progress in the development of their agricultural resources.

In concluding this necessarily brief and general notice of oar visit to Salem, we should not omit to thank the seYeral officers of the Society, Messrs. Seymonr & Lottridge of the Republican, and their ladies, and Mr. McFan and family, charges d'affaires at the depot, for those friendly courtesies and that cordial hospitality which contributed so much to our comfort while at Salem and to a a pleasant remembrance of the occasion.


Tlie Editor again In his Sanctum—

Doubtlngg and Reasiursnceg of Identity —Congratulation*—Plan* for the Future,

4.C., &c.—During the past five months, since the snowy 6th of April, when we crossed the Wisconsin line for a tour la foreign lands, we have passed through so many strange scenes, witnessed so many new spectacles, formed the acquaintance of men of so many widely separated and lar distant lands, been ground through the mill of so many and diverse customs of life, and withal jabbered in so many uncouth, st^mibarbarous (!) foreign tongues that we had almost come to doubt our identity.

True, when wo at last touched terra Jtrma In the beautiful harbor of New York, and mingled with the thronging multitude of rushing men and of frail (yet beautiful) American women, on Broadway; and, especially, when we encountered Barnum and the paraphernalia of his gigantic humbuggery, it did look as though we might, after all, be the veritable "Yankee man"' we used to be. But, after making our way through the war-scarred country along tho line of the Baltimore and Ohio R. R., and afterwards on foot and alone through the woods, and over tho mountains which Ho between Grafton and Beverly, Virginia, at the peril of life from tho attacks of men who recently were brother citizens of a glorious and happy Republic; after a few days apprenticeship in the loyal army of the Old Dominion, against a gathering horde of dare-devil "bushwhackers;" and after sundry other new and strange experiences of like character, it is not remarkable that we again began to doubt; nor, that even yet, after two weeks in tho old familiar office where, in times past/we have encountered and despatched such loads of secretarial work—where, too,athousand times wo have grasped the ponderous pen that ornaments our table editorial and done our best to prove the right and uproot the wrong—wo say, it is not strange that, even yet, as we ruminate upon the past, tho question should occasionally come up, are we really tvef

Still, the world is beginning to look natural again; we feel less inclined to think in French and Dutch than during the cummer; and, best evidence of all, the Legislature is here still, just where we left it in the early spring, squandering the people's money, throwing paper balls at empty heads, and pitching Into everything that tends to

the prosperity and honor of the State. Hold! we are self-convinced; this is Wisconsin, and we are w!


Well, Its a very pleasant thing for one to feel that he's himself again—pleasant under almost any circumstances —but that pleasure Is considerably heightened, when, after wanderings in foreign lands, one finds himself at home again—in the dear land of his birth, of his labors and future hopes—in the midst of those whom he has loved in other years—under the benign shadow and ennobling Influence of free institutions such as are found nowhere else on the earth but there. Truly may tho American, who has traveled In other lands—though even the most enlightened and liberal of all others—say, in the language of the good old song, ''There's no place like home.'' Torn by Internal dissensions and almost riven asunder, America is still dear and ever dear to the heart of the true patriot; and all the more dear because of those very trials which threaten her institutions nay her very existence as a nation.


For the first time since the immortal Declaration of Independence, the traveler in Europe has been made to feel that he was not specially honored for the place of his nativity. The "wish being father to the thought," it is the assumed position of the aristocrats of the Old World that this wonderful "experiment" of the American Republic is a stupendous and wretched failure—the light of its sudden and transcendent glory going out in darkness and blood. Consequently the American abroad is now, to some extent, the butt of ridicule—sometimes of meanest taunt and contemptuous scorn. But to our mind these circumstances, so far from making us ashamed of our country, rather tended to exalt and endear it. They show to what a recognized height we have climbed as a young nation, and are a stronger proof than any other of the envy and jealousy of tho other powers, and, more than all, of tho sure fatality of our example as a republic—if the government maintains its integrity, as it surely will —in Its influence upon tho corrupt aristocracies and decaying monarchies of the Old World. Resting in this conviction, we held our head higher and spoke moro proudly of the newly revealed power and future glory of the American Republic, flinging back for tnunt and abuse our own emphasized conviction of the felt rottenness and inevitable comparative decline of European powers.


Previous to starting for Europe, we gave our readers to understand that we were not setting out on a tour of mere pleasure. Had that been our object we should not have selected those trying times, when every man who Is a man feels like sacrificing everything he has and is upon the altar of his country. Pleasure was not our object. .

Consecrated as we had been to the industrial progress of onr commonwealth and nation, it appeared to us that the interests of our cause might be promoted by a faithful and judicious inspection of the industry of other enlightened nations. The products of that industry were gathered togethor from all quarters of the globe at tbo world's great metropolis, and the labor of n lifetime could thus be accomplished in months; this, and this only, was the reason of our going at that time. That we labored zealously and unremittingly may be judged in view of the facts, that we spent two solid months at the Exhibition, going immediately after six in the morning, remaining until eight in the evening, and not unfrequently forgetting to dine; that wo traveled, altogether, several thousand miles In France, Switzerland, Germany, Prussia, Belgium, England, Scotland, aud Iroland, carefully— though, of course, hurriedly—studying their agriculture, mining, and manufactures, and actually visiting—not merely passing through—no fewer than sixty-two of their most important cities and towns; and that, on our return to America, we made a detour Into Virginia, spending Home two weeks among the guerrillas, and returning to Wisconsin, Sept. 4th, just two days less than five months from the date of our departure!

But all that we have seen and learned in those interesting countries, and at the glorious Exhibition, will have done but little good, comparatively, unless we now take up the pen and become a narrator and commentator thereon. Accordingly, we have commenced in this number, and snail continue—so long as we have anything calculated to interest and profit our readers—first, a scries of articles on tbe nature and quality of the exhibitions made by the different nations; and, secondly, a concurrent series of Notes of Observations on the foreign lands in which we traveled; making both as torso, practical, and interesting as time and ability will permit.

Nine Cheers! for those County Agricultural Societies in Wisconsin which, in the face of all the extraordinary difficulties of the prosent year, have held successful Fairs, and so contributed to the progress of those great arts upon which the present salvation and future greatness of our country depend.

In tiroes like these, there is no element like pluck!

Worse and "Worse !—At the close of every session of tbo Wisconsin Legsslature, a virtuous and indignant people have said, "Well: it's to be hopod that we have at last touched bottom! Surely there can never be another so stnpid and worse than useless Legislature as this last one." But each succeeding session has convinced them that all such hopes are vain.

The recent extra session, which has cost the State not less than twelve or fifteen thousand dollars, came very near being as barren of good results a» was ever a council of Sioux squaws.

How long tbe people will contiune to send men to tbe Legislature who ore mere wriggling, "ono-horso" politicians, with no appreciation of what either the present or the future of tbe State demands, the Lord only knows; wc have no data on which to base even a Yankee guess.

It would be unjust to deny—and we have no disposition to deny it—that there are many gentlemen in both houes

who have au idea of what is meant by statesmanship, and who are ever ready and anxious to do everything in their power to advance the public Interests; but they aro unfortunately too often overpowered by the votes of the opposite class, and at the close of successive sessions, axe as hoartily ashamed of what has been done, or not done, as we or anybody else.

There is certainly good material enough in the State to creditably fill the 132 seats in the two houses of Legislation; will not the people awake to the importance of selecting their best men and of keeping them in their places so long as they continue to bo faithful and ably discharge their responsible duties?

Rotation is the curse of our western politics, and we may never rationally hope for judicious legislation so long as we keep our halls perpetually filled with new men to be bamboozled and fatally controlled by a few designing, conscienceless tricksters who, by dint of sharp practice and bad whiskey, succeed in keeping their places from year to year.

Farmers, you have always bod the credit, with politicians, of being honest, show thom this fall, that you have likewise common sense and a determination to keep them at home and to send up to the Legislature for 1863 wise and true representative".

Fruit ii» 'Wisconsin.—We are informed by those who have means of knowing, that the fruit crop of the present year is considerably loss than that of the two years previous. Still, there is, we believe, no good reason for the least discouragement.

Will not some of our friends in different portions of the country post us up a little as to their success Wo would particularly like to know how tho pear orchards are doing, and whether wo should be less confident than wo have been of ultimato success in this interesting branch of practical pomology.

Como friends, Dr. Weeks. Col. Crocker, Messrs. Robbins A Chandler, and others, give us your experience and prospects up to date. The public want the information

Attention is called to the Act of Congress published in the Educational Department for tho endowment of Agricultural Schools. It is based upon the idea that knowledge is no less essential to tho farmer than to the lawyer, physician, or engineer; and if Its great objects are faithfully carried out, it cannot fail to accomplish a mighty work in the elovatinn of the masses and the ennobling of beneficent labor.

Our Notes of European Travel will be resumed In the November No., and thenceforward rognlarlp continued; each article bearing the date and place of the observations therein recorded. It was our intention to publish tbe first of the series in this number, but we find, at the last, our columns too crowded with matter which seems to be of more immediate importance.

Write for the Farmer. Write t Write!!

—farmers, Gardeners, Medianu-s, Housewives and every body else, why don't you write for the good old Farmer? Just look at thi.i present number—about three or four contributions in over 40 pages 1 Have you no desire to promote the interests to which your own lives and the lives of seven-eights of your neighbors are devoted? Have you no disposition to contribute somewhat to the industrial growth of tho State! and Is there no particle of manly pride in you prompting you to help the hardworking Editor of the only industrial journal in the State to maintain its existence during these moat trying times and add to its prosperity and usefulness?

Verily we begin to get mad! Since the war fairly commenced we have sustained the Farmer purely from motives of State nnd personal pride, and because we believed It to be an important instrument of good to the industry of the State' It has not paid us a dollar of clear profit, and when thoroughly convinced that our self-sacrificing labors are in no sense appreciated, we propose to quit working for nothing and to devote our energies to somo field of labor tint will, at least, yiuld us the fruit of satisfaction.

Friends! shall the 1'armkh be sustained; Say either yea, or nay, that wo may know what to depend on; but if yoa, thon graep the old grey goose quill or rusty iron pen and give us, for once, some palpable evidence that you are alive and have somo interest in the good work to which we are devoted. Anything under heaven rather than siUncc anii toUil stagnation!

Our columns are open to the fair and honorable discussion of any subject that looks to tho material and social progress of the State. Art there but a half-dozen persons among all tho host of our readers who havo something to say concerning something?

A new Way to Economize.—The fool who killed the gooao that lay tho golden egg is probably dead, but there is good evidence that somo of his descendants still live. Witness the recent act of tho late Legislature in cutting off all the supplies of tho State Agricultural Society—an institution whose objects are the advancement of those very interests whence the whole revenue of the State is derived, and whose efforts for tho promotion of those objects have been unremitting, and hitherto successful to an eminent degree.

Tho argument of " hard times, straitened finances, and an uncertain war,'" though specious as against the standing appropriation to the Society—and, perhaps, valid, had It been urged for a reasonable reduction of the amount 'appropriated in times of peace, and of the holding of Fairs—is In itself tiie strongest argument that could possibly be urged in favor of continuing so much of the annual appropriation as would enable the Society to go furward in its equally important work of *"the collection and diffusion of information tending to develop the natural and agricultural resources of Wisconsin," as required by the statute of incorporation.

There are, we know, a few men in Wisconsin, who, having narrow minds and but little intelligence, can never be made to see that the least good or desirable credit is derivable to the State from the distribution of industrial books, the circulation of periodicals, the delivery of practical and scientific lectures, or the exchange of useful publications with tho industrial organizations of other Statei; but we were a little surprized (and not much either !) that so many of that unfortunate class of wooden heads should havo been entrusted with the responsible duties of guiding the policy of the State. To reason with them, is utterly futile. We, therefore, propose no such waste of time, and only ask the intelligent farmers of Wisconsin to entrust for the futuro the great interests of the State to men who are capable of appreciating the importance of doing ^erytfaing that can be done to foster and encourage tho agricultural and mechanic arts, upon the successfnl operations of vhich not only the credit and prosperity of the State depend, but upon which mua turn oven the issue of the present war unri islonce of the Government.

ion which must ncl the very esT'

The Oscillations of War.—When, early lost spring, wo pushed off from the American shoro and gave ourself up to the tender mercies of old Neptune, we at tho same time committed our country to the Ruler of Nations, in the strong hope that rfrur return would find tho power of the Rebellion broken and order restored, in at least, sevoral of tho States.

And was thero not good ground for such a hope? In the West, Forts Henry and Donnelson had boon captured; Columbus had been abandoned by the Rebels and Island No. 10 was in process of preparation for surrendor; the battle of Pea Ridge had been fought, and Missouri pretty well cleared of tho enemy; Tennessee and Alabama had been penetrated by the Western Army; colonies had been planted in both South and North Carolina; Banks had captured Winchester and Martinsburgh; and McClellan had moved upon and captured tho Quaker guns ot Manassas.

But after a long and bloody campaign the war is found on our return, not nearly finished, but rather just begun. Progression had become retrogression. The enemy had Invaded the Union States, and to-day, are panting liko fiends at tho very gates of the Capital 1

But there is another phase of this question : Tho people of the loyal States arc at last beginning ts be in earnest! Prejudice is yielding to Patriotism, and public sentiment is coming up to the point of allowing the Rebellion to be crushed by any means in the power of tho Government. So much for a thousand millions of money and a quarter of a million of lives!—lives two-thirds of them thrown away—wickedly sacrificed by a stubborn public to the Moloch of the South!

But the eyes of the nation are now opened and tho pendulum of success may be expected to swing southward once more. Let us thank God and take courage.

The Publishers to their Friends.-Never, business; while Mr. Robbins is enthusiastic in his work since the foundation of the Government, has there been of promoting the interests of fruit-growing in Wisconsin, a period so trying to the industrial publications of the and will spare neither pains nor money to make the country as this present. The war, as is natural, pretty Rock Terrace Nursery one of the most reliable and sucmuch engrosses the attention of the whole people and cessful in the State. there is comparatively little disposition to read anything "A New thing in Agriculture.”—The Rotary Spader, in. but the exciting news of the day. It ought not to be so, vented by the Hon. Cicero Comstock, of Milwaukee, and but it certainly is, and there is great danger that a flag- of which commendatory notice has heretofore been made ging of industry will, after a little time, begin to be sore in the FARMER, has finally been perfected, and is sdrerly felt in the diminished revenue of the country. tised in this number by Messrs. Comstock & Gliddon, pro

Is it not the duty, therefore, of every reflecting patriot prietors. We shall take pains to see this ingenious mato use his best influence to correct this dissipation of the chine in actual operation, and again bring it before the energies of the people not actively engaged in the war, public. and to turn them into the wealth-producing, army-sup

STATEMENT porting channels of a thorough, practical industry? And if Agricultural Journals are really an important instru


| Madison Mutual Insurance Company, mentality for the furtherance of that work, then is it not mauSON MUU the duty of all farmers particularly to contribute of


JANUARY 1st, 186 2. their means and active influenco towards the support of! Made to the Governor of the State of Wisconsin, as repuch journals? Nothing can be clearer, and we are pre- quired by the provisions of chapter 303, of the General

Laws of 1858. paring our programme for the next year's campaign in

Total amount of accumulations,...... $216,665 76 the unfaltering conviction that no friend of the FARMER

ASSETS: will discontinue or relax his efforts on its behalf, during

Premium notes of policy holders $18

Cash on hand, and due from this trying period of its existence.

policy holders for cash preSeveral like publications in other States have suspend


35,408 66

| Am't secured by mortgage and ed for lack of support, but we are not willing to beliere judgment, .........

332 47 that the noble young State of Wisconsin, with 70 or 80 Ofice furniture and fixtures,... 1,000 00 $216,865 76

Whole number of policies issued,.........

14,357 thousand farmers, will allow even the temporary suspen Am't of outstanding risks thereon............ $10,320,789 00 sion of its only agricultural paper.

Reported losses awaiting further proof,..... 3,709 80
Losses recently reported,.......

3,433 89
Whole number of policies issued in 1861...

5,778 But in order to sustain the FARMER, three things are

Amount of outstanding risks thereon,...... 35,315,173 00

Amount of premium notes thereon,. ........ 93,944 06 requisite:

Amount of cash premiums thereon....... 48,377 36 1. All who are indebted to the paper must PAY UP.

Total amount of losses reported during the

15,801 13 2. All who can add anything to the interest of the paper Total am't of losses paid during the year, 6,881 16 by contributions of thought must WRITE.

Amount settled by drafts and awaiting the
call of the insured,.......

1,568 85 3. Every friend of the FARMER must not only take and Amount of commissions paid to Agents..... 7.460 84 pay for it himself, but likercise INDUCE OTHERS TO

Am't paid for Advertising,...... $1,625 20

Amount paid for printing,....... $11 00 SUBSCRIBE.

Amount paid for postage.........


Amount paid for office rent,.... 200 00 3,002 42 We are making arrangements to offer a number of E:

Expenses paid, including all compensation

of officers and directors-stationery, exvaluable prizes--including Seeds, Books, IMPLEMENTS, tra clerk hire, fuel, lights, and all other

incidental expenses,..... SEWING MACHINES, &c.-to such as especially labor in

6,069 56

STATE OF WISCONSIN, behalf of the FARMER, and the Editor hopes to make the


We, the undersigned, being the President and a major volume for 1863 the most interesting and valuable of all

ity of the Directors of the "Madison Mutual Insurance that have ever been published.

Company," do solemnly swear, and each for himself saith, SEND IN THE NAMES AND DOLLARS!

that the foregoing is a true and correct statement of the affairs of said company in the particulars therein named,

as appears by the books of the company, according to the NOTICES OF NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.

best of our knowledge and belief.

D. J. POWERS. President.

JOHN W. BOYD, The attention of parties interested is called to the new


B. F. HOPKINS, advertisement of Messrs. Robbins & Chandler. Their


ALBERT WOOD, nursery stock is probably equal to any in the Northwest

G. F. HASTINGS, and we are glad to learn that they are securing a very

II. H. GILES, large patronage.


G. R. MONTAGUE, Mr. Chandler was for several years employed as fore


LUTHER BASFORD, man in the extensive nurseries of that prince of pomolo

DAVID ATWOOD, gists, Col. Marshall P. Wilder, of Boston, and after an


Subscribed and sworn before me this sixth day of Janexperience of several years in this State, can hardly fail

uary, A. D. 1862. V.W. ROTH, Notary Public, to give satisfaction in the practical department of the

Dane County.

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The Great International Exhibition. draw loom, the pattern designed is formed by
No. II.

the arrangement of the spools which are sus

| pended over the machine to the number of 270. U. S. DEPARTMENT CONCLUDED.

| These produce a pattern the whole width of Better and better! As the Exhibition pro- the material and one and a half yards long, gresses, the eyes of John Bull and the rest of

and at every throw of the shuttle, a piece of inankind' are being gradually opened to the mechanism rises up like so many fingers, peculiar importance of American Industry as catches hold of the threads and weaves them & powerful agency for the advancement of the in. A knife then passes ewiftly over it and world's civilization. The London Times is cuts off the tufts to any length required. Any thawing out and now does'nt hesitate to say

| design can be woven in it in parts, which when that, “after the models and gigantic engines

united will have the appearance of being woin the western annexe, the very ingenious, small

ven in one piece, and the loom will produce hand labor-saving machines in the American

twenty-five yards in one day. This loom has Court are the most looked after. * * * This

received great attention from scientific Engis worthy of a more extended notice than it has

lishmen, and Earl Granville, who is well aeyet received from the mass of visitors."

quainted with weaving operations, has declared THE FAMOUS AMERICAN LOOM.

publicly that it is destined to achieve great Passing over a large number of machines, resulta » such as cork-cutters, rope-makers, washing! This is certainly highly complimentary, but machines, &c., which the Times very cleverly not any more so than the character of the renames as almost approaching the inspirations markable invention warranted. Earl Granville of genius in the simple means by which their great really said more than is above reported that results are effected(!) we come next to speak it was “perhaps the most useful invention of the great Loom for weaving tufted or pile produced within the past several years—itself fabrics of every description. In our estima- an honor to America if she had had nothing tion this is one of the most valuable of else at the Great Exhibition !" all the multitude of the wonderful inventions. The facility with which Mr. Smith's Loom on exhibition. The London Mechanics' Maga- seizes the right threads, works them into their zine, in its notice of it says :-“ Among the place and then shears them off so as to leave many useful inventions from the United States, ' an even tufted surface with beautifully executperhaps the most remarkable is the power loom

ed patterns was the marvel of thousands whom for weaving tufted fabrics. This is the inven- we saw sundry times crowding about “this tion of Mr. A. Smith, of West Farm's, New

new Yankee wonder.” York, and intended for weaving the Axminster

INTERESTING MODELS. carpets or any other tufted or pile fabric which in class 12_Naval Architecture—the model requires cutting and is produced from a pat- Life-boat exhibited by Dr. T. Scholl, of Port tern. Unlike either the Jacquard or the old l Washington, Wis., attracted much attention.

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