charge of the Circulation Department of the business cur with him we would say: Let the law alone gentlemen,

of publication, and we bespeak for him the cordial counless you are very sure of giving us a better one.

operation of all our local agents and working friends

throughout the country. Sheep Husbandry in New Mexico.--We have just received, too late for publication in this num- The Farmer for Premiums.--Knowledge is bor, another very interesting letter from the pen of Judge worth more than money. We hope our friends, the offiKNAPP, of the U. S. Court of New Mexico, on New Mexico cers of County Agricultural Societies will remember this as a Country for Wool-growing. It will not spoil, however, in making up their lists of premiums for 1862, and use as by being laid over one month, and may be looked for in many copies of the FARMER as may be consistent with the the March No.

best interests of their respective organizations.

Don't Wait for Others. There is an old saying Better Late than Never.-At the last State running in this wise: “If you want anything done, go Fair, Samuel Charlesworth, Esq., of Oniro, was the sucand do it.” It is still good, sound advice, as appears by cessful competitor in the exhibition of "Suffolk Sows, the following, from one of our true and faithful friends. two years old and over." The published list made it apThere are 60,000 farmers in Wisconsin who ought to be pear that the award was made to J. V. Robbins, of Madiclassed among our regular subscribers, and if each of our son-an error for which our own transcribing clerks present readers would persuade a half dozon of his neigh- were responsible. Our attention, as Secretary of the Sobors to do so, we might have that number of names on ciety, was called to the mistake during the early spring, our Subscription Book. Will not each subscriber send and we immediately corrected the record, forwarded the us at least one other name?

$10 to Mr. C., and promised to publish in the Farmer.ROSENDALE, January 19th, 1862.

But somehow the slip prepared for the paper was mislaid, FRIEND Hort:-Enclosed find one dollar for the Wis

and our memory, relieved by the act of writing the noCONSIN FARMER for this year, I have been waiting for

tice, no longer held the publication of it as a thing some one to start a club but no one appeared to do any

yet to be done. thing in the matter. I have been a subscriber to it

it! We hope our friend Charlesworth will pardon the nearly all of the time since its first publication. I like

omission, and that as a breeder of superior Suffolks he the tone of the paper; wish that it had a much larger

may continue to flourish as heretofore. circulation. I have often thought how very negligent

Agricultural Legislators.-In the Senate, 11 most farmers are to their own interest in letting a paper

of the 33 members are farmers, and in the Assembly the devoted to their good maintain a struggling existence

proportion is still larger. It has been said repeatedly in simply for the want of the little help they could so easily render. Never mind; I trust there is a large number of

other years, that, as a class, the agricultural members of

the Legislature have shown more narrowness and prejusterling friends who will stand by you in your efforts to

dice towards the institutions and agencies in operation keep up the best agricultural paper in the West, not

for the promotion of the industrial interests of the State withstanding the tightness of the times, and then with

than have the members of the other professions. It rethe return of prosperity to the country the circulation of

mains to be seen whether there is any real truth in this the FARMER will more nearly equal its high merit.

statement, as applied to the present Legislature. Send it along to me, and calculate on all the assistance it is in my power to render you. H. W. WOLCOTT.

NOTICES OF NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. New Elevator. We are glad to learn that one

The Madison Mutual Insurance Company. -We publish of our most enterprising Warehouse firms is about com

in this number a statement of the fiscal affairs of this mencing a new Elevator on the North Branch, to be used

highly prosperous and popular Company for the year mainly, we believe, for receiving grain which comes in

1861, together with a concise summary of its plan of over the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad. It will be

operations. of the largest size, and built in the most substantial man

We are pleased to see that even the remarkable results ner, and will be completed at an early day. It will be

of 1860 have been greatly exceeded, notwithstanding the furnished with ten of Fairbanks' five hundred bushel

pinch of the times and the general derangement of busiHopper Scales, each one of which, so perfect will be the

ness. Probably no other company in the United States machinery, can be loaded to its full capacity and the load

can boast of such a career as this institution has had discharged in a few minutes. This shows the immense

during the past three years. Certainly none in the West amount of grain which can be handled in this Elevator,

has flourished in like manner; from which three concluand is a sufficient guaranty to farmers as well as receiv

sions are deducible:- First, that its plan of operations is ers and shippers, that correct weights will be given.

sound and judicious; secondly, that its business has been Chicago Tribune.

entrusted to able, energetic and faithful men; and thirdly, The World's Fair.--Persons desirous of con- that tho property holders of Wisconsin are coming to tributing articles to the Great International Exhibition realize more fully the importance of securing themselves cannot do better, we believe, than to entrust their trans- against the ordinary risks of loss and of doing so in the portation to THE MORRIS EXPRESS, New York. The last safest and most economical manner. No. of the FARMER contained a full statement of their The officers elect are men eminent for their financial rules, rates, London Agencies, &c. We expect to be in ability and moral integrity. With such a system and London, ourself before the opening of the Exhibition, and with such management, this Company is deserving of the will endeavor to see that no Western contribution is extraordinary success which has made it so conspicuous overlooked or slighted.

among the insurance companies of the country.

See Mr. Powers' advertisement of a superior Grain Drill “Uncle William” will entertain the readers of and Horse Rake. the "Corner” next month with an illustrated story of Messrs. Plumb, Willey & Co. have a new advertisethe Flying Squirrel.

I ment in this No. of all sorts of nursery stock. They are

Comparatire Statement of the business of the Company

for the years 1859, 1860 and 1861

well posted in the matter of Fruit Growing in Wisconsin, and are determined to please their customers.

Messrs. Fenwick & Lawrence, Washington city, advertise their Patent Agency. We have reason to consider them prompt and reliable men.

Flower Seeds.-Mr. Meissner is a careful cultivator of flowers and vegetables, and the seeds be offers for sale are undoubtedly more reliable than those purchased in the East.

Wm F Porter advertises for Sheep.



Madison Mutual Insurance Company,



JANUARY 1st, 186 2.
Made to the Governor of the State of Wisconsin, as re-
quired by the provisions of chapter 303, of the General
Laws of 1858.
Total amount of accumulations,................. $216,865 76

Premium notes of policy holders $180
Cash on hand, and due from

policy bolders for cash premiums, ....................

35,408 66 Am't secured by mortgage and judgment,............................

332 47 Office furniture and fixtures,... 1,000 00 $216,865 76 Whole number of policies issued,......

14,357 Am't of outstanding risks thereon,......... 320,789 00 Reported losses awaiting further proof,..... 3,709 80 Losses recently reported,..................

3,433 89 Whole number of policies issued in 1861...

6,778 Amount of outstanding risks thereon,..... $5,815,173 00 Amount of premium notes thereon,...... 93,944 06 Amount of cash premiums thereon.....

48,377 36 Total amount of losses reported during the year,................................

15,801 13
Total am't of losses paid during the year, 6,881 16
Amount settled by drafts and awaiting the
call of the insured,..........................

1,568 85
Amount of commissions paid to Agents,.... 7,460 84
Am't paid for Advertising, ...... $1,625 20
Amount paid for printing,..... 811 00
Amount paid for postage......... 366 22
Amount paid for office rent,.... 200 00 3,002 42
Expenses paid, including all compensation

of officers and directors-stationery, ex-
tra clerk hire, fuel, lights, and all other
incidental expenses,........

6,069 56

The foregoing statement of the business of this ComSTATE OF WISCONSIN, E pany for the past year gives a gratifying evidence of its DANE COUNTY,

high standing in the public estimation and of the success We, the undersigned, being the President and a major

of its rules and principles of action. ity of the Directors of the "Madison Mutual Insurance

son Mutual Insurance Although its business for the preceding year (1860) was Company," do solemnly swear, and each for himself saith,

much larger than that of any previous year, and notwiththat the foregoing is a true and correct statement of the

standing the general depression among farmers the past affairs of said company in the particulars therein nained,

season, arising from light crops and low prices, the above as appears by the books of the company, according to the

figures show an increase of nearly seventy per cent. in best of our knowledge and belief.

the number of policies issued, and of over seventy per D.J. POWERS, President.

cent. in the amount of cash premiums for the past year. JOHN W. BOYD,

We invite a careful examination of this report. Its SAMUEL D. HASTINGS, figures make a stronger argument than any form of B. F. HOPKINS,

words, and prove & rise and standing in popular favor unTIMOTHY BROWN,

paralleled in the history of the Northwest.



J. W. BOYD, Walworth County.

B. F. HOPKINS, Dane County.

D. WORTHINGTON, Waukesha County,

8. D. HASTINGS, Trempeleau County.

G. F. HASTINGS, Dane County. Subscribed and sworn before me this sixth day of Jan

DAVID ATWOOD, Dane County. uary, A. D. 1862. V. W. ROTH, Notary Public,

G. R. MONTAGUE, La Crosse County.
Dane County.

S. R. MCCLELLAN, Kenosha County.

incidental expenses,...
the year,.....
advertising, postágo, and all other

compensation of officers, printing,
Am't of expenses paid, including all!
Am't of commissions paid to Agonts,
Am't of cash premiums thereon......
Am't of premium notes thereon,....,
Am't of outstanding risks thereon,
Whole number of policies during

ther proof,..............................
Losses reported and awaiting fur-
Total am't of losses paid and settled,
Am't of outstanding risks thereon,
Whole number of policies issued,...
Office furniture and fixtures, ...

judgment, .............................
Aount secured by mortgage and

holders for cash premiums,.......

Cash on hand, and due from policy
- Premium notes of policy holders,...

Total amount of accumulations........................ |

300 001

332 47 ..
$35,462 46

3,317 511.
3,317 70
11,059 04

17,109 82
$1,140,076 00
$2,409,950 49
2,409 45.


39,080 95
$39,080 95.................

1,000 00

332 47
16,509 74 ...
$92,487 27-

10,339 18

5,847 44|| .......
35,761 88

68,789 45
$3,916,115 49
$5,451,115 49

5,903 31||..

499 53
110,389 49

$110,389 49|| .................

1 ,000 00/

332 47 .....
35,408 66
$180,124 63
...... 10,320,789 00

48,377 36

93,944 06
$5,315,173 00

8,450 01

216,865 76
$216,865 76



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J. W. HOYT, : : : : : : : : : : EDITOR.



No. 3.

Work for March.

neglected, and which can be attended to withMarch is a border month-a nondescript, out regard to weather. We refer to the grindneither winter nor spring, though rather being and chopping of food for stock. February longing to the former than the latter, in this

and March are the most trying months on all climate. Rough winds and alternate freezing

classes of domestic animals, and many a farmer and thawing characterize it. It is nevertheless

loses a good share of the benefit of good keepcrowded full of demands upon the energies of ing through the winter, by letting his stock the farmer; and he who does his work well run down in the early spring. Work horses now will be ahead of time during the busy and cattle, and breeding animals of every kind months of spring and summer and reap a rich must have extra good care just now. Don't reward of his enterprise in the fruit-bearing days of autumn.



The clover which you have been promising To this end, during the stormy days over-yourselves and your more thrifty, systematic haul all your implements and see that they are neighbors, for two or three years should be properly repaired and fitted for early and un- sown each successive spring, should be neglectinterrupted use. The provident farmer willed no longer. In March, after a light snow, have few break-downs in the field or in the is a good time for the seeding. harvest.

Fork over the compost heap and haul out all Collect and prepare your field and garden manure that can be economically used, while seeds of every intended variety. Spare no the sledding is yet good. pains to get the best. Good seed is always a All who have maple groves will, of course. paying investment.

make an extra effort this month to draw from Make your arrangements for a fair quantity them all the sweetness they can be made ecoof good hardy fruit-trees well adapted to cli-nomically to yield. mate and soil. The fruit-growers of Wiscon-1 All who have not laid in a good stock of ice sin are much better posted now than they were will naturally consider this their last chance. six years ago as to varieties, exposures, plant. It is a great luxury in the hot weather of suming and cultivation. Trust to their judgment mer, and may just about as well be enjoyed as rather than to the irresponsible hucksters who not. annually peddle and too often swindle in all

Plowing should commence as early as the parts of the Western country. Be in time.

furrows will turn up without packing; not bePoles, brush, stakes and labels, designed for the garden, should all be made ready while fore. Observe the golden mean in all these but little else can be done.

important farm operations, but never, on any There is yet another work that must not be account, be behind time.

Wisconsin Industry and the State Ag. Society. border States; but it is likewise and largely

due to the fact that we are an agricultural Believing that the State Agricultural Socie- people, producing immense quantities of the ty, while it is doing so much to promote the great food staples which must always sell at industrial interests of Wisconsin, might prove

some price, and which are usually enhanced

in value, in time of war. a yet more efficient agency if properly en

It is also an occasion for congratulation, that couraged and strengthened by those farmers the times have shown the population of our and friends of industry who, now, through State to be unsurpassed in hardiness, industry, misapprehension, refuse their hearty co-opera

energy and productive capacity by any people

on the globe. Nearly one-seventh of our tion, we have determined to publish from adult male population have left the avocations time to time, in the Farmer such reports of of peace and entered the ranks of war, and the

distraction of attention and interest on the its plans, operations and condition as may be part of those who have remained at home must interesting to the public.

have still further diminished the productive A full detail of the doings of the Society is

force of the country. The crops of various

kinds were nevertheless gathered without matepublished from year to year in the vol. of rial waste, and the granaries of Wisconsin are “Transactions,” but as the publication of this to-day full of the evidences of the extraordiis often delayed by illiberal legislation until

nary enterprise and energy of her farmers.

The wheat crop of the past year, though but that detail has lost a portion of its interest little more than half as large as the great crop a brief current summary in the FARMER will of 1860, nevertheless fell but ittle, if any, short

of the average for several previous years.no doubt be acceptable to the public and tend

Owing to the inadequacy of the means of transto further the interests of the organization. portation, however, much of it is yet unsold, The following Report of the Executive Commit- / and the prices, thus far, have been far from

remunerative. To remedy this deficiency, tee for the year 1862 makes a plain and can

many new vessels are being constructed for did showing of the condition of the Society at our lakes, and it seems almost certain that,

after the first great movement in the Spring, the present time as well as of the reasons

the prices will advance to fair and rumunerative therefor, and will be read by all who desire rates. Other crops compare favorably, as to the promotion of the worthy objects with a yield, quality and pecuniary returns, with the

general average of years. view to which it was established:

The extraordinary yield of fruit of all kinds To His Excellency, Louis P. Harvey,

has been a happy circumstance for the fruit

growing interests of the State, as many who Governor of Wisconsin : Thad been discouraged by previous failures, will SIR-The Executive Committee of the Wis- now begin the work of planting and cultivaconsin State Agricultural Society, in present- ting in good earnest. ing the Eleventh Annual Fiscal Report, here- Every year adds perceptibly to the improvewith submitted, desire to congratulate you and ment of our stock, and very many localities the people of the State upon the comparative are now able to boast of horses, cattle, sheep prosperity with which Wisconsin has been and swine of the most approved breeds. There favored during the past year.

is much to be done in this direction, however, In times of political revolution, like the and it is the purpose of the State Agricultural present; when the Government is rocked to Society to do yet more than heretofore in the its very foundations; when one-thirtieth of way of stimulating our farmers to a healthy the whole population are in arms; when the competition, and of directing their efforts, by commerce of the country is seriously damaged, means of the inculcation of correct princiand the public mind is occupied, almost to ples of breeding. the exclusion of everything else, with the Wool-growing has derived considerable adgreat problem of continued national existence, vantage from the law for the protection of -in times like these, it is certainly very extra- sheep, approved March 23d, 1860, and it is ordinary that our youthful State should have hoped that there will be no retrograde movemoved forward in a career of growth and prog-ment on the part of the Legislature in relation perity scarcely surpassed during any year of thereto. The efficiency of the law may possiits history since the palmy days before the fi- bly be increased, but it should by no means be nancial crash of 1857.

repealed, so long as it accomplishes any measThis anomaly is doubtless owing, in some ure of good. degree, to our remoteness from the actual Many rational improvements in the system scene of hostilities, and our consequent immu- of farming, embracing the important operanity from the desolations liable to fall upon the tions of draining, subsoiling, manuring and

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