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the House. But at the close of this Congress,

NEWS SUMMARY. a handsome vote of thanks was passed upon the generally acceptable manner in which the more than ordinarily difficult duties of that The War for the Union. Since the isposition had been performed. He was a mem- sue of our last number, several of the most ber of the next Congress, and nominated in separate conventions of the American and Re- important and bloody battles of the whole war publican parties for the office of Governor of have been fought in the East-the first series Massachusetts, to which he was elected in November, 1857.”

by Gen. Pope, at, and in the neighborhood of, In the office of Governor he served his native

Bull Run, resulting in great slaughter on both State very acceptably, but in the year 1860,

1860 sides and the final retreat of the Union army with a view to bettering his financial condition,

upon Washington—the second series by Mcaccepted the position of Vice President and

Clellan, in Maryland, compelling the invading acting manager of the Illinois Central R. R.,

force under Jackson, Hill, & Co., to retreat and in the autumn of that year removed to Chi- across thc Potomac, with an immense loss of cago. He was in the discharge of these ardu- men and munitions. ous and responsible duties when, at the open- This last series of battles was at first reporting of the War of the Rebellion, the President ed a great victory for the Union arms and the nominated him a Major-General and assigned whole North has echoed with rejoicing. But him an important command at Baltimore, where since the clearing away of the smoke, and the he remained to the great advantage of the more careful investigation of the affair, it has Union cause until July 19, 1861, when he was been made to appear a bare victory, and notransferred to the command of forces on the thing more. Our loss of officers and men was Upper Potomac.

fearful, and the enemy are again at bay at Since that time he has ably and faithfully Winchester, which has been assumed as their served his country in many trying positions, new base of operations. During the contest and is one of the few Generals now in the Harper's Ferry was captured by the rebels with service who have not, for some omission or ten thousand men, under command of Gen. serious blunder, justly suffered the reproach Miles, who surrendered in a most cowardly and condemnation of the army and people.— manner. He promptly met his reward, howDiscretion, steadiness, perseverence, energy, ever, in the form of a cannon shot, and the heroic courage and a faithful loyalty in the dis- place was soon after retaken by our army which charge of whatever duties may be assigned still holds it. The Maryland raid was a failure him, to the very best of his ability have thus on the part of the enemy, who expected a genfar characterized his career as a soldier. These eral uprising of the people of that doubtful are also characteristics which would eminently State ; but our own ground for mortification fit him for the discharge of the duties of Sec-is scarcely less, for that we did not cut off their retary of War, and if the able and energetic retreat and utterly destroy them. Stanton should resign, as it is rumored he All in all, the enemy have decidedly got the designs doing, it is not at all improbable that better of us in Virginia, and we scarcely hold Gen. Banks may be appointed to succeed him a position in that State which has, at present, in that important office.

anything like a sense of security. The Enemy's Loss.-It is a great weakness In Kentucky, Tennessee and Arkansas seveand the best evidence of weakness for leaders ral captures have been made by the enemy of or people to be always under-estimating their places but recently in our possession. Baton own losses in battle, and over-estimating the Rouge, the capital of Louisiana, came near beloss of the enemy. Our newspaper reporters, ing taken by the arch traitor Breckenricge ; private soldiers, army officers, and the whole most of the interior towns of Kentucky have people are shamefully guilty of this weakness. I been relinquished to the enemy, and a half

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dozen times the border cities, Louisville, Cov- DOINGS OF AGRICULTURAL SOCIETIES. ington, and Cincinnati have been boldly threat

Walworth County Fair.-E1.KHORN, Sept. 10– ened by his armies. Large bodies of troops 12 M.-Dear Doctor:-Here I am, industriously elbowing have been massed at those places, however, and my way through a "big" crowd to get to the place where they are now (Sept. 30) regarded as safe. tickets are sold to the show of pumpkins, squashes and But the great event of the month, indeed the oth

indah other solid rations.

Change has been distinctly minus here for an indefinito event of the war, has been the issuance of a

period, and the postal currency has not yet made its approclamation by the President, declaring the pearance, I learn upon įresentation of a bill—but the slaves of all the States which may be in rebel gentlemanly Secretary relieves me of further anxiety by lion against the Government on the 1st day of passing out a “complimentary." Having gained admis

sion to tho grounds, I find myself ushered in among a January, 1863, forever free. This proclama

mass of people, evidently intent upon sight-seeing and tion provides, however, that all persons within

concentrated enjoyment. A crowd of people, gathered the said rebellious States who may be able to around the speaker's stand, attracted my attention. The establish their loyalty shall, after the war, be Annual Address was being delivered by Col. Meecham of

Rockford, Illinois. Gov. Salomon, who was engaged for compensated for their loss. The acquiescence

the occasion, being occupied with the duties of State. in the proclamation is almost universal in the

The address was suited to the occasion, sensible and loyal States, while in some of them it has been practical, with much timely advice to the tillers of the received with great enthusiasm.

soil.

After the feast of reason, the question of provinder re The war upon and among the Generals still

quired-and secured, as the “Congregational Society" goes on-alternations and shiftings of command will testify-my next must hearty consideration. ers, annihilations and recreations of depart-' Dinner over, I went out in search of a familiar face, ments being the order of the day. Gen. Mc- and soon encountered the President, Mr. Preston, who

was making himself omnipresent as fast as possible, durClellan is in command of the defences of Wash

ing the progress of the Fair, to the intent that the ington ; Gen. Pope has been transferred to the arrangements might conduce to the comfort and pleasure new department of the Northwest ; Gen. Mitch-1 of the exhibitors and spectators. For this gala day of ell has been assigned to Beaufort: and Gen. mingied sight-reeing and social reunion, the Walworth

folks are largely indebted to the enterprise and pluckiSigel has made application to be relieved of

ness of the President and Secretary, his command, for reasons, which if well estab- I appointed myself a committee of one to inspect tho lished, must fix upon the Administration, or articles on exhibition. I can't say that my deliberate rather upon the President's immediate subther on the President's immediate suhe judgment harmonized with that of the respective Viewing

Committee in all cases. I was forcibly struck, howover, ordinates, a burning disgrace.

with the fact that this was no mean exhibition for the A General should be esteemed for his moral tin

times, when the excitement, incident to the peculiar crisis and intellectual worth, his skill as a command.in military affairs, was distracing the public mind. The er, and his energetic devotion to the progress great feature of the Fair, however, was the “big” crowd,

| and I was sensibly impressed with the preponderance of of the war--not because he has been educated

good looking ladies. I should have counted it no loss, if at West Point, or was born in America.

this had been my only compensation for coming hither. In winnesota the Sioux Indians, instigated The Fair, which was begun so auspiciously on Tuesday, by Rebel emissaries, have committed the most and continued with uninterrupted pleasure and satisfacfearful outrages—burning villages, butchering

tion through Wednesday, was not destined to so gladsome

a terminus. In the evening of Wednesday, ominous the populace and carrying some hundreds of

clouds hung in the horizon. A thunder shower was imthe women into captivity. History has re

minent. It came, and left only mud and an unpleasant corded no atrocities more infernal than some precedent to spice the next day's entertainment. The of those, which upon good authority, are at- anticipated multitude found it more to their inclination

to stay at home on Thursday. tributed to this warlike tribe. Gen. Pope is at St. Paul, preparing measures of extermina

Ladies Equestrian Display was made the special order tion, and several Wisconsin regiments have at 11 A. M. There were three competitors, and three been ordered to that post. With the Chippe premiums offered; hence each one felt confident of a was, Governor Ramsay has succeeded in form- premium. They all displayed much easo in managing ing a treaty of perpetual peace.

their horses, and grace in their manoeuvres.

C.

Then came the Trotting. Time as follows:

The show of Flowers was small. There were a few FIRST CLASS-STALLIONS.

choice boquets. A fat boquet exhibited by R. Coburn, “Gray Eagle,” C. W. Phillips, Delavan, 2:3272-2:22– was meritorious. 2:32$15.

There were nearly 600 entries by 209 exhibitors. “Brown Tiger," S. H. Stafford, Geneva, 2:31-2:28-2:28 I am informed that the receipts amounted to over -$10.

$1,200. SECOND CLASS-MARES AND GELDINGS,

But for the last day's rain, the Fair would have been "Guy Shoemaker," S. B. Owen, Geneva, 2:31-2:28-2:31

pleasant throughout. -$15. "Snapp," A. Hastings, Geneva, 2:44–2:43–2:46_$10. The Committees of Judges having finished their labors,

La Crosse Co. Fair.-Left Madison at 10 o'clock and passed the books into the hands of the Secretary, the

P. M. of Thursday, and after a most tedious round awards were announced from the speaker's stand.

via Milton and Minnesota Junction and a weary forenoon In the class "Durhams," Messrs. Fernly and Perry hado

on that most illiberal of all Western thoroughfares, the some fine stock and swept the premium list. Our friend

Milwaukee and Minnesota R. R., arrived at the pleasant Brooks of Durham notoriety, whose stock receives so

little village of West Salem, the location of the La Crosse much attention at the Fairs, did not enter the list of

County Fair. competitors.

The exhibition had been in progress two and a half In class “Devons,” Messrs. Richmond, Taggart and days, with delightful weath

days, with delightful weather and a large attendance of Foster, were the principal exhibitors. Mr. J. Foster,

enterprising people from all parts of the County. Of the Sugar Creek, had a very fine cow and calf, which would show itself-except the masquerade mule race, which be hard to beat.

was extremely funny-we feel hardly competent to speak, In class “Grades,” the exhibition was large. A pen of owing to the fact that the greater part of what had been Grade Devon heifers, stock of A. H. Taggart, Delavan, on exhibition had been removed previous to the late hour attracted much notice.

of our inspection. We nevertheless, found, in addition In class “Working Oxen,” Messrs. Foster and Taggart to fine samples of wheat, corn, potatoes, pumpkins, &c. had the best.

&c., in Agricultural Hall, several pens of fine sheep, a The show in department "Horses and Mules," was fair. I few good grade and half blood cattle and a number of

In the department of "Fine Wool Sheep,” the show was excellent horses. Among the latter, two colts exhibited large. Messrs. Bloodgood, Cross, Holden, Blount, Rice by Rev. W. H. Card, pastor of the Baptist Church, were and Taylor, who were the chief competitors, had some fino

particularly worthy of notice. One of them, a Morgan stock. Coarse wool bucks were exhibited by Messrs. I of three years, is a fair copy of his paternal ancesto Smith and Young.

the Great Gifford, and the other, a two year old, of Black In department “Swine," there was not a very large | Hawk, and pure English blood, is one of the finest colts show. Edwards, Jeffers and Dunbar were exhibitors in

that we have seen in the West, or anywhere else. Both this class.

are stallions, and will doubtless be liberally used by the In the department “ Farm Products," some fine samples

enterprising farmers of La Crosse for the improvement of of wheat, oats and corn were on exhibition. The white

their stock of horses. winter wheat and white Poland oats, wore especially fine. Large potatoes, beets, onions, pumpkins, squashes,

It afforded us great pleasure to witness the many eriturnips and carrots filled up the tables.

dences of thrift on the part of this young Society. The

worthy President and Secretary, Messrs. Fourtelotte and In class "Farm Implements," there was a moagre show. A reaper, (J. P. Manny's) a mower, (Buck-eye) plow, and

Harwood are able, zealous and popular officers, and the corn plow constituted the summa summarum.

other officiary and members seem to be equally deterDepartment" Household Manufactures” was well stock

mined to carry forward the good work of developing the ed with carpetings, bed spreads, clothes and embroidery.

industrial resources of the County with spirit and energy. Wagons and Carriages were exhibited by Isham and

The Grounds occupied by the Society are handsomely Sturtevant.

and centrally located, neatly fenced and provided with a FRUITS AND WINES.

good trotting course. “Agricultural and Mechanical Messrs. Babcock and Tubbs had the best show of fruits Hall” is a large, new two story building, well adapted to of all kinds. No pears on exhibition. Mr. Coburn had the objects of the exhibition, and also susceptible of use the only specimen of plums, which were handsome and as a public hall for the gatherings of the people. delicious. Mr. Congar of Whitewater, had handsome Our address, on the relation of Agriculture to the sucspecimens of the Delaware grape. The Committee did cess and prosperity of the American Government, was not find a great variety of wines, but gave the samples attentively listened to by an audience of two thousand on exhibition proper attention.

people, worthy representatives of the thrift, intelligence, The show in the department of Fine Arts was rather beauty and energy of one of the noblest young counties limited in quantity, but excellent in quality. There of our glorious commonwealth. i were some choice paintings--Landscape, Portrait, Orien- La Crosse River Valley is one of the most beautiful and tal and Crayon.

fertile in the State, and few are making equally rapid progress in the development of their agricultural re- the prosperity and honor of the State. Hold! we are sources. In concluding this necessarily brief and general notice

CONGRATULATIONS. of our visit to Salem, we should not omit to thank the Well, it's a very pleasant thing for one to feel that he's several officers of the Society, Messrs. Seymour & Lot- himself again-pleasant under almost any circumstances tridge of the Republican, and their ladies, and Mr. McFan --but that pleasure is considerably heightened, when, and family, charges d'affaires at the depot, for those friend after wanderings in foreign lands, one finds himself at ly courtesies and that cordial hospitality which contrib- home again-in the dear land of his birth, of his labors uted so much to our comfort while at Salem and to a and future hopes—in the midst of those whom he has a pleasant remembrance of the occasion.

loved in other years- under the benign shadow and ennobling influence of free institutions such as are found

nowhere else on the earth but there. Truly may the EDITORIAL MISCELLANY.

American, who has traveled in other lands—though even

the most enlightened and liberal of all others—say, in The Editor again in his Sanctum the language of the good old song, There's no place like Doubtings and Reassurances of Identity

home." Torn by internal dissensions and almost riven -Congratulations-Plans for the Future,

asunder, America is still dear and ever dear to the heart &c., &e.-During the past five months, since the snowy

of the true patriot; and all the more dear because of 6th of April, when we crossed the Wisconsin line for a

those very trials which threaten her institutions, nay her tour in foreign lands, we have passed through so many very existence as a nation. strange scenes, witnessed so many new spectacles, formed

NEW EXPERIENCES OF PATRIOTISM. the acquaintance of men of so many widely separated

For the first time since the immortal Declaration of Inand far distant lands, been ground through the mill of

dependence, the traveler in Europe has been made to feel so many and diverse customs of life, and withal jabbered

that he was not specially honored for the place of his nain so many uncouth, semibarbarous (!) foreign tongues

tivity. The "wish being father to the thought," it is the that we had almost come to doubt our identity.

assumed position of the aristocrats of the Old World that

this wonderful "experiment” of the American Republic True, when we at last touched terra firma in the beau

is a stupendous and wretched failure—the light of its tiful harbor of New York, and mingled with the throng

sudden and transcendent glory going out in darkness and ing multitude of rushing men and of frail (yet beautiful)

blood. Consequently the American abroad is now, to American women, on Broadway; and, especially, when

some extent, the butt of ridicule-sometimes of meanest we encountered Barnum and the paraphernalia of his

taunt and contemptnous scorn. But to our mind these gigantic humbuggery, it did look as though we might,

circumstances, so far from making us ashamed of our after all, be the veritable “Yankee man" we used to be.

country, rather tended to exalt and endear it. They show But, after making our way through the war-scarred coun

to what a recognized height we have climbed as a young try along the line of the Baltimore and Ohio R. R., and

nation, and are a stronger proof than any other of the afterwards on foot and alone through the woods, and over

envy and jealousy of the other powers, and, more than the mountains which lie between Grafton and Beverly,

all, of the sure fatality of our example as a republic-if Virginia, at the peril of life from the attacks of men who

the government maintains its integrity, as it surely will recently were brother citizens of a glorious and happy

-in its influence upon the corrupt aristocracies and deRepublic; after a few days apprenticeship in the loyal

caying monarchies of the Old World. Resting in this army of the Old Dominion, against a gathering horde of

conviction, we held our head higher and spoke more dare-devil “bushwhackers;" and after sundry other new

proudly of the newly revealed power and future glory of and strange experiences of like character, it is not re

the American Republic, flinging back for taunt and abuse markable that we again began to doubt; nor, that even

our own emphasized conviction of the felt rottenness and yet, after two weeks in the old familiar office where, in

inevitable comparative decline of European powers. times past,'we have encountered and despatched such loads of secretarial work-where, too, a thousand times we

REASONS AND PLANS. have grasped the ponderous pen that ornaments our table

Previous to starting for Europe, we gave our readers to editorial and done our best to prove the right and uproot understand that we were not setting out on a tour of the wrong-we say, it is not strange that, even yet, as we mere pleasure. Had that been our object we should not ruminate upon the past, the question should occasionally I have selected these trying

have selected these trying times, when every man who come up, are we really we?

is a man feels like sacrificing everything he has and is Still, the world is beginning to look natural again; we upon the altar of his country. Pleasure wag not our obfeel less inclined to think in Fronch and Dutch than dur-ject. . ing the summer; and, best evidence of all, the Legisla- Consecrated as we had been to the industrial progress ture is here still, just where we left it in the early spring, of our commonwealth and nation, it appeared to us that squandering the people's money, throwing paper balls at the interests of our cause might be promoted by a faithempty heads. and pitching into everything that tends to ful and judicious inspection of the industry of other en

PRE

lightened nations. The products of that industry were who have an idea of what is meant by statesmanship, gathered together from all quarters of the globe at the and who are ever ready and anxious to do everything in world's great metropolis, and the labor of a lifetime could their power to advance the public interests; but they are thus be accomplished in months; this, and this only, was unfortunately too often overpowered by the votes of the the reason of our going at that time. That we labored opposite class, and at the close of successive sessions, are zealously and unremittingly may be judged in view of as heartily ashamed of what has been done, or not done, the facts, that we spent two solid months at the Exhibi- as we or anybody else. tion, going immediately after six in the morning, remain- There is certainly good material enough in the State to ing until eight in the evening, and not unfrequently for creditably fill the 132 seats in the two houses of Legisla getting to dine; that we traveled, altogether, several tion; will not the people awake to the importance of sethousand miles in France, Switzerland, Germany, Prussia, lecting their best men and of keeping them in their places Belgium, England, Scotland, and Ireland, carefully- so long as they continue to be faithful and ably discharge though, of course, hurriedly-studying their agriculture, their responsible duties? inining, and manufactures, and actually visiting-not Rotation is the curse of our western politics, and we merely passing through-no fewer than sixty-two of their may never rationally hope for judicious legislation so most important cities and towns; and that, on our return long as we keep our halls perpetually filled with new to America, we made a detour into Virginia, spending men to be bamboozled and fatally controlled by a few desome two weeks among the guerrillas, and returning to signing, conscienceless tricksters who, by dint of sharp Wisconsin, Sopt. 4th, just two days less than five months practice and bad whiskey, succeed in keeping their places from the date of our departure!

from year to year. But all that we have seen and learnod in those inter Farmers, you have always had the credit, with politiesting countries, and at the glorious Exhibition, will have cians, of being honest, show them this fall, that you have done but little good, comparatively, unless we now take likewise common sense and a determination to keep them up the pen and become a narrator and commentator at home and to send up to the Legislature for 1863 wise thereon. Accordingly, we have commenced in this num- and true representatives. ber, and shall continue--so long as we have anything calculated to interest and profit our readers-first, a 80

Fruit in Wisconsin.-Weare informed by those ries of articles on the nature and quality of the exhibi

who have means of knowing, that the fruit crop of the tions made by the different nations; and, secondly, a con- present year is considerably less than that of the two curront series of Notes of Observations on the foreign

years previous. Still, there is, we believe, no good reason lands in which we traveled; making both as terso, prac

for the least discouragement. tical, and interesting as time and ability will permit.

Will not some of our friends in different portions of Nine Cheers! for those County Agricultural So

the country post us up a little as to their success. We cieties in Wisconsin which, in the face of all the extraor

would particularly like to know how the pear orchards dinary difficulties of the present year, have held successful

are doing, and whether we should be less confident than Fairs, and so contributed to the progress of those great

we have been of ultimate success in this interesting arts upon which the present salvation and future groat

branch of practical pomology. ness of our country depend.

Come friends, Dr. Weeks, Col. Crocker, Messrs. Rob

| bins & Chandler, and others, give us your experience and In times like these, there is no element like pluck !

prospects up to date. The public want the information. Worse and Worse !--At the close of every session of the Wisconsin Legsslature, a virtuous and indig

Attention is called to the Act of Congress pub nant people have said, “Well: it's to be hoped that we lished in the Educational Department for the endowment have at last touched bottom! Surely there can never be

of Agricultural Schools. It is based upon the idea that another so stupid and worse than useless Legislature as

knowledge is no less essential to the farmer than to the this last one.” But each succeeding session has convinced lawyer, physician, or engineer; and if its great objects them that all such hopes are vain.

are faithfully carried out, it cannot fail to accomplish a The recent extra session, which has cost the State not

mighty work in the elevation of the masses and the enless than twelve or fifteen thousand dollars, came very

kory nobling of beneficent labor. near being as barren of good results as was ever a council ot Sioux squaws.

How long the people will continue to send men to the Our Notes of European Travel will be reLegislature who are mere wriggling, “one-horse" politi- sumed in the November No., and thenceforward rogularcians, with no appreciation of what either the present or Ip continued; each article bearing the date and place of the future of the State demands, the Lord only knows; the observations therein recorded. It was our intention we have no data on which to base even a Yankee guess. to publish the first of the series in this number, bat we

It would be unjust to deny-and we have no disposition find, at the last, our columns too crowded with matter to deny it-that there are many gentlemen in both houes / which seems to be of more immediate importanee.

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