hold the fruits of that policy of which he then I believe as firmly to-day as I did five made his shameless boast. The conflict now years ago that the year 1900 will find us so fiercely raging between the two sections of one people-our population increased to nearour beloved country is really a conflict between ly an hundred millions-many new stars addIntelligence and Virtue and the demon of Ig- ed to the old Flag, thrice glorious and thrice norance. I cannot believe that the whole body loved for the precious blood it will have cost of our brethren of the South are literally dev- and the victories won-our agriculture vastly ils incarnate! Nay, my charity prompts me more productive than now-our workshops to believe that the masses err through blind- comparing in number, as now in the character ness and a fierce prejudice born of ignorance. of their products, with the first nations in the The stars of that glorious old flag of the Un-world-our commerce the peaceful and benefiion, which has for eighty-six years been the cent mistress of the seas; and instead of lapride of Americans and the admiration of the menting, as do some, to whom life is of more world, as an emblem of unparalleled progress worth than liberty and country, that the Gov. in all material things, and of the intellectual ernment did not yield up everything, and perand social advancement of a new and wonder- mit the unimpeded separation of the Southern ful people, have not shed their radiant light States, I, on the contrary, most earnestly thank upon the dark and prejudiced South as they God that there was virtue enough in the Govhave shined into the open heart and mind of ernment and in the intelligent people of the the free North. This is the explanation of how North to resist the demands and to punish the they have been led on by wicked and traitor- aggressions of the Slave power. In the light ous leaders to defy its authority; nay, even to of this philosophy American Liberty has seemassault and trail it in the dust. And this is ed to me the reason why I am sure that the rebellion

“Never so fair and the establishment of the so-called "South

As now, from east to western main,

Lighting her camp-fires everywhere, ern Confederacy" cannot succeed. For if it

Her ancient glories to regain." be true that “no truly enlightened people can But there will come yet other trials of the be enslaved,,' so is it equally true that no gov- Government-trials which may be real tests of ernment originating in ignorance, fraud, and the Republican Principle. Some of these we cruelty, and choosing the sum of all villa

had already begun to feel, ere the crisis into nies" for its “chief corner stone," may ration

which the madness of the South has plunged ally hope for even temporary prosperity, much our country. I refer to the dangers which less for stability and permanency of existence. grow out of a rapid increase in material pros

I cannot believe, therefore, that the sham perity and political power. Private reckless government which these traitorous leaders and extravagance and public corruption are the blinded people propose for themselves could natural fruit of successes such as we have had last fifty years, if once established to their in the past, and there is nothing but the conliking. Its very foundation being in defiance servative influence of a universally-diffused of the sentiment of the whole Christian world, intelligence and genuine morality, that can nay, an attempted constitutional abrogation of possibly save us from the sad wreck, of which a primary law of the Almighty, it is utterly other attempting republics are a solemn warnimpossible that any superstructure which they ing. Let us then cherish with a jealous care might attempt to rear upon that worse than this inestimable, elevating, ennobling, conrotten foundation should have any sort of per- servative power, the free schools of our counpetuity. I say again, it is for these reasons, try, and so make the American Republic a sure or, in other words, because I believe in God and blessed beacon to all the struggling naand in the omnipotence of Right, that I have tions of the earth for all time to come. a strong and abiding faith in the future of the American Republic and of the American Un- Madison NORMAL AND Higu School.-We ion. There is but one thing which this mo

are pleased to learn that the above institution, ment stands in the way of harmony and absolute union, und that, I have already said, is as recently established by Prof. Chas. H. Allen, surely doomed as if God had visibly sealed its

who for the past two or three years has labordeath-warrant.

There is nothing in the Southern Rebellion ed so zealously and efficiently as the Agent of which should be thought to cast a shadow of the Normal School Board, has commenced its doubt upon the soundness of the Republican first term with some seventy-five or eighty Idea ; nothing whatever. The monarchists of Europe affect to see something of this sort, and pupils. wisely shake their heads at the "failure of the This is certainly a fine beginning, and we great American experiment;" but they do not hope that this will prove only an earnest of themselves believe it, and only seek, by a creation of their own fancy, to frighten the res.

what the school is to be. Prof. Allen has had tive, thinking people into quiet gubmission to much experience as a teacher, and in this new the established government of the one or the few. field is likely to be eminently successful.


consolation ; such girls as have said to me, •We thanked you when six months ago you

gave my brother a commission to go to the war The Crooked Footpath.

and we thank you now are too precious to be BY DR. O. W. HOLMES.

wasted. They are on the field of Ball's Bluff,

by the banks of Bull Run, in the swamps of Ah, here it is! the sliding rail

the Chickahominy, down along our sea-coast That marks the old remembered spot,

line, before Charleston, at Hilton Head, all The gap that struck our school-boy trail,

around to New Orleans, upon the Mississippi, The crooked path across the lot.

on the field of Shiloh,, wheresoever the sword It left the road by school and church, A penciled shadow, nothing more,

has been drawn, there have either stood the That parted from the silver birch,

regiments or the single sons of our MassachuAnd ended at the farm-house door.

setts-brave and noble boys, men who went No line or compass traced its plan;

out from no love of vulgar glory, inspired by With frequent bends to left or right, In aimless wayward curves it ran,

no pursuit of plunder, by no pursuit of a warBut always kept the door in sight.

rior's renown, not fired by any mean ambition, The gabled porch, with woodbine green,

but by a hope that by the valor of their hearts The broken millstone at the sill,

and by the vigor of their own right arms they Though many a road might stretch between, The truant child could see them still.

may do something for their country.

They shall not die! Their memories shall No rocks across the pathway lie, No fallen trunk is o'er it tbrown,

live green and beautiful forever in the hearts And yet it winds, we know not why,

of their countrymen, and the spirit which And turns as if for tree or stone.

their courage has inspired shall be trausferred Perhaps some lorer trod the way

to other sons of New England now rising to With shaking knees and leaping heart

assume their cause, and 600,000 march from And so it often runs astray With sinuous sweep or sudden start.

out of the homes of loyal States, from the AtOr one, perchance with clouded brain.

lantic border to the Rocky Mountains, and From some unholy banquet reeled,

that grand host shall stand in the ranks of the And since, our devious steps maintain

free, for the cause of their country, for the His track across the trodden field.

vindication of their country's power, there Nay, deem not thus, no earthborn will

shall stand with them an unseen host of glori. Could ever trace a faultless line; Our truest steps are human still,

ous spirits of noble, heroic, departed menTo walk unswerving were divine!

they who have crossed the flood, they who Truante from love, we dream of wrath;

have stemmed the torrent of the battle-field0, rather let me trust the more !

and as they went down, their fair forms sinkThrough all the wanderings of the path, We still can see our father's door.

ing beneath the sod, their spirits rose above disenchanted, like the souls of men when de

livered from the castles of giants. They, too, The Good and Brave dio not.

- shall file to the front when the squares of battle form

They shall file with the column and charge with the storm The following beautiful and eloquent pero

As men are inarching on. ration of a speech recently made by Gov. An- Ah! foul traitors, do you hear them as they come

With the thunder of the cannop and rolling of the drum drews of Massachusetts, at a Methodist camp

When God is marching on?'meeting, is a noble utterance of the sentiments

Things to be Remembered. of every patriot, and sufficiently explains the strong hold of their noble author upon the pop

A9 To communicate happiness is worthy

the ambition of beings superior to man; for ular heart of that ancient and patriotic com

it is a first principle of action with the author monwealth:

of all existence. It was God that taught it as "I have, during the last few months, over a virtue, and it is God that gives the example. and over again marched, a stricken mourner, 1-Langhorne. » by the side of those whose hearts were torn by HOW TRUE TuS is._" It is not work that natural grief as the mortal remains were con- | kills men: it is worry. Work is healthy; you signed to their last resting place of many of

can put more on a man than he can bear. It our brave New England boys. Oh! fathers, I is not the revolution that destroys the machinmothers, brothers, sisters wives, children, is it

ery, but the friction, Fear secretes acids; but possible that you shall be left hereafter this

love and trust are sweet juices." unconsoled sorrow that they fell in vain, and their blood was poured out for nought ? No, THE MISCHIEF MAKER.- When the absent sirs, such boys as Willie Putnam and Fraser are spoken of, some will speak gold of them, Stearns, such sisters as some of those New some silver, some iron, some lead, and some England girls with whom I have talked, with will always speak dirt, for they have a natural whom I have walked to the grave, in whose attraction towards what is evil, and think it ears I have tried to address feeble words of shows penetration in them. As a cat watching

for mice does not look up though an elephant DOMESTIC ECONOMY.
goes by, so they are so busy mousing for de-
fects, that they let great excellencies pass un-

Excellent Recipe for Graham Broad: noticed.Henry Ward Beecher.

A Good CHARACTER.–The character is like Three tea-cups buttermilk, one half cup mowhite paper; if once blotted, it can hardly ev- lasses, one table-spoonful salt, one and one er be made to appear as white as before. One

half tea spoons saleratus, well pulverized. It wrong step often stains the charaeter for life. It is much easier to form a good character at should be stirred a very little thicker than a first, than it is to do it after we have acquired common cake, put into a bread-tin; let it stand a bad one ;-to preserve the character pure, than to purify it after it has become defiled.-

and rise until it has the appearance of being Parents, these are sacred truths, and God will light (which every good housewife can tell), hold you responsible for their application.

when it is ready for the oven. When first put HEALTH AND DISEASE.

in it requires a quick oven ; afterward a mod

erate one. Bake half an hour. The flour Our Teeth. should always be sifted.

R. K. They decay. Hence, unseemly mouths, bad [The good lady whose experience is embodbreath, imperfect mastication. Everybody re- ied in the above, gave us to eat of this bread; grets it. Weat is the cause? I reply, want of cleanliness. A clean tooth never decays.

and never before had we tasted anything more The mouth is a warm place—38 degrees. Par- delicious.] ticles of meat between the the teeth soon decompose. Gum and teeth must suffer. Perfect cleanliness will preserve the teeth to

YOUTH'S CORNER. old age. How shall it be secured? Use a quill pick, and rinse the mouth after eating.

All about my Friends.--No. 2. Brush and Castile soap every morning; the Nort after the mouse brush and simple water on going to bed. Be

Next after the mouse, came a bobtailed chipstow this trifling care upon your precious teeth, muck, and took up his abode under the platand you will keep them and ruin the dentists.

form over the well, whence he would make exNeglect it, and you will be sorry all your lives. Children forget. Watch them. The first teeth cursions all about the yard, and garden, and determine the character of the second set.- into the woodshed, where he would help himGive them equal care. Sugar, acids, saleratus, and hot things are

self to all that he wanted of the chicken feed; nothing when compared with food decompos and making occasional forays into the house. ing between the teeth. Mercurialization may Sometimes he would amuse himself and me by loosen the teeth, long use may wear then out, but keep them clean, and they will never de

climbing up on to the window sill, where he cay. This advice is worth mope than thou would sit and peer inside. Again he would sands of dollars to every boy and girl.

please himself and vex me, by digging the peas Books have been written on the subject.This brief article contains all that is essential. and pop corn, planted in the garden. -Dr. Lewis.

A favorite place of Bob's is on the top of the “It's ONLY A COLD." _True, but do you not well-house, where, of a sunshiny day, he will know that half the diseases and deaths that cock himself while he nibbled his dinner, holdrob life of much of its enjoyment, and society

ing it with his paws, meanwhile making an of many of its most useful members, origina-occasional chip-chip, and if suddenly frightted in nothing but colds ? A cold is no trillingened, he will scamper cown and hide, and then thing, and voluntary or careless exposure is

he will say: “chiparee -chiparee - tschickcriminal.

tschick-chip.” When cherries were ripe he

would come into the house and pilfer away all “LAUGH AND Grow Fat."-I live in a constant endeavor to fence against the infirmities

he could get, and when he could not get cherof ill health, and other evils of life, by mirth; ries, he would content himself with the pits, being firmly persuaded that every time a man with which he would stuff his mouth till his smiles—but much more when he laughs-it adds something to this fragment of life.

cheeks stuck out round as a pumpkin. Next Sterne.

he feasted on raspberries, and then gooseber


ries, then plums, and now he busies himself with lagging buckwheat from a field near by. Soon, I expect, he will be helping himself to hickory nuts, which are growing on a tree in the yard. Sometimes, after his day's work is done, he will sit by the half-hour, and say “chuck-chuck-chuck,” occasionally stopping to clean his fur.



Stories about Children and Things in Foreign

Lands. Our little readers must not suppose that the Editor of the Farmer has left them entirely out of mind during this long absence in the many strange lands through which he has traveled on the other side of the great sea. No, indeed! he has thought of them many times, and laid up in his memory strange stories—some of them sad, and some beautiful—about wondrous things and the lives of children, in all those countries which lie on the western side of the European continent. Indeed, we would have told them a story this month about Crossing the Sea, only that we have been very busy, since getting home, and thought they would wait until November.

Mrs. Hoyt, too, who has written you so many pretty poems and given you such good advice in all the past years, but who has been a long time sick and unable to write, will soon be well again, and delight you with new songs and thrilling stories about war life in the mountains of Virginia, where she has spent a part of the summer, and the wilds of Kansas, where she now is. With such a world of good things in store, we are sure that you will thank “Uncle William” for the pleasing stories he has been telling you, and patiently wait.

She sees with clearer eye than ours
We Frame Our Own Characters.

The good of suffering born

The hearts that blossom like her flowers
We shape ourselves the joy or fear

And ripen like her corn.
Of which the coming life is made,
And fill our future's atmosphere

Oh, give to us, in times like these,
With sunshine or with shade.

The vision of her eyes;

And make her fields and fruited trees
The tissue of the life to be,

Our golden prophecies !
We weave with colors all our own,
And in the field of Destiny

Oh, give to us her finer ear!
We reap as we have sown.

Above this stormy din,

We, too, would hear the bells of cheer Children, let the truth of these lines never

Ring peace and freedom in! go out of your minds.

1 - Atlantic Monthly for October.


General Banks.

request in the Democratic party as a speaker

of their political meetings. He was elected to Major-General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks, of the House of Representatives of Massachusetts whom the above is a correct wood-cut repre- tor 1849, and is entered on the roll of members sentation, was born in Waltham, Mass., Jan.

as a “machinist." The next year he appears

as a lawyer. 30, 1816. Of his early history and subsequent In 1851, he was chosen Speaker of the House, career, the American Cyclopedia gives the fol- as one of the prominent advocates of the “CO

alation” between the Democrats and the Freelowing account:

willers, by which the ancient rule of the Whigs "With no other opportunities of early edu- was overthrown in Massachusetts. He was cation than the common schools of New Eng- again elected the following year by the same land, he was placed, as soon as he could be of coalescing vote, and also representative to the service, at work in a cotton factory, in his na- ensuing Congress. In the summer of 1853, he tive village, by his father, who was the over- was President of the Conveution called to reseer, and afterward learned the machinists vise the Constitution of the State. trade. Literary aspirations came upon him in During his first term, having withdrawn his connection with the representation of a dra- adhesion to the Democratic party, and voting matic company formed among his associates, against the passage of the Kansas Nebraska with whom he played the principal parts with bill, although he voted for taking it up, he was such promise as to have had inducements re-elected to Congress, in 1854, with the supoffered him to adopt an actor's career by.pro-port of the “Know-Nothing" or American and fession. Choosing, however, another stage, he Republican parties, and at its meeting in Dec., lectured before political meetings, lyceums and in consequence of his high reputation as a temperance societies, and afterwards became presiding officer, adopted as the candidate of Editor of the village paper of his native place. the latter for the Speakership, and elected by

Entering thus upon the field of politics, he a plurality vote, after a contest of more than received an office under the Polk administra- two months, and over a hundred ballots for a tion, in the Boston Custom House, and was in majority as required by the standing rules of

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