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fowors in long open spikes of a reddish pur
The Lawton Blackherry. ple, blooms after other varieties. Double pur- Mr. EDITOR : In the May No. of the PaguBR ple has a double row of petals.
is an article on the “Value of the Lawton BlackSTRAWBERRY TREE OR BURNING Busi-1 berry," from 0. 8. Willey, which I believe very (Euonymous).—A very ornamental large shrub | much migrepresents its value. I have found, or small tree, covered with scarlet fruit in
by experience, that there is little difficulty in aatamn.
making it productive. The Lawton is a good Snow Ball-(Viburnam Opulus).—A large
fruit, but the trouble with some is, it don't pay. and beautiful shrub with showy clusters of Now the Lawton i
Now the Lawton is a rampant grower, requires white flowers like snow balls. An old favor- good cultivation, and is, if rightly managed, ite, thriving everywhere. High Bush Cranber- just as certain a crop as the currant. The ry, (V. Oxycocus) resembles the preceding, ground should be worked from twelve to twenty white flowers in early spring, followed by inches deep, and made good by manure. The showy clusters of scarlet fruit of a pleasant canes should be pinched during their growth acid taste resembling the Cranberry. Early so as to confine them within proper limits and White Lantana leaved, (V. Lantanoides). Has make a tree or bush well branched, and finally, soft hoary leaves and large clusters of white
the whole ground should be well mulched.-flowers in May, retains its foliage very late.
Not a little bit of mulching around each bush,
| but all over the ground. The Lawton is rather CHINESE GOLDEN BELL—(Forsythia Viridis
troublesome in a small lot, but should have sima).-A fine shrub with long dark green
plenty of room; better adapted to Farmers' shoots and very deep green foliage, producing
grounds than small gardens. The way to culan abundance of bright yellow flowers very tivate is as follows: A piece of ground, say early in spring. To insure a good bloom in
twenty feet wide and as long as you wish, comWisconsin, it must be laid down at approach mence on the sides and plough until it is all of winter and covered with soil or dry leaves. turned over, then drag it thoroughly. Then
PRIVET.-A very ornamental plant with neat plough again as at first and drag again, and so foliage and pretty spikes of white flowers, suc- keep working until your centre or dead furrow ceeded by bunches of black berries; it is al-, is as deep as you can conveniently make it. most an evergreen, thrives in all soils, makes Then plough all back again to a level; plant a fine ornamental hedge, will bear shearing to
your canes in the centre and then cover it all
with good coarse manure or half rotted straw, any extent.
from twelve to eighteen inches deep. If you St. Peter's WORT OR SNOW BERRY.--A neat
wish to do the work with a spade, the deeper shrub with small delicate pink flowers and
you work the ground, the more and better fruit. large white wax-like berries that hang on
The Blackberry makes better wine than any through winter.
grape raised in this latitude. The fruit is a ALTHEA --Rose OF SHARON.-Handsome, I specific in summer or bowel complaints, both free-growing and free-blooming shrubs, desi- for children and adults. I find the Lawton rable for blooming in the autumn months ; perfectly hardy as the wild black raspberry or flowers are white and various shades of pink, I thimbleberry, and with proper cultivation they purple and lilac,-both single and double.
are always productive. You can pile straw The Althea will not endure the cold of a Wis- around them if you please in the fall for proconsin winter without very thorough protect- tection and let it remain for a mulch the next ion, they may be grown in boxes or tubs and summer. The only reason people do not gucremoved to the cellar at approach of winter, ceed is, they neglect thorough cultivation. The or taken up and holed in in the cellar to be ground must not get dry, if it does, your fruit replanted in the spring. The many good qual- will be dry also. I have learned this by expeities of this shrub will repay this care and rience, my own bushes look well and are loaded trouble. A. G. HANFORD. with fruit.
E. A. ROBEY. COLUMBUS, Ohio, August, 1862.
BURLINGTON, Wis., Aug. 4th, 1862.,
Care and Tasto in Planting.
Re-Clothing Bare Spots upon Lawns. A great deal of care and some taste is ne- MR. EDITOR:-There are many complaints cessary in planting grounds, or our choicest in the spring about lawns becoming overrun treasures become evils, and those things which with moss, and the ground about the stems of give much of grace and beauty to our grounds, trees getting bare. When such is the case prove a great injury Persons are apt to have with me, I have the moss raked up with sharpà special passion for particular classes of trees toothed rakes, and scratch the ground weil, —some are fond of evergreens, and their mix grass seed with a good quantity of mould, grounds have a sombre, formal appearance, and sow it thickly over the bare spots. In a from the large number of this class of trees short time it springs up and keeps down moss planted, while others are delighted with the for several years; a little lime or goot sown weeping trees and obtain every variety possi- over it in fall prevents the growth of moss ; ble, and give to their place a melancholy as- and kills worms in the soil. pect far from agreeable. These trees should A good top dressing of rotted manure in be used with caution. Mr. Barry gives the fall is of great advantage; or super-phosphate following excellent advice on this subject, in spring is equally good. The grass should which we commend to all who are planting or not be allowed to get very long in spring for namental grounds:
want of cutting, but during the heat of sum* There is something so attractive and so grace- mer it should not be too often cut nor too ful in the character of drooping trees, that they closely cut, as by that the roots are too much arrest the attention of persons who would exposed; but in cool, wet seasons, it should be scarcely bestow a glance upon the noblest and oftener cut. When the ground under trees gets rarest trees of the ordinary upright habits of bare, I stir the surface with a rake with sharp growth which prevail among the mass of for- teeth ; then scatter some finely broken mould est trees. A Weeping Willow, common though over the place and sow it thickly with grass it be, never fails to elicit admiration. In the seeds, (a good deal of white clover among it.) hands of a skillful, judicious planter, no other It soon becomes green, and keeps so all sumtrees are more effective in giving variety, mer. About the first of April is the best time character, and expression, to a landscape; but to sow the grass seeds, but even on to June they must always be used sparingly, and with will do. I had this ready to send you for this the exercise of good taste and a great deal of month's number, but neglected to send it, but foresight. We have known persons so capti- better late than never, if it should be the means vated with the elegance of the Weeping Willow, of reminding any of your numerous readers to as to plant half a dozen immediately around do what in the hurry in spring they may have their dwellings, stamping them at once with forgotten.-Cor. Farmer and Gardener. the character of mausoleums, more than that of the habitations of living beings.
PRESERVING DAHLIA TUBERS.-A correspondIt is equally in bad taste to plant largely of ent of the “Journal of Horticulture and Cottrees in which any particular character pre- tage Gardener," writes as follows: “May I be vails to a striking degree. At certain points permitted to offer a simple suggestion relative on the Hudson, the tapering Arbor Vitæ is so to the preservation of Dahlia roots during winthickly planted in some grounds that one can ter? Though carefully dried before storing see nothing else. These, the stiffest, most ar- | away in the autumn, I used continually to lose tificial-looking, of all other trees, should be them by the rotting of the crown, till at length planted with the greatest caution. While two the idea one day occurred to me that the misor three might produce a fine effect, entire chief was occasioned through the decay of the groves or masses of them become monotonous long stalk left attached to the tubers: this beor disgusting.
coming partially charged with fluid kept the It is quite obvious that weeping trees, to crown constantly wet. My remedy has been produce any effect, must be pretty well isolat- not to leave more than four inches of stalk; ed; for their streaming side branches are the from this to scrape the whole of the outer coysource of their peculiar grace and elegance - ering or bark, and at the base to make a small This points out the jutting edges of groups of opening which permits any watery deposit to trees, and the open lawn, as their appropriate escape. The result has been that I have presituation. The Willows have a particularly served the whole of my tubers, while experifine effect on the margins of streams, ponds or enced gardeners around me have complained other bodies of water. Those with stronger of loss, not withstanding that every precaution branches, such as the ash, elm, &c., are well from damp or frost had been taken." adapted to farming arbors, and are much employed for this purpose. All the drooping ERATA.--Mr. Editor : In the remarks on the trees are considered appropriate ornaments to Fall Stripe Apple, on page 300, August No., I cemeteries; the mournful expression which their drooping habit conveys, certainly renders
report Mr. B., of Lodi, to say “Not Extra ;” them fitting objects for this purpose."'--Rural whereas it should be “ No. 1 Extra,” which is New Yorker.
his own language. Yours, J. C. P.
10. Those who prune long must soon climb. from the sun and air. It is the manure-water
11. Vine leaves love the sun; the fruit, the which nourishes the plant and keeps it in a shade.
growing state. 12. Every leaf has a bud at its base, and Mr. Veitch found a new tree (fern) in the either a bunch of fruit or a tendril opposite garden of the great temple of Osakusa, which to it.
thrives well in the open ground, and will, he 13. A tendril is an abortive fruit bunch-a thinks, prove hardy in England. Again he bunch of fruit a productive tendril.
says: “ The quantity and splendor of the tim14. A bunch of grapes without a healthy ber trees in the neighborhood of Yeddo far leaf opposite, is like a ship at sea without & exceed anything that can be described.” Mr. rudder-it can't come to port.
| Veitch took measurements, finding pines three 15. Laterals * are like some politicians ; if feet from the ground, with a circumference of not often checked they are the worst of thieves. | 10 feet; beech, 15 to 20 feet; spruce (very
16. Good grapes are like gold; no one has common), 10 to 12 feet; evergreen oak, 15 to enough.
| 25 feet;'gingko, 15 to 28 feet; cryptomeria 17. The earliest grape will keep the longest; (tens of thousands of them), 12 to 15 feet. for that which is fully matured is easily preserved. 18. Grape eaters are long livers.
Exterior Signs of the Quality of Pears. 19. He who buys the new and untried varie- Pears, pyriform, uneven or gourd-shaped, ties should remember that the seller's maxim with thick
with thick skin, sometimes wrinkled, of green is Caveat emptor.—Let the buyer look out for color, with more or less russet, passing to himself.
golden yellow, and tinted more or less with
carmine on the sun side: with skin entirely Horticulture in Japan.
brown, russet or green bronze, or yet burnt
earth of sienne color, (rich brown) light or Mr. Veitch, Jr., son of the eminent London / pale green united or relieved and tinted with nurseryman, is now in Japan, investigating the vermillion or shaded with sienne, are generally condition and method of horticulture in that those which may be judged to be buttery, melicountry, with a view to the selection of novel-ling, and of the best quality. ties, &c. In a recent letter to the Gardener's Pears oviform, stem slender, long, with fine Chronicle, he states that the Japanese possess skin, shining, very finely and thickly studded great horticultural skill, and far exceed the with small brown dots, are usually melting Chinese in this respect. The Japanese nur- fruits, acid, astringent, ripening very quickly, series are very numerous and extensive, pre- and finally of the second or third order, passenting many varieties of trees, shrubs and sable or bad. flowers. He says: “Chrysanthemums are Pears with thick skin, dark or raw green, especial favorites with the Japanese, and at shining, thickly dotted where the reddish brown this season of the year are everywhere in full | is placed in patches on the side which is struck bloom, scarcely a window in the town (Yeddo) by the rays of the sun, passing or not to ochre but has a plant or two, and each establishment yellow and red at the latter end of the season, devotes a piece of ground to their culture.- indicate generally fruits capable of long presThey are grown to great perfection, and many ervation, and suited for cooking. varieties, exclusive of the ordinary large flow- Observation has enabled us to state these ering ones, and Pompones, are met with. The facts, which have very few exceptions accordfan shape is the favorite mode of training ing to us.-J. DE LIRON D'AIROLES, in Revue them, the finest specimens averaging 31 to 4 Horticole. feet in hight, and often having from 25 to 30 expanded trusses of flowers on them. The great characteristic mark of a Japanese nur.
Two Valuable Hardy Apples. sery is its peculiar neatness, everything clean Amid the desolation among those orchards and in order, not a weed or a pot out of place. to be seen." Their mode of pot culture seems planted on low and poorly drained lands, preto consist :-1st, In confining the roots of their vious to the winters of '55 and '56, we find planis ip as small pots as possible; 2d, in
here and there a few specimens of those very using a light open soil, generally the same for : all classes of plauts; 3d, supply them with un
hardy varieties, which fortunately went through limited quantities of manure water. Their unscathed, and remained as anchors, to the success in dwarfing trees is mainly to be ato le tributed to the last named cause. The soil
fast waning hopes of tree planters. acts merely as a means of protecting the roots These trees stand as monuments of past la
bors; way marks to guide us in the direction * Laterals are shoots which start from either side of the main bud, at the axil of every leaf; if they grow un- of complete success. checked ihey destroy its vigor; if entirely removed, the bud itself shoots permaturely.
| In remembering this lesson we bring before you a rough drawing of a variety which stands, of the Fall Wine Sap, and more sharply seratsometimes singly, sometimes in pairs, or the ed, shedding them fully on the approach of full row; but always there, all and the original winter. Its outline resembles that variety, number that was first planted out, and perhaps except being more conical and consequently the only survivors of the fifty or one hundred basin more abrupt. set.
Successful in all soils, especially on the rich This variety is only one of more than twenty dry rolling prairies. old and new, that stand nearly equal in those Fruit medium to small, conical, mostly bright combined qualities which render them “guc- red; flesh fine grained, tender, juicy, sub-acid. cessful,” “adapted” in their different seasons
January to March.
J. C. Plum.
MADISON, Wis. and localities :
Bastard or Barren Raspberry Bushes.
M. Hubbard, of Bennington, set out a plot of the American Black Cap Raspberry several years since, and they were thrifty and prolific, but they now send forth "bastard" suckers-slender stalks, that never blossom or bear. Is there any remedy short of rooting them out and setting new plants? What is the cause of the evil complained of!-Can it be prevented? How !-L. S., Attica, N. Y., 1862.
Mr. Doolittle, after whom the Doolittle or Improved Black Cap is named, has given much attention to the culture of the fruit, and has fairly brought it before the public and the fruit growers as a market fruit. We have often obtained his opinions, and observed his practice, and may therefore be enable to enlighten our Attica correspondent.
Mr. Doolittle states that the AmFALL WINE SAP.-Tree, very vigorous, ir- | erican Black Raspberry, in its wild state, or regular grower; forming a beautiful orchard as usually propagated, produces but two or
three crops, and often but one, before it betree, with many pendulous branches; wood, a comes barren, and that no extra cultivation or dark brown, with many greyish patches after manure will prevent this. Many plants are
almost entirely barren, producing but a few two years old; leaves, large and broad, many
scattering, seedy, deformed berries the first of them remaining on the tree till mid-winter; year, and afterward nothing. The barren hills very hardy and productive; fruit, medium or plants he is enabled readily to detect from gire round conical male green often bright their appearance. The barren form of hill is
"Tindicated by the vast number of small canes, blush on sunny side ; stem, medium, cavity, I and from the fact that they are thornless, while wide, smooth, deep; calyx, closed; basin nar-| the leaves are small and generally covered with row; core, small, seeds large, flat; flesh, white, / yellow rust. The healthy or fruitful form of tender, juicy, mild, vinous, good. October to
hill, is shown by a few large bearing canes.
| The number and size, or bulky form of the January
thorns, furnish to an experienced eye a sure WINTER WINE SAP-Syn: Wine Sap of El- index of the yield and quality of fruit to be liot-Wine Sap of the West.–Very vigorous,
expected. An examination of any plot of
Black Raspberries will show the barren form hardy, spreading grower; distinguished by its prevailing more or less, in hills two or three polished dark colored wood, and many short years old. Some hills will have part barren spurs which put out from the young vigorous canes and part part
canes and part partially barren-that is, the
canes may be quite large, but are almost or wood; its leaves are much smaller than those Inita des
1an those quite destitute of thorns. The way to avoid