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Write for the Farmer. Write! Write!! There are, we know, a few men in Wisconsin, who, hav-Farmers, Gardeners, Mechanics, Housewives and every ing narrow minds and but little intelligence, can never body else, why don't you write for the good old FARYER? be made to see that the least good or desirable credit is Just look at this present number about three or four derivable to the State from the distribution of industrial contributions in over 40 pages! Have you no desire to books, the circulation of periodicals, the delivery of pracpromote the interests to which your own lives and the tical and scientific lectures. or the exchange of useful lives of seven-eights of your neighbors are devoted ? publications with the industrial organizations of other Have you no disposition to contribute somewhat to the States; but we were a little surprized (and not much eiindustrial growth of the State? and is there no particle ther!) that so many of that unfortunate class of wooden of manly pride in you prompting you to help the hard- heads should have been entrusted with the responsible working Editor of the only industrial journal in the duties of guiding the policy of the State. To reason with State to maintain its existence during these most trying them is utterly futile. We, therefore, propose no such times and add to its prosperity and usefulness?
waste of time, and only ask the intelligent farmers of Verily we begin to get mad! Since the war fairly Wisconsin to entrust for the future the great interests of commenced we have sustained the FARMER purely from the State to men who are capable of appreciating the immotives of State and personal pride, and because we be portance of doing everything that can be done to foster lieved it to be an important instrument of good to the and encourage the agricultural and mechanic arts, upon industry of the State. It has not paid us a dollar of clear the successfal operations of which not only the credit profit, and when thoroughly convinced that our self-sacri and prosperity of the State depend, but upon which must ficing labors are in no sense appreciated, we propose to turn even the issue of the present war and the very ex. quit working for nothing and to devote our energies to istence of the Government. . some field of labor that will, at least, yield us the fruit of satisfaction. Friends! shall the Farmer be sustained! Say either
The Oscillations of War.-When, early last yea, or nay, that we may know what to depend on; but
spring, we pushed off from the American shore and gave if yea, then grasp the old grey goose quill or rusty iron
ourself up to the tender mercies of old Neptune, we at pen and give us, for once, some palpable evidence that
the same time committed our country to the Ruler of you are alive and have some interest in the good work to
Nations, in the strong hope that our return would find which we are devoted. Anything under heaven rather the power of the Rebellion broken and order restored, in than silence and total stagnation!
at least, several of the States. Our columns are open to the fair and honorable discus. And was there not good ground for such a hope? In sion of any subject that looks to the material and social the West, Forts IIenry and Donnelson had boon captured; progress of the State. Are there but a half-dozen persons Columbus had been abandoned by the Rebels and Island among all the host of our readers who have something to No. 10 was in process of preparation for surrender; the say concerning something?
battle of Pea Ridge had been fought, and Missouri pretty
well cleared of the enemy; Tennessee and Alabama had A new Way to Economize.-The fool who kill. been penetrated by the Western Army; colonies had been ed the roose that lay the colden ego is probably dead I planted in both South and North Carolina; Banks had but there is good evidence that some of his descendants
captured Winchester and Martinsburgh; and McClellan still live. Witness the recent act of the late Legislature
had moved upon and captured the Quaker guns at Main cutting off all the supplies of the State Agricultural
naseas. Society-an institution whose objects are the advance
But after a long and bloody campaign the war is found ment of those very interests whence the whole revenue on our return, not nearly finished, but rather just begun. of the State is derived, and whose efforts for the promo
Progression had become retrogression. The enemy had tion of those objects have been unremitting, and hitherto
invaded the Union States, and to-day, are panting like successful to an eminent degree.
fiends at the very gates of the Capital! The argument of "hard times, straitened finances, and
But there is another phase of this question: The people an uncertain war," though specious as against the stand of the loyal States are at last beginning to be in earnest ! ing appropriation to the Society-and, perhaps, valid. Prejudice is yielding to Patriotism, and public sentiment
ad it been urged for a reasonable reduction of the amount is coming up to the point of allowing the Rebellion to be appropriated in times of peace, and of the holding of crushed by any means in the power of the Government. Fairs-is in itself the strongest argument that could pos. So much for a thousand millions of money and a quarter sibly be urged in favor of continuing so much of the an- of a million of lives !--lives two-thirds of them thrown nual appropriation as would enable the Society to go fur
away-wickedly sacrificed by a stubborn public to the ward in its equally important work of the collection
Moloch of the South! and diffusion of information tending to develop the natu | But the eyes of the nation are now opened and the ral and agricultural resources of Wisconsin," as required pendulum of success may be expected to swing southby the statute of incorporation.
| ward once more. Let us thank God and take courage.
The Publishers to their Friends.-Never, business; while Mr. Robbins is enthusiastic in his work since the foundation of the Government, has there been of promoting the interests of fruit-growing in Wisconsin, a period so trying to the industrial publications of the and will spare neither pains nor money to make the country as this present. The war, as is natural, pretty Rock Terrace Nursery one of the most reliable and sucmuch engrosses the attention of the whole people and cessful in the State. there is comparatively little disposition to read anything "A New thing in Agriculture.”—The Rotary Spader, in. but the exciting news of the day. It ought not to be so, vented by the Hon. Cicero Comstock, of Milwaukee, and but it certainly is, and there is great danger that a flag- of which commendatory notice has heretofore been made ging of industry will, after a little time, begin to be sore in the FARMER, has finally been perfected, and is sdrerly felt in the diminished revenue of the country. tised in this number by Messrs. Comstock & Gliddon, pro
Is it not the duty, therefore, of every reflecting patriot prietors. We shall take pains to see this ingenious mato use his best influence to correct this dissipation of the chine in actual operation, and again bring it before the energies of the people not actively engaged in the war, public. and to turn them into the wealth-producing, army-sup
STATEMENT porting channels of a thorough, practical industry? And if Agricultural Journals are really an important instru
| Madison Mutual Insurance Company, mentality for the furtherance of that work, then is it not mauSON MUU the duty of all farmers particularly to contribute of
FOR THE YEAR ENDING
JANUARY 1st, 186 2. their means and active influenco towards the support of! Made to the Governor of the State of Wisconsin, as repuch journals? Nothing can be clearer, and we are pre- quired by the provisions of chapter 303, of the General
Laws of 1858. paring our programme for the next year's campaign in
Total amount of accumulations,...... $216,665 76 the unfaltering conviction that no friend of the FARMER
ASSETS: will discontinue or relax his efforts on its behalf, during
Premium notes of policy holders $18
Cash on hand, and due from this trying period of its existence.
policy holders for cash preSeveral like publications in other States have suspend
| Am't secured by mortgage and ed for lack of support, but we are not willing to beliere judgment, .........
332 47 that the noble young State of Wisconsin, with 70 or 80 Ofice furniture and fixtures,... 1,000 00 $216,865 76
Whole number of policies issued,.........
14,357 thousand farmers, will allow even the temporary suspen Am't of outstanding risks thereon............ $10,320,789 00 sion of its only agricultural paper.
Reported losses awaiting further proof,..... 3,709 80
5,778 But in order to sustain the FARMER, three things are
Amount of outstanding risks thereon,...... 35,315,173 00
Amount of premium notes thereon,. ........ 93,944 06 requisite:
Amount of cash premiums thereon....... 48,377 36 1. All who are indebted to the paper must PAY UP.
Total amount of losses reported during the
15,801 13 2. All who can add anything to the interest of the paper Total am't of losses paid during the year, 6,881 16 by contributions of thought must WRITE.
Amount settled by drafts and awaiting the
1,568 85 3. Every friend of the FARMER must not only take and Amount of commissions paid to Agents..... 7.460 84 pay for it himself, but likercise INDUCE OTHERS TO
Am't paid for Advertising,...... $1,625 20
Amount paid for printing,....... $11 00 SUBSCRIBE.
Amount paid for postage.........
566 22 VALUABLE PRIZES.
Amount paid for office rent,.... 200 00 3,002 42 We are making arrangements to offer a number of E:
Expenses paid, including all compensation
of officers and directors-stationery, exvaluable prizes--including Seeds, Books, IMPLEMENTS, tra clerk hire, fuel, lights, and all other
incidental expenses,..... SEWING MACHINES, &c.-to such as especially labor in
STATE OF WISCONSIN, behalf of the FARMER, and the Editor hopes to make the
We, the undersigned, being the President and a major volume for 1863 the most interesting and valuable of all
ity of the Directors of the "Madison Mutual Insurance that have ever been published.
Company," do solemnly swear, and each for himself saith, SEND IN THE NAMES AND DOLLARS!
that the foregoing is a true and correct statement of the affairs of said company in the particulars therein named,
as appears by the books of the company, according to the NOTICES OF NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
best of our knowledge and belief.
D. J. POWERS. President.
JOHN W. BOYD, The attention of parties interested is called to the new
SAMUEL D. HASTINGS.
B. F. HOPKINS, advertisement of Messrs. Robbins & Chandler. Their
ALBERT WOOD, nursery stock is probably equal to any in the Northwest
G. F. HASTINGS, and we are glad to learn that they are securing a very
II. H. GILES, large patronage.
SAM’L R. MCCLELLAN,
G. R. MONTAGUE, Mr. Chandler was for several years employed as fore
LUTHER BASFORD, man in the extensive nurseries of that prince of pomolo
DAVID ATWOOD, gists, Col. Marshall P. Wilder, of Boston, and after an
Subscribed and sworn before me this sixth day of Janexperience of several years in this State, can hardly fail
uary, A. D. 1862. V.W. ROTH, Notary Public, to give satisfaction in the practical department of the
The Great International Exhibition. draw loom, the pattern designed is formed by
the arrangement of the spools which are sus
| pended over the machine to the number of 270. U. S. DEPARTMENT CONCLUDED.
| These produce a pattern the whole width of Better and better! As the Exhibition pro- the material and one and a half yards long, gresses, the eyes of John Bull and the rest of
and at every throw of the shuttle, a piece of inankind' are being gradually opened to the mechanism rises up like so many fingers, peculiar importance of American Industry as catches hold of the threads and weaves them & powerful agency for the advancement of the in. A knife then passes ewiftly over it and world's civilization. The London Times is cuts off the tufts to any length required. Any thawing out and now does'nt hesitate to say
| design can be woven in it in parts, which when that, “after the models and gigantic engines
united will have the appearance of being woin the western annexe, the very ingenious, small
ven in one piece, and the loom will produce hand labor-saving machines in the American
twenty-five yards in one day. This loom has Court are the most looked after. * * * This
received great attention from scientific Engis worthy of a more extended notice than it has
lishmen, and Earl Granville, who is well aeyet received from the mass of visitors."
quainted with weaving operations, has declared THE FAMOUS AMERICAN LOOM.
publicly that it is destined to achieve great Passing over a large number of machines, resulta » such as cork-cutters, rope-makers, washing! This is certainly highly complimentary, but machines, &c., which the Times very cleverly not any more so than the character of the renames as “almost approaching the inspirations markable invention warranted. Earl Granville of genius in the simple means by which their great really said more than is above reported that results are effected”(!) we come next to speak it was “perhaps the most useful invention of the great Loom for weaving tufted or pile produced within the past several years—itself fabrics of every description. In our estima- an honor to America if she had had nothing tion this is one of the most valuable of else at the Great Exhibition !" all the multitude of the wonderful inventions. The facility with which Mr. Smith's Loom on exhibition. The London Mechanics' Maga- seizes the right threads, works them into their zine, in its notice of it says :-“ Among the place and then shears them off so as to leave many useful inventions from the United States, ' an even tufted surface with beautifully executperhaps the most remarkable is the power loom
ed patterns was the marvel of thousands whom for weaving tufted fabrics. This is the inven- we saw sundry times crowding about “this tion of Mr. A. Smith, of West Farm's, New
new Yankee wonder.” York, and intended for weaving the Axminster
INTERESTING MODELS. carpets or any other tufted or pile fabric which in class 12_Naval Architecture—the model requires cutting and is produced from a pat- Life-boat exhibited by Dr. T. Scholl, of Port tern. Unlike either the Jacquard or the old l Washington, Wis., attracted much attention.
WORKS OF ART.
The model itself was very bungling and did not THE BEST PIANO IN THE EXHIBITION so well illustrate the idea of the inventor as it was shown by Messrs. Steinway & Sons, of should have done. But the principle appeared New York City. The medal was awarded for to be a good one and received the approbation powerful, clear and brilliant tone and excelof many competent inspectors. Briefly de- lence of workmanship," and several members scribed, it is a boat within a boat—the inner of the committee-Germans and Frenchmen, one having freedom of lateral motion within well skilled in music, supposed to be the best the outer, so that however violent the storm, judges of musical instruments in the world— the boat's burden of passengers shall remain declared it to be “not only the best piano on “right side up, with care.” We learn that it exhibition, but the best they had ever seen!” has been patented in England, and has received Higher praise than this could not have been the favorable attention of the Navy Department. accorded to the manufacturers, and Messrs.
Models of "trucks” for locomotives, of self-Steinway & Sons may well be proud of their centering railway turn-tables, and of a street success. tramway carriage were also there—the last | named being exhibited by that clownish, im
There is a natural order in the development mensely over-rated, (in this country,) self-ap
of a nation of which no degree of intellectpointed representative of American institutions, uality of its people can give it independence. Geo. Francis Train. The horse railway thus
This law of progress is such that Art, which far has not succeeded in England: nor will it is a product of the highest culture--a kind of London, until it has first succeeded everywhere
blossoming, as of a century plant, after long else. This is partly due to the obstinate un
years of preparatory life-developes late, if willingness of John Bull to borrow of Brother
not latest. It should not, therefore, be exJonathan, and partly to the injudiciousness of pected that a young nation, charged with Mr. Train, the originator of the movement
the labor of clearing up forests, opening there. It is, nevertheless, a great improvement
mines, building great thoroughfares of travel, on the universal omnibus, and is bound to
and organizing those grand fundamental instimake its way in course of time—that is un
tutions so essential to the life and robust health less something still better and a yet greater
of the people and to the conservation of the invention should be contrived.
Government itself, should at the same time
flourish in those finer arts which belong to the MANUFACTURES.
later development, and require time, wealth, Colt's patent fire arms, including samples of land the highest culture. guns, pistols, powder flasks, shot pouches, &c., With this view, it is not surprising that made a good display and originated not a few America should have beaten the world in the warlike discussions between the Johns and the construction of reapers, sewing machines and Jonathans as to which nation was entitled to other inventions of utilitarian character-this the palm in the department of war.
had come to be expected as a matter of course; Samples of lockets, hermetically sealed jars,
first because of the remarkable inventive ge
nius of her people, and secondly because of invalid reclining chairs, extension sofa bed
the strong stimulus afforded by the vastness steads were there and creditable to the exhi
of the country and the immensity of its rebitors; also leather and imitations of leather.
sources. But who expected her to bear off Textile fabrics shown by but one firm—the the palm in the departments of sculpture and Manchester Print Works, Manchester, N. H. painting? This large and enterprising establishment was PAINTINGS, PHOTOGRAPHS AND ENGRAVINGS ably represented by Hon. Frederick Smyth of Were not shown by the United States in large Manchester, and won several prizes for supe- numbers, but the quality is unsurpassed, if rior cotton prints, de laines, woolen hose, &c. indeed equaled, by those of any other nation.
Cole's “Voyage of Life,” and Schusele's - there being nothing of that class of work in “ Men of Progress," handsomely engraved, the Exhibition superior to his several beautiful were exhibited by Messrs. J. Smiley and J. landscapes. “Autumn on the Hudson," which Sartain.
may be styled his master piece, is a glorious The specimens of bank note engraving by picture, doing admirable justice to the splendthe American Bank Note Co., New York, were id scenery of that noble river. The gorgeousfine; furnishing convincing proof that in this ness of our American autumn foliage is so well branch of the engraver's art, at least, we have represented in the picture as to greatly delight but little to borrow.
and astonish the European spectator. The only exhibitor of photographs is Mr. Brady | Mr. Cropsey has been a resident of London of New York, and he, for some reason, failed some seven or eight years, and has succeeded to get his specimens to London until the exhi
not only in securing a very fine and lucrative bition period had half passed and the Jurors
patronage, but, likewise that which is very had completed their work. But finer works much more gratifying to his patriotic pride--a were probably never executed. Certainly there high reputation for American Landscape Paintwas nothing in the Great Exhibition that ex-line celled the beautiful portraits of the Prince of We had hoped to see Church at the ExhibiWales, Mr. Seward, President Lincoln and tion, with his noble « Heart of the Andeg'' and others. The first one named, for the fine effect his matchless “ Niagara,” but in this were produced by light and shade and the perfect disappointed. blending of these, surpassed anything we re
SCULPTURE. member to have ever seen. The only works! Sculpture has so far degenerated in modern that rivalled it were certain magnificent spe- times that we hardly expect any more to see cimens in the Austrian court; which, up to those glorious, faultless realizations which gave the arrival of Brady's collection were clearly immortality to the old masters. This decline, entitled to the palm.
although deplorable, was a necessary conseUnder the head of paintings, there were 19 quence of the almost universal corruption of exhibitons, of which two were by G. Harvey, sentiment of the “Dark Ages' coupled with the portraits of Daniel Webster and of the Mother peculiar nature of the Art itself, which is subof Washington; one,-" The Night March”-ject to so much narrower restrictions than the by J. W. Glass ; one-portrait of Mrs. Cropsey more plastic arts of Poetry and Painting.
-by D. Huntington ; “Head Waters of the What the Artist would call earnestness'-a Susquehannah,” by L. R. Mignot; “A Herd term expressive of grandeur, delicacy, vitality of Bisons crossing the river bottom on the -is scarcely found in the sculptures of the Upper Mississippi,” and a “Prairie Dog Vil- present, and the remedy is difficult. The arlage on the Upper Missouri,” by W. J. Hays; tist, though blessed with the gift of inspiration, “ Bath Scene,” “The Flower of the Seraglio,” can get no recognition from the public, whose Portraits of John Thomas, Esq., and of Mrs. false taste blinds it to the merit of works John Thomas, by M. K. Kellogg; “Italian of the highest art; and public taste is likely, Peasants,” “Venus," Portraits of W. Page, in turn, to continue in self-ruining indulgence, Esq., and of Mrs. Page, by W. Page; “A Cane for want of models of excellence, suppressing Brake,” “ Autumn on the Hudson River,” | the higher aspirations and original leadings of “Scene in the Catskill Mountains,” “Spring,” the sculptor. But the Genius of Sculpture and “Sea Coast, Isle of Wight,” by J. F. still lives and ever strives to bring back her Cropsey.
disciples to a renewal of the earlier, severer Most, perhaps we should say all, of the works style. above named were creditable to American Art. There are men of genius in the Old World But those of Mr. Cropsey were particularly so I who religiously hold on to the true Ideal, but