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Ties, then plums, and now be busies himself with lugging buckwheat from a field near by. Soon, I expect, he will be helping himself to hickory nuts, which are growing on a tree in the yard. Sometimes, after his day's work is done, he will sit by the half-hour, and say "chuck-chuck-chuck," occasionally stopping to clean his fur. Usclk William.

Sopt. 15.


Staries about Children and Things in Foreign


Our little readers must not suppose that the

Editor of the Farmer has left them entirely cut

of mind during this long absence in the many

strange lands through which he has traveled

on the other side of the great sea. No, indeed!

he has thought of them many times, and laid

up in his memory strange stories-some of

them sad, and some bcautiful-about wondrous

things and the lives of children, in all those

countries which lie on the western side of the

European continent. Indeed, we would have

told them a story this month about Crosby

the Sea, only that we have been very busy,

since getting home, and thought they would

wait until November.

Mrs. Hoyt, too, who has written you so many pretty poems and given you such good advice in all the past years, but who has been a long time sick and unable to write, will soon be well again, and delight you with new songs and thrilling stories about war life in the mountains of Virginia, where she has spent a part of the summer, and the wilds of Kansas, where she now is. With such a world of good things in store, we are sure that you will thank "Uncle William" for the pleasing stories he has been telling you, and patiently wait.


We Frame Our Own Characters.

We shape ourselves the joy or fear
Of which the coming life Is made,

And fill our future's atmosphere
With sunshine or with shade.

The tissue of the life to be,

We weave with colors all our own, And in the Held of Destiny We reap as we have sown. Children, let the truth of these lines never go out of your minds.


Tho flags of war like storm-birds fly,

The charging trumpets blow;
Yet rolls on thunder in the sky,

No earthquake Btrives below.

Anil, calm and patient, Nature keeps
Her ancient promise well ...

Though o'er her bloom and greenness sweep*
The battle's breath of bell.

\nd still she walks in golden hours

Through harvest-happy farms,
And still she wears her fruits and Bowers,

Like jewels on her arms.

What moan tho gladness of the plain,

This joy ot eve and morn.
The mirth that shakes the beard of gr»Ul

And yellow locks of corn?

Ah' eyes may well be full of tears,
And hearts with hate are hot:

But even-paced roinc round tho years.
And Nature changes not.

She meets with smiles our bitter grief,
With sontrs our groans of pain;

She mocks with tint of flower and leaf
The war-field's crimson stain.

«till in the cannon's pause, we hear
Her Kw.'ct thanksgiving psalm;

Too near to God for doubt or fear,
She shares the eternal calm.

She knows the seed lies safe below
Tho flies that blast and burn;

For all the tears of blood we sow
She waits the rich return.

She sees with clearer oyo than onrs
The good of suffering born—

Tho hearts that blossom like her flowers
And ripen like her corn.

Oh, give to us, in times like those,

The vision of her eyes;
And make her fields and fruited trees

Our golden prophecies!

Oh, give to us her finer oar!

Above this stormy din,
We, too, would hear tho bells of cheer
Ring peace and freedom in!
-Atlantic Monthly for October.


General Banks.

Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks, of whom the above is a correct wood-cut representation, was born in Waltham, Mass., Jan. 30, 1816. Of his early history and subsequent career, the American Cyclopedia gives the following account:

"With no other opportunities of early education than the common schools of New England, he was placed, as soon as he could be of service, at work in a cctton factory, in his native village, by his father, who was the overseer, and afterward learned the machinists trade. Literary aspirations came upon him in connection with the representation of a dramatic company formed among his associates, with whom he played the principal parts with such promise as to have had inducements offered him to adopt an actor's career by,profession. Choosing, however, another stage, he lectured before political meetings, lyceums and temperance societies, and afterwards became Editor of the village paper of his native place.

Entering thus upon the field of politics, he received an office under the Polk administration, in the Boston Custom House, and was in

request in the Democratic party as a speaker of their political meetings. He was elected to the House of Representatives of Massachusetts tor 184.9, and is entered on the roll of merabers as a "machinist." The next year he appears as a lawyer.

In 1851, lie was chosen Speaker of the House, as one of the prominent advocates of the "coalation" between tho Democrats and the Frcewillers, by which the ancient rule of the Whigs was overthrown in Massachusetts. Ho was again elected the following year by the same coalescing vote, and also representative to the ensuing Congress. In the summer of 1853, he was President of the Conveution called to revise the Constitution of the State.

During his first term, having withdrawn his adhesion to the Democratic party, and voting against the, passage of the Kansas Nebraska bill, although he voted for taking it up, he was re-elected to Congress, in 1854, with the support of the "Know-Nothing" or American and Republican parties, and at its meeting in Dec, in consequence of his high reputation as a presiding officer, adopted as the candidate of the latter for the Speakership, and elected by a plurality vote, after a contest of more than two months, and over a hundred ballots for a majority as required by the standing rules of the House. But at the close of this Congress, a handsome vote of thanks was passed upon the generally acceptable manner in which the more than ordinarily difficult duties of that position had been performed. He was a member of the next Congress, and nominated in separate conventions of the American and Republican parties for the office of Governor of Massachusetts, to which he was elected in November, 1857."

In the office of Governor he served his native State very acceptably, but in the year I860, with a view to bettering his financial condition, accepted the position of Vice President and acting manager of the Illinois Central R. R., and in the autumn of that year removed to Chicago. He was in the discharge of these arduous and responsible duties when, at the opening of the War of the Rebellion, the President nominated him a Major-General and assigned him an important command at Baltimore, where he remained to the great advantage of the Union cause until July 10, 18t51, when he was transferred to the command of forces on the Upper Potomac.

Since that time he has ably and faithfully served his country in many trying positions, and is one of the few Generals now in the service who have not, for some omission or serious blunder, justly suffered the reproach and condemnation of the army and people.— Discretion, steadiness, perseverence, energy, heroic courage and a faithful loyalty in the discharge of whatever duties may be assigned him, to the very best of his ability have thus far characterized his career as a soldier. These arc also characteristics which would eminently fit him for the discharge of the duties of Secretary of War, and if the able and energetic Stanton should resign, as it is rumored he designs doing, it is not at all improbable that Gen. Banks may be appointed to succeed him in that important office.

The Enrmy's Loss.—It is a great weakness and the best evidence of weakness for leaders or people to he always under-estimating their own losses in battle, and over-estimating the loss of the enemy. Our newspaper reporters, private soldiers, army officers, and the whole people are shamefully guilty of this weakness.


The War for the Union.—Since the issue of our last number, several of the most important and bloody battles of the whole war have been fought in the East—the first series by Gen. Pope, at, and in the neighborhood of, Bull Run, resulting in great slaughter on both sides and the final retreat of the Union army upon Washington—the second series by McClellan, in Maryland, compelling the invading force under Jackson, Hill, & Co., to retreat across the Potomac, with an immense loss of men and munitions.

This last scries of battles was at first reported a great victory for the Union arms and the whole North has echoed with rejoicing.. But since the clearing away of the smoke, and the more careful investigation of the affair, it has been made to appear a bare victory, and nothing more. Our loss of officers and men was fearful, and the enemy are again at bay at Winchester, which has been assumed as their new base of operations. During the contest Harper's Ferry was captured by the rebels with ten thousand men, under command of Gen. Miles, who surrendered in a most cowardly manner. lie promptly met his reward, however, in the form of a cannon shot, and the place was soon after retaken by our army which still holds it. The Maryland raid was a failure on the part of the enemy, who expected a general uprising of the people of that doubtful State; but our own ground for mortification is scarcely less, for that we did not cut off their retreat and utterly destroy them.

All in all, the enemy have decidedly got the better of us in Virginia, and we scarcely hold a position in that State which has, at present, anything like a sense of security.

In Kentucky, Tennessee and Arkansas several captures have been made by the enemy of places but recently in our possession. Baton Rouge, the capital of Louisiana, came near being taken by the arch traitor Breckenriege; most of the interior towns of Kentucky have been relinquished to the enemy, and a half dozen times the border cities, Louisville, Covington, and Cincinnati have been boldly threatened by his armies. Large bodies of troops have been massed at those places, however, and they arc now (Sept. 80) regarded as safe.

But the great event of the month, indeed the event of the war, has been the issuance of a proclamation by the President, declaring the slaves of all the States which may be in rebellion against the Government on the 1st day of January, 1863, forever free. This proclamation provides, however, that all persons within the said rebellious States who may be able to establish their loyalty shall, after the war, be compensated for their Iobs. The acquiescence in the proclamation is almost universal in the loyal States, while in some of them it has been received with great enthusiasm.

The war upon and among the Generals still goes on—alternations and shiftings of commanders, annihilations and recreations of departments being the order of the day. Gen. McClellan is in command of the defences of Washington; Gen. Pope has been transferred to the new department of the Northwest; Gen. Mitchell has been assigned to Beaufort; and Gen. Sigel has made application to be relieved of his command, for reasons, which if well established, must fix upon the Administration, or rather upon the President's immediate subordinates, a burning disgrace.

A General should be esteemed for his moral

and intellectual worth, his skill as a comniand

, er, and his energetic devotion to the progress

of the war—not because he has been educated

at West Point, or was born in America.

In luinneeota the Sioux Indians, instigated by Rebel emissaries, have committed the most fearful outrages—burning villages, butchering the populace and carrying some hundreds of the women into captivity. History has reCorded no atrocities more infernal than some of those, which upon good authority, are attributed to this warlike tribe. Gen. Pope is at St. Paul, preparing measures of extermination, and several Wisconsin regiments have been ordered to that post. With the Chippewas, Governor Ramsay has succeeded in forming a treaty of perpetual peace.


Walworth County Fair.—Elkhoex, Sept. 10— 12 M.—Dear Doctor:—Here I am, industriously elbowing my wuy through a "big" crowd to get to the place where tickets are sold to the show of pumpkins, squashes and other solid rations. ,

Change has been distinctly minus here for an indefinite period, and the postal currency has not yet made its appearance, I learn upon presentation of a bill—but the gentlemanly Secretary relieves me of further anxiety by passing out a "complimentary." Having gained admission to tho grounds, 1 find myself ushered In among a mass of people, evidently intent upon sight-seeing and concentrated enjoyment. A crowd of people, gathered around tho speaker's stand, attracted my attention. The Annual Address was being dolivered by Col. Mcccham of Rockford, HlinoiK. Gov. Salomon, who was engaged for the occasion, being occupied with tho duties of State. Tho address was suited to the occasion, sonsible and practical, with much timely advice to the tillcis of the soil.

After tho feast of reason, tho question uf provinder required—and secured, as tho "Congregational Society'' will testify—my next most hearty consideration.

Dinner over, 1 went out in search of a familiar face, and soon encountered the Prosident, Mr. Preston, who was making himself omnipresent as fast as possible, daring the progress of the Fair, to the intent that the arrangements might conduce to tho comfort and pleasure of the exhibitors and spectators. For this gala day of mingled sight-seeing and social reunion, the Walworth folks are largely indebted to the onterprise and pluckiness of the President and Secretary.

I appointed myself a committee of one to inspect the articles on exhibition. I can't say that my deliberate judgment harmonized with that of tho respective Viewing Committee in all cases. I was forcibly struck, however, with the fact that this was no mean exhibition for tho times, when the excitement, incident to the peculiar crisis in military affairs, was distraclng the public mind. The great feature of the Fair, however, was the "big" crowd, and I was sensibly impressed with the preponderance of good looking ladies. I should have counted it no loss, if this had been my only compensation for coming hither.

The Fair, which was begun so auspiciously on Tuesday, and continued with uninterrupted pleasure and satisfaction through Wednesday, was not destined to so gladsome a terminus. In the evening of Wednesday, ominous clouds hung in the horizon. A thunder shower was imminent. It came, and left only mud and an unpleasant precedent to spice the next day's entertainment. The anticipated multitudo found it moro to their inclination to stay at home on Thursday.

Ladies Eqnestrian Display was made the special order at 11 A. M. There were three competitors, and three premiums offered; hence each one felt confident of a premium. They all displayed much ease in managing their horses, and grace in their manoeuvres.

Then came the Trotting. Time as follows:


"Gray Eagle," C. W. Phillips, Delavan, 2:32^-2:222:32—$15.

"Brown Tiger," S. H. Stafford, Geneva, £31-2:28-2:28 -$10.


"Guy Shoemaker," S. B. Owen, Geneva, 2:34-2:28-2:31 —$15.

"Snapp," A. Hastings, Geneva, 2:44-2:43-2:46—$10.

The Committees of Judges having finished their labors, and passed the books Into the hands of the Secretary, tbti awards were announced from the speaker's stand.

In the class " Durhams," Messrs. Fernly and Perry had some fine stock and swept the premium list. Our friend Brooks of Durham notoriety, whose stock receives so much attention at the Fairs, did not enter the list of competitors.

In class "Devons," Messrs. Richmond, Taggart and Foster, were the principal exhibitors. Mr. J. Foster, Sugar Creek, had a very fine cow and calf, which would be hard to beat.

In class " Grades," the exhibition was large. A pen of Grade Devon heifers, stock of A. H. Taggart, Delavan, attracted much notice.

In class "Working Oxen," Messrs. Foster and Taggart had the bost.

The show in department "Horses and Mules," was fair.

In the department of " Fine Wool Sheep," the Biiow was large. Messrs. Bloodgood, Cross, Holden, Blount, Rice and Taylor, who were the chief competitors, had some fine stock. Coarse wool bucks were exhibited by Messrs. Smith and Young.

In department "Swine," there was not a very large show. Edwards, Jeffers and Dunbar were exhibitors in this class.

In the department" Farm Products," some fine samples of wheat, oats and corn were on exhibition. The white winter wheat and white Poland oats, were especially fine. Large potatoes, beets, onions, pumpkins, squashes, turnips and carrots filled up the tables.

In class " Farm Implements," there was a mongre show. A reaper, (J. P. Manny's) a mower, (Buck-eye) plow, nnd corn plow constituted the summa summarum.

Department" Household Manufactures'* was well stocked with enrpetings, bed spreads, clothes and embroider}'.

Wagons and Carriages were exhibited by Isham and Sturtevant.


Messrs. Babcock and Tubbs had the best show of fruits of all kinds. No pears on exhibition. Mr. Coburn had the only specimen of plums, which were handsome and delicious. Mr. Congar of Whitewater, had handsome specimens of the Delaware grape. The Committee did not find a great variety of wines, but gave the samples on exhibition proper attention.

The show in the department of Fine Arts was rather limited In quantity, but excellent in quality. There were some choice paintings—Landscape, Portrait, Oriental and Crayon.

The show of Flowers was small. There were a few choice boquets. A flat boquet exhibited by R. Coburn, was meritorious.

There were nearly 600 entries by 209 exhibitors.

I am informed that the receipts amounted to over $1,200.

But for the last day's rain, the Fair would have been pleasant throughout. C.

Lit Crosse Co. Fair.—Left Madison at 10 o'clock

P. M. of Thursday, and after a most tedious round via Milton and Minnesota Junction and a weary forenoon on that most illiberal of all Western thoroughfares, the Milwaukee and Minnesota R. R., arrived at the pleasant little village of West Salem, the location of the La Crosse County Fair.

The exhibition had been in progress two and a half days, with delightful weather and a large attendance of enterprising people from all parts of the County. Of the show itself—except the masquerade mule race, which was extremely funny—we feel hardly competent to speak, owing to the fact that the greater part of what had been on exhibition had been removed previous to the late hoar of our inspection. Wo nevertheless, found, in addition to line samples of wheat, corn, potatoes, pumpkins, Ac, Ac, In Agricultural Hall, several pens of fine sheep, a few good grade and half blood cattle and a number of excellent horses. Among the latter, two colts exhibited by Rev. W. H. Card, pastor of the Baptist Church, were particularly worthy of notice. One of them, a Morgan of three years, is a fair copy of his paternal ancestor, the Great Gilford, and the other, a two year old, of Black Hawk, and pure English blood, is one of the finest colts that we have seen in the West, or anywhero else. Both are stallions, and will doubtless be liberally used by the enterprising farmers of La Crosse for the improvement of their stock of horses.

It afforded us great pleasure to witness the many evidences of thrift on the part of this young Society. The worthy President and Secretary, Messrs. Fourtelotte and Harwood aro able, zealous and popular officers, and the other officiary and members seem to bo equally determined to carry forward the good work of developing the industrial resources of the County with spirit and energy.

The Grounds occupied by the Society are handsomely and centrally located, neatly fenced and provided with a good trotting course. "Agricultural and Mechanical Hall" is a large, new two story building, well adapted to tho objects of the exhibition, and also susceptible of use as a public hall for the gatherings of the people.

Our address, on the relation of Agriculture to the success and prosperity of the American Government, was attentively listened to by an audience of two thousand people, worthy representatives of the thrift, Intelligence, beauty and energy of one of the noblest young counties of our glorious commonwealth. ,

La Crosse River Valley Is one of the most beautiful and fertile In the State, and few are making equally rapid

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