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The Great International Exhibition. articles on exhibition is such as to have done
us great credit-seven-eights of all the articles
having drawn prizes, as noticed in the August DEPARTMENT OF THE UNITED STATES. number. When the World's Fair for 1862 was first But hitherto we have published no full actalked of in America, some two years previous count of the Exhibition. This is the object of to the opening, it became at once the purpose the proposed series of papers, of which this of the friends of Industry, and of the enter- present one is the first. prising men of the country generally, to make POSITION AND EXTENT OF THE U. 8. COURT. it an occasion for the signal triumph of Amer
Amore! In the Exhibition Building—a general deican Genius. The Exhibition from the United scription
United scription of which was given in one of our
hurried London letters—the U. S. Department States at the first great Fair in 1851—though
occupied the southeast corner; the space thus it was, at first, despised and ridiculed by the
alloted being some hundred feet in length by English Press, and even made the occasion of
casion of sixty in breadth-the machinery in operation great mortification to numerous unappreciative being, however, over a quarter of a mile digAmerican citizens then in London-demon- I tant in another pa
tant in another part of the building. But it strated the superiority of the American Me-should not be supposed that this little space was chanic Arts in some of the most important all that was required by American Exhibitors : departments, and it would not answer to allow it was all that the Commissioners had to give that reputation to be lost or even impaired. -owing to Mr. Seward's withdrawal of the U. So universal was this feeling throughout the s.-after having assigned the entire available country, that but for subsequent and still con
space to other nations. Many articles were tinued national calamities, there would, un- obliged to lie in their cases unpacked for want doubtedly, have been made such an exhibition
of room to display them, and not a few articles at London the present year, as would have and machines of great value were properly exsurprised the other nations and won for our cluded entirely, because of a want of compliindustry unequal and unfading laurels. The ance with the regulations on the part of the large number of articles entered at the office
proprietors. These blunders ought not to be of the Executive Committee of the American
repeated, though, judging by the past it is Board of Commissioners is evidence of this.
probable they will be, since the Yankee-ahead But the War came, and the subsequent history
in everything else—has thus far, at these great of the Exhibition, so far as this country is
exhibitions, been behind nearly all his national concerned, is doubtless familiar to all who
competitors in getting his “raps” in place for have been interested observers of the progress inspection. of events.
MINERAL PRODUCTS. That the number of articles from the United Proceeding in the order of classification, States was small has already been stated. But we have in the department of “ Mining, Quarit has also been stated that the character of lrying, Metallurgy, and Mineral Products :"
1. 1000 specimens of American Minerals. absurd accounts of the exhaustless stores of These are exhibited by J. W. Feuchtwanger, this wonderful product of the earth—one sharp of New York. They embrace a large variety Yankee, with characteristic oriental eloquence of some of the more interesting economic min-making the gaping multitude believe that in erals, together with some that were attractive the "vast empire of Ohio and Pennsylvania" simply to the geologist or mineralogist. The there were “numerous perennial streams of collection was highly spoken of by the Press this oil, each larger than the Thames !" of London, and Mr. F. deserves much credit In the Pharmaceutical branch of this class, for his worthy effort to represent the mineral the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy shows wealth of the country.
a respectable collection of native roots and 2. T. Meads, Esq., exhibits a small cabinet drugs-not in sufficient quantity to nauseate of minerals from Lake Superior; prominent all Europe, or to adequately purge America among which are several good, though rather of the Rebellion, but, as Mr. Parish would small, specimens of copper. It is a pity that an say, " gufficient to show." effort was not made by some party or parties SUBSTANCES USED AS FOOD, &c. to get out an extensive display of the magnifi-| The display in this class embraced samples cent products of these new mines. Next time of cereals, clover and timothy seed by 0. Howit must be done.
| land, of Utica, N. Y.,-deficient in quantity 3. The New Jersey Zinc Co., of Newark, N. and not extraordinary in variety and qualityJ., display several interesting specimens of samples of flour by Hicker Bros., New York zinc ores, with their products. The mines City, and by Stebbins & Co., Rochester-the thus represented are quite extensive, and the latter of very superior quality; samples of multiplicity of uses to which this metal is be- salt by the Onondaga Salt Co.; Indian corn in ing applied gives to them an increasing value. the ear-a few ears only and not superior at The New Jersey Co. also exbibit specimens of that, by J. Waddell, of Springfield, Ohio; and pig and bar iron and excellent steel.
samples of excellent starch by the Glencore 4. Mr. J. Mosheimer, of Nevada, has on ex- Starch Co., New York City. hibition a fine case of mineralogical specimens,
wagoNS AND CARRIAGES. consisting of gold, silver, quicksilver, copper The American phaeton and wagons exhibited ores, native sulphur and borax. And Dr. C. by Brewster & Co., New York City, and the Precht, of San Francisco, shows sundry fine buggy and wagon spokes shown by Blanchard specimens of crystalized gold and California & Brown, Dayton, Ohio, were creditable in marble. These products of our Pacific coast style and excellent in quality. They strikingly attracted much attention, and inclined not a illustrate the marked characteristics of John few foreigners to seek for additional informa- Bull and Brother Jonathan--the English vetion concerning the varied capabilities of that bicles being generally very heavy and clumsy, rich and beautiful land.
while those of American manufacture are just Under the circumstances of anticipated fail-heavy enough to be strong, without any waste ure, the exhibition in this class may be set of material. down as creditable, though it was certainly
SEWING MACHINES, &0., very far from being a fair representation of of various patterns, occupy an important place the vast mineral wealth of this country in the U. S. Department of the Great Exhibi
CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES AND PRODUCTS. tion. At every hour of the day their musical The show of articles in this class was very click is heard and hundreds of curious specmeagre; consisting of Crystal Carbon Oil fortators are crowding about them to witness lamps, essences, &c. The petroleum products their wonderful work. And well may they attracted much attention, and we heard by- wonder and admire, for no invention of modern standers giving each other most fabulous and times—at least since the great application of steam-power-has done so much to lighten (reaper, combined reaper and mower and grassthe toil of the better portion of mankind. It is mowing machine;" Russel & Tremain's "reaphardly necessary to say that the American ma-ing machine-a new mechanical device, (Faychines are the best and have borne off the etteville, N. Y.); Kirby & Osborne's “reaper prizes. Everywhere in Europe they rank first, and mower;" Redstone Bros. & Co.'s "mowing and in most of the large cities where we have and reaping machine,” (Indianapolis); and the traveled there are well established, thriving well-known McCormick Reaper. agencies for their sale. Wheeler & Wilson ap- Wood’s machine was set up in good shape, pear to have been particularly enterprising in well shown and attracted considerable attenthis respect.
tion-a good harvester. in good repute in New Medals were awarded to Wheeler & Wilson York, Pennsylvania and Ohio. Kirby & Osfor their “Circular Ssewing Machine," and to borne, though one of the best machines with the Howe Machine for “best collection.” I. M. which we are acquainted, received comparaSinger receiving Honorable Mention for his tively little attention, owing to its not being collection, (not so extensive,) and Wilcox & put together. So far as advertising itself to Gibbs, New York, for improvements in con- the general public is concerned, it might just struction. The above relates to machines for as well have been left at home. It nevertheless general use in sewing cloth and the thinner received • Honorable Mention.” leather. But there are other and special sew- The machines exhibited by Russel & Treing machines which deserve notice.
main, and by Redstone, Bros. & Co., are well SHOES MADE IN TWENTY DIINUTES. made and appear to be well adapted to the One of these is a machine for sewing leather, proposed objects. We have never seen them Boles of boots and shoes, &c., with a despatch operate in the field. never before dreamed of. We watched its ope-| But, in the estimation of the visiting public, ration several times, and cannot see why it the McCormick Machine evidently ranks first. must not work quite a revolution in boot and It was got up in splendid style, without refersboe manufacture. C. R. Goodwin, Boston, pro-ence to expense, and attracted crowds of peoprietor. Skillfully operated, it is capable of ple day after day. It has the prestige of name sewing together, all ready to the finisher's hand and European success, and so will continue to a pair of shoes in about twenty minutes ! which rank No. 1, even after better machines shall is certainly ahead of the old-fashioned method, have been offered to the farmers of the old requiring several hours. There seems to be world. Since our leaving London it has been nothing wanting now, in this behalf, but put to the test in the neighborhood of that city another genuine Yankee who can invent a pro- and seems to have nobly sustained the Americess for making the requisite hides without can credit, as will appear from the following either expense or numerical limit. Who doubts extract taken from the Mark Lane Express : that he will “turn up" one of these days ? Mr. McCormick, of Chicago, Illinois, has laid the world
under new obligations. No one can pretend to be insenIt may also be mentioned in this place that
sible to the economic benefits which have been conferred
upon the farmers of this country by the introduction of W. D. Richards, of Boston, has on exhibition
the reaping machine, which was the wonder of the exhian ingenious machine for sole-cutting and
bition of 1851. Entrusted to the prudent and energetic
agency of Messrs. Burgess and Key, it has played an imheel-trimming of boots.
portant part in the salvation of our harvests, when oth
erwise they must have suffered to a considerable extent AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY AND IMPLEMENTS. on account of the westward movement of our rural popu
lation. It was, in fact, the first machine in England In this branch of the American Department,
which settled the question, in the farmer's eyes, between also, the number of articles is few. Many of When we say that from the Brentwood Works so many
the mechanical and the manual process of corn cutting. them are of great value, however, and all are
as 3,000 reapers have already been supplied to the farmers
of the United Kingdom, and capable of cutting down of a creditable character.
from 12 to 15 acres a day, that bundreds of men are lay
ing low the golden harvests, and conserving the fruit of Of Reapers and Mowers there are five pat- man's toil in the fields of France, Russia, Spain, Germany,
Italy and Belgium, and that, fortber, the inventor within terns, to-wit: W. A. Wood's "sell-raking the last 20 years has supplied--but without
platform, which is not required in that country-40,000 tion, they must be very unreliable if not machines to secure the grain crops of the world's corn feld of America, some slight idea will be gained of the benefits which may be conferred upon his fellow men by one persevering thinker.
They are beginning to be introduced, howevWe are not much in the habit, it is true, of considering ourselves under any obligatfon to those who are supposed
er, among the more liberal, sensible farmers to have made “a good thing” of their inventions. But
se of inasmuch as inventors bave been known to be actuated by high spirit and a desire to promote their country's
few years to be in very considerable demand. progress, it may be that we shall come to look at those matters in a different light, and regard some of them as highly as those who, by virtue of large gifts, obtain exclusive possession of the cognomen "philanthropic." I it is true that we can never remunerate an inventor for bis idea, because in its vast influence upon the world it
uld b is pot pissible to estimate its value, and that wo can only remunerate him for his labor in perfecting the machine, Old World manufacturer to imitate. and superintending the work of others in the reproduction of it, it is pretty clear that the world is laid under
Among the other implements and machines an obligation to the extent of the value of the idea, whatever that may be. We riso in the scale of civilization as
for agricultural purposes may be named a modwe become masters of the circumstances in which we are placed, as we become superior to the elements around us. The machine of 1851 has enabled us to look the arduous East Bet ness of the harvest in the face with comparative nonchalance; but the machine to which we are about to revert, and which occupies a place in the present International Exhibition, promises yet further to simplify the work of elevator, by Levi A. Beardsley, N.
Beard the harvest-field.
tomatic farm gate, and windmill water elevaVery good for surly, self-conceited, John
tor, by Wentworth & Jarvis, Burlington, Iowa; Bull. But the encomiums with which Mr.
and a cotton planter, by Blanchard & Brown, McCormick and his harvester bave been fa- Dayton, O. vored, are not confined to this leading agricul
THE MILKING MACHINE tural journal: the London Times—that misera- Shown by Messrs. Kershaw & Colvin, of ble, unscrupulous, lying, anti-American sheet Mass., arrived rather late in the progress of
-is equally warm in its praise, and, for a the Exhibition, but easily made up in novelty wonder, fairly owns, that, in this particular what it lacked in time, and probably received thing of “shearing corn,” Brother Jonathan more attention than any one simple thing of is a little ahead!
practical utility in the Exhibition. “Where's FARMING IMPLEMENTS.
that Yankee Milking Machine?” became a American harrows, too, are there--Mr. Or- stereotyped question at the U. S. Ofice. Mr. man Coe, of Port Washington, Wis., having, Kershaw was there in person to exhibit it, and with commendable enterprise, sent over good we never saw him without a crowd of curious specimens of his rotating barrow which has auditors. To prove the practicality of the maseveral times taken prizes at our State Fairs in chine, he rented a stable on Cromwell Road, the West.
just opposite the Exhibition Palace, and at 11 Messrs. J. F. Daw & Co., Springfield, Ohio, o'clock of each day, (Sundays, perhaps, exare there with some excellent steel plows, cepted,) may be seen, skillfully occupying though it is questionable whether the Old World himself with the pleasurable pastime of pumpwill continue to acknowledge the superiority ing the milk from either the regular bossy of of the New in respect to this important imple- the establishment, or from any other bovine ment. They were handsomely beaten over milk-maker that may be produced. The mathere by American plows in 1851, and it would chine consists, in brief, of a tin bucket closehardly be fair to crowd them to the wall so ly covered--one half of the cover being movasoon again.
ble upon hinges-four pliant, india-rubber Our superior, and it would seem, inimitable sockets into which the teats are placed, and hoes, forks, and rakes are also there, surpris- then certain tubes and valves operated by a ing and provoking multitudes of old fogy farm- couple of convenient lever handles, projecting ers, who are wont to insist that although ad- themselves perpendicularly towards the milkmirable implements to hang up in an exhibi-er. In the process of milking, the operator
A STEAD FIRE EXGINE
sits down in the customary posture with the
ERICSSON'S HOT AIR ENGINES. machine between his knees, puts the several Though not shown in operation, drew crowds teats in their places, and then by an easy lat- l of curious spectators, whose interest in it eral movement of the handles, in the same seemed to be increased not a little by the wonmanner as a fire bellows is worked, extracts derful success of the inventor's famous ship the milk. The cow appears to suffer less than “ Monitor.” It seems to be the general conwhen the teat is irregularly pressed by the bo- l viction of the mechanical world, however, that ny fingers, as in the old manner, the milker
the hot-air engine, as at present constructed, does the work with much less effort, and the
must be confined in its use to machinery not milk is kept free from the dirt which by the
requiring very great power. For operating ordinary method is certain to find its way into
printing presses. &c., it succeeds well in New the bucket.
York, and there is reason to hope that this ecJohn Bull thinks it an extravagantly funny
centric genius will get accomplish his object in Yankee consarn and “don't know but it may
bringing it into more general use as a substibe a very good invention.”
tute for the now more potent, but much more It will thus be seen that in the department expensive steam engine. It will be rememof agricultural mechanics we have nothing to bered that the award of a medal by the combe ashamed of-or rather that we have much mittee was for “good design and practical to be proud of. With the science and thorough utility." system for which England and Belgium are noted, our agriculture may easily become the best in the world.
Of remarkable compactness of construction,
lightness, and facility of use, shown by Messrs. OTHER MACHINERY.
Lee & Larned, of New York, was the finest Under this general head reference should be thing, of its kind, on exhibition, and received made to the valuable flax and fibre dressing ma- the award of a medal for "ingenuity of design chinery exhibited by Sandford & Mallory, of and good workmanship.” The credit of first New York city ; an ingenious spacing and offering to the world the steam fire engine beboring machine by P. H. Wemple, Albany, N. (longs to the United States, and it is but natuY.; a self-registering dynamometer, by C. ral that we should be expected to continue to Near, New York City; a duplex steam pump, by furnish the best models. R. H. Worthington, New York City; a station
THE NEWSPAPER ADRESSING MACHINE ary engine and governors, by C. T. Porter, N. Y. City ; a centrifugal pump and oscillating! Of S. Sweet, New York, to which a medal engines, of good design, by W. D. Andrews; a was awarded, is also deserving of special nostone breaking machine, by Blake Bros., New tice. There is, perhaps, nothing in the printHaven. Conn. ; a rope and cord machine, a gas ling arrangement itself, that entitled it to rank régulator, and an “iron refrigerator," by G. before other machines of the same class, but H. Sanborn, Boston, Mass.; a belt-shifter, by that part of it by means of which the type are J. C. Gove, Jamaica Plains, Mass. ; pumps of made is highly interesting, and so far as we ingenious design and splendid workmanship, I know quite new. The type used are of wood, by Mr. Hansbrow, of California ; a pumping I each little block having the address stamped engine, by H. Steele, Jersey City ; together upon it by steel dies conveniently arranged with sundry models and machines that require and easily brought to bear by a simple conmore extended notice.
trivance operated by the foot of the type-makJ. Ross' conical burr-stone mills attracted er. When printed, the letters are white in considerable attention, and won a medal for black, as seen on the New York Tribune, and “good arrangement and practical success." some other papers.