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Afalrs in London-the Markets and the On the negative side of the question there are other Sentiment on the American Question.- circumstances which require consideration: LONDON, England, May 9, 1862.--Again we salute our First, there are known to be large supplies at many of readers from the world's great metropolis. In our last the American Lake ports waiting for better prices. This we gave some account of the grand opening of the Ex fact is at the present time exerting a depressing influence hibition of the Industry of all Nations, and had intended upon the market here and elsewhere. in this to furnish the first of a series of articles on the Secondly, the prospect for a good British and ContinenExhibition itself. The delay of exhibitors, and of super- tal crop is now excellent. The weather, though rather intendents of departments in getting articles all in place unpromising carly in the season, is now unexceptionable, and ready for inspection, has modified our plan, however, and is rapidly bringing forward vegetation of every and it is now more than probable that we shall leave for kind. the continent to-morrow or Monday, returning when the Thirdly, it is believed that the Baltic ports, now just Exhibition is more thoroughly ready for our careful and fairly opened to navigation, will be able to send forward connected study.
considerable quantities. During the past few days, our time has been divided In view of all these and other considerations, pro and etween the Exhibition and the great city of London, con, we are reluctantly brought to the conclusion that which is in itself a world condensed.
the farmers of America may have to sell at rates someTHE MARKETS.
what less than we felt inclined to promise them last Yesterday we attended the Corn Exchange, which is winter. Still we hope they will not be suddenly dislocated on Mark Lane, near the centre of the city proper. heartened and sell at a sacrifice. It is by no means cerTo the eye neither the building nor the displays of grain, tain, yet, that the crop now growing will be a good one, &c., are very imposing; yet it is here that are made the and if it should, prices can scarcely run lower than at sales and the purchases which go far towards determin present in mid-summer. Of the prospects for a good crop ing the market rates, not only in the United Kingdom, at home, we are not so well apprized. This should, of but also in all foreign countries. Of course the prices course, be taken into the account, as also the probable here are determined by circumstances of amount pro course and final upshot of the war. duced in other countries, prospects for good or bad crops
ENGLISH POLITICAL CONSISTENCY. in the Kingdom and so on. We intend simply to say that
The course of the London Times on the “ American the rates reported by the Corn Exchange are to a con
Question" gave early origin to a prevalent opinion in the siderable extent the key note by which the tune of prices in foreign countries is determined. At this great
United States, that the English Government, and the
English People, were in sympathy with the Rebellion and Exchange we were fortunate enough to meet with a number of the leading factors and thus get at the prevailing
would be glad to see a settlement of the war upon the
basis of a permanent separation of the Northern and opinion as to the future prices of some of the more im
Southern States. This evident wish of the Times had portant products; and in order that our readers who are
been so otten denounced, however, by American citizens, directly and practically interested in this matter, may
English born, that we came at last to believe that the appreciate the reasons for that opinion, we furnish herewith a statement of facts which bear on the question.
"Thunderer” was really the exponent of individual THE PRESENT AND FUTURE OF THE WHEAT MARKET.- As
rather than either government or popular views and
feelings. We regret that this opinion formed in all charito wheat, which is our chief article of export, there are
tableness while in America is fast being subverted by two or three circumstances of a discouraging nature-we
what we have seen and heard since our arrival in this mean as compared with the high hopes we were led to
country. As we have not yet traveled in the country we entertain last autumn and winter.
cannot, of course, speak with assurance of the sentiment On the affirmative side of the question of better prices
there; but of the officials and people of London, who, to may be placed the following facts :
all intents and uses, are the people and government of 1. The product of the British Kingdom is pretty well
the whole realm, we feel but little hesitation in declaring exhausted. But small quantities have been brought to
them very certainly in the interests of the South. The market since December, but up to that time, since harvest,
reasons for leaning in that direction are various, but the the supplies had been so large as to warrant the calcula
leaning is so apparent that no American, we think, can tion, in view of the smallness of the yield, that only quite
mistake it. They do not see how a reunion is to be efgmall stocks of the crops of 1861 is now held by producers
fected, and are quite positive in their opinion that it or dealers.
cannot be; indeed they seem to see important roasons 2. It is evident, therefore, that a considerable quantity
why it should not be. The country, when united, is al. must be imported from foreign countries before the next
ready too large, and is only falling apart because of its crop is ready. 3. But the amount now known to be on its way from
magnitude and inevitable lack of cohesion. This is the ports east of Gibraltar, is small, and the arrivals for May
view entertained by one class. Another class affect to and June are likely to show a considerable falling off as have been very kindly disposed towards the Government compared with last year.
of the United States so long as they were wild enough to
believe that the Administration intended the destruction He is at present snugly quartered with a grandson of of slavery, but now that there is no nigger in the issue, his, and every possible care is taken to render the eveand the war is simply for the preservation of the Union, ning of his days comfortable and pleasant. they have no interest in the contest, except that it terminate at once and the cotton supplies are again restored.
CORRESPONDENCE. A third class declare neither their interest in the restoration of the Union or the abolition of slavery-simply a
The Bee Moth.–One of the greatest difficulties desire that this "great, growing, grasping, unscrupulous
that every bee-keeper has to contend with, is the ravages nation of Yankees" should be broken ere it arrives at the
caused by the Bee Moth. A very good way to destroy maturity of its strength and becomes the first great
the moth or miller which produces the worms that prove Power among the nations of the earth. While a fourth
80 destructive to bees, is to take a gallon crock or milk class thoroughly hate the Republican Idea and are ready
pan, fill it one-third full of water sweetened with molassto do anything to overturn and lay it low for a warning
es and set it near your bee-hives every evening a little to the other lesser republics now struggling in the light
after sun down-in the morning kill all the millers that of our example against the Aristocratic Idea which still
may be found therein: remove it during the day and holds sway in the old world. The number of these is
replace it in the evening. After a few days the sweetened immense, in aggregate, as may be judged from the fact
water will become sour and must be renewed. Continue that although we have talked with hundreds of persons
this until the moth disappears in the fall. On very warm representing all classes of society, we have found but two
still evenings I take a light and go out and kill a great individuals who were clearly on the side of the Govern
many around the hives, observing not to get near the front ment of the United States and anxious that it should
or entrance to the hive. To kill the worms, raise the triumph over its enemies. It is possible that future ob
hivo gently in the morning or at evening, and kill servations may result in a better opinion of the intelli
all the worms that may be found. Do this at least three gence, consistency and christianity of Old England, but
times a week until they disappear in the fall. until further evidence, we set her down as the secret
J. W. SHARP. enemy of the American Republic-preferring even that a now government shall be set up with slavery as its chief The Langstroth Hive. I noticed in the May and only corner stone, rather than see that Republic con- | No. of the FARMER an inquiry in relation to the Langtinue the prosperous and glorious integer it has been stroth Bee Hive. I have ton stocks of bees in the Lang
It is our opinion, therefore, that the Government and stroth hive. Any person wishing to see the Langstroth the Free States of America must carry on the war, not hive in practical operation, can do so by calling on me. only without sympathy from any of the great Powers of I have also a stock of Italian Bees which are something Europo-at least without the sympathy of the two near- of a curiosity in this country. I think they are superior est and most dangerous Powers, England and France, to the common beo. but that there may be a safe reckoning upon the real! I like the Langstroth Hive well. J. W. SHARP. jealousy of, and secret machinations of one or both of DOOR CREEK, Dane Co., Wis., May 23, 1862. these great Powers against the cause of the Republic. Whether M. Mercier is really in Richmond for the pur-| NOTICES OF NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. pose of negotiating an alliance and preparing for the interference of the French Government or not, nothing Grape Culture and Wine Making. This is the title of is surer, in our opinion, than that such an inference is a work just received from Saxton, of New York. Our hoped for and in process of being planned by leading pol- limits this week prevent our giving a lengthy notice of iticians in this country.
its contents. We prefer to do so after taking a little leisure in its examination-having had some experience
with vines in this latitude, we are disposed to scrutinize An Example worthy of Imitation.-During
the recommendations of authors hailing from more favora recent trip through the town of Oregon, in this county,
ed districts of country. What might do for the natural we met and conversed with Nathaniel Ames, the only
fruit region of Rochester, will not always prove suitable revolutionary patriot, we believe, in this State. He is
for this latitude. We are a strong believer in the sucnow in his 1020 year, and seems to possess a remarkable
cess of grape culture in Wisconsin, and are always ready degree of mental and physical vigor for a man of his years.
to receive and disseminate any thing which will forward He handed us his dollar for the current volume of the
that success. See advertisement in our paper this month. FARMER, and with it, his good wishes for our success.
The Kirby Reaper.-In our advertising pages will be Mr. Ames wintered at Valley Forge in that dark hour found Mr. Powers' advertisement of this celebrated reapof American Independence; was present at the executioner. Without being able to speak from personal inspection of Major Andre, and was familiar with the countenances of its operations in the field, we know the reputation it of Washington, Lafayette, Steuben, Jefferson, and other enjoys, as a first class machine sufficiently to baso a reheroes of the revolution.
commendation to our farming friends, to examine it with Comparative Statement of the business of the Company
for the years 1859, 1860 and 1861 :
a view to purchase. We may have an opportunity to see its doings in the grain field this summer, when we shall speak further of its qualities.
Wheeler & Wilson's Sewing Machines.-This sterling machine is advertised in our pages this month. Those who have it in use speak highly of its performances.Those who desire to examine it can do so by calling on the Agents in this city.
compensation of officers, printing,
holders for cash premiums, ........
332 47..... $35,462 46.
1859. 2,986 02 ................
2,409 45 $39,080 95 39,080 95
FOR THE YEAR ENDING
JANUARY 1st, 1862.
..... $216,865 76
policy holders for cash pre-
332 47 office furniture and fixtures,... 1,000 00 $216,865 76 Whole number of policies issued,.......
14,357 Am't of outstanding risks thereon.......... 0,320,789 00 Reported losses awaiting further proof,..... 3,709 80 Losses recently reported,..........
3,433 89 Whole number of policies issued in 1861...
5,778 Amount of outstanding risks thereon,...... $6,315,173 00 Amount of premium notes thereon,.......... 93,944 06 Amount of cash premiums thereon,..... 48,377 36 Total amount of losses reported during the year,.........
of officers and directors-stationery, ex-
6,069 56 STATE OF WISCONSIN, I
DANE COUNTY, We, the undersigned, being the President and a major The foregoing statement of the business of this Com. ity of the Directors of the “Madison Mutual Insurance pany for the past year gives a gratifying evidence of its
high standing in the public estimation and of the success Company," do solemnly swear, and each for himself saith, of its rules and principles of action. that the foregoing is a true and correct statement of the
Although its business for the preceding year (1860) wag
much larger than that of any previous year, and notwithaffairs of said company in the particulars therein named,
standing the general depression among farmers the past As appears by the books of the company, according to the
season, arising from light crops and low prices, tho above
figures show an increase of nearly seventy per cent. in best of our knowledge and belief.
the number of policies issued, and of over seventy per D.J. POWERS, President. cent. in the amount of cash premiums for the past year. JOHN W. BOYD
We invite a careful examination of this report. Its SAMUEL D. HASTINGS, figures make a stronger argument than any form of B. F. HOPKINS.
words, and prove a rise and standing in popular favor unTIMOTHY BROWN,
paralleled in the history of the Northwest.
DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS FOR THE YEAR 1862:
J. W. BOYD, Walworth County.
B. F. HOPKINS, Dane Connty.
D. WORTHINGTON, Waukesha County.
S. D. HASTINGS, Trem pelean Couuty.
G. F. HASTINGS, Dane County.
DAVID ATWOOD, Dane County.
G. R. MONTAGUÉ, La Crosse County.
8. R. MOCLELLAN, Kenosha County.
10,320,789 00 $216,865 76
Work for the Month.
Sow buckwheat the early part of this month. Some farmers usually finish their hoeing the
All the land vacated by the failure of other firet week in this month, but we think it pays
crops should be used for this purpose. If you well to keep the horse and hoe moving some
have a poorish piece of soil, give it to buckweeks later. Should the corn get too large for
wheat. When sown on very rich soil, it runs plowing, go through and cut out the weeds
to straw too much. About two pecks of seed with the hoe, or a large crop of these pests of
per acre is enough, though the proper quantity the farm will cover the ground by fall and ma
Land me of seed depends much upon the soil-poor soil ture their seeds. On new land, of course, the
requiring the most seed.
See that the wheat and other grains are case is quite different, and much less hoeing
stacked well. Avoid as much as possible the will suffice. Root crops of all kinds need one or two hoe
getting of it wet by cutting too much at once. ings, at least, in July. If they were not
There is often a tendency, and almost necesproperly thinned out in June, no time should
sity, of laying prostrate whole fields of wheat
at once. The matter should be so arranged, be lost in attending to it, or very small roots will be the result. The ground should be well
by those using the reaper, that hands enough
should accompany it to bind and stook certainly cultivated, and for most kinds, loosened as
before rain, and, if possible, to stack or garmuch as possible. Ruta Bagas may yet be sown on old land, "
ner it in barns. Take great pains in stacking. but it is better to sow them in rows, so as to
More wheat is lost by carelessness on this cultivate with the horse-hoe.
point, than most any other. Flat turnips should be sown after the twen.
Every farmer who has any tame grass, should tieth of July. The land should be clean and
and save his own seed-mind this hint, and you well prepared. If possible, sow just before a
will know the quality of your seed, and not be rain, and go over the ground with a brush or
imposed upon by buying foul seed raised to fine harrow.
sell. By doing this, you will keep your farms Haying should be attended to before the free from many foul weeds and grasses. When harvest comes on, for busy times will be the haying, leave a patch of timothy for seed; order of the day when the large breadth of when ripe, cradle, bind up, and shock. With wheat is to be taken care of, as help is likely clover, the second crop should be saved for to be a little scarce this season. Everybody seed, and not the first. should have a reader, or secure the use of one. Do not allow your pastures to be fed too if they have over ten acres to cut.
closely. If the roots of grass are unprotected The garden and orchard should not be over- from the scorching heat of summer, it will die looked in the hurry of other business. Weeds out rapidly. A plot of early sown rye, sorand insects must receive attention. The cat- ghum or corn, to be cut and fed this and the erpillars, borers, slugs, &c., will be at work. next month, will aid in keeping both pastures Examine the trees and hunt them out. : Tand stock thriving.
“Treatment of Xack.”
is advantage in the heat of the animal impart
ed to the muck on which it lies. If this be My attention was attracted by an article in
true, I confess I cannot see how. I am aware, the last number of the Farmer under the above however, that when a bed of the character of caption, the sentiment of which purports to that above described has been used for a week have emanated from the distinguished editor or more, the animals will, when they can en. of the American Agriculturist.
dure standing no longer, lie down for a while "It is recommended to use muck for “bedding in the mire and by so doing their warmth will cattle," claiming for it these characteristics of throw off rapidly the putrid odors from the a “good bed," viz. : “dryness, sofine38 and putrescent mass in which they lie, thus more cleanliness”-another might have been added 'ihoroughly charging the atmosphere with northat would have been quite as popular, that is, ious qualities, in which it was probably not that it is a good absorbent. More than ten previously deficient. The hair of the animal years' experience in the use of muck, during will also be thoroughly saturated with the which period I handled and experimented with, filth in which he has been compelled to lie, in different ways, thousands of loads, has sat- which will gradually evaporate and thus perisfied me ibat muck does not, unless artificially petuate the supply of impure rapor to the prepared. possess but one of the properties atmosphere of the stable, as long and as efclaimed for it-that is “softness.”
fectually as could well be done by any other It is impracticable to obtain it in a dry state, process. In case this new mode of bedding without drying it by artificial means. The stables were adopted in dairy stables, what economy of drying it for this purpose, I leave would be the condition of the cows? Worse, witbout comment. Next in order, its “soft- if possible, than that described as existing in ness”-it is soft enough. Lastly, its “cleanli- the slop-feeding stables of New York and ness.” If wet much is cleanly in the opinion Brooklyn. of the writer of the article alluded to, I must The mode of managing muck that I shall rebe allowed to differ with him. I know of no commend, will be found less objectionable and substance that has been recommended for bed- more profitable than that to which I have alding for Chille that is more filthy. I never luded. Haul it out of the pit at the season of need it in my stables, but I have hauled large the year when it contains the least amount of quantities into my barn-yard, and spread it water. Deposit it near the pit on a dry knoll, under the cattle sheds, with which my experi- l if practicable; if not, on the slope of a hill. ence was very unsatisfactory, so much so, that ploughing a furrow near it on the upper side I abandoned this mode of treating muck and of it, in such direction as will prevent the waresorted to others, one after another, carefully ter from adjacent higher ground running under noring the result, until I finally decided that it to be absorbed by it. Make the bed of it those which I shall hereafter describe are by not more than two feet in depth and level on far the most economical.
the top-then top-dress it with fresh burned If any portion of muck should, by very fa- lime in the proportion of one of lime to fifteen vorable circumstances, become dry, it will be of the muck, and allow the bed to lie with the so light that it will, when stirred, float about lime on it six or eight months; then turn it, the sable and feeding passages, and finally be mixing the lime thoroughly through the muck, deposited in The form of a black dust on the and trim up the heap in a shape that will shed hay and in the mangers, whence it will be re-off the rain, and let it lie thus for two or three moved gonerally by the animals eating it with months, when it will be in a fit state for use their food. This will certainly not be called as a top-dressing. If applied on wheat land cleanly. If it is already moist when applied at seeding time as a top-dressing, or on grass ag heddling, and is used in the quantity recom- land in autumn at the rate of fifteen cords mended, viz.: a half cord to the animal" at per acre, it will be found remunerative apa time, (which would cover the stall floor toplication. the depth of at least two feet, and above the Another mode which I have found very exheight of cuttle mangers ordinarily, into which cellent when the arrangement of the stable is it will fall and thus ger mixed with the food,) such that it is practicable, is to collect the it would produre a state of affairs unprecedent urine from the stable into a covered tank, hayed in stable economy. It is also recommended ing deposited the muck as described in the use that this soft mattress, of most liberal dimen- of lime, apply five gallons of the undiluted sions. (especially in its thickness,) should be urine to each cord of the muck and manipuchan red or renewed semi-monthly.
late as in the use of of the lime. An addition Allowing the urinary excretions to be but of a half bushel of common salt to the cord of three gallons for 24 hours, for each animal, muck, if it has been taken from fresh water when continued for 15 days. the quantity of deposit, will also be found beneficial. moigure adiled will safely provide for any lack My experience has satisfied me that it is too of anfiness." and what might lave heen culled expensive to be profitable to haul the muck to A bed" two weeks previous, has now become the stable yard and mix it with the yard maa "walior" or mire. It is claimed but there nure, and haul all again to the fields; besides,