dences and tall church spires smiling under the bright sacrifice of our own WIB. FARMER. Brother farmers, unclouded sun of “ La Belle France." The cars for Paris what would you think of the Editor of our W18. PARKER were to leave at 2 p.m., and as it was half past one before going to the city of Buffalo or New York to buy their we were fairly landed and had passed the farcical ordeal four when it could be had right in the city of Madison of a custom examination, we had but a running glance at for one half the cost? You may consider this a very insome of the business portions of the town. A large, significant question, but this is the doctrine that we ach handsome and thriving commercial city, the Liverpool of vocate when we pay our money for agricultural papers France.

| published out of the State. Why there are farmers But of Rouen : Once the capital of Normandy, its fine enough in Wisconsin to make the FARMER just as good as old Gothic structures and monuments, some of them athe Rural, or any other paper. Now it it is not as good, thousand years old, are full of interest to an American what is the matter? this can be very easily answered. who in his own country lives in the midst of the creations In my opinion, it is because the agricultural interest of today. Some relic of antiquity meets the traveller at which is far the greatest in the State, does not give it every turn, either in the form of a pointed arch, the mu- that support that is due to so worthy a journal. Farmers, tilated statue of some saint, or a Gothic fountain; the this great agricultural State which can support a score of door-posts, window-frames, beam-ends and wood work of political papers, through its vast extent, yet it can hardly almost every building are chequered, intersected and or support one good paper devoted to the predominant innamented with rich carving, grotesque heads, flowers, terest of the State. Let us have one, if no more, agrianimals and other fanciful devices; while the mouldering cultural paper that will be a lasting benefit to us and our magnificence of the great Cathedral-said to have been children, and the future good to those who may live in founded as early as 1260—and of other churches once generations not yet born. Then come one, come all, say grand and beautiful, carry the mind of the beholder back not that we are not able, or that the times are so hard; through indefinite centuries and inevitably lead to serious but send the money right to the “Farmer Office," and get reflections upon the transitory nature of all the works of a copy.

D. B. CRANDALL. man.

UTICA, Wis., 1862. The most magnificent of all the churches is St. Ouena purely Gothic structure of most elaborate architecture Skim Milk Calves.-In relation to this matter and gorgeous finish within. It is about 400 feet in length,

we can speak from experience, having tried successively 300 in height and was built in 1318. The paintings on the methods proposed by Adolphus and the Massachusetts the windows and walls, the rich ornamentation of the Ploughboy, and giving preference to the latter, we must

tars and the splendid statuary are the wonder and in a measure condemn them both for our own use. We praise of every visitor.

had last summer eight calves, and for the sake of experiFrom the summit we had a most magnificent view of ment fed one precisely after the manner of Adolphus. the city, the surrounding hills and the beautiful Seine. another we allowed to suck its mother until fall, and the The Statue of Joan d'Arc, which ornaments the market remaining six we allowed to suck three cows apportionplace in the Place de Pucolle, is one of the finest works ling two calves to each cow. The result was as follow of art in the country. Of the Palais do Justice, the Jar

We had in autumn seven calves, which in point of size, din des Plantes and numerous other objects of interest | we have seen none to excel. The difference between the we have not time now to write.

one reared by hand and the sucklings, was truly surprisFrom this place we shall go up the Seine to Paris, where ing, and at least sufficient to condemn the skim milk plan all the glories of the French Empire await us.

as extremely objectionable. If properly managed, the

labor required to break a cow to suckling two calves, is Wisconsin Agricultural and Mechani

not equal to that necessary to learn your calf to drink cal Association.—The attention of our readers is

from a pail. The merits of this method are that you recalled to the Premium List of this Association which ap

tain one half of your cows for dairy purposes exclusively, pears in the supplement to this number. Through the

and raise calves which any farmer might be proud of and management of its enterprising and energetic officers,

' this without the least attention after the first few days. the Fair, this fall, will be a success.



ED. FARMER :—That big list from Oregon is not forth

coming yet, and for reasons not necessary to enumerate. ED. Wis. FARMER :- I do not know how many copies of First and foremost is the fact that the dear people have the FARMER are taken at this office, I think not a very been most preposterously deceived in regard to their own large number, but do know at least 50 copies ought to be best interests. They have been lod off after false godstaken, and I know that quite a number of the Rural New false issues, and false (to us) farming literature. Some

Yorker are taken here. Now I do not want to find fault think the Tribune is all in all; others add the American with the Rural, nor those of any brother farmers that Agriculturist to their list, which they take "as the man take it, but must certainly protest against the policy of of their counsel.” The great argument in favor of the taking foreign agricultural papers at the expense of the Agriculturist is the convincing one, viz: That it furnishes its subscribers with seeds at a penny an ouncemas per ing process you will find more effective in cleaning your the old saying, "penny roise but pound foolish.For land ten times better for your corn and perfornied in one what do forcigners know about our wants and capabili-half the time it takes to bestow the necessary punishties? just about as much as a Badger knows about culti- ment on the noxious weeds after they have obtained full vating negroes. Sometimes I am about disposed to give possession of your field, and are proposing to choke out over the community as joined to their idols; and yet I your corn. Potatoes should be hilled in mounds sufficiknow that many are getting sorely sick of their choice, ciently large to contain a bushel in case of a heavy and will, in due time, come back to their sober sense and crop.

1. R. patronize their own best friends.

Noxious Weeds and the Dog Law.Ed. I take pleasure in comparing the Wisconsix FARMER

Wis. FARMER :- I notice that the present legistators have with those taken by my neighbors, and am satisfied that

made it the duty of the overseers of highways, to destroy the FARMER has not suffered by contrast.

Horse Sorrol and Burdock, in addition to the duty of deMany of the old patrons of the Farmer lost confidence

stroying Canada Thistles, which they were previously in it when one of the old Editors advised the State to As.

required to do. And now will the farmers in the State sume the railroad indebtedness. I happened to be in the

(for they are the class more immediately interested,) see same boat, (though I did not commit myself,) which crip

to it that the laws in this respect are thoroughly and pled my influence. I am a victim to railroading, but yet

universally enforced to the letter and spirit. Truly may I shall not try to dodge the shot, I shall pay all, and pay

it be said in this matter, "a stitch in time saves nine." for the Farmer, and yet live to see a rousing list in this

I have a neighbor who sowed some eastern grass seed six place. I keep all and have them bound, and find them a

or eight years ago, and when it grew, he found his palch Ready Reckoner in times of need.


nicely seeded to Horse Sorrel. He has been negligent in Oregon, Dane Co., Wis.

killing it, and now it is scattered in spots for miles around. Corn and Potato Culture.--Some persons may

Burdock has been strangely neglected in this vicinity, object to a discussion of this subject, on the ground that

and is now growing luxuriantly in various localities in it is too common to require it; our opinion is that ema

the public highway, the injurious effects of which the ciated corn fields are too common to dispense with it. We

condition of some of the wool brought to the carding magive our method without claiming to know more than

chine abundantly attest. other people, with the assurance that it has seldom failed

There is another subject of vital interest to all sheep to produce good crops. In procuring seed corn, care

farmers in the State that ought to occupy the attention should be taken to pick the largest, earliest and best ma

of the legislature, to-wit: The inefficiency of the present tured ears, and this too before the strong frosts of autumn

Dog Law. The almost insurmountable obstacles as well set in. Put them in a dry place where the frosts cannot

as the expences directly and indirectly connected with penetrate to the cob before it is dry. When perfectly

the enforcement of the present Dog Law makes it pracdry, and you have time in winter, shell and barrel your

tically a dead letter through nearly all parts of the State. seed corn for spring planting; it is well to plant corn

These difficulties and expences arise chiefly from the and potatoes in the same field; manure the field in au

present mode and time of collecting the license money. tumn, the part intended for potatoes with straw, or what

If the law was so amended as to require the Assessor to is better, hotel manure. The part intended for corn

make a list of the names of the owners of dogs through with well rotted compost from tho cattle or sheep shed.

the town and the license fee annexed by the Town Clerk The manuro should be plowed under immediately after

to the taxes of such owners to be collected by the Town drawing-choose a dry place for this if possible. If the

Treasuror, I think that the greater part of the trouble land is sufficiently dry about the first of May, run over

attending the enforcement of the law would be removed, it with a cultivator to lighten its surface and kill the

and the State benefitted thousands thereby.

GEO. II. ADAMS. weeds which might start before the corn. Next mark

DANVILLE, Wis., June 19, 1862. out in rows 4 feet apart, cross these at right angles with marks the same distance apart; procure Mandrake Root, To Kill Canada Thistles.-Summer fallow one and boil in water so as to make a strong decoction, in season and plant potatoes the next summer. What surwhich soak your seed corn; this will render it unpalatable vives the last hooing, physic out with strong pork or beef to birds, insects, &c. Plant corn and potatoes about the brine.

J. R. first of May, if the land is dry enough. Plant potatoes in hills, same distance apart as corn; cut potatoes so as to

NOTICES OF NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. leave two or more eyes in cach plant; put three of these

Advice to Farmers.--In nothing are the farmers who in each hill about 6 or 8 inches apart. As soon as the

have a surplus of produce more interested than in just corn and potatoes are visible in row, commence plowing, and accurate weights, and prudence and economy dictate

that they should have scales to weigh their grain, beef, though the weeds have not made much progress, it is

pork, wool, &c., before it is taken to market. well to threaten what you will do in case of their appear Among the kinds in use, Fairbanks' scales stand prom

inent, on account of accuracy, durability and being reance; if the weeds plot up a new start, threaten again

garded as the acknowledged standard, and no good farmer with hoe and cultivator or shovel plow. This threaten- I can afford to be without one.


In this connection we would caution the farmers, in buying, against counterfeits, represented as Fairbanks' Scales, made at Buffalo and other places, which we are credibly informed have been sold under that name. They are unlike the genuine, except in external appearance, and are undoubtedly altogether inferior, and we would advise them to buy only the genuine, made at St. Johnsbury, Vt., and which have "Fairbanks' Patent” on the Brass Beam and Platform of the scale.

Durham Cattle and South Doron Sheep-In this number appears the advertisement of John P. Roe, importer and breeder of pure Durham Cattle and South Down Sheep. A personal acquaintance with Mr. Roe, and his fine stock, disposes us to bespeak for him the patronage of amateur stock raisers.

Singer & Co.'s Sewing Machine.-A new advertisement of this sterling machine will be found in our advertising pages. It is too well known to need a lengthy notice of its merits.

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Madison Mutual Insurance Company,


JANUARY 1st, 1862.
Made to the Governor of the State of Wisconsin, as re-
quired by the provisions of chapter 303, of the General
Laws of 1858.
Total amount of accumulations,................ $216,865 76

Premium notes of policy holders $180,124 63
Cash on hand, and due from

policy holders for cash pre-
miums, .......

.............. 35,408 66 Am't secured by mortgage and judgment,...........

332 47 office furniture and fixtures,... 1,000 00 $216,865 76 Whole number of policies issued,.......

14,357 Am't of outstanding risks thereon........... $10,320,789 00 Reported losses awaiting further proof,..... 3,709 80 Losses recently reported,.......................... 3,433 89 Whole number of policies issued in 1861...

5,778 Amount of outstanding risks thereon,.. $5,315,173 00 Amount of premium notes thereon,........ 93,944 06 Amount of cash premiums thereon,....

48,377 36 Total amount of losses reported during the year,.............................

15,801 13
Total am't of losses paid during the year, 6,881 16
Amount settled by drafts and a waiting the
call of the insured,...............................

1,568 85
Amount of commissions paid to Agents,.... 7,460 84
Am't paid for Advertising, ...... $1,625 20
Amount paid for printing,....... 811 00
Amount paid for postage,....... 366 22
Amount paid for office rent,.... 200 00 3,002 42
Expenses paid, including all compensation

of officers and directors-stationery, ex-
tra clerk hire, fuel, lights, and all other

The foregoing statement of the business of this Com. incidental expenses.............................. 6,069 56 pany for the past year gives a gratifying evidence of its STATE OF WISCONSIN,

high standing in the public estimation and of the success Dane COUNTY,

of its rules and principles of action. We, the undersigned, being the President and a major Although its business for the preceding year (1860) was ity of the Directors of the “Madison Mutual Insurance much larger than that of any previous year, and notwith

do solemnly swear, and each for himself salth. standing the general depression among farmers the past that the foregoing is a true and correct statement of the season, arising from light crops and low prices, the abovo affairs of said company in the particulars therein named, figures show an increase of nearly seventy per cent. in as appears by the books of the company, according to the

the number of policies issued, and of over seventy per best of our knowledge and belief.

cent. in the amount of cash premiums for the past year. D.J. POWERS, President. We invite a careful examination of this report. Its JOHN W. BOYD,

figures make a stronger argument than any form of SAMUEL D. HASTINGS, words, and prove a rise and standing in popular fa vor unB. F. HOPKINS,

paralleled in the history of the Northwest.



J. W. BOYD, Walworth County.

B. . HOPKINS, Dane County.

D. WORTHINGTON, Waukesha County,

.- S. D. HASTINGS, Trempeleau County.

G. P. HASTINGS, Dane County.
Subscribed and sworn before me this sixth day of Jan.

DAVID ATWOOD, Dane County.

G.R. MONTAGUE, La Crosse County. uary, A. D. 1862.

S. R. MCCLELLAN, Kenosha Connty.

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ribed and sworn bev. ROTH, Notarsa ne County.


J. W. HOYT, : : : : : : : : : : EDITOR.

Vol. XIV.


No. 8.

Hints for the Season-August. tained by topping a portion of the corn after This is another busy month with the farm

it is glazed, or by going through the field and er. The early part of the month will be em- cutting out surplus stalks, or such as are barployed in finishing up the haying, and securing

ren of ears. the wheat, oats, &c. Let the grain be well

Towards the last of the month hogs intended stacked and covered with a good thatch. A

for pork should be put up and started. little labor and care of this kind secures the

Examine the orchard trees for the eggs of outside grain against driving rain storms, which insects. They will be found in dry, rolled up often penetrate the naked stack, and destroys. I leaves, and in clusters on small twigs. Scra pe or injures more or less grain. A few hours the twigs and burn the leaves. If not destroyspent in thatching your stack may save theed,

need, they hatch in spring. toil of weeks and months. Let the haying be

Muck for Manure. finished up this month, whether on low or up

Mr. FREAS:- There are many kinds of muck land. It is a great mistake, (a mistake quite which becomes good manure simply by being common,) to allow prairie grass to stand into taken out and exposed during the autumnal

and winter months, to the action of the air and September, and even October, before cutting.

mg frost. The effect of the latter is to fine or pulIf for market, it may make but little or no verise the mass, and render it more easily difference with your pocket, if you can find handled, while that of the former tends to

sweeten it; all muck of a vegetable nature, and un principled purchasers ; but if fed to your which has long lain submerged, being possesscattle and horses through a cold winter, the ed of an acid or sour principle which lessens difference will be seen and felt ere they leave

greatly its value as a manure, if it does not

actually destroy it. the yard in spring.

It is by no means necessary, as many supThe ground for winter wheat and rye should pose, and as most agricultural writers attest,

that all mucky masses require to be composted be put in order, and the seeding done the last before they can be rendered of actual benefit of this month, or very first of the next. No to the soil. I have seen excellent and luxucrop is of more importance to the former than

riant crops of corn which had received no

other dressing than muck taken directly from a field of rye. Aside from a crop of grain, it the primitive bed, and placed fresh under the supplies excellent feed, both fall and spring,

corn at planting. Most muck which can be

regarded as at all valuable for manuring crops, at a time when grass is of no account.

is almost exclusively of vegetable origin, and This is an important month with all root the result of successive annual deposits and

decompositions, extending, for ought we know crops. If you would have a good crop of tur to the contrary, through thousands of years, nips, carrots, &c., the ground must be stirred or perhaps centuries. I have seen, in muck the value of many, perhaps, of most kinds of This plant readily adapts itself to a large muck, when contemplated as a means of vege- variety of soils, but its favorite position seem table enrichment, there can be no question, to be in moist land, and it always succeeds but that it is in all cases indispensable, is a better in a wet season. It does not appear to position vholly unsusceptible of proof. To be so much relished by stock as from its sweetevery one therefore who is the owner of a good ness would naturally be supposed, yet it has muck bed, I would say, use it at all times just been found that in pastures where this plant is as you would short manure. If its effects are largely found, milch cows produce milk of a not manifest the first season, they will be the nicer quality than that from any other grass. next, and your land will soon exhibit evidences | We believe this plant to be capable of great of its value which no one can dispute.

aken from a depth of thirty feet below the and the weeds kept down.

surface, the impression of leaves as freshly The cows will now need something besides and distinctly defined as if sketched by the the dry grass from the pastures, to keep up a hand of art; yet the mass was as thoroughly

decomposed as vegetable matters can be withgood flow of milk. To supply this want, noth-out dissipation or loss of identity. ing is equal to corn stalks, which may be obol That composting very essentially enhances

improvement, by the proper selection and culMuck may be used by the farmer in a great tivation of varieties, and we hope it will ere variety of ways, and always so as to be profita- long be accomplished.-Maine Farmer. ble. It may be made to absorb the liquid matters which are constantly accumulating around

Prices of Harvest Help, &c. his buildings, and which are too frequently permitted to sink into the earth; or it may be Ed. Wis. FARMER: I infer from what I have mixed with loam in the yards, and used as a

read in the papers of the State, and from contop-dressing for lands in grain or grass. In either of these modes of application, it will versing with the farmers in this vicinity, that produce excellent effects. I hope that, as a high prices for help during the coming harvest, general thing, there will be more attention ac- | corded to this subject, and to the subject of

are generally anticipated. These views, I manuring lands with other matters, than we think, are erroneous, for the following reasons: have heretofore evinced in our operations. First, as to the amount of labor to be performWe need all we can get from the soil, and the more we bestow in the form of manure, the

ed, this depends of course mainly upon the more we shall receive. The autumn is a favor- quantity and quality of the grain to be harvestable season for attending to matters of this

ed. And I think from the appearance of the kind, and a few days devoted to the subject now, will enable us to double our products wheat crop at the present writing, (July 8th,) without anything like an equivalent expense in that we shall not, after all, have much, if any, money, or in time, which, with most men of industrial and economical habits, is synoni

more than an average yield this year. The mous with cash.

general complaint is that the wheat did not Before closing this already lengthy, and per

"stool” well, (the effects, I think, of the exhaps, to most of your readers, tedious communication, permit me, sir, to say a few words on

cessive rains,) and is consequently rather thin, a subject not altogether irrelavant to the one exceptions to this are not few nor far between, diseussed. I refer to the use of the well-known mineral fertiliser, Gypsum. Too much of this

but that the wheat crop will be less than has cannot well be used on a farm, I think, and been expected, I think is very true. And the already are its many virtues too well under- unprecedented quantity of reapers and mowstood and too highly appreciated to require

ers sold in the State this year, will partially much to be said in its favor in this place; yet there is a probability, to say the least, that make up for the absence of our young men many who might use it to advantage, and who

who have gone to the war. The present prices think so, will be deterred in consequence of supposing themselves unable to bear the ex of wheat will also tend to make farmers slow pense. This is an unfounded fear, and no one to pay exorbitant wages for harvest help. And who has lands to improve should indulge it for a moment. “A word to the wise," &c.-A

perhaps it would be proper to calculate some PRACTICAL FARMER, in Ger. Telegraph. | upon the growth of the boys in our midst the

past year. Another argument for low wages WHITE CLOVER.—This forage plant seems to lis the fact that farmers have universally calcube very much neglected. That it possesses undoubted merits, especially as a pasture grass,

lated upon a scarcity of help in harvest, and no one can doubt. Thaer who was regarded laid their plans and planted and sowed acas the most practical and scientific cultivator of his day, says: “It is certainly the most

cordingly. generally approved of all plants that are cul-! And now Mr. Editor, would it not be for the tivated for this purpose." Fessenden wrote: best interest of Wisconsin farmers to so arrange “It does not contain as much nutritive matter as red clover, yet its value as a pasture grass

their business as to bring about a more equal is universally admitted.

and uniform distribution of their farm labor

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