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HEALTH AND DISEASE. form good health ever after. A familiar case
to general readers is derived from medical The Best Bed.
works, where an entire English family became
ill, and all remedies seemed to fail of their Of the eight pounds which a man eats and usual results, when accidentally, a window in drinks in a day, it is thought that not less than the family room was broken in cold weather. five pounds leaves his body through the skin. It was not repaired, and forthwith there was a And of these five pounds of considerable per marked improvement in the health of the incentage escapes during the night, while he is mates. The physician at once traced the conin bed. The larger part of this is water; but nection, discontinued his medicines, and orin addition, there is much effete and poisonous dered that the window-pane should not be matter. This being in great part gaseous in replaced. A French lady became ill. The form, permeates every part of the bed. Thus, most eminent physicians of her time were all parts of the bed, mattress, blankets, as well called in, but failed to restore her. At length as sheets, soon become foul, and need purifica | Dupeytren, the Napoleon of physic, was contion. The mattress needs this renovation quite sulted. He noticed that she lived in a dim as much as the sheets.
room, into which the sun never shone; the To allow the sheets to be used without wash- house being situated in one of the narrowest ing or changing, three or six months, would be streets, or rather lanes of Paris. He at once regarded as bad housekeeping; but I insist, if ordered more air and cheerful apartments, and a thin sheet can absorb enough of the poison- all her complaints vanished. The lungs of a ous excretions of the body to make it unfit for dog become tuberculated consumptive) in a use in a few days, a thick mattress which can few weeks, if kept confined in a dark cellar. absorb and retain a thousand times as much of The most common plant grows spindly, pale these poisonous excretions, needs to be purified and scraggling, if no sunlight falls upon it.as often certainly as once in three months. The greatest medical names in France, of the
A sheet can be washed; a mattress cannot last century, regarded sunshine and pure air be renovated in this way. Indeed there is no as equal agents in restoring and maintaining other way of cleansing a mattress but by health. From these facts, which cannot be steaming it, or picking it to pieces, and thus disputed, the most common mind should conin fragments exposing it to the direct rays of clude that cellars, and rooms on the northern the sun. As these processes are searcely prac- side of buildings, or apartments into which the ticable, with any of the ordinary mattresses, I sun does not immediately shine, should never am decidedly of the opinion that the good old-be occupied as family rooms or chambers, or fashioned straw bed, which can every three as libraries or studies. Such apartments are months be changed for fresh straw, and the only fit for stowage, or purposes which never tick be washed, is the sweetest and healthiest require persons to remain in them over a few of beds.
minutes at a time. And every intelligent and If, in the winter season, the porousness of humane parent will arrange that the family the straw bed makes it a little uncomfortable, room and chambers shall be the most commospread over it a comforter, or two woolen dious, lightest and brightest apartments in his blankets which should be washed as often as dwelling.-Hall's Journal of Health. every two weeks. With this arrangement, if you wash all the bed covering as often as once in two or three weeks, you will have a delight
DOMESTIC ECONOMY. ful, healthy bed.
Now, if you leave the bed to air, with open Eschew Corks for Closing Preserve Bottles. windows during the day and not make it up for the night before evening, you will have ad For the preservation of all kinds of fruits, ded greatly to the sweetness of your rest, and use glass bottles or jars. They are cleaner, in consequence to the tone of your health.
more durable, more costly at first, but cheaper
in the end, than tin, and transparent. Select Air, Sunshine and Health.
those of even thickness, or rather of even thin
ness, for they are often exposed to considerable H., New York merchant, noticed, in the heat, and while they should not be so thin as progress of years that each successive book to break in common handling, or burst from keeper gradually lost his health and finally internal pressure caused by fermentation, still died of consumption, however vigorous and ro- they should not be thick, or of pressed glass, bust he was on entering his service. At length when blown glass jars can be readily obtainit occurred to him that the little rear room ed. So much for the bottles. Now as to closwhere the books were kept opened in a back ing them air-tight. 1st, corks will not do it. yard, and was so surrounded by high walls that the very structure of the substance is against no sunshine came into it from one year's end it, unless cork of the most velvety eharacter is to another. An upper room, well lighted, was obtained, and this is costly. We have in preimmediately prepared, and his clerks had uni- vious volumes recommended waxed cloth tied over the jar as a substitute at once cheap and lime; the lime destroys the color, and the coleffective, and have never found anything su- or has an effect on the whitewash which makes perior to it. Prepare the cloth in this way: it crack and peal. When walls have been Melt together some rosin, beeswax and tallow badly smoked, and you wish to have them a in equal parts; tear the cloth in strips four clean white, it is well to squeeze indigo plentiinches wide, or at least wide enough conveni- fully through a bag into the water you use beently to tie over the mouth of the jar, and dip fore it is stirred into the whole mixture. If & these strips, drawing them through the hot wax larger quantity than five gallons is wanted, and stripping nearly all the wax off. With the same proportions should be observed.cloth thus prepared, after the jar is filled with Rural New Yorker. hot preserves, and while still hot, close the mouih and bind it on with good linen cord.
Caro of Carpets. Then with shears trim off as much of the waxed cloth as is desirable, and then dip it in When carpets are taken up, be careful in resome melted wax, which should be made with moving the tacks, so that the edges of the caronly ahout half as much tallow. Sealing wax | pet are not torn, then roll up the carpets with may be used instead if desired. The jars the upper part inside, and carry them away to should be put where the wax will cool at once, be beaten. As soon as the carpets are removed, so that the exhaustion caused by the cooling tbrow a few old tea leaves, not too wet, over the of the preserves and the condensation of the floor, sweep the room out, and afterwards wash steam, may not cause the wax to run through the boards with a wet flannel, but be careful the cloth. Nothing can be more thoroughly not to throw too much water about, as it is air-tight than bottles so prepared. - Homestead. liable to injure the ceilings of the rooms be
low. An Improved Whitowash.
While the floor is drying, beat the carpets,
by hanging them over a stout line and beating Take half a bushel of nice, unslaked lime, them, first on one side and then on the other, slake it with water, covering it during the pro- with a long smooth stick. After the carpet is cess, to keep in the steam. Strain the liquor beaten, it may be dragged over a lawn or else through a sinall seive or strainer, and add io it brushed on both sides with a carpet broom. If a peck of clean salt, previously well dissolved faded or greasy in many parts, an ox gall in warm water; three pounds of ground rice. mixed with a pailful of cold water, or a little mixed to a thin paste, and stirred in boiling grated raw potato and cold water, mixed tohot; half a pound of powdered Spanish whit-gether and sponged over the places, and then ing, and a pound of clean glue, which has wiped dry with soft cloths, will make them been previously dissolved by first soaking it look clean and bright. well and then hanging it over a slow fire, in a If there are any appearances of moths in small kettle within a larger one, filled with wa- carpets, when they are taken up, sprinkle toter. Add five gallons of hot water to the whole bacco or black pepper on the floor before the mixture, stir it well, and let it stand a few carpets are put down, and let it remain after days covered from the dirt. It should be put they are laid down. on quite hot; for this purpose it can be kept Straw matting, laid under carpets, makes in a kettle on a portable furnace.
them last much longer than straw; as it is It is said that about one pint of this mixture smooth and even, and the dust sifts through it. will cover a square yard upon the outside of a Slips of paper should always be placed over house, if properly applied. Brushes more or the edges of the stairs under the carpet. This less fine, may be used, according to the neat-will diminish the friction between the carpet ness of the job required. It retains its bril- and the boards underneath. The strips should liance for many years. There is nothing of be in length within an inch or two of the width the kind that will compare with it, either for of the carpets, and four or five inches in outside or inside walls. Coloring matter may breadth, as convenient. This simple expedient be put in, and made of any shade you like. — will preserve the carpet half as long again as Spanish brown, stirred in, will make a red or it would last without the strips. pink, more or less deep, according to quiniity. A delicate tinge of this is very pretty for inside walls. Finely pulverized common clay,
WIT AND WISDOM. well mixed with Spinish brown before it is stirred into the mixture, mikes it a lilac color.
- When may a chair be said to dislike you? Lampblack, in moderate quantities, makes a When it can't bear you. slate color, very suitable for the outside of building. Yellow ochre stirred in makes a yel
- The pebbles in our path weary us and low wash; but chrome goes further, and makes make us tool-sore more than the rooks. a prettier color. It would be best to experi- " Bob, how is your sweetheart getting ment on a shingle and let it dry.
along?" - Pretty well, I guess, she says I I am told green must not be mixed with needn't come any more.
- Ties of choice are closer than that of blood THE WOOL MARKET, unless the hearts are kindred as well as the bodies.
MILWAUKEE, June 21.-Wool has been com- By constantly doing good, you can put the envious to such torture as you might en
ing in pretty freely this week. Prices range joy if you had the malice of a fiend.
from 350 to 40c for to full blood. The con
dition in which the wool finds the market is - The Rebels, at the approach of the Union generally very good, and there seems to be no troops, make deserts of their cities and fields. backwardness in selling at the price.--Daily Even their forts, if not deserts are deserted. (Life.
- A lady in this village proposes to go into JANESVILLE, June 25.–Wool is beginning to insolvency, as she owes so many calls that she come forward quite freely, and we notice that sees no other way to liquidate her obligations. | buyers are starting in at round prices. There
- We make sad mistakes, but there is good were several sales to-day at a range of 30 ness hived, like wild honey, in strange nooks
37fc, and one lot of choice sold at 40c per . and corners of the world.
The tendency seems to be upward, and the
probability is that large lots of choice wool will -“0, mother! do send for the doctor!”
sell at 37 c and upwards.-Gazette. said a little boy of three years. “What for my dear?” “Why. there's a gentleman in the Chicago, June 27.-Sales of 1,500 lbs. Sumparlor who says he'll die if Jane don't marry mit Farm unwashed, about Merino and ? him--and Jane says she won't !”
South Down at 281c. "The same wool last year - It is said that when a Frenchman has to brought only 19c. We quote common native wait he smokes: a German meditates : an lial- | at 25,30c; medium 30(@.35c; fine 35@,400 ; ian sleeps ; an Englishman takes a walk; an unwashed off. Tribune. American invents some new contortion of his! MICHIGAN. -At Kalamazoo, on the 24th, the limbs, and tries to put his feet higher than best elips went freely at 50c. At Decatur. 4.ever.
1000 tbs. at 30@ 450. At iles, the highest -A poor Frenchman, whose wife aroused price paid was 48c, and the lowest 300. At him from sleep with the cry, “Get up, Bnp- Adrian, on the 23d, 600 lbs. of Iowa wool was tiste, there is a robber in the house," answered sold at 46c, of which the Watchtower says it is sensibly, “Don't let us molest him. Let him • probably a saving of $50.00@ $60.00." At explore the house awhile, and if he should find | Ann Arbor, 700 tos. were sold at 45c--good anyıhing of value we will take it away from Spanish wool. At Hillsdale, 43@,470 was paid, him.”
and 50c for extra lois. At Pontiac, 460,490 - About the coolest piece of impudence of was the range. Chicago Tribune. which we have heard Intely is that of a young Rebel Captain taken prisoner at Williamsburg,
1 New YORK, June 19.-Market is quite aniwho condescended to express his gratification ma
imated this week. Domestic wool is in good after Hancock's charge, that at last he had re
request and large sales have been made on found “foemen worthy of his steel." He might
private terms--no new wools have yet arrived have found them before if he hadn't ran so
1250,000 lbs. pulled, superfine and extra have
been taken at the following prices : Saxony fast.
fleece, 50@52c; American full blood Merino, - Alonzo was taken to church for the first 48@ 50c; and blood, 45@ja 47c; American time. The services has not begun, Deacon native and 1 blood, 42(@,44c; extra pulled, 45 Wells, a bald-headed man, came in; Alonzo @50c; superfine pulled, 46@47c; No. 1 pulllooked at him curiously. Mr. Ostrom came ed 31 a 35c. down the aisle, and he had no hair where the hair ought to grow. Alonzo was fidgety.- ALBANY, June 19.-Street sales of new clip Squire Jones, as bald as Mont Blanc, walked are more free; 3,000 lbs. sold at a range of in, and Alonzo could hold in no longer. In a 36@43c per Ib. clear, ringing little voice, he cried: "Oh, ma, / Boston. June 19.-There is a firm and buoyma, there comes another man with a skinned
edeant feeling in the market for all desirable head!”
grades both domestic and foreign. Saxony - A Spaniard sent his son to the University and Merino fine, 47@49c; full blood, 46@47c; of Salamanca, and told bim to study economy, | ! and blood, 432,46c; common, 41043c; and to eat beef rather than poultry. On ar-pulled extra, 46@55c; western mixed, 35@ riving, the young gentleman asked the price of 43c; Canada, 40W 44c. crows.
CINCINNATI, June 19.-No disposition to sell. "About twenty dollars.” " And partridges ?”
Prices range from 33 to 42c. The latter for “Twenty five cents."
fancy clips. " I must live on partridges," said he, “they Toronto, June 20.- The prices ruling to-day are decidedly the cheapest of the two." are 34c per ib.
EDITORIAL MISCELLANY. tatives of the press, to make a hasty tour through the
various departments of his extensive 'establishment.All communications, of whatever kind, intended
Never before have we seen the principle of the division for the EDITOB should be addressed to him ex. 50
of labor so elaborately illustrated. Each part of the ma
chine has its separato department and set of hands to mar clusively; all remittances of money and all cu A business letters, to the Publishers. The offices 29
mould and shape it for its place in the finished whole. Apare separate and distinct, and attention to this 60
From the dock yard where the rough materials for the request will save the Editor a great deal of time
machines are unloaded, through all the departments of and trouble, while at the same time, it will di
the factory to the counting room where this extensive u minish the liability to mistakes.
business is booked, the men seemed to be constantly busy
in plying their respective tasks. We felt that it must State Fair. We are often asked if there is to be a
require a master mind to direct such a combination of State Fair this fall. We can only say in reply, that we
power and skill. Like most men who have grown inde
pendent by assiduous attention to business, Mr. Caso believe it to be the intention of the Officers of the society to hold a Fair, should nothing transpire to prevent.
commenced his operations on a small scale, building his
first maching in his back kitchen. By industry, his Due notice will be given in the FARMER and the local pa
establishment has expanded to be one of the largest in pers in each county in season to allow exhibitors time
the West, and his trade extends all over the North-West. for preparation.
His establishment is a credit to the State, and its syste
matic arrangement and neatness, an ornament to the Notes of Travel.-The past month spent in the
city. Moreover, Mr. C. is a man of generous inpulses, eastern part of the State has been fraught with no little
and has done much for the upbuilding of this pleasant of pleasant experience. A general hospitality has always
city.. been shown us, and a cordial co-operation in extending
We would hardly be doing justice to Mr. Falvey's the patronage of the FARMER. We have met with many
Reaper Manufactory, did we pass it over unnoticed. In sterling men who seemed to have a lively appreciation of
company with Mr. Case, we passed through this extensive the value of a paper devoted to the agricultural inter
factory and observed the various manipulations which ests of the North-West. To the assistance of these men,
bring forth the complete machine. We did not have an whose leisure we have appropriated, are we indebted for
opportunity to learn from Mr. Falvey, the details of his what success resulted to our labors, Omitting what
business. might be said of the weather, we pass to some incidents
Our stay at Racine was most pleasant; most particuof travel, the details of which may or may not be inter
larly did we appreciate and do justice to the great "treat" esting to the general reader.
which came in the shape of a “Strawberry Festival.” First in order of time which we desire to mention is
This entertainment was excellent, and reflects great the visit which we recently made to the place of John P.
credit upon the patriotic ladies of the place. Roe, Muskego, Waukesha Co. During a brief stay with
Long will this festive occasion be remembered. . this gentleman, we had an opportunity of looking over his fine herd of Durhams. Nothing pleases us more than to see good stock; and here was an opportunity, rarely to The Editor's Trip to Europe.-SOUTHAMPTON, be met with in our State, For several years Mr. Roe has England, May 16, 1862.-Weary of London rain, fog and given his attention largely to importing and breeding smoke, and feeling the need of purer air and more cheerpure stock; and, judging from the handsome specimens ful skies, we resolved one day last week to leave L'Angieof the bovine species, "plump and sleek” which met our terre for a time. Took the cars accordingly this morning eye in the "green pasture” near, we should say that his for Paris, via Southampton, Hayre de Grace and Rouen. success was an established fact, Credit is eminently due Found the country between L. and II. handsome and tolthis enterprising gentleman for his efforts to improve the erably well cultivated, but the land was very wet from stock of our State.
recent rains and tho crops, particularly the wheat, lookPassing hence to the city of Racine, we had the pleas- ing badly. ure of meeting with the representatives of the Press of Passing various villages-the most important of them our State at their annual gathering on the 18th of June; Winchester-we arrived at Southampton at 10 o'clock, rather more in the character of an cutsider, however, and immediately took a little steamer-built astor an than otherwise. The attendance was not so large as we American model-for had anticipated; still the programme of two days dura
THE BEAUTIFUL ISLE OF WIGHT, tion was well filled with intellectual treats, sight-seeing where we thought it better to spend the afternoon, as the and those refreshing things most appreciated by the Havre steamer would not leave S. until after 11 o'clock inner-man. During our say, we were the favored guest at night. It was a beautiful morning, and as the little of J. I. Case, Esq., who has more than a state reputation ship skimmed over the waters of the bay, passing fortifias an enterprising Threshing Machine Manufacturer. It cations, the magnificent Netley Naval Hospital, Iordly was our privilege, in common with several represen- mansions and distant villagos, the voyage of some 22 miles was soon ended, and we glided into the charming The object which next interested us was Carisbrooke harbor of Cowes before the hour of noon, leaving Ryde Castle, a mile beyond Newport, which is itself 5 miles and the channel fleet at Spithead some miles to the left. inland from Cuwes. Ordinarily it would have been desi
There were many places of present and historic interest rable to have taken a carriage for a journey of this distto be seen on the Island, but inasmuch as we had allotted ance, but the morning was so balmy and beautiful, ar but one afternoon to their inspection, and as the circuit
the way so enchantingly lovely, that, as if lurod by fairies of the Isle would require a drive of some 60 miles, we
we walked on and on, thinking nothing of time or distmade a selection of such places and objects as most in
ance until we found ourself in the narrow and winding, terested us. Cowes is located very handsomely on two
but clean and pleasant streets of Newport. Dinner, and opposite slopes, or more properly hills, separated by a
then on to “Carisbrooke Castle," which, with large trees small stream, the outlet of which constitutes the larbor.
half concealing it, glowers upon the little town from its The town is noted for its yachts and yatching clubs ;
high elevation. It was here that Charles the First was probably for nothing else. The landing is on the side of
imprisoned, and here where the Princess Elizabeth, his West Cowes, and East Cowes is reached by a floating
daughter, died of grief after his execution, in 1650. Much bridge. Crossing upon this bridge we ascended the hill
of the castle is now in ruins, but a portion of the buildings by a handsome macadamized road, with charming villas
within are occupied by a family who keep the gate and on either side, to the magnificent palaces of Lord Gort
point out the places of greatest interest to the visitor and that of the Queen. The grounds of the Osborne
the large drawing room, the room where the Princess estate of the Queen, including the farm, embrace about
died, the window through which the King attempted to 2,000 acres. They are enclosed with a paling of thin
escape, the great well 250 feet deep and 8 feet in diameboards, upright and lapped, so as to shut out all hope of
ter where the donkey pow draws water for the in-dwellers, obtrusivo peepings-in from the profane world without.
the great tower from whose top a view may be had of Entrance can only be effected through one of two may
almost the whole Island, &c., &c. Returning by the way sire iron gates, set in the arches of handsome stone
of Carisbrooke village we saw the old Norman Church “lodges," occupied by the porters and their families.
and such Roman antiquities as stone floor, and both beFurthermore lest some inquisitive plebean should venture
longing to a residence there in the time of Cæsar, and by to bribe the porter, armed guards are stationed to pntrol
another most delightful route, on the west side of the the walks and carefully watch. The Queen being absent
river, passed Honey-Hill, Horsebridge-Hill, Gurnard and in Scotland, of course lost the honor of a call from her
other little villages and villas to Gurnard Bay, and thence democratic friend, the Editor of the FARMER! We did so
along the beach to the harbor of Cowes, arriving in time far ingratiate ourself with the porter and guard, however,
for the evening boat to Southampton. It would hardly as to get partial admission to the grounds, barns, &c.,
be possible to crowd more quiet, sweet enjoyment of naobjects of much greater interest to us, professionally, than
ture, art and rural life into ono day than we have had in eren Her Majesty with all her numerous brood. The
this, and we earnestly recommend all travelers who may residence is built of a handsome freestone in plain, but
ever happen to be within one hundred miles of the Islo elegant English style. Situated upon something of an
of Wight in either the spring, summer or autumn time eminence, its two square towers are visible at a distance
to take the necessary time for a visit. No wonder that for many miles. The grounds are tastefully laid out, and
it is Victoria's favorite home. have beautiful gravel walks and carriage ways, over velvet Agriculturally considered, the Isle of Wight presents lawns and through shady groves, in every direction. The but little that is worthy of notice. The soil is variable stables aro extensive and quite imposing in their appear in some parts of the island a deep hard clay, in others a ance. The stud at present consists of some 50 fine horses, calcareous and flinty gravel. The crops are evidently not adapted to the various uses required.
very large, though the cultivation is good. A number of Leaving Osborne House we strolled through fragrant
Tile Factories supply good tile for thorough drainage. or groves of locust, cedar, elm and plane to Whippingham
all public improvements, the roads appeared to us the Chapel, a beautiful unique little structure of stone de
most remarkable. They are mostly narrow, but the signed and nearly completed by the Prince Congort. It
smoothest and handsomest we ever saw, enclosed with stands some distance from the main thoroughfare, and is
beautiful green hedges all the way, substantially macadreached by winding carriage ways through pleasant
amized with a surface as smooth as any sanded garden groves. After the chasteness of the style of architecture
walk, and furthermore without any of those miserable and decoration, the first thing which arrested our atten
ditches which make most roads in America so unpleasant tion was the arrangement for the separation of the plo
and unsafe, they afforded us constant pleasure and made bean from the aristocratic communicants. There was ono
our afternoon pedestrianation of 14 miles seem but a portion for the royal family quite out of view, another
single hour's promenade in some delightful park. for the court of the Queen just opposite, each entered by
HAVRE DE GRACE AND ROUEN separate and private doors, while in the main body of the Rouex, France, May 17.-After a slow but pleasant chapel, christians in general, without respect to rank, are voyage across the British Channel, the sight of Havre de permitted to worship.
Grace greeted us at mid-day, its handsome hill-sido resi