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NEWS ITEMS.

-Much inquiry is excited in consequence of

the destruction of the Navy Yard at Gosport, - There are at the present time 3,888 sick after Norfolk had been surrendered! It appears and wounded soldiers in the different hospitals that the first intelligence that the Navy Yard in the District of Columbia.

was uninjured at the time of the surrender was - The new iron clad Cunard steamship Scotia, correct, but, at 10 o'clo

Scotin correct, but, at 10 o'clock the next morning, just arrived at New York is, except the Great openly before the sun, the buildings in the Eastern, the largest steamer in the world.

Navy Yard were fired, and property worth mil

lions destroyed. Now this is the history: Nor- The British Bible Society has voted $10,

folk and its surroundings, after being taken, 000 to the American, in aid of the diminished while in our possession, and guarded by Union receipts of the latter during the present war. Stroo

troops, was suffered to be despoiled of the pub-"I shouldn't care so much about the bugs,” lic property therein! The query is pregnant, said a thin pale lodger to his landlady, “but why was not a sufficient guard placed over the the fact is, ma'am, I hain't got the blood to Navy Yard and the public property to prevent spare.'

the destruction that happened? -The Sheriff at Leavenworth, Kansas, adver

-An old ballad, written doubtless by the tises that he has “some jayhawked' horses" in his possession which the owners can have

hove most impecunious of poets, celebrates the fuga

city of money in the following crisp and lively by proving property.

verses : -Fifty rebel nurses who came to Washington

Money goes! no one knows; with wounded prisoners, under the pretence of

Where it goeth, no one showeth; tenderly caring for them, have been committed

Here and there, everywhere;

Run, run; dun, dun; to the Capitol prison.

Spend, spend: lend, lend; -The army correspondent of the Savannah

Flush to-day, short to-morrow;

Notes to pay, borrow, borrow; Republican says the rebel loss at the battle of

So it goes, no one knows; Shiloh, on the 6th and 7th of April, was fully

Where it goeth, no one showeth! 10,000 in killed, wounded, and missing.

-A shoal of whales ran ashore lately near -The rebels, as well as the federals, claim Whiteness, on the Isle of Shetland, and, getthe victory at Williamsburg. If it is difficult ting into shallow water, immense numbersto know which side won the battle, it is very some 400, it is said-were captured by the iseasy to know which won the battle field.

landers. They were attacked both by sea and Louisville Journal.

land. Some escaped, but were wounded, sank, -It is estimated that the administration is and afterwards rose to the surface and floated now feeding and clothing over sixty thousand ashore, so that almost the entire shoal was negroes-men, women, and children. The captured. People came from miles around, money necessary to do this is drawn from the and a number of riflemen hurried to the spot national treasury, under the plea that it is used to enjoy the novel sport of whale shooting. for war purposes.

-Captain Ericsson has planned a large sea -Congress has just passed two bills, in an-going Monitor with a single turret, plated with ticipation of the rebel army arriving immedi

iron twenty-four inches thick, and armed with ately in Washington. It would be profitable

two guns, carrying a ball 1,000 pounds in to keep a small rebel army near Washington to

weight. Two, at least, of these formidable

rei march upon the Capital occasionally, when le- vessels will probably be ordered. The Monitor gislation lags.

is regarded as the best of all iron clad floating -Of the rebel prisoners at Camp Douglas, things yet tested. Chicago, three hundred and forty-two have died and there are three hundred and twenty yet in

| Providence, May 28.-Gov. Wm. Sprague the hospital. The whole number of rebei pris. was to-day elected U. S. Senator for 6 years, oners at that place is over six thousand.

from the 4th of March next, when the term of

Senator Simmons expires. He received 92 out -Coal oil is said to be a sure destroyer of lof 103 votes. There was no regular nominabedbugs. Apply plentifully with a small brush

tion in opposition. or feather to the places where they most do congregate. The cure is effectual and perma - Wm. McCuan, of this city, who will be renent. Gilt frames, chandeliers, &c., rubbed collected as having done much of the stone cutslightly over with coal oil, will not be disturb- ting on the Central Bank and Jackman and ed by flies.

Smith's new buildings, was killed at the battle -From a calculation made, it has been shown

of Farmington. He had enlisted in the 16th that it would take 300,000,000 shots to dispose

Illinois regiment.-Janesville Gazette. of 60,000 men in battle. 60,000 men fighting Death of an EDITOR.–J. W. Gray, for many continuously for forty-eight cousecutive hours, years the editor and proprietor of the Cleveeach man firing in all 300 shots, would fire al- land Plaindealer, died of congestion of the together 370,000,000 shots.

brain, on the 26th inst.

EDUCATIONAL. crosses be at once taken off an editor's de

voted shoulders, were the art of letter-writing

more generally and attentively cultivated. Letter-Writing.

Chicago Record. Writing letters is an art for which extremely

President Felton, of Harvard Univerfew are celebrated. Lady Montague, Gray, citi Cowper, Goldsmith, Burns, and Lord Byron,

sity, in his inaugural address, made use of the are unrivalled in this department of English | following suggestive language: literature. The hitting of the subject between “Our young American needs, more than the wind and water-elegant familiarity, without European youth, the training that shall give pedantic stiffness and serpentine periods "drag- him composure and self-command-that shall ging their slow length along;" the tasteful give him the mastery of his faculties, and the undress of the philosopher, with his cloak off habit of steady action. He is a citizen of a vast at home-of the poet, taking a holiday, like republic, wherein every man has his career to one of the Homeric gods descending upon oc-open, his fortune to make, his success to achieve. casions to feast with Ethiopians—of the states- He feels, every moment, the social or party presman, who, instead of jumping with feat ora sure, and the weight of individual responsibilitorical, jumps against other statesmen off ty. These very circumstances make the period subject on to subject, on the floor, saying, “My in which we live one which tempts the young dear fellow, will you enjoy with me a turn or man into premature activity. He is allured two at leap-frog?"-of the hero, laying aside into the busy scene when his faculties are but his hat and feathers, and becoming as playful half unfolded; his principals are as yet unceras a cricket, or one of his own children: this tain; his views vague, his hopes gorgeous as is what gives the true charm to letter-writing; the rainbow, and perhaps as fleeting and unand in imparting to it this air of abandonment substantial. His tastes unformed; and his consists the great art, the most perfect when moral being crude as the unripe fruit of every most concealed. Letters that are treatises summer. A solid character is not the growth (apart from their value to a certain line of pro- of a day—the intellectual faculties are not mafessionals), as letters are insipid. Such, for tured without long and vigorous culture. To instance, are those of the great poet and states- refine the taste is a laborious process—to forman, Grotius, resembling rather a huge pile of tify the reasoning power with its appropriate Dutch millstones, than a beautiful assortment discipline, is an arduous undertaking. To of porcelain. Some are so impatient of letter- store the mind with sound and solid learning, writing, that they sit down about twenty min- is the work of long and studious years. It is utes before the mail goes-snatch pen, paper the business of the higher education to check and ink as they would snatch the leg of a tur- this fretful impatience, this crude and eager key at a railway station-perhaps upset an haste to drink the cup of life-to exhaust the ink-bottle-stick the letter in an envelope, or, intoxicating draughts of ambition." what is worse, fold it in a careless, slovenly manner-hastily apply the mucilage or sealing READING.--Comparatively speaking, good wax, and perhaps despatch it without date, or readers are more plentiful than good spellers. sometimes a signature.

As a refined accomplishment, as a pleasant soThe cultivation of this useful and ornamental cial embellishment, excellence in Reading can art is particularly demanded in a country like not be too highly appreciated. “To read as this, where millions of emigrants find in it the one talks” is the rule; yet how few reach that only means of holding converse with their standard! Short reading-lessons, selected with kindred on the opposite shores of the Atlantic, a view to varied intonations, emphases, pauses, and planting republican seeds in the fallow and inflections, should be chosen, and read and grounds of despotism. Progress in this de- re-read, until a good degree of excellence be lightful accomplishment would make it more attained. And let it be understood that in this frequent--promote mental cultivation--increase branch, not less than in others, thoroughness the general happiness, and furnish an addi- rather than rapid progress is requisite. tional revenue. It merits universal cultivation. The most common fault is that pupils are There is no department of writing so calculated permitted to read too fast. Few grown perto please as this, whether we find it perfected sons, who are accounted good readers, take in the pages of Junius, or find it naturalized sufficient time. Let it be remembered that to in the correspondence of two, in particular, of read well you must read slowly. You can not our American writers-Bryant and Willis. It expect to make a superior reader unless you follends the most delightful charm to the public low this rule strictly. Enter what school you journal; it often elevates the poor in the esti- will, and you will find more scholars using the mation of the rich, and lays the foundation of wrong reader than the right one. In nine cases a future fame and fortune. And newspaper out of ten they will be found using a book at correspondence, at least, would escape the least one grade above the proper one, and half dogbasket and edify the community-and many | the time two grades.

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Since the sketch on the preceding page was for organizing his forces, he struck Newbern, written, the military career of Gen. Burnside and achieved the difficult capture of its miles has been such as to stamp him as one of our of batteries. The advantage of this rapid sefirst and best generals.

ries of movements has been that the Rebels “Seldom has so rapid and brilliant a series of are quite bewildered by it, and know not where victories occurred, as that which illustrates the to expect attack or prepare resistance. The Southern expedition commanded by Gen. Burn- assault upon Newbern owed much of its sucside. Delayed for a month by unexpected diffi- 'cess to the promptness of the stroke. Recent culties in crossing the bar at Hatteras, the accounts inform us that on the day of his arripublic expectation was, for a while, disappointed. val 16,000 Rebel troops were on the railroad But since these difficulties were overcome, his between that city and Goldsborough. A hesienergy and rapidity of movement have been tating or dilatory attack would have brought conspicuous. First came the decisive conflict this force to the relief of Newbern, and renof Roanoke Island, with its 3,000 prisoners, the dered the capture of the batteries there a very largest number that had then been captured at difficult and bloody, if not an impossible, task. any one point, and since excelled only by the The occupation of Newbern was instantly folgreat victory of Fort Donelson. Next, the lowed by preparations for an attack upon brilliant dash at the Confederate fleet, result- Beaufort, a sea-port lying some thirty miles ing in its total destruction at Elizabeth City, southeast of it, and connected with Newbern and the capture of that place. Then, we had by railroad. We have now the news that this the expedition up the Chowan River, and occu-prompt attack is again successful. The enemy pation of Winton, a movement which threaten- have abandoned the city, and Fort Maconed Norfolk, and turned the attention of the the most important in North Carolina-is again Rebels to that quarter. After a brief delay, in our hands."

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11

The Pension Bill.

dred dollars, and no money shall be paid to

such, or to any heirs of any deceased soldier The following is the Pension Bill as it passed

on account of bounty, back pay or pension, the House on Tuesday last :

who have been in any way engaged in, or who It provides that Officers and men of all have aided or a bet

have aided or abetted the existing rebellion in grades, in the army and navy and other branch- the United States; but the right of such dis

of the service, who have been, since the 4th loyal heir, or heirs, of such soldier, shall be of March, 1861, or shall hereafter be disabled vested in the loyal heir or heirs, of the deby reason of wounds or disease contracted in ceased, if

tracted in ceased, if any there be in the order named. A

in- special agent is to be appointed to detect and valid pensioners. Colonel and all others of a pro

I prosecute frauds against the pension law. ' higher rank are to receive a pension of $30 per month; Majors, $25 ; Captains, $21; First Lieutenants, $17; Second Lieutenants, $15;

81. DISPOSITION OF SOLDIERS ON THE EVE OF non-commissioned officers and musicians and

na aná | BATTLE.—A correspondent of the Cincinnati privates, $8. In the naval service, Captains,

Commerical says: Commanders, Lieutenants Commanding and

“Civilians naturally enough suppose the eve Masters Commanding, $30 per month ; Lieu

of a great battle to be an occasion of sad sustenants, Chief Engineers, Surgeons, and Pass

pense and anxiety on the part of those who ed Assistant Surgeons, $25; Professors of

expect to participate in the contest. They Mathematics, Assistant Surgeons, Paymasters

greatly err in this. The experience of every and Master, $20; First Assistant Engineers,

one who has paid any attention to the matter is, Pilots, and Assistant Paymasters, $15; Teach

that there is never more noisy levity and more ers, Schoolmasters, Passed Midshipmen, Cap

apparent buoyancy of spirits in camp than tains' and Paymasters' Clerks, Second and

when opposing armies are within hailing disThird Assistant Engineers. Masters' Mates and tance of each other. Euchre, old sledge, and warrant officers, $10; all petty officers, $8.

their concomitants always succeed marching All commissioned officers of either service

orders. Certain it is, there never was more shall receive only such pension as is thus pro

fun-making noise in the camps of Gens. Hurlbut vided for. If any officer or other person not

and Sherman than on Saturday evening last, named in the first section has died since the

when it was confidently expected that a great 4th of March, 1861, or shall hereafter die by

battle would be fought inside of forty-eight reason of any wound or disease, &c., his wid

vivid hours. In anticipation of the grand struggle, a ow or his children under eighteen vears of number of sham battles were fought between age, shall be entitled to the pension, which is

Beauregards and Hallecks, suddenly promoted to continue to the widow during her widowhood,

uhood from the ranks—always resulting, of course, in or to her children until they severally attain

the triumph of the Federals and the complete the age of eighteen years, and no longer.

overthrow of the Confederates. You cannot Where any officer or other person named,

make a soldier feel solemn' by assurances that shall have died subsequently to the 4th of

the conflict will be a desperate one; you cannot March, 1861, or shall hereafter die, and has

make him exchange • Marryatt's best' for the not left or shall not leave a widow or legitimate

last issue of the Tract Society, by telling him child, but has left or shall leave a mother who

how many brave fellows met an untimely end at was dependent upon him for support, in whole Donelson or Shiloh; you cannot lessen his joy or in part, the mother shall be entitled to re- at getting a 'good hand' by narrating the probceive the pension. provided the pension given abilities that his regiment will be exposed to a to the mother on account of her son shall ter- / galling fire during the entire day.” minate on her marriage; and provided, that where any officer or other person has not left Good ADVICE.—The Albany Journal offers or shall not leave a widow nor legitimate child, the following advice to military heroes : nor mother, but has left or may leave an or- Henceforth let our Generals attend to the phan sister or sisters, under eighteen years of legitimate business of their profession and leave age, who were dependent on him for support mere questions alone. Let them, for the future in whole or in part, they shall receive the pen-wield the sword instead of the stylus. Let them sion to continue until they shall severally ar- devote themselves to slaughtering Rebels inrive at the age of eighteen and no longer. The stead of slaughtering the King's English. widow of any volunteer who shall hereafter be killed or die of wounds or disease contracted A BRAVE Boy.-The brave boy who, during while in the military service during the pres- the early part of the battle between Shiloh and ent rebellion, and before receiving the bounty Pittsburg Landing, became separated from his herein provided for, and if no widow the minor regiment, the 18th Missouri, and fought, by child or children, if there be any, and if there special permission of Capt. Crowley, in the 32d be no minor children, then the mother, and if Illinois, proves to be John I. Shehan, of the no mother, then the father of such deceased town of Plymouth, Rock county, and not soldier, shall receive in addition to all arrears “John I. Shaw, of some village in Wisconsin.” of pay and allowances for bounty of one hun- All honor to the brave boy.

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