The Editor's Tour on the Continent.- halt and enter. The revelers were jolly Savoyards, on Saint Martin's, Savoy, May 28.-Here, at last, in full view their way to market, who had stopped to have a good of glorious Mont Blanc ! And as I must rest for the night time-un bon temp. A half bottle of rin rouge and a at this place, I will send back a few words of the method slice of good bread, a humerous conversation with an inand pleasure of my journey hither.

telligent farmer who had taken 3 bottles too many, and I As anticipated when last I wrote, from Geneva, I suc- resumed my way, refreshed and inspirited. ceeded in breaking away from the charms that so strong. Day-dawn found me just entering the beautiful valley ly bound me to that beautiful Swiss city, on the evening of Cluses-one of the most charining little garden valos I of the 26th, and again made my way into the realms of ever saw. Rich crops of wheat, barley, and grass were the French Empire ; not of old France, however, only bending under the weight of fruit and dew, the morning Savoy, which so lately as 1860 belonged to the kingdom | birds were carolling their sweet songs, the matin bell of of Sardinia, being Napoleon's reward for his share in the the village church, by a mysterious echo, chimed its anItalian war.

them as it were from the clouds, and the finger of Aurora We could have waited two days longer in Geneva, and was upon the tops of the mountains. Oh, it was a mornthen have taken a "diligence,” (a conveyance peculiaring to be remembered forever! to this mouztainous country-a sort of cross between a Arrived at Cluses--a very little town of perhaps 50 stage and a steamboat,) but my programme had been pre- houses immediately at the entrance of a very narrow depared with reference to time, as well as pleasure, and it file, which separates two converging ranges of the Alps would not wait. But what should be done? The way to -I halted, bathed, slept; breakfasted and dined together, Mt. Blanc was 50 miles long, and through a wild, moun and at noon resumed my journey. The day was one of tainous country. Couldn't help it; time was precious; God's best-the way as enchanting as imagination could and so, with traveling bag slung over the shoulder, and picture-smooth as a floor, shaded by trees on either side, umbrella in hand, the journey was commenced after the winding along the banks of the milky Arve, and overoriginal method--the same employed by our paternal hung by rocky ribs of the mountain, more than two ancestor, father Adam, before coaches were invented or thousand feet above. Near the little village of Maglan horses tamed,

was passed the cataract of Arpenaz, which leaps from a It may have been sentimental--the idea-but, no mat- projecting rock 800 feet high, touching but once in its ter, I was after new scenes, and new experiences, and so way and then only to fill the air with its jeweled, snowy walked the first half of the distance by the dim light of spray and set a rainbow of glory on its front. moon and stars.

Just at eve, while yet the sun was lingering upon the The sun went down upon Geneva in the distance, gild-/ mountain's icy peak and gilding the river and valloy ing its lofty spires with a glorious light, even after it with a soft and mellow light, I came suddenly in view of had sunk quite behind the majestic Jura on the Sallanche, its charming cluster of white houses rosting other side. The way was at first along the beautiful so sweetly in the far-reaching shadow of the mountain broad valley of the Arve, the roar of whose waters hast- above. Another turn in the way, and there was Mont ening toward the sea became moro distinct aş twilight

Blanc! clothed in his jeweled robe of everlasting snow came and hushed the busy stir of men, and gathered in

and crowned with ice that shall be his coronet while time the herds of wandering kine and flocks of mountain-loving

endures. And there he stands before me now, as it were sheep and goats. But soon the valley grew narrower,

the throne of lIeaven's Majesty, the “Great White and the road began to wind around and up the side of the

Throne" of his final Judgment! Serene and awful, let mountain; now affording a last glimpse of the Jura be

me be silent in thy presence, o Mountain of the Almighty! hind, now opening up, by a sudden turn, new and pic

Fruits! Delicious Fruits ! Ilaven't We turesque scenery in the Alps beyond, and anon leading

been remembered, though ?-Verily, Editors the footsteps of the lone traveler across some deep gorge and thundering cataract, all the more grand and awe-in

have some compensation, if they are compelled to work spiring for the dimness of the light by which they were

for nothing, and to boost every laggard enterprise worth indefinitely seen. The mountains, too, were magnified

helping. The consciousness of doing something worthy in their loftiness until they seemed to pierce the very

to aid a noble cause, and promote the best interests of a heaven of heavens, and overshadow me as with the im

great community, is, of course, first; but we were just mediate and awful presence of the Almighty. Language

this moment thinking of some of the delicious fruits with

which our friends have favored us since the beginning of is powerless to describe the emotions of an enthusiastic,

October: worshipful soul in the midst of scenes of such sublimity.

Apples-the “Cider," Seek-no-further, and othersSilently I walked on, communing alone with Nature from J. C. Plumb, of “ Vino Hill;" all excellent, and and God, in the solitude of his mountains, until near worthy of their skillful producer. midnight, when the winding way led into the little vil. A Golden Pippin-splendid, and weighing 17 ounceslage of Bonneville. A glimmering light in a restaurante from the orchard of Geo. Jackson, of Primrose. Who can window gave token that some of the dwellers were yet beat it? awake, and a boisterous laugh and a hurrah induced me to Samples of Delaware Grapes and of Ever-bearing Raspberries (Belle de Fontenay) from the garden of Mr. E. year and the seven cents is the interest on your money B. Quiner, of Madison--as fine as could be.

since January last; the other dollar is to pay for the ParAnd thon, a whole box of the most delightful pears and win in advance for 1863. Now Messrs. Publishers, I think grapes the world ever saw, all the way from Ohio! These I hear you pronounce that blessed word " forgiven." I last were grown in the Columbus Nursery, and were gen- feel better now, and breathe easier. Now I would reerously forwarded by our esteemed friend, A. G. Hanford, spectfully suggest that you entreat all brother farmers whose taste and skill as a horticulturalist, wo have so oft- who are guilty of a like sin of omission, to take the anzen endorsed that there seems to be nothing further to add. ious seat at once, and do works meet for repentance.

The pears were of the varieties known as Gray Doy. The wheat is mostly threshed in this vicinity, quality enne, Swan's Orange, Belle Lucretia, Duchess d'Angou- fair, quantity light, varying from 7 to 15 bushels, rarely leme and others—so perfectly luscious that the month exceeding that. A number of farmers are sowing a few editorial waters at thought of them, oven to this day. acres of winter wheat, it having done well here this sea

The Grapes were of the famous Deleware variety, and son. Corn is sound and a fair yield; potatoes somewhat have completed the work of our thorough conversion to decayed. the doctrine of their superiority, in delicacy of flavor and! Whilst writing this, my wife has brought me a bunch tenderness and sweetness of pulp and skin, over any oth of Diana grapes--a splendid table luxury. Let me say er grapo of our acquaintance. Tho Deleware is, more

that the Diana, Concord, Hartford Prolific, Clinton, Northover, reported to bo perfectly hardy; the which being

ern Muscadine, and Isabella have all ripened their fruit true, there is nothing in the way of an earnest recom

with me, this season, and will, generally, in this climate mendation that everybody get some of the cuttings for

J.C. BRAIXARD. next year's planting.

DANVILLE, Dodge Co., Oct. 8, 1862.

(Splendid! Brother Brainard, give us your hand. If

getting "mad” is likely to yield such results generally, Correction.-In line 14, of right hand column, page

it may be best to stay mad! What a pity good examples 472, for “familiar childhood," read " formative child

are not more contagious! Thanks for the two dollars, hood."

(we can't take interest from so genuine a man, and do

return the stamps,) and cheers for the product of the CORRESPONDENCE.

"old quill." Now the “talent" is fairly out, burn up the

“napkin," neighbor, and give us the benefit of its conA Worthy Example.-Read, oh ye Delin- tinued use. “They that endure to the end," &c.-ED.] quents:-MR. EDITOR :-The October No. of the FAR. MER came to hand last evening. This morning it rains, Dwarf Broom Corn.-MR. EDITOR :-Can you or rather pours in torrents, and did so a good part of last through tho columns of the FARMER inform mo where the night. In fact, it has been quite showery and very warm seed of the Dwarf Broom Corn can be procured, and at for the season for some days past. No frost as yet to kill

what price. the frailest vegotation. Grass grows as in June.

Please send me the August No. of the FARXER, as that During the shower this morning, I have takon up the No. did not come to hand, and I awfully hate to lose a FARMER, and of course, the first thing was to learn wheth

number and spoil a volume of so useful a periodical. er the Editor was at home. I found he was thar, and

B. B. BISHOP. quito communicative, though not any too much so. He MILLVILLE, Grant Co., Oct. 13. says in one place, that he is mad, in another place, that [Last spring, Hon. M. K. Young, Senator from Grant he cannot publish the FARMER much longer unless the Co., had some of the seed. Don't know who has it now. Farmers of the State come to his help and pay up prompt. If any reador does, let him speak up. Men of enquiring ly, and contributo something from their quills or rusty minds always appreciate the FARMER!--an invariable pens to make the thing interesting. Now, this last re- rule.-Ed.] mark is sound, rational, and the first is about equally so, for the confession of ono's madness is an evidence of re The Difference in Calculation. J.W.HOTT, turning sanity. Now, Mr Editor and Publisher, I have Dear Sir :-Enclosed you will find one dollar for which something to say to you, as well as you to me. I have you will please give Mr. (of this place), credit, and had a dollar of your money in my pocket since the first stop his paper, (The W18. FARMER.) He gave me the of January last, and more than that, (for I want to make money, and wished me to write for him, saying he liked a full confession- clean breast of it, there has not been the FARMER, but could not afford to pay for it. a day from that time to this, when I might not have sent You will also find enclosed two dollars, and stamp, for the money on its way to you, but for sheer carelessness which I wish you to send me the Wisconsin FARMER and and neglect. Now, I do not wonder that you are out of the New York Tribune. patience, and of course out of money, if you send your My neighbor cannot afford to take the Farner, but I paper to many such as I am. Will you forgivo mo!- cannot afford to do without it. I esteem it more than all But stop! do you see these two dollars and seven cents? the other publications which I take. T. N. GOODRICH. One of the dollars is the pay for the FARMER the currentl Money CREEK, Minn., Oct. 21, 1862..

Breaking the Ice.—MR. EDITOR :- I agree with OUR BOOK TABLE. you that farmers ought to write for their paper. Some will argue that they pay for what they get, and therefore OPEN AIR GRAPE CULTURE: A Practical Treatise on the

Garden and Vineyard Culture of the Vine and the ought not to be expected to do more. Even granting this

Manufacture of Domestic Wine. Designed for the use position, which is a very selfish one, there are other rea

of Amateurs and others in the Northern and Middle

States. Illustrated, &c. By JOHN PHin, author of sons why he should write for his paper.

“Essay on Open Air Grape Culture,” to which was First, he will be more than recompensed by the increas

awarded the First Prize by the American Institute.

C. M. Saxton, Agricultural Book Publisher, New York. ed interest which he will have in it; furthermore, he

We are indebted to the Publishers of this neat little will be paid the second time by the diversity of opinion which he will have access to, from the fact that the ex:

volume of 376 pages duodecimo; but as we have not yet ample will stimulate others to follow suit; and finally,

found time to give it a thorough examination, we defer

all comment as to the merits of the work, scientifically he will be three-fold benefitted in the increased value of

and practically considered, until some future time. his Farmer-as it is to be presumed, that when the

A careful and unprejudiced practical horticulturist, who matter amounts to so much that the present volume will

has given it a careful reading, gives the following as his not contain it, the Publishers will enlarge the size of

verdict: their sheet; especially if the subscriptions increase in ratio with the contributions which they certainly ought

“It is a very extensive collection of theory and practice

of Grape Growers of the present and past century; to do. I never have before this written a line intended for the

elaborating most of the prevailing popular systems, in a public eye, but there must always be a beginning in this

very lucid manner. sphere.

But how the author, with the evident intention of getAs discussion tends to bring to light and disseminate ting up a very popular work, could omit even the mensound doctrines and explode incorrect ones, I would sug

tion, of the new theory and system of Grape Growing, gest that the Editor, from time to time, introduce such called the “ dwarf and renewal system,” which promises subjects as he thinks proper for interested parties to exsuch good results in simplifying the practical operations change opinions upon. It would not only be a source or of the vineyard, is really strange. . pleasure to those actively engaged, (if conducted courte-! -The persevering student of theory and practice, will ously) but would also be both gratifying and edifying to read the work with pleasure and profit." others. Do you endorse my sentiments Mr. Editor? il Mechanically considered, it is a credit to the enterprishopo so, especially in regard to the Farmer.

ing Publisher. It will doubtless find ready and extensivo My good wishes to all subscribers to the Farmer, and sale. may it and they ever prosper.


suggestions as to their clothing. By C. H. Cleaveland, [You are most welcome, friend Bangs, to the columns

M. D. Illustrated. Printed by Bradloy & Wolb, Cin

cinnati, Ohio. of the Farmer. Your sentiments have our cordial en

A most excellent work very opportunely given to tho dorsement, and at your suggestion, we propose four sub

public. It is characteristic of the able Author of this jects for discussion in the numbers next succeeding this

book that he goes to the bottom of whatever subject he _"The most Economical Disposition of Straw,” “Winter

discusses. He cannot be superficial if he would, and he Caro of Sheep," "The Parent's Duty to the Neighborhood

would not be if he could. School," and "Butter-Making in Winter." Take your

And yet he possesses the happy faculty of so popularizchoice, brother farmers and intelligent housewives from

ing his works as that they are well adapted to meet the among these topics, or any others, and let us hear from

demands of the unscientific reader. you promptly, practically and pointedly.-ED.]

In this handsome monograph of 111 pages octavo, wo Honey Locust Hedge.--MR. EDITOR : How does

have matter of exceeding great value-information, which, the Honey Locust hedge prosper that was planted some if possessed by the people at large, and especially by the three years since ?

parents of families, would save a vast amount of suffer. Is it necessary that tile for underdrains should be placed ing, and insuro to the feet of the men and women of the below the action of frost? or, in other words, will frost next generation naturalness of form, instead of the misinjure the drain, if not placed below its reach? D.C. erable corned, bunioned, distorted and disjointed clumps FOND DU LAC, Oct. 12.

upon which the prosent generation is hobbling its way (We are at a loss to know what particular Locust hedge through the world. is referred to by our correspondent, and are, therefore, we know, unhappily, whereof we speak, aud it is beunable to answer the question. Possibly allusion is made cause we have bad some experience in the way of torto some hedge planted or proposed to be planted by our tured feet that we so cordially welcome this admirable former associate, Mr. Powers, who, if he did so plant, will work and recommend it to-cverybody who has or expects doubtless be kind enough to report through the FARMER. to have feet!

As to laying tile, there can be no question with those The illustrations are skilfully designed, and add much who have tried it, that they should be laid below the line to the value of the work. Physicians, Shoemakers and of frost.-ED.)

| People, send for the book.

Messrs. Robbins & Chandler, of Rock Terrace Nursery, Comparative Statement of the business of the Company Madison, Wis., Messrs. Batebam, Tanford & Co., of Co

for the years 1859, 1860 and 1861 : lumbus Nursery, Columbus, O., and A. R. Whiteney, of Franklin Grove Garden and Nursery, Franklin Grove, Illinois, are entitled to thanks for Descriptive Catalogues of stock. Men whose efforts are honorably directed to the cultivation and introduction of fruits, ornamental trees and flowers have a claim upon our cordial sympathy and friendly co-operation, and the evidences of their pros perity are always heartily welcomed.

incidental expenses,..
the year,......
ther proof,...
advertising, postage, and all other

componsation of officers, printing,
Am't of expenses paid, including all
Am't of commissions paid to Agents,
Am't of cash premiums thereon,.....
Am't of premium notes theroon,.....
Am't of outstanding risks thereon,.
Whole number of policies during
Lossos reported and awaiting fur-
Total am't of losses paid and settled,
Am't of outstanding risks thereon,
Whole number of policies issued....
Office furniture and fixtures,..........

judgment, ..................................
Aount secured by mortgage and

holders for cash premiums,.....
Cash on hand, and due from policy
Premium notes of policy holders,... |

Total amount of accumulations....


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Madison Mutual Insurance Company,


JANUARY 1st, 1862.
Made to the Governor of the State of Wisconsin, as re-
quired by the provisions of chapter 303, of the General
laws of 1858.
Total amount of accumulations, .......

Premium notes of policy holders $180,121 63
Cash on hand, and due from

policy holders for cash pre-

35,408 66 Am't secured by mortgage and judgment,.........

332 47 Office furniture and fixtures,... 1,000 00 $210,S65 76 Whole number of policies issued,............

14,357 Am't of outstanding risks thereon............ $10,320,789 00 Reported losses awaiting further proof,

3,709 80 Losses recently reported,.......

3,433 89 Wholo number of policies issued in 1861...

5,778 Amount of outstanding risks thereon,..... 5.173 00 Amount of premium notes thereon,. ...... 93,944 06 Amount of cash premiums thereon........ 48,377 36 Total amount of losses reported during the year,..................

16,801 13
Total am't of losses paid during the year, 6,881 16
Amount settled by drafts and awaiting the
call of the insured,............

1,568 85
Amount of commissions paid to Agents..... 7,460 84
Am't paid for Advertising,...... $1,625 20
Amount paid for printing........ 811 00
Amount paid for postage....... S66 22
Amount paid for office rent,.... 200 00 3,002 42
Expenses paid, including all compensation

of officers and directors-stationery, ex-
tra clerk hire, fuel, lights, and all other
incidental expenses,...........................

6,069 56

The foregoing statement of the business of this Com

pany for the past year gives a gratifying evidence of its STATE OF WISCONSIN,

high standing in the public estimation and of the success DANE COUNTY,

af its rules and principles of action. We, the undersigned, being the President and a major

Although its business for the preceding year (1860) was ity of the Directors of the "Madison Mutual Insurance much larger than that of any previous year, and notwithCompany," do solemnly swear, and each for himself saith, standing the general depression among farmers the past that the foregoing is a true and correct statement of the

season, arising from light crops and low prices, the above affairs of said company in the particulars therein named,

figures show an increase of nearly seventy per cent, in as appears by the books of the company, according to the the number of policies issued, and of over severity per best of our knowledge and belief.

cent. in the amount of cash premiums for the past year. D.J. POWERS, President.

We invite a careful examination of this report. Its JOHN W. BOYD,

| figures make a stronger argument than any form of SAMUEL D. HASTINGS,

words, and prove a rise and standing in popular favor unB. F. HOPKINS.

paralleled in the history of the Northwest.



J. W. BOYD, Walworth County.

B. F. HOPKINS, Dane County.

D. WORTHINGTON, Waukesha County.

S. D. HASTINGS, Trempeleau County.

G. F. HASTINGS, Dane County.*
Subscribed and sworn before me this sixth day of Jan-

DAVID ATWOOD, Dane County. uary, A. D. 1862. V. W. ROTH, Notary Public,

G. R. MONTAGUE, LA Crosse County.
Dane County.

8. R. MCCLELLAN, Kenosha County.

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J. W. HOYT, : : : : : : : : : : EDITOR.

Vol. XIV.



Within a temple made of glass,

The Great International Exhibition. leading industrial nation of the world is,
No. III.

whether she acquitted herself worthily.

How nobly she vindicated her right to this THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN.

high distinction, on the occasion of the ExhiTo England belongs the high honor of origi-bition of 1851, the vast display of her maninating the idea-or at least of giving that idea fold works of

fold works of Industry and of Art at that time life in action--of gathering together, at one

made, and especially that glorious Crystal place, the representative products of the in- Palace, which ih

Palace, which the poet Chauoer would seem to dustry of all the nations of the earth. Still have foreshadowed in the lines, more narrowly and correctly stated, it was

"I dreamt I was His Royal Highness, the noble Prince Albert, who, in the greatness of his truly royal mind, sufficiently attest. Nor has she acquitted herconceived the plan of instituting an Exhibition self less nobly in this, her second peaceful conwhich should afford to the world's civilization test with all the nations. Would we had the a sure and elevated stand-point, wherefrom to power to do her full justice in the account we survey the great Past, to gain a just and com- have to give. But that is not possible with prehensive view of the Present, and whereupon oux imperfect knowledge of the many arts to commence a more enlightened and systematic represented in so vast a department, with the effort for the attainment of the better possible brief imperfect notes gathered in weeks where Future. It was natural and proper, therefore, months should have been employed, nor finally that England's vast metropolis--which is also in any event within the little space to which the world's metropolis--should be selected as these cursory papers must necessarily be rethe location whereat the proposed Universal Ex- stricted. position should be held. The first International To say that Great Britain, including her Exhibition was accordingly located there; and colonies, occupied one-fourth of the whole the second, inasmuch as the scheme had its space provided within the vast Exhibition organization there, was instituted at the same Building would certainly be within bounds, great centre.

and we feel confident that one-third would be This circumstance gave to Great Britain an nearer the true estimate. Every department, advantage; but it was an advantage to which from the multiform products of the mine up to she was justly entitled--if, indeed, it be not the highest region of Art, was most nobly true that she alone, of all the nations was represented. In Class 1., competent to the successful execution of a MINING, QUARRYING, METALLURY AND MINERAL scheme involving the necessity for so great a

PRODUCTS, concentration of influence, energy and capital. England and Scotland alone offered a larger The question in which she is now most inter- number and greater variety of articles than ested, and the answer to which determines the all the rest of the world. Many of the exhishare of honor to which she is entitled as the Ibitions were logically and most beautifully ar

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