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sists in the characteristics of the different nations as machines, a prize water elevator, and a prize steam fire illustrated by their industrial products. Of this when engine-the wholo being surmounted by a beautiful diswe have more time.
play of the Stars and Stripes. Of the others we have po THE ANERICAN BRANCU.
time to give a description. The day was (for a great Meagre as is the show of American products, it is a
wonder) clear and radiant, making the grand array in the significant fact that in several departments of the Exhi
beautiful gardens and palace even more imposing then it bition we are certainly entitled to the palm. The awards would otherwise have been. have not yet been declared, but it is certainly evident! Time will not permit, before the closing of the foreign that the United States may justly claim the honor of the mail, any extended comments upon the awards in general, best agricultural implements, the best reapers and mowbut the following list of those made to the United States ers, the most gurp: ising and valuable new invention for will show that the enterprise of those of our American weaving, the best piano and the finest statue.
citizens who, in spite of all the hindrances in their way, We have not quite completed our labor of inspection. have made exhibition, has not been in vain: but hope to in a few days. When this is done we shall LIST OF AWARDS TO UNITED STATES. be prepared to begin the work of intelligent description
MEDALS AWARDED TO and profitable comment.
Mosheimer, J., for collection illustrating the newly ex
plored mineral wealth of Nevada. THE AXXUAL CATTLE SHOW OF THE ROYAL AGRICULTURAL 80 Glencoe Starch Co., for samples of excellent starch.
Hotchkiss, H. G., for winter green oil.
Kingsford, for silver gloss starch.
Pease, 8. F., for petroleum, benzoine, &c.
Philadelphia College of Pharm., for fine collection of vegfrom our work long enough yesterday to take a running etable drugs, Native American. look at the magnificent array of stock and the splendid
Pease, S. F., for collection American oils.
Tilghmann, for fatty acids, obtained from aqueous saponshow of implements and farm machinery. England has ification. never seen anything like it, and we are confident that
Wilkins & Co., for fine collection of bristles.
Blanchard & Brown, for wooden wheel spokes of most the like has never been seen in the history of the world. excellent quality. To-day there is to be a grand trial of steam plows, and as
Brewster & Co., for a phaeton.
Howe Machine Co., for collection of sewing machines. we have arranged to be present, this briet and hurried | Smith, A., for loom for weaving tufted carpets. letter must close.
Richard, W. D., for improved boot and shoo machiner
Blake, for stone-breaking machine. LONDON, July 12, 1862.-Yesterday was the second great Ericsson, Capt. John, for the originality of his hot air day of the Exhibition, being devoted to the delivery of
Gibson, S. G., for improved carriage coupling. the awards of premiums. It was a State Ceremonial, and Goax, J. C., for belt shifter. representatives diplomatique of all the countries making
Conway, E., for cork cutting machine.
Goddard, C. S., for barring picker. exhibition were present in court dress to add to the splen Hanshaw, for pumps. dor of the grand pageant. There was no great choir of
Kershaw & Colvin, for novel and useful cow milking ma
chine. 2.000 voices, as at the
20 opening, but this deficiency was Lee & Larned, fire engine. made up, in part by the presence of a large number of
Near, C., dynomometer.
Parker, D. washing machine. very distinguished bands from various parts of England, Pesant, as exhibitor of Ericsson's hot air engine. France and Germany-the Emperor Napoleon sending
Porter, C. T., inventor of governers.
Ross, J., conical burr stone mills. two of his finest bands at his own expense.
Steele, Henry, steam pump.
| Wilcox, hot air engine. The awards were delivered first by the Chairmen of the
Worthington, R. H., steam plow. Juries to “His Royal Highness," the Duke of Cambridge, Colt, for the principle of his revolving arms. who, in turn as the procession moved through the Palace, / Ward. W. H., night signal telegraph.
Sickels, F. E., steam steering apparatus. delivered them to the diplomatic representatives of the Darling & Schwartz, steel scales and straight edges. different nations. These representatives were stationed
Steinway & Sons, powerful, clear and brilliant tone of
piano, with excellent workmanship. at certain trophies or emblematically decorated courts Bates, Robt., series of ingenious instruments for relief of
stammering. along the course of the nave through which the proces.
rough which the proces. Manchester Print Works, fine collection of printed fabrics. sion passed-Mr. Adams, the American Minister, receiv. American Bank Note Co., variety and excellence of seing the awards made for articles exhibited by the citizens
Saxton, new process for sealing official documents. of the United States.
Sweet, S., ingenious process for producing blocks for These trophies were, some of them, very beautiful and
HONORABLE MENTION. interesting, being made up of articles illustrative of the
| Meads, T., for collection of native copper and silver from resources and industry of their respective countries. The Lake Superior. U. 8. trophy embraced a beautiful copy, in stucco, of the
New Jersey Zinc Co., fine spiegel iron produced from
Waddel, J., Indian corn. her shield, and holding the American Flag in her right
in her rigat Bigelow for Goodwin, machines for sewing boots and hand, with sundry prize implements of husbandry at her shoes.
Singer, J. M., collection sewing machines. feet; the prize piano; Cropky's magnificent prize pictures | Wilcox & Gibbe, improvements in construction of their of a scene on the Hudson; together with several sewing sewing machines.
Blake Brothers, stone-breaking machine.
The Editor's Tour on the Continent. Ligner, F. 0., printing press. Sanford & Mallory, scutching machine for taking fibre
Paris, May, 1862.-Out of the rain and fog, and smoke, from leaves of aloes.
and everlasting jam in the narrow, crowded, dingy streets Whipple, P. H., machine with 18 adjustible drills.
of overgrown, hardworking London into the clear sunConway, cork-cutting machine. Russet & Truman, reaping machine.
shine of Paris, with its broad avenues, beautiful gardens, Kirby & Osbourne, reaper and mower.
charming fountains, deep shady woods, magnificent pubLevi A. Beardsley, hay elevator. Dexter, series of busts of Governors of States in America. lic works, monuments and statues, all made more brilManchester Print Works, worsted, mixed fabrics and lian
liant and enchanting by the gay and happy mood of the hosiery. Wilkins, V., excellence of curled horse hair.
pleasure-taking and pleasure-making population-what From the above list it will appear that the United States
a change! We can hardly realize it, and find ourselves have drawn 54 medals and 31 diplomas, which, in view of
asking, again and again, "Is this not, after all, a fairy
dream, which will leave me at the waking, still in the the fact that the whole number of entries was but 98, is
midst of gloomy London, elbowing our way to the Great certainly a most remarkable success-the prizes being in
Exhibition?” proportion to the entries as about 7 to 8. The proportion
To describe Paris in a brief and hurried letter, such as of prizes awarded in the whole exhibition is as 1 to 5.
this we propose, which must compass the entire route of America is therefore immensely ahead. But it is not alone in the proportion of prizes that we
our journey through Franco and into Switzerland, is, of
course a thing impossible. At some future time we may have excelled. The character of the objects for which awards have been made is also worthy of notice, as being
take up the more important places and objects a little in
detail. chiefly important inventions, which must exert a great influence on the industrial progress of the age.
Glowing descriptions of Paris had prepared us to anti
cipate much of the beauty and magnificence which charGRAND EXHIBITION OF THE ROYAL HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY.
acterize it to a degree above and beyond every other city The most magnificent show of plants, flowers and
in the world; but like the Queen of Sheba we found that fruits that we have ever had the pleasure of seeing, was
the half had not been told. Years ago it was famous for made a day or two since in the Kensington Gardens adjoining the Exhibition building. We have no time to
its numerous broad avenues and boulevards, smoothly describe the display now, but shall endeavor to do go in
| paved and bordered with shaded walks, fountains and time for the next number.
flowers, for its magnificent palaces, its fine old churches, its extensive water works, its public institutions of every
grade and character, its splendid galleries of paintings The Great Exhibition. London, June 8th.- by the world's best masters, and for the profession of noLeaping over the intervening space between the writing ble statuary; but within the time during which Napoleon of our last, or rather suppressing until the next number III, has been Emperor, so much has been done to adorn the publication of further travels, we hail our readers and beautify the city, that to those persons who saw the again from the fog-bound isle of Old England.
city even as late as in 1850, Paris is doubly Paris now. It will be remembered that we left a month ago because
Among the most remarkable features is the apparent the Exhibition was not yet fully ready for profitable and
universal happiness of the people. Of course it is impossatisfactory inspection. But now it is ready in every sible that in a city of almost a million and a half of peoproper sense of the word. Wonderful are the transforple there should not be much want and wretchedness; mations which it has undergone, and to-day it stands
yet after a thorough inspection of it, in all its parts from forth before the whole civilized world, a miracle of what
the palace of the Emperor to the humble dwelling in the ne ceaseless industry of the nation is doing. Oh, it is most forbidding back alley, we are prepared to believe glorious beyond any possible description. Years could be that, in this respect, there is no city of like magnitude spent in its study, but to us are given only weeks and
equal to this in the world. During our stay of several months. The first of a series of papers on the various days we witnessed no collision of man with his fellow, departments of the Exhibition, and on the several nations
heard no hard words and were not once asked for alms. represented, will appear in the next number.
Always cheerful, affable, approachable and genuinely
polite, they seem to require nothing but a little more The National Association for the Ad- solidity and a higher religious faith and life to make them vancement of Social Science. This honorable the most agreeable people to live among in the world. Association has been in Hession since the 6th inst., Lord Napoleon seems to understand them perfectly well and Brougham, President, in the chair. Enjoying the honor admirably, as we think, adapts his administration to of membership, we have attended many of the meetings their peculiar traits of character-achieving glory for the and participated in its proceedings. Many questions of Empire by his feats of arms, adding by means of the the greatest importance have been considered by the most prodigal expenditures to the transcendant beauty ablest men in the kingdom, and a report, in synopsis, of and attractiveness of the capital, and at the same time some of the meetings, the subject matter of which is ap- holding them to their places by the unyielding reins of a propriate to this journal, will appear in the next No. strong despotic government. It is thus that he is popular among his own people in spite of his tyranny. If he Great and Josephine, and the apartments are pointed out can only financier his treasury into a moro sound and which they were wont to occupy for private use. happy condition, we can see no reason why he may not
LYOXS. continue during the whole period of his life in the enjoy. mont of his imperial throne.
We came to this place down the beautiful Saone, proAGRICULTURE.
nounced Sone,) stopping at Dijon and Chalons sur Saone. But we have not forgotten in the midst of all the daz
Crops of grain and grass looking well, though the cultizling splendor of the court and city that the chief objoct
vation is hardly as good as in Northwestern France. The of our visit to France was of a professional, rather than a
vine shows itself on the way, clothing many fields and all pleasure seeking character to study the industry of the
the favorable hill sides. It is looking splendidly and country.
gives good promise of a great crop. The grass crop is Thus far the agriculture of the Empire had been a about half cut, (May 24,) and the wheat is perceptibly surprise to us-much better than wo had been led to ex
beginning to change its shade of deep green to a brighter pect. From Havre de Grace to Paris the country looks
hue. Scenery on the Saone much of it very beautiful; like one continuous garden. More beautiful fields of
rivalling, it is said, that on the Rhine, which we have yet wheat, rye, oats, sanfoin, lucerne and potatoes we have to see. never seon. There are beautiful bodges along the railway
Lyons is the great silk city of Europe; numbering and around the dwellings, but otherwise no enclosures
some 700 large establishments where it is manufactured. for miles--the division lines between farms being indi
It was these manufactories that brought us all these 316 cated by stone posts here and there.
miles from Paris, and we feel that we have been well re
paid for the journey. The city itself is well worth a THE AGRONOMIC INSTITUTE AT GRIGNON.
visit, being one of the handsomest, as well as one of the This institution, the leading one of its kind in France, | most populous in France. It is located at the junction is located some 40 miles from Paris; the way to it lying of the Saone with the Rbono, lying between and on both through Versailles. Wo devoted two days to its inspec- sides of these charming rivers. The Rhone is crossed by tion with results of mingled pleasure and disappointment eight fine stone and suspension bridges, the Saone by nine. -pleasure in seeing that the institutivn is really doing Population, including the suburbs, about 275,000. On the an important work for the agriculture of the country; of north side lies a mountain, from the top of which, in a disappointment that the buildings and the appointments clear day, the summit of Mont Blanc, though distant an of the school and farm were not kept in a better condi- hundred miles, is said to be distinctly visible. tion, i. e., in a condition calculated to mako a better im- The process of silk manufacture is most interesting, pression upon the stranger and to afford a better example and we regret that we have neither the time now, nor the to the pupils who are themselves to become either in- necessary diagrams, to give our readers some insight into structors in turn or "model" farmers in various parts of it. We saw silks of every pattern and color in the thouthe world. The school is supported by the Government sands of looms-all worked by hand and foot-and only and partly by the fees paid by the students. It is repre-wished we could present each of our lady friends, the sented as being in a flourishing condition and has the world over, with a robe of some of them, which seemed confidence of the public. At another time-when we to us most beautiful. shall have done seeing and are prepared to write--we shall | give a full account of its plan and working.
GEXEva, Switzerland.-A delightful ride along the FOUTAINEBLEAU.
banks of the wild blue Rhone has brought us to this gem We have at last torn ourselves away from the enchant of a Swiss town so famous for its beautiful natural scenery, ments of Paris, but find ourselves in the midst of others for the great men, such as Voltaire, Calvin and others of like character.
who made it their home, and for the extensive manufacFoutainebleau-by which we mean the old palace and tory of the best watches and clocks known in the world.
rdons and forest were the Kings and Emperors of With Lake Loman (Genova) on the North, the mountains France since the days of Louis VII. have delighted of Savoy (late a part of Sardinia) and the picturesque themselves with the beautiful scenery of the place, the valley of the Rhone on the South, the Jura splendid works of art, and the exciting sports of the the West and the majestic Alps, crowned by Mont Blanc, wood-is a peep at paradise! No wonder we lingered by on the East, there is no city in Europe of superior natural its beautiful lakes and streams and wandered by moon interest and attractiveness. After a stay of two days, light in its majestic, glorious wood until the mute statues climbing the Jura, riding on the lake watching the and half-bushed birds were our only companions and the dashing heaven-blue waters of the river which divides iron gates were closed! The gardens and fountains too the city and furnishes water power for its mills and manare most lovely-partly a la Versailles, partly unique. ufactories, and last of all looking into the mysteries of
The Palace occupies ten or twelve acres of ground, and watch-making, we are every hour more loth to leare. But though not so grand in its external as the Louvre and the Mont Blanc is beyond, standing majestic behind the veil Tuilleries is nevertheless magnificent, and is gorgeously of clouds which unhappily obscure his face, and provoke decorated within. It was a favorite with Napoleon the us to the task of climbing the mountains which lie be
tween. The decision is made, therefore, and our next ed as early as possible in the spring, and isn't neces letter shall be written in the midst of his glittering poak, sary to plant potatoes quito as early; therofore the pea and eternal ice.
will come up soonor even planted with the potato than
the potato, and they are required to bo hood as early as The Editor's Apology.-It will be understood possible after they are thoroughly up, and then they by all our readers, we trust, that no man is competent to dover should be hoed after they blow, and they being do two things at one and the same timo. It is on this much the tallest of the two, it hinders the blows of tho account that our pon has done but very little for the potatoos from blowing on one another; consequently FARMER since we left America. The time of our stay whether they would be part peas and part potatoes remust necessarily be very short, and it seems better for mains to be tried; but there can't be much potatoes, for us and them that that time should be spent in gathering the peas tako all the blossoms, and also will entangle the up stores of information which may be communicated to potato vines so they can't be worked. the public after our return. Will not all the farmers say The piece I noticed in your number was quoted from "amen"?
the N. E. Farmer.
GEORGE. The Editor's Return. Our friends may confi.
MADISOX, Wis., 1862. dently expect to see us at the old post of duty and labor
Leicester Sheep.-J. W. Hoyt, Esq., Dear Sir :-I early in August, and even earlier, should advices from
wish to inquire if you can inform mo where in this State the Board of Agriculture require an earlier return.
or Illinois, I can buy Leicester Shoop, or part bloods, and
at what price. We have but about twenty sheep in this CORRESPONDENCE.
county, and I wish to procure one hundred or more this
autumn. We have good grazing lands here for sheep, Strawberry Profits.-FRIEND CAMPBELL:-Since and this branch of industry, or rather stock growing, I saw you, I have been too busy until now to make out would materially add to the wealth of our county. the statement of my strawberry crop the present season.
H. A. TEMPLE.
CENTRALIA, Wood Co., Wis., June 2, '62. Bolow I give you the figures, which show that it not only pays to raiso strawberries as a table delicacy, but for
Langstroth Hive.-GENTS :—Will you please inprofit.
form a subscriber to the FARMER, how I can get the My patch consisted of about ninety rods; off of which
Langstroth Hive and his Book on Bees, and what each we have picked 38 bushels :
JOSEPH CaickEX. RECEIPTS.
CALAMINE, Wis., July 7th, 1862. 31 bushels sold for
.$113 43 Strawberry plants.
............... 48 00
[At this time when bees are doing well, and the public á bushels currants off same ground......... 800
mind is largely interested in their culture, we are surTotal...
prised that parties interested in the improved styles of ..............$169 43
hives do not advertise their business through the FARMER, EXPENSES. Cost of picking, 1 cent per quart ........... $9 92
for the public good. It will pay.--Ev.] Express and commission........................ 12 78
W111 Blood Sheep Pay.-MR. EDITOR :-In lookTotal................................................ $22 70 Leaving a net profit of $146 73. T. 8. COLTON.
ing over the back numbers of the FARMER, I porceive PALMYRA, July, 1862.
there is quite a disposition among your subscribers to (Handsomely done for half an acre of ground.-ED.)
communicate through the columns of your journal, any
seeming success which may have been attained by them “ Peas among Potatoes."-ED. FARMER: It is in their different occupations. And as we in the vicinity with pleasure I read your publication, and I believe I of Whitewater have been, and are doing, something in will never do without it again, it is valuable for most the improvement of sheep, I deem it but proper that I every class of people to read, for the reason that it hits should call your attention to a fow facts that have fallen upon almost everything; and I would advise everybody under my own observation, and again make the enquiry hereafter to take the FARMER; but I noticed one rather which has before been made through your columns, absurd idea, to my notion, in your June number headed, Will blood pay? “ Peas among Potatoes.” It is true, I admit, most per- ! Five years ago next October we purchased of Ebner sons are very fond of green peas; yet where is there a Porter, of West Rutland, Vt., 63 full blood Spanish Merifarmer around but can spare a piece of ground big enough no Ewes, bred by himself; since we came in possession for a pea patch, and there is no need of it being said, of them, we have used Mr. Hemenway's Stock Buck "we are out of green peas!” for most any farmer has “Matchless," and his stock to the “Robinson Rich.” We land enough to plant the second crop, as is suggested, to have sold from that stock over $1,000 worth of sheep, and drop the seed pea in the potato hills. What appears so hare on hand a flock of 150, twenty of which are the absurd to me is this, that a pea planted with potatoes original owes. They average 6 pounds, the increaso 80 don't want the same tending. A pea should be plant- lewes (baving lambs) avoraged 7% pounds; 20 yearling
Comparative Statement of the business of the Company
for the years 1859, 1860 and 1861:.
ewes averaged 7 pounds 6 ounces, all clean washed wool; 10 bucks, 7 of which are yearlings, averaged 12 pounds; 20 wethers averaging 9 pounds, making an aggregate of 1,047%2 pounds of wool from 130 sheep, or an average of a fraction over 8 pounds per head.
In conclusion I will say that the cost of keeping the above flock is no more than one that shears two-thirds the amount per head. Hence, I am compelled to think that Blood pays.
C. M. CLARK. WHITEWATER, July 21et, 1862.
compensation of officers, printing,
holders for cash premiums,.......
FOR THE YEAR ENDING
JANUARY 1st, 1862.
policy holders for cash pre-
............... 35,408 66 Am't secured by mortgage and judgment,................
332 47 Office furniture and fixtures,... 1,000 00 $216,865 76 Whole number of policies issued,......
14,357 Am't of outstanding risks thereon,.....
320,789 00 Reported losses awaiting further proof,..... 3,709 80 Losses recently reported,. .......
3,433 89 Whole number of policies issued in 1861...
5,778 Amount of outstanding risks thereon, ...... $5,315,173 00 Amount of premium notes thereon,...
93,914 06 Amount of cash premiums thereon,....
48,377 36 Total amount of losses reported during the year,.........
15,801 13 Total am't of losses paid during the year, 6,881 16 Amount settled by drafts and awaiting the
of officers and directors-stationery, ex-
6,069 56 The foregoing statement of the business of this Com. STATE OF WISCONSIN, les
pany for the past year gives a gratifying evidence of its
88. high standing in the public estimation and of the success DANE COUNTY,
of its rules and principles of action. We, the undersigned, being the President and a major- ! Although its business for the preceding year (1860) was ity of the Directors of the "Madison Mutual Insurance much larger than that of any previous year, and notwithCompany," do solemnly swear, and each for himself saith, standing the general depression among farmers the past that the foregoing is a true and correct statement of the season, arising from light crops and low prices, the above affairs of said company in the particulars therein named, figures show an increase of nearly seventy per cent. in as appears by the books of the company, according to the the number of policies issued, and of over seventy per best of our knowledge and belief.
cent. in the amount of cash premiums for the past year. D. J. POWERS, President. We invite a careful examination of this report. Its JOHN W. BOYD,
figures make a stronger argument than any form of SAMUEL D. HASTI
words, and prove a rise and standing in popular favor unB. F. HOPKINS,
paralleled in the history of the Northwest.
DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS FOR THE YEAR 1862:
J. W. BOYD, Walworth County.
B. F. HOPKINS, Dane County.
D. WORTHINGTON, Waukesha County.
S. D. HASTINGS, Trempeleau Couuty.
G. Y. HASTINGS, Dane County.
DAVID ATWOOD, Dane County. uary, A. D. 1862. V. W. ROTH, Notary Public,
G. R. MONTAGUE, La Crosse County.
S. R. MCCLELLAN, Kenosha County.