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The Old Couple.
Wisconsin School Statistics. The Report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction is a very interesting and valuable document, embracing concise statements of the condition of the Common Schools, State University and other institutions of learning; also an account of the operations of the Normal Schools, Teachers' Institutes, &c.
The following statistics exhibit the condition and progress of school affairs, and should be compared with those of previous years: Number of counties reporting,....... Number of towns reporting,.........
750 Number of towns not reporting,.. Number of whole districts,
3,762 Number of parts of distiicts,
1,792 Nuraber of districts, reckoning 214 parts as equal to one whole district..........
4,558 Number of districts not reporting............................133 Number of parts of districts not reporting...................98 Whole number unreporteil,.......
...........177 Number of male children between 1 and 20 years of age.....
..........153,5 Number of female children between 4 and 20 years of age,...
....145,603 Total number over 4 and under 20 years of age,.... 299,133 Excess of males over females,..........
..... 7,927 Increase since last report, ..................
.................. 10,149 Whole number of children between 4 and 20 years of age registered in schools........
.....194,264 Number registered under 4 years of age,...... 2,013 Number registered over 20 years of age,..... ..2.166 Total number in attendance,........
198,443 Number estimated as in private schools,.....
.8,000 Whole number attending both public and private schools, ...............
...........206,43 Per centage of the number entitled to school privileges actually registered, nearly.........
.................65 Approximate per centage of regular attendance of
echolars registered,................................................60 Average number of months schools have been taught,...6 Average number of months children between 4 and 20
years of age have attended school, ... Average number of months schools have been taught by male teachers, ...................
...........3.85 Average number of months schools have been taught
by female teachers,....... Estimated number of male teachers, .....
...2,400 Estimated number of female teachers,
.3,600 Total number of teachers, (estimated,).. Total number engaged in toaching at one time, (estimated,).......
...........3,500 Average monthly wages of male teachers,............. $23 01 Average monthly wages of female teachers...........$14 62 Amount of State funds apportioned in December, 1860, and June, 1861,.....
It stands in a sunny meadow,
The house so mossy and brown,
And the gray roof sloping down.
The trees, a century old; And the windsgo chanting through them,
And the sunbeams drop their gold. The cowslips spring in the marshes,
And the roses bloom on the hill;
The herds go feeding at will.
They sit in the sun alone!
As she harks to the well known tone
That has soothed her in many a care, And praises her now for the brightness
Her old face used to wear. She thinks again of her bridal
llow, dressed in her robe of white, She stood by her pay young lover
In the morning's rosy light. Oh, the morning is rosy as ever,
But the rose from the cheek is fled; And the sunshine still is golden,
But it falls on a silvered head. And the girlhood (lreams, once vanished.
Come back in her Winter time, Till her feeble pulses tremble
With the thrill of spring time's prime. And looking forth from the window,
She thinks how the trees have growa,
She crossed the old door-stone.
And dimmed her hair's young gold;
Hag never grown dim nor old. They sat in peace in the sunshine,
Till the day was almost done; And then, at its close, an angel
Stole over the threshold stone. He folded their hands together
He touched their eyelids with balm: And their last breath floated upward,
Like the close of a solemn psalm. Like a bridal pair they traversed,
The unseen, mystical road, That leads to the beautiful city,
“ Whose builder and inaker is God." Perhaps in that miracle country
They will give her lost youth back; And the flowers of a vanished spring-time,
Will bloom in the spirit's track. One draught from the living waters,
Shall call back his manhood's prime; And eternal years shall measure,
The love that outlived time, But the shapes that they left behind them.
The wrinkles and silver hair,
The angel had printed there,
When the day is low in the west;
Nor the winds disturb their rest.
AMOUNT RAISED BY TAX. Town tax, levied by County Board,
$171.697 27 District taxes, for teachers' wages...........
. 330,766 24 District taxes, for school houses......................
123,356 09 District taxes, for contingencies,....
97,300 65 Total taxes raised,.....
......$723,124 25 Number of Stone school houses,........ Number of Brick school houses,............... Number of Frame school houses,...
2,478 Number of Log school houses,..
1,367 Total number of school houses,....... Number of sites containing less than one acre,.... .3,230 Number of sites uninclosed,... Number of school houses without black-boards, Number of school houses without outline maps,......2,985 Total valuation of school houses................$1,302,732 00 Highest valuation of any school house, ............ $33,000 00 Lowest valuation of any school house,.............
03 Average valuation of school houses......................$309 50
And we'll suffer no tell-tale tombstone,
With its age and date to rise ;
In the Father's House in the skies.
Positive and Negative Characters. it cost you a life-long series of labors, perils, There is a negativeness of character which enmi
enmities. Be modest, deferential, generous, is often mistaken for amiability, or impartial self-sacrificing, but by all means have an aim ity, or some other kindred virtue. The person
and make your mark ! possessed of it never takes sides on a question
CHARITY.--" I always remember that I have of importance enlisting the interest and action boys away from home.” Such was the remark of men, and is equally well pleased whichever we overheard the other night from the lips of
an aged mother, who addressed a female friend party wins in the contest. The future of the of
of hers. It had reference to comments that church, of the government, of society, of man, had been freely made upon the conduct of a are of but little account to him so that he is young man who was “away from home.” We
did not see a face of the speaker ; but we will left undisturbed in his quiet, plodding, aimless I wager our existence that a great woman's heart journey through life. He avoids the opposi- beats under her bodice. She always remem
bered that she had boys away from home. tion, strife and bitterness encountered by the
There is a word of tenderness and forbearance positive man, but then he is practically and in this matronly language. It would be well for all useful purposes, nobody, accomplishes
in this age of virulent gossip, if all mothers
would acknowledge the potency of the simple nothing in life and dies to be forgotten as soon
social law which this mother had written upon as he is buried.
her heart. Her boys were "away from home,”
and subject to the temptations of those upon On the other hand there is a positiveness of whom her netgh bor had passed a merciless character not unfrequently mistaken for hard-l judgment. She would not so far violate her
lown instincts as a mother, as to pass condemness, selfishness, arrogance, querulousness.
natory sentence on the children of any other. The positive man has a purpose in life, and in all questions of great interest firmly plants A Forty years once seemed a long and 13 himself unmistakably felt, whether the decision :
ecision a step. And yet along the way are broken
shrines where a thousand hopes have wasted be for him or against his cherished views. All into ashes; foot-prints sacred under their matters of public interst engage his best pow-drifting dust; green mounds whose grass is
fresh with the watering of tears; shadows ers and find in him either an earnest advocate or
even, which we would not forget. We will an active, persistent opponent. Men will call garner the sunshines of those years, and with him hard names, and some will heartily hate chastened step and heavenward hopes, push on
toward the evening whose signal lights will him. But then he is a force in the world, and soon be seen swinging where the waters are all there is of science, art, educatlon, govern still and the storms never beat.-T. W. Brown. ment, is attributable to him. While he lives he is the only useful element in society, and HEALTH AND DISEASE. after his death even his enemies will rejoice at his virtues and vie with his friends in their
Frost-Bites and Sudden Chills.
ing,” in The Journal of Rational Medicine, by Prof. C. Reader, if you have hitherto been trying to H. CLEAVELAND, M. D., Editor) slide through the world without opposition, In the treatment of frost-bites it is common to compromising your convictions for the sake of apply snow, and to rub the frozen parts briskly pleasant relations, and sacrificing your man- with the snow, apparently with the contradic
tory notions that the snow will prevent the hood or womanhood to a mean and cowardly | part frozen from absorbing heat too rapidly, love of ease or of peace, it is high time that and that the friction of the rubbing will impart
warmth. A moment's reflection will suffice to you began the cultivation of a positiveness of
Huveness of demonstrate that both those notions are withcharacter. Be neither self-conceited, arrogant out foundation in fact; at least, the indiscrimnor dogmatic, but if you can find anything that inate application of snow, without regard to
its condition, cannot be productive of uniformly is worthy to be done, anything that the good beneficial effects. The temperature of snow of society demands shall be done, do it, though may vary from that just below the freezing point to that of the temperature of the atmos- anything else, which is so often recommended phere to which it has been exposed; while the and so uniformly practiced, is invariably injutemperature of a part while being thawed, rious and sometimes very destructive. The cannot be but little below that of congelation. fluids in the flesh which give pliancy to the Thus it may happen that snow is from thirty soft parts, and which circulate through the to fifty degrees colder than the part to which it vessels in the natural condition, when frozen is applied, and it must tend to keep the parts assume the form and condition of solid minute frozen, and perhaps make the frost-bite deeper crystals with angles and points. The solids and more extensive instead of thawing that and semi-solids become rigid, firm, and unalready frozen. Snow just in the process of yielding, and the effects of bending, compressthawing, and that which is light and feathery, ing, or rubbing a part that is frozen, must be may be applied for a few minutes to a frost- to produce many fractures, bruises, and puncbite when the patient is introduced into a room tures of the tissues in contact with the frostwhere the temperature of the atmosphere is crystals; and when the part is thawed these considerably higher than the freezing point, injuries are manifested in swelling, tenderness, but even then only for a short time, as the part soreness, and perhaps gangrene and sloughing, frozen must become warmer than snow before which is due to the mechanical injuries thus vital action can be restored in it.
produced and not by the congelation. Many persons while riding having discover
The rubbing is usually advised under the ed that their nose or ear, or cheek, or fingers
mistaken notion that the act will generate heat had been frozen, have applied snow to the fro
to thaw the part, and also set the blood in mozen part in the expectation that thus it would
tion through it. Rubbing with snow or ice be thawed. Whenever the temperature of the
cannot thaw a part frozen. The application of snow is and remains below the freezing point,
a hand or some substance warmer than ice or it must tend to keep a frozen organ from thaw
snow would do so. But friction of the surface ing, and if much below the freezing point it
Steven with the warm hand cannot cause blood must have a tendency to increase the extent
to flow through vessels that are congealed and and depth of the frost-bite. When the weath
closed with frozen crystals farther inward. er is cold enough to freeze the toes or fingers
Even when the external fluids are thawed, they when covered up, the snow that is exposed to
cannot be made to circulate through a frozen the atmosphere must be too cold to be placed
layer, and to thaw them, and thus to allow on a part touched with frost.
chemical changes to commence, uncontrolled If snow not cold enough to increase the
by vitality, which is suspended by the frozen freezing is applied to a place that is frozen, so
parts underneath, is, as has been shown, danas to keep it from thawing from the surface
gerous and never beneficial. inwardly, until the natural heat of the body
Frost-bites should be treated by keeping the causes the thawing to take place outwardly,
frozen part protected from all undue mechanithen such an application, continued the proper
cal pressure, friction, or manipulation; and length of time, must prove beneficial; but
protected also from any considerable or rapid even when comparatively warm snow is made
elevation of temperature until the process of use of, it should not be applied very long, and
thawing that has commenced inwardly has never with friction. Any other substance that
reached the surface. This protection may be will protect the frozen part from external cold
made by the use of any protecting covering until it can be gradually thawed by the inter
that is kept at about, not above, the freezing nal heat of the system from within outwardly,
point, or at 32° of the thermometer of Fahrenis quite as good, and in many instances better
heit. Soft and warm snow will do very well, and safer than snow.
particularly if it is enveloped in a piece of When the nose, cheeks, or forehead, or ears
flannel, silk, or linen, as a pocket handkerchief. are frozen, a shawl, coat collar, or the cap
Moisture applied to a frozen surface never does drawn over the part, will usually protect it
any good and may do harm. Cold water, to until it gradually thaws, and the vital functions |
wet the cloth that is applied to the face when will be resumed without any dangerous modi
frozen, or into which to immerse a frozen toe, fication. The foot, or hand, when frozen,
foot, or finger, may be far better than to let should remain covered with some woollen fab
len toh: the injured part remain in contact with the ric, and under no circumstances should more)
should more warm atmosphere, but because it acis to shield heat be applied to them than the rest of the the part from warmth and not because it is wet. system requires. They should be kept nearly! After a part has thawed it should be allowed, to the freezing point, and protected cautiously quite gradually, to resume its normal temperaand carefully from the warm air until circula- ture, still keeping it as free from all disturbtion and innervation are gradually established ance as possible, and certainly free from all through them by means of the vital heat of forms of friction. Usually if any part of the the body. Then they may be allowed gradu-flesh has been frozen quite solid, when vitality ally to become as warm as the other parts of is established the epidermis becomes separated the system.
from the dermis, and blebs or blisters are The rubbing frozen parts with snow or with formed by the exudation of the serum of the blood through the injured vessels. It is usu
DOMESTIC ECONOMY. ally better to prick such blisters as they form to let out the water, and then dress the parts as burns and scalds are dressed.
Prize Corn-Bread and Cake. Whenever the frost-bite has been very severe
Sometime since the American Agriculturist and deep. unless the utmost care is taken to have it thaw properly and slowly, the parts are offered prizes for the best corn bread and cake. quite apt to slough. Such slough must be A large number of entries were made, and the managed according to the general principles of surgery. If a bone or a part of a bone has
committee awarded the premiums to such as been frozen it is quite likely to die although were made according to the directions herewith the frozen portion may never be detached from
published, as found in the report of the comthat which remains alive, but it may become soft and diaphenous, and require amputation
mittee: or removal.
CORX MEAL BREAD, Whenever a person becomes Chilled from No. 34.-" Take 2 quarts of corn meal, with about a pint somewhat sudden exposure to cold and wet, he of (thin) bread 'sponge," and water enough to wet it. not only looses a large share of vital warmth, Mix in 1 pint of wheat flour and a table-spoonful of but a large share of animal galvanism also.
salt. Let it rise, and then knead well the second time.
Bake 194 hours." Falling through the ice of frozen lakes and rivers is a common source of this accident. I
This loaf was of beautiful form, cut light, Such accidents are best remedied by squeezing
and was of fair quality when three or four as much water from the garments as possible,
days old. Except in color and difference in or an immediate change of them for dry ones,
taste, it resembles & wheat flour loaf. and plenty of active muscular exercise.
No. 24.--"Mix 2 quarts of new corn meal with 3 pints of warm water. Add 1 tablespoonful of salt, 2 tablespoon
fuls of sugar, ane one large tablespoonful of hop yeast. WIT AND WISDOM.
Let it stand in a warm place 5 hours, to rise. Then add % pint (or 1 teacupfuls) of wheat flour and
pint of warm water. Let it rise again 11 hours; then - No condition is unfavorable to virtue, pour it into a pan well greased with sweet lard, and let where virtue is.
it rise a few minutes. Then bake in a moderately hot
oven, 113 hours. It is best when hot." - The good man is just in little things, the wicked man is little in great ones.
This was a beautiful, almost crustless loaf,
of a pleasant sweetish taste, and good quality. - If one wishes to unlearn selfishness, let | The bottom part was a little heavy, as if not him go apart, and stand alone by himself.
baked quite enough. or not raised sufficiently, - He that cannot forgive others, breaks the but a commendable bread, and rather more bridge over which he himself will one day want palatable than No. 34. to pass.
No. 198.-"Take 2 quarts of white corn meal, 1 table- Never allow yourself to be seen with a
gpoonfui of lard, 1 pint of hot water. Mix the lard in
water; stir it well, that it may get heated thoroughly. worse face than you wore for the painter.- 1 and add 1 pint of cold water. When the mixture is Southey.
cool enough, add 2 well-beaten eggs, and 2 tablespoon
fuls of home-made yeast. Bake 1 hour, in a moderately - He who swallows up the substance of the heated oven. If for breakfast, make over night."
r, will in the end find that it contains a This, owing to the whiteness of the meal, bone which will choke him.
and the lightness of the texture, as well as the - A small lie, if it actually is a lie, con- general appearance of the loaf, greatly resemdemns a man as much as a big and black false- bled the ordinary loaf of wheaten bread on our hood. If a man will deliberately cheat to the tables, and is worthy of general adoption where amount of a single cent, give him opportunity eggs are sufficiently plentiful. and he would cheat to any amount.
For taste and quality the above three would - A sick Wisconsin soldier in Baltimore it stand in order of merit, 198, 24, 34. But takwas thought gave up the ghost last week. Heing into account not only taste and quality, but was laid out, put into a handsome, snug coffin, I cheapness
16coffin cheapness and little trouble in making, or "adapand made no objections whatever until they tation
il they tation to general every day family use," we began to screw down the lid, when he rose in
unanimously award as follows: his cerements and remonstrated against being
First Premium of $10 to Number 34.
Second Premium of $5 to Number 24. buried alive. He was uncoffined and put on
Third Premium of $6 to Number 198. trial for preventing a funeral which had been
CORN MEAL CAKE. ordered by a superior officer. "What shall I help you to?" inquired a
In this class there was a great variety of lady of a modest youth at the dipper iable. - specimens. Many of them were very good, "A wife." was the meek reply. The young and several must be first-rate when eaten hot or lady blusbed, perhaps indignantly, and it is warm. As cheapness as well as quality were said that the kind offices of a neighboring cler: to be taken into account, we finally decided to gyman were requisite to reconcile the parties. I award the
Corn Meal Cako Premium of $4 to Number 166, made as
THE PIGEON HOUSE. follows: "Take 3 teacupfuls of corn meal, ono teacupful of wheat flour, 2 tablespoonfuls of brown sugar, 2 | One fourth of the children go into the midst teaspoonfuls of cream of tartar, and 1 teaspoonful of to represent the pigeons. The rest of the salt. Mix well together while dry. Add 1 teaspoonful
children, with the teacher, join hands, and of soda (or saleratus) dissolved in warm water. Mix the whole to a thin batter, and bako in a quick oven, 4 hour. The same batter will bake quicker in patty pans, out, which they do, by running and moving
their hands like wings, when the circle comes A Special Premium was placed at our dispo to the word free : sal to be awarded to the best Corn Meal Cake
We open the pigeon house again, of any kind, without regard to cost. This was
And set the happy flutterers free, a difficult task, as there were many specimens
We fly over fields and grassy plains all worthy to be called “best;" but after ex
Rejoicing in glorious liberty. tended examination and consultation, we unan
And when we return from this joyous Hight, imously agreed to award
(Here they fly back again.) Premium of $2 for best Cake of any kind to No. 125, made as follows: “Take eight eggy, and their weight in We shut up the house and bid them good night. powdered sugar; the weight of six eggs Indian meal; 1 t. butter, and one nutmeg. Beat the whites, and
After doing this two or three times, they can the yolks of the eggs separately; adding the whites sit down, and the teacher can ask them one by last; bake one hour."
one, what they saw in their flight, which is a The Committee would also call attention pretty exercise for their imaginations and to No. 140, a most excellent cake or pudding in story-telling. The assistant can help the suitable for breakfast, or for any other meal, fancy of the dull ones by making them repeat as we found it delicious when eaten cold, and after her some sentences, such as, “I flew five days old. The directions are as follows: Tover the sea and saw the ships sail." "I flew No. 140.—“Take 2 cups corn meal, 1 cup wheat flour, 1 over the fields and saw the men making hay,”
teaspoonful salt, 2 teaspoonfuls cream of tartar, 1 tea....etc., etc., etc. A little help of this kind will spoonful of soda, 3 egge, 3 tablespoonfuls sugar, 1% pints milk, and 1 tablespoonful butter Rub meal, four, set their fancies to work wonderfully. salt, soda and cream tartar through a seive, which will mix them thoroughly. Thon beat the eggs and sugar
Going with the Girls. together, adding to them the butter melted. Next add the milk, and last of all stir in the previously mixed meal, flour, salt, soda and cream tartar. Bake immedi The entrance into society may be said to ately and rapidly, (to secure the escaping gas.) Twenty take place immediately after boyhood has pasminutes will finish it in a brisk oven."
sed away, yet a multitude take the initiative
before their beards are presentable. It is a YOUTH'S CORNER.
great trial, either at a tender or riper age.
For an overgrown boy to go to a door, knowing Plays for Little Children.
well that there are a dozen girls inside, and
knock or ring with an absolute certainty that HARE IN THE HOLLOW.
in two minutes all eyes will be upon him, is a
severe test of courage. To go before these A quarter part of the children sit on their heels, so that they can quickly spring up, the
girls and make a tour of the room without
stepping on their toes, and sit down and digrest, together with the teacher, join hands and
pose of his hands without putting them in his form a circle, dancing around them and
pockets, is an achievement which few boys can singing:
boast. But having done all this, let him not Hare in the hollow hear us sing!
fatter himself that all the trials of the evenPoor hare are you ill,
ing are over. That you cannot jump and spring
There comes, at last, the breaking up. The jump and spring, jump and spring ? dear girls don their hoods, and put on their At the word jump they all spring up and run shawls, and look so saucy and mischievous, so to catch the others, who become the hares,
unimpressible and independent, as if they while the first set join the circle and sing:
didn't wish anybody to go home with them.
Then comes the pinch, and the boy who has Hare now be careful,
the most pluck goes to the prettiest girl in the Sit quite still,
room, with his tongue clinging to the roof of For the hunter is near,
his mouth, and, crooking out his elbow, stamHis dogs are running down the hill,
mers out the words, “Shall I see you home?” Sit quite still, sit quite still.
She touches her finger to his arm, and they Hare now be merry,
walk home, feeling ag awkward as two gogDanger is past!
lings. As soon as she is within her own door, Now hares you can spring,
he struts home, and really thinks he has been and Jump nou here, jump and spring,
gone and done it! Sleep comes on him at last, Jump and spring, jump and spring. with dreams of Harriet and calico, and he wakes Again the children run to catch the rest at the in the morning and finds the door of life open word spring.
| to him and the pigs squealing for breakfast.